Anvil 2019 Rules
Anvil 2019 currently has four divisions that are open: steel longsword, steel messer, youth steel longsword and single elimination single hit leather dussack. The rules for longsword and messer are similar to those used at Longpoint 2013, and are as follows:
The ring will be staffed by four judges and one referee. Any of them may stop the action in case of a hit or for safety reasons (equipment failure, injury, etc). In case of a safety issue it will be rectified and the fighters shall reset at their corners if the fighters can continue. After each bout the judges shall rotate positions around the ring clockwise so that each judge will view a different angle with each new bout. In the case of a safety stoppage, even a spectator may call a halt to the action.
Bouts are fought to seven points and have a 90 second time limit. If the allotted time elapses without either fencer reaching seven points, the fencer with the higher score wins the bout. Time is stopped when the action is halted and resumes when the Referee calls for the fight to continue.
In the event of a hit, the judges shall bow their heads so as to not see the other judges. The referee shall then call for each of the following primary criteria: Contact, Quality, Target, and Control. These criteria function as follows:
- Contact: Maximum one point. Two out of four judges must agree that there was a successful strike, thrust or slice with edge, point or pommel to a target. Strikes with the crossguard are illegal. Contact that is flat, grazing or that would have missed an unarmoured target may be disregarded by a judge. Pommel strikes only score if they contact the mask. If there is agreement, the fencer is awarded one point.
- Quality: Maximum one point. Two out of four judges must agree that the contact was done with good balance and technique. Quality points should not be awarded for strikes that are done while the fencer was stumbling, in the process of dropping a weapon, etc. If a point was awarded for contact, and there is majority agreement that Quality is present, the fencer is awarded one point.
- Target: Maximum four points. If a fencer has received the awards for Contact and Quality with no afterblow, the fencer may be eligible for Target points. Target points are awarded for successfully scoring a point on the head or torso of the opponent. If a judge believes the strike contacted the head or torso, he may award a Target point to the fighter. Thus a total of four Target points may be awarded for such a strike, in addition to those awarded for Contact and Quality.
- Control: Maximum four points. If a fencer has been awarded points for Contact, Quality and Target, he or she may be eligible for Control points. Control points are awarded for successfully controlling the opponent’s weapon while delivering the scoring hit. Examples include a grapple or shove that keeps the opponent’s weapon from being brought to bear, or a scoring while controlling the opponent’s weapon with one’s own (usually a winding/absetzen/attack in opposition). Also covering/positioning the weapon during or immediately after the scoring point’s tempo such that the opponent’s attempted afterblow is locked out qualifies for Control. Thus a thrust into Ochs that such that the opponent’s afterblow is directed into the crossguard would qualify, but a strike followed by a hanging parry while retreating would not. Control may not be awarded for capitalizing on an opponent’s over commitment such as Nachreissen. For example, if a fencer over commits and turns his back to his opponent in the strike and the other fencer thereby scores a hit, it would not qualify for Control points. If a judge believes there was control, he may award a Control point. Thus four Control points may be awarded for such a strike, in addition to those awarded for Contact, Quality, and Target.
- Upon being called for their judgment, the judges will raise their batons as needed to display their perceptions of the exchange. A judge may not award points for further criteria if previous criteria are not met. For example, a judge may not award quality if he has not awarded contact. Likewise, a judge may not award control if he or she has not awarded target. A judge may not award points to more than one fighter in a single exchange. For example, if a judge awards contact to fencer A, but the other two award contact to fencer B, the judge may not award any more points to either fencer as s/he has been outvoted.
- Pantomimed Strikes: if a fencer has turned his or her back, or been forced to due to a shove or grapple, the opposing fencer may strike without making contact with their weapon in a controlled and obvious manner, and will receive points as if a complete strike has landed if the judges deem the strike would have been effective and in range. This is to discourage turning one's back as a strategy to deny a scoring target, and to prioritize safety for fighters. Also, if a fencer has completed a takedown while remaining standing and unentangled, the weapon may be gently laid upon the downed fencer to show dominant position, or may be raised or chambered as if to strike. This counts as dominant position, though it is not necessary for full points. Some schools train this, and is not to be counted as striking a downed opponent.
