The Industrial Revolution
The industrial revolution affected the economy because there were more job openings so populations grew because many were looking for jobs and earning more money. We wouldn’t have all the things we have now like macbooks, Toilet Paper etc. if it weren’t for the Industrial Revolution. The industrial revolution happened between the 17th Century and the 18th Century.
The British Industrial revolution is an important part in british history as before many areas in Britain were mostly countryside and rural. The industrial revolution was a change in production as all the productions were now mechanised by hydro power and steam engines.
Before the first industrial revolution, Many people were farmers. Their Pays were low and they made their own food, clothing and furniture etc. Britain had a lot of coal and iron which you need for industrialisation but mining back then was very dangerous because of floods. The british made a steam pump to pump out all the water. To power it, it needed a cheap source of power mainly coal that was found abundant close to the ground.
With steam engines, the British could mine more ores like lead. They can use raw materials to make processed goods but with the demand for british ores and good so high, they needed a more profitable ways to produce the items. They created Factories.
Before the industrial revolution, Trains were powered by horses but soon after the steam engine was invented, they were added onto trains. (Steam Trