Cinematic Techniques


As I go through the cinematic techniques slideshow, fill in the blanks.

Shots and Framing

Shot: A shot is a single piece of film ____________________________.

Establishing Shot: Often a long shot or a series of shots that __________________, this technique is used to establish setting and to _____________________________________.

Long Shot (LS): A shot from some distance. If the shot is of a person, the _____________

________________. A long shot may show the isolation or vulnerability of a character.

Medium Shot (MS): The most common shot. The camera seems to be a medium distance from the object being filmed. A medium shot _______________________. The effect is to ground the story.

Close-up Shot (CS): The image being shot takes up at least _____ percent of the frame.

Extreme Close-up: The image being shot is part of a whole, such as an ______________.

Two Shot: A scene between two people shot exclusively from an angle that includes ___

_____________________; it is used in scenes where interaction between the two characters is important.

Camera Angles

Eye Level: A shot taken from a _________ —that is, at the character’s eye level. Ninety to ninety-five percent of the shots seen are eye level because it is the most _________ angle.

High Angle: The camera is _________ the subject. This angle usually has the effect of making the subject look ___________ than normal, giving the character the appearance of being _____________________________________.

Low Angle: The camera films the subject from ________. This angle usually has the effect of making the subject look _________ than normal, and thus ________________________.

Camera Movements

Pan: A stationary camera moves from __________________ on a horizontal axis.

Tilt: A stationary camera moves _______________ along a vertical axis.

Zoom: A stationary camera in which the _______ moves to make an object seem to move __________________________ from the camera. With this technique, moving into a character is often a _______________________ movement, while moving away distances or separates the audience from the character.

Dolly/Tracking: The camera is on a track that allows it to _________________. The term also refers to any camera mounted on a ________________________.


High Key: The scene is _________ with light, creating a __________ and open-looking scene.

Low Key: The scene is flooded with _________________, creating suspense or suspicion.

Bottom or Side Lighting: Direct lighting comes from ________________, which often makes the subject appear ________________________.

Front or Back Lighting: Soft lighting _____________________________ gives the appearance of _______________________________________.

Editing Techniques

Cut: The most common editing technique; _____________ of film are spliced together to “cut” to another image.

Fade: A gradual change in the light to move from one scene to another. A fade can begin in ____________________________________ (fade in) or the image may gradually get darker (fade out). A fade often implies that ________________, or it may signify _________ of a scene.

Dissolve: A type of fade in which one image is ______________________. It can create a connection between images.

Wipe: A new image wipes off the previous image. A wipe is more ____________ and _________________________.

Shot-Reverse Shot: A shot of one subject, then another, and then back to the first. This technique is often used for ____________________________.

Cross Cutting: A cut into action that is happening _________________. This technique is also called _________________. It can create ____________________ and can form a ___________________________.

Eye-Line Match: A cut from an object to a person. This technique shows what a person ______________________ and can help reveal a character’s thoughts.


Diegetic: This type of sound could ________________________________ in the film.

Non-diegetic: This type of sound ____________ be heard by the characters. It is designed for ________________________. An example might be ominous music to foreshadow an event.