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Red Gum Bibliography
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River Red Gum Barmah Forest

ABARE (2005) Australian Forest and Wood Product Statistics, September – December Quarters 2004, Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics (ABARE), May, 2005.

ANU Forestry (2004) A long term perspective on removals of roundwood and consumption of forest products in Australia, Market Report No. 28, ANU Forestry (June 2004). Printed in Agroforestry News, Volume 13 Issue 2 (Winter/ Spring 2004).

Bacon et al (1992) Proceedings of the Floodplain Wetlands Management Workshop, Albury, 1992.

Barmah-Millewa Interim Forum (Community Members) (June 1997) Submission to the Murray Darling Basin Ministerial Council.

Baur, G. (1983) Notes on the Silviculture of Major NSW Forest Types – No. 5 River Red Gum Types. Forestry Commission of NSW.


Bren, LJ. (1988) The Hydrology of the Barmah River Red Gum Forests A collection of work undertaken 1984 –1988, with collaboration from N.L. Gibbs and I.C. O’Neill. The University of Melbourne.

Bren, LJ. (1992) Tree invasion of an intermittent wetland in relation to change in the flooding frequency of the River Murray.  Australia. Journal of Ecology (1992) 17, pp 395-408.

Bren, LJ. (2001) (unpublished) Estimates of loss of growth due to habitat tree retention in riparian river red gum forests, Consultant’s report to the Victorian Association of Forest Industries.

Brett Lane and Associates (2004) Survey of River Red Gum and Black Box health along the River Murray in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia, Brett Lane and Associates Pty. Ltd. Ecological Research and Management.

Chesterfield, E.A., Loyn, R.H and Macfarlane, M.A. (1984) Flora and fauna of Barmah forest and their management. For. Comm. Vic., res. Branch Rep. 240, 73pp. + App (unpubl.)

   ODC 187: (945)+151:945)


Cohuna and District Historical Records.

Colloff, Matthew (2014) Flooded Forest and Desert Creek – Ecology and History of River Red Gum. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN: 9780643109193.

Community Reference Group (1994) Final Report on Barmah‐Millewa Forest Water Management Plan (WMP), Report for the Murray Darling Basin Ministerial Council from a local Community Reference Group, Feb. 1994. 

CSIRO Forestry (2003) Life Cycle Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Domestic Woodheating – Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Firewood Production Systems, Prepared for the Australian Greenhouse Office and Environment Australia by CSIRO Forestry and Forest Products. Available at the Australian Greenhouse Office website:

Curr, EM. (1863) Recollections of Squatting in Victoria - Then Called the Port Phillip District - from 1841-1851, by Edward Curr (1863), Second Edition, Melbourne University Press (1965).

DCE (1992) Barmah State Park and Barmah State Forest Management Plan, Department of Conservation and Environment, Victoria.

DCNR (1993) Statement of Resources, Users and Values - Mid-Murray Forest Management Area, by Jon Cuddy et al, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Victoria.

DAFF Australia’s agriculture, fisheries and forestry at a glance 2012. Canberra, May. CC BY 3.0.

Dexter, BD. (1967) Flooding and regeneration of river red gum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Dehn., Bulletin No. 20, Forests Commission, Victoria.

Dexter, BD. (1970 - unpublished) Regeneration of river red gum, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Dehn., MSc.For Thesis School of Forestry, University of Melbourne.

Dexter, BD. (1978) Silviculture of the red gum forests of the Central Murray floodplain, Royal Society of Victoria, Proceedings Vol. 90 Part 1 pp. 175 – 192.

Dexter, B., Rose H., and N. Davies, (1986) River Regulation and Associated Forest Management Problems in the River Murray Red Gum Forests, Australian Forestry. Vol 1.49 No.1.

Dexter, BD. (2002) Timber production (m3 /ha./yr) – average for Barmah Forest for all River Red Gum Site Qualities (I, II, & III) under various forest management and water management strategies (unpublished).

Dexter, B.D, and Poynter M. (2005) Water, Wood and Wildlife, Part 1 – Opportunities for the Riverain redgum forests of the central Murray . Submission to  the VEAC RRG Forests investigation from NAFI, VAFI, TCA & NSW FPA. October 2005. ISBN 9780980307900.

Dexter Barrie (2006) (Compiled by) Water, Wood and Wildlife, Part II – Water The Lifeblood For Sustainable River Red Gum Forests. Supporting: Equitable, Social, Cultural, Environmental and Economic Outcomes. Submission to the VEAC RRG Forests investigation from VAFI, NAFI, TCA, NSWFPA. ISBN 978-0-9803079-2-4. Compiled by Barrie Dexter, September 2006.

