Committee: 5th UNHRC

Topic Area: Protecting and Promoting Human Rights in Post-Conflict Societies

Country: Romania

Delegate Name: Maria Mellidou

Human rights are inalienable rights a person owns by birth. Human rights, therefore, must not be an individual issue of every state. In this sense, it is very important that the United States help rebuild post conflict societies so as they can stand on their feet again. However, their contribution often fails and proves inadequate because many times post conflict societies continue to suffer from violations of the basic human rights, such as inhumane treatment, torture and forced labor. Children in such societies most of the times need psychological support and help to unite with their families. UNICEF is an organization which makes serious efforts to cover for their basic needs by providing them with immunization and education.  

Universal Conventions such as the Safety Convention and the Geneva Convention cater for the protection of Human Rights, protecting people who, on principle, do not participate in war. Peacekeeping plays an important role as it protects civilians, helps the rehabilitation of former soldiers, ensures democratic processes, enforces the laws and protects and promotes human rights.

However, the delegation of Romania firmly believes that these conventions should be not only signed but also ratified by all states around the world. We recognize the importance of the issue and we have made several efforts to consolidate post-conflict reconstruction and restore stabilization. Romania has not only signed and ratified the aforementioned treaties with their subsidiary protocols,  but over time has participated in efforts to prevent conflict as well as in the recovery and reorganization of post conflict societies. We have participated in the, EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia, established by the European Union in 2008, and focused on working towards stabilization, normalization and confidence building. Also, EU Police Mission in Afghanistan supporting the Afghan Government in building a civilian police service within an improved rule of law framework and in respect of human rights.

Our experience shows us that war and crime are interwoven. Human rights are being violated on a massive scale in post conflict societies as recurrent outbreaks of violence are not very uncommon even after ceasefires. Preventing conflicts from escalating is, thus, a crucial challenge for international cooperation and should be addressed in a sensitive manner in order to create a sustainable peace.

After a violent conflict, the immediate priority, in our opinion, is to improve the affected population’s living conditions; through the provision of housing, water supply, health care and facilities for education. We strongly believe that the victims of a conflict deserve a peaceful future, so the establishment of a secure legal framework would favor development and wellbeing.

Furthermore, the re-integration of ex-combatants and soldiers into civil society, should be given great emphasis, for securing peace. The former fighters deserve to be offered the prospect of a new life immediately after they are disarmed or else they are likely to follow the risk of falling into violent crime.

 Taking all these issues into account, it is very important for all Countries to do everything in their power to help countries resolve their problems and at the same time continue to contribute to the United Nations peace and security efforts.

We support constructive dialogue among all UN member states because we believe it is the medium of peacekeeping and we encourage the interaction with various components of the civil society, especially by stimulating NGOs contributions. In Romania, most NGOs are involved in the provision of social, health or education services as well as other services that suit a community’s needs. Thus, we believe that in order to strengthen actions regarding protection and promotion of human rights in post conflict societies the cooperation with regional organizations is essential.