Committee: 9th UN WOMEN

Topic Area: Promotion of balanced and non-stereotypical female figures in modern societies

Country: Romania

Delegate Name: Iliana Lamprinou

Today, a lot of people still adhere to the conservative and biased ideas that both genders should behave in ways that fall into particular types depending entirely on their gender. Equality between women and men is seen both as a human rights dispute and as a prerequisite for, and a sign of, sustainable people-centered development. Gender stereotypes direct us to elude, limit or complicate the growth of some of those capabilities in every country. More importantly, gender equality is not a women’s issue but should worry if not motivate men as well as women

Gender equality was not one of the top priorities of Romanian politicians after 1989 but basically, Romania encourages gender equality. According to the articles 41 and 48 of its Constitution women and men are equally confronted in business, payment and inside the marital life. Surprisingly, in June 2017, the UN conducted Romania’s intermittent assessment as part of the 67th CEDAW session on the application of The UN Convention for the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women. One of the points noted by the UN was that the members of the Romanian government are not ready to face the specificity of the problems women are addressing. According to the report, Romania needs to guarantee protection against all forms of violence against women in the contexts of both married and unmarried couples. The UN Committee underlined that women in Romania who are victims of violence do not have complete and free access to medical services and psychological therapy, and that shelters and care centers are not available and obtainable throughout the country. At this point and in response to the UN Committee’s claims, the delegation of Romania would like to emphasize that domestic violence and violence against women has become a priority for the country and in 2016 Romania had approved the Istanbul Convention – the Council of Europe Convention on deterring and fighting violence against women and domestic violence.

Taking all those matters into consideration, Romania decided that the international community plays and has to play a significant role in this aspect. So far, The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) covers five aspects of prejudiced social institutions, spanning major socio-economic areas that affect women’s lives: discriminatory family code, limited physical honesty, son bias, restricted resources and assets, and restricted civil liberties. The SIGI’s variables quantify discriminatory social institutions such as uneven heritage rights, early marriage, violence against women, and unequal land and property rights. Although the Romanian law recognizes the equality of chances between men and women, the tradition still places the woman on a lower position than the man in many ways like politics, education or in everyday life. Hopefully, by using education we can raise awareness of the insistence of gender stereotyping in school systems and how this influences girls and boys and their future life chances. Furthermore, through education we should procreate the values and culture of those societies without testing their possible restrictions on the life chances and experiences of their students. Despite the fact that today media connect more and more femininity with independent and powerful women, qualities informed by sexuality continue to play a dominant role in the shaping of femininity. Women have to be presented as free, strong and independent of social anticipations and men shown while washing or cleaning. Advertisements or media should emphasize on women’s natural beauty instead of perfect shapes. The female viewers prefer to watch women, with whom they can identify. In addition, Romanian politicians, including the Prime Minister, the Labor Minister and members of the Cabinet, have joined the HeForShe campaign, and several programs, activities and events have been organized to engage girls and boys in political, social and economic life geared towards the principles of gender equality. 

Finally, we highly encourage the whole international community to cooperate so as to avoid phenomena of gender discrimination and stereotypical women figures in modern societies by raising people’s awareness and protecting women’s rights all over the world. It is high time we closed the gap of gender inequality and go behind the layers of gender; this can be achieved only if we work jointly to strengthen the gender equality policy frameworks in every part of the world.