Resources on Indigenous Boarding Schools

 December 2022


National Native American Boarding School Healing Coalition, a non-profit organization that offers many resources

Federal Boarding School Initiative, the U.S. Department of the Interior’s report and ongoing investigation

Bill in Senate to establish a Healing Commission on Indian Boarding School Policies in the U.S. Act, introduced by Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), Representative Sharice Davids (D-Kan.), and Representative Tom Cole (R-Okla.)

Native News Online: recent articles on the Indigenous boarding schools.

Indian Country Today: recent articles on the Indigenous boarding schools

General Books and Articles

Adams, D. W. (1995) Education for Extinction; American Indians and the Boarding School Experience 1875-1928 . Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.


Child, B.J. (2000). Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900-1940. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.

Lajimodiere, Denise (2019). Stringing Rosaries; The History, the Unforgivable, and the Healing of Northern Plains American Indian Boarding School Survivors. Fargo: North Dakota State University Press.  

Native American Rights Fund, “Trigger Points, Current State of Research on History, Impacts, and Healing Related to the United States’ Indian Industrial/Boarding School Policy,” November, 2019

McBride, Preston, A Blueprint for Death in U.S. Off-Reservation Boarding Schools: Rethinking Institutional Mortalities at Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1879-1918, Masters Thesis, Dartmouth College, 2013

Prucha, Francis Paul, The Churches and the Indian Schools, 1888-1912, U of Neb Press 1979.

Smith, Andrea, Soul Wound: “The Legacy of Native American Schools,” Amnesty International Magazine, March 26, 2007.

Trafzer, C; Keller, J; Sisquoc, L. (Eds.) (2006). Boarding School Blues. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press

Utley, M. R (Ed.) (2004). Battlefield & Classroom: An autobiography by Richard Pratt. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Warne, D. & Lajimodiere, D. (2015). American Indian Health Disparities: Psychosocial Influences. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. 9(10) 567-579.

Quaker Indigenous Boarding Schools

Barton, Lois, A Quaker Promise Kept: Philadelphia Friends’ Work with the Alleghany Senecas, 1795-1960

Catlin, Martha Claire, As They Were Led:  Quakerly Steps and Missteps Toward Native Justice 1795-1940

Gimber, Steve G., Kinships and Covenants in the Wilderness: Indians, Quakers, and Conversion to Christianity, 1675-1800

Kelsey, Raynor W., Friends and the Indians, 1655 to 1917.

Milner II, Clyde A., With Good Intentions: Quaker Work among the Pawnees, Otoes, and Omahas in the 1870s. 

Nichols, Mark A., A Little School, A Reservation Divided: Quaker Education and Allegany Seneca Leadership in the Early American Republic

Palmer, Paula, The Quaker Indian Boarding Schools: Facing our History and Ourselves, Friends Journal, October 2016.

Palmer, Paula, The Quaker Indian Boarding Schools: Facing our History and Ourselves, Quakers and Native Americans, Ignacio Gallup-Diaz and Geoffrey Plank (eds), Brill, 2019


Our Spirits Don’t Speak English

Rabbit Proof Fence -  Australia’s boarding schools

Indian Horse


Blood Memory

Unseen Tears --  A documentary on boarding school survivors

Home from school

Unspoken: America’s Native American Boarding Schools

Where the Spirit Lives

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