Dexter, B.D. (2009) Regeneration, flooding growth study Barmah state forests – Red gum Field Day 27 October 2009, submission to the New South Wales Natural Resources Commission.

Dexter, B.D. (2009) (Rev  2011)  Fire  history  and  fire  management  to  conserve  social,  economic  and environmental values in floodplain river red gum forests. Presented to the New South Wales Natural Resources Commission. 

Dexter  and  Macleod  (2010)  and  (2011) Feedback to the preparation of a draft Murray-Darling Basin Plan, MDBA. Titled: Barmah-Millewa Forest Hydrologic Site. – A case study for effective and efficient environmental watering and the role of the community. [Submitted to House of Representatives (Sub 153) and Senate Inquiries (Sub 22)].

Dexter, B.D. (2011) Submission [No.8] to Parliament of Australia House of Representatives House Standing Committee on Inquiry into the Australian Forestry Industry.

Dexter and Macleod (2012) Submission to MDBA (the on Proposed Basin Plan. Barmah Millewa Forest.

Donovan, P. (1997) A History of the Millewa Group of Red Gum Forests. Forestry Commission of NSW.  ISBN 0 710 9131 0.

DNRE (2001) Forestry Rights and Carbon Sequestration Rights.

DNRE (2002) Forest Management Plan for the Mid-Murray Forest Management Area, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria, April 2002.

DNRE (2002) Mid-Murray FMA Estimate of Sawlog Resources, Department of Natural Resources & Environment, Victoria.

DSE (2004) Forest Management Plan for the Floodplain State forest of the Mildura Forest Management Area,

DSE and GBCMA (2005) Asset Environmental Management Plan: Barmah Significant Environmental Asset – 11 May 2005. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Benalla and Goulburn-Broken Catchment Management Authority, Shepparton.

Eastburn D. (1990) The River Murray – History at a Glance. MDBC publication.

Ecological Associates Pty. Ltd. (2004) Final Report – Flooding Enhancement of Gunbower Forest – Investigation of Priority Options, Part B, March 2004.

Ecoselect (2003) Hardwood Products and their Environmental Benefits. Pamphlet produced as part of the Wood Lives On campaign for EcoSelect timber,

Fahey, C. (1988) A History of the Barmah Forest, Department of Conservation, Forests, and Lands, March 1987. ISBN 0 7306 1200 7.

FAO (2003) State of the World’s Forests 2003, Food & Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome 2003. Available on and wetlands.

Forestry Commission of NSW (1958) Management Plan for Murray Management Area.

Francis, RI. (1987) Water Management in the Millewa and Barmah Forests. Report to the 306th meeting of the River Murray Commission, February (1987).

FWPRDC (2005) Facts and forests, Forests for Tomorrow, Forest and Wood Products Research and Development Corporation, Australian Government, May 2005.

Gammage, Bill. (2011) The Biggest Estate on Earth. How Aborigines made Australia. (Edition 2012) Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978 1 74331 1325.  

Glover (2002) Which is better? Steel, concrete, or wood? – A comparison of assessments on three building materials in the housing sector, by Joanna Glover, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Sydney, Fourth Year Thesis (2002). Available on the Boral Green Shareholders website, (accessed January 2005).

Harrison, GL. (1957) Report on the River Murray flood problem (with particular reference to the 1956 flood), Department of Defence (Aust), Central Drawing Office, Maribyrnong, Victoria.

Hibbins. G.M. (1978) A History of the Nathalia Shire. The Good Helmsmen. The Hawthorn Press Pty Ltd. ISBN 0 7256 1232 5.

Hibbins, GM. (1991) Barmah Chronicles, Lynedoch Publications, 1991. ISBN 0 646 02766 1.

Jaakko Poyry (1999) Usage and Life Cycle of Wood Products, National Carbon Accounting System – Technical Report No. 8, prepared for the Australian Greenhouse Office by Jaakko Poyry Consulting (Asia-Pacific) Pty. Ltd. Available on the AGO website:


Jacobs, M. (1955) Growth Habits of the Eucalypts. Forestry and Timber Bureau, Department of the Interior.

Jo Chong (2003) Analysis and Management of Unseasonal Surplus Flows in the Barmah-Millewa Forest,

Kube, P.D., and N. Price (1986) Development of an Even-aged stand of Eucalyptus camaldulensis in Central Australia, Australian Forestry, Volume 49, No.4., 1986.

Leitch, C., (1989) Towards a strategy for managing the flooding of Barmah Forest. Seminar on Barmah Forest organised by the State Working Group on River Murray Wetland and Forest Management, Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands, Benalla Region, Victoria.

Leslie, D. and K. Harris (1996) Water Management Plan for the Millewa Forests, State Forests of New South Wales, Deniliquin, prepared by D. Leslie & K. Harris, July 1996.

Macleod  and  Dexter  (2005),  Barmah-Millewa Forum. A Short History of Community Involvement in the  Barmah‐Millewa Forest on the River Murray – A Community Perspective. ISBN 1921038527. 

Maunsell Pty. Ltd. et al (1992) Barmah-Millewa Forests Water Management Plan – prepared for the Murray-Darling Basin Commission, January 1992.


Maunsell Pty. Ltd. et al (1992) Working Paper No. 6 Barmah-Millewa Forest water Management Plan.

Maunsell McIntyre Pty. Ltd. (1999) Barmah-Millewa Forests Water Management Plan – Business Plan Part I – prepared for the Barmah-Millewa Forum, February 1999.

Maunsell (2003) Mike 11 Hydraulic Model – Gulf Water Management Area – Evaluation of banks for localised flooding. Prepared for the Barmah-Millewa Forum, March 2003, Documents held by the Murray Darling Basin Commission.

McEvoy, P. K. (1992) “Ecophysiological comparisons Between Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn., E. largiflorens F.Muell. and E. macrocarpa (Maiden) Maiden on  the River Murray Floodplain.

   M.For.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Melbourne.   

McGowan, D. (1992) Gunbower Island: An Environmental History of the Red Gum Forest and the Sawmill Industry, 1870 – 1900, Graduate Diploma in Regional Studies (History), Latrobe University College of Northern Victoria.

MDBC (2000) Barmah-Millewa Forest Water Management Strategy. Approved by the Murray-Darling Basin Ministerial Council on 24th March 2000.

MDBC (2004) Living Murray Business Plan. Murray-Darling Basin Commission, 26 November 2004.

MDBC (2005) Barmah-Millewa Forest Significant Ecological Asset: Asset Environmental Management Plan 2005 – 2006, Draft 22 July 2005

MDBMC (2001) 5.3 Operating rules for Managing the Barmah-Millewa forest Environment Water Allocation Reach –Yarrawonga to Torrumbarry (Version agreed by MDBMC on 30 March 2001).

Murray Water Entitlement Committee (1997) Sharing the Murray – Proposal for defining people’s entitlements to Victoria’s water from the Murray, October 1997.

Murtough, G., Aretino, B and Matysek, A (2002) Creating Markets for Ecosystem Services. Productivity Commission Staff Research Paper, Ausfino, Canberra.

NCCMA (2001) Flooding Enhancement of Gunbower Forest – Scoping Study, North Central Catchment Management Authority, June 2001.

NCCMA (2005) Draft Site Environmental Management Plan Gunbower Forest, North Central Catchment Management Authority – July 2005.

New South Wales Natural Resources Commission - Riverina

PIR (1999) South Australia: Residential Energy-related Greenhouse Gas Emission, Energy SA Advisory Centre, Primary Industries & Resources South Australia.


Reid, M.A. and J. Brooks (1998) Measuring the effectiveness of environmental water allocation: River Red Gum references.

Report of a Public Forum [transcript uncorrected proof] at Deniliquin on Wednesday 1st August 2012. General Purposes Steering Committee No. 5. Inquiry into the Management of Public Land in New South Wales

Rivers and Red Gum Environment Alliance (July 2008) Conservation and Community – A Community Plan for the Multiple Use of Public Lands in VEAC’s River Red Gum Forests Investigation

Secretary for Agriculture (1878) Report of the Secretary for Agriculture on the red gum forests of Gunbower and Barmah in Victoria, Parliamentary Papers, 1878, Melbourne, Parliament of Victoria.

Selected Submissions (2012) to the Inquiry into the Management of Public Land in New South Wales. General Purposes steering Committee No.5.

SF NSW (2002) Growing Trees for Carbon Credits – A guide for Landholders..

Sharples, pers. Comm. (2005) Personal comments from Ron Sharples (Red Gum Timber Producers) citing information from the Department of Infrastructure that is responsible for overseeing Victoria’s rail infrastructure (13th October 2005).

Skog, KE. and Nicholson, GA. (1998) Carbon cycling through wood products: The role of wood and paper products in carbon sequestration, Forest Products Journal, Vol. 48: 75-83 (1998).

STIC (2005) Greenhouse and Environment – Comparisons of Timber with Alternative Materials, Sustainable Timber Industry Coalition, (accessed January 2005).

VEAC Investigations, Draft Reports, Recommendations.

Ward et al (1994) Interim water management strategy for Barmah Forest, Victoria, Integrated Watering Strategy Report No.12, Floodplain Ecology Group (Ward, K.A., C. Leitch, L.N. Lloyd, and B.A Atkins), Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Shepparton.