Secondary Scoring Criteria
- Afterblow: An afterblow is a “revenge strike” given in the tempo following a successful hit. Thus if fencer A scores a hit, Fencer B may attempt and afterblow in the next tempo. If the strike has been judged as a hit, it cancels the Contact point awarded to the first scored hit in that exchange. However, the first strike may still receive the Quality point if the judges feel it is warranted. Also note that a bout may not be won on an afterblow. The award of an afterblow prohibits any awards of points for Target and Control.
- Takedown: three points. A fencer scores three points if the judges concur that he has scored a takedown. A takedown is defined as taking an opponent to the ground in a controlled and safe manner, maintaining body contact for the duration of the technique. It is NOT a throw, nor is it a body slam. A takedown may not function as an afterblow, so a successful strike will stop an attempted takedown. A takedown must finish in a clear position of dominance (Full mount, side control, immobilized and/or threatened with weapon, etc.). Should both fencers reach the ground without a clear position of dominance established, the bout will continue for the referee’s ten count. If one fencer gains and maintains position by the end of the count, that fencer shall be awarded the Takedown points. Note that position may change multiple times during the ground engagement.
- Ring Out: Two points. If a fencer pushes an opponent out of the ring while maintaining control of the engagement (generally by body contact or weapon leverage, i.e. hende trucken) he will be awarded two points. A mere shove that happens to shove a fencer out of the ring will not suffice. A bout may not be won via Ring Out. A ring out may not function as an afterblow. Ring Out is the only call in which a ringside judge may overrule the referee as detailed below. In the instance of a ring out, the ringside judge who was closest to the exchange in which the potential ring out occurred has the final say.
- Referee’s Prerogative: The referee may, if the situation warrants, disregard the call of the judges and impose his or her own judgment. A Referee may call the judges in to confer at any time once the action has stopped. The Referee may also do likewise for the fighters if they are not fencing in a reasonable manner.
- Brutality: If the referee feels that a fighter is showing blatant disregard for the safety of his opponents, he may be summarily ejected from the tournament. For the first infraction, the referee shall usually issue a warning. Three warnings shall result in ejection from Anvil. The referee may eject on the first warning if the infraction was especially and deliberately egregious (i.e. attacking an opponent after his mask falls off, etc).
- Non-combativeness: If a fencer continually disengages and retreats, he will be given a warning. Subsequent infractions result in being penalized one point. Continual non-combativeness will result in the offending fencer forfeiting the match.
- Illegal techniques: The following techniques are illegal for this tournament and will result in a warning, a point deduction, match disqualification, and ejection from Anvil (in that order) for successive violations: Crossguard strikes, sword throwing, throws, half-sword thrusts with the point, mortschlags, joint destruction, small joint manipulation, strikes to the back of the head or neck, chokes, unarmed strikes (punches, kicks, knees, elbows, etc), striking a downed opponent with a weapon. Three match disqualifications for illegal techniques will also result in ejection.
- Double Hits: If two fencers score hits on each other in the same tempo, it is termed a double hit. No points are scored and the fencers will reset. If a bout produces three double hits, it is recorded as a loss for both fencers. Note that a fencer’s total double hits are deducted from his score for Tournament Champion.
- Unsportsmanlike Behaviour: a fencer is expected to behave with decorum while in competition and on premises. Disputing judges, berating staff, losing one’s temper (shouting at an opponent, throwing gear, etc) will result in warnings. Three such warnings will result in ejection. It is allowed for a fencer to be upset, but it is not acceptable to spread one’s displeasure to fellow competitors, staff and spectators. While on premises, all competitors are ambassadors of the Art and of their respective Schools. Competitors are reminded that Anvil is merely a tournament; it is only a game played by comrades-in-arms.
Anvil 2019 includes a single-hit, single elimination open dussack division. Fighters will fence with leather dussacks with the head as the target. The first fighter to score a solid hit will be declared the winner of the bout. A double hit results in a loss and elimination for both fighters. Opponents will be drawn randomly after each successive round until one winner remains. Afterblows will not be counted for this event. Other secondary scoring criteria as mandated for longsword and messer likewise do not score, but may be used to set up a scoring hit. In this event, a fighter may strike a downed opponent, and may strike his opponent during a ringout, and points for ringout are ignored. The technique of hit determination will be updated at a later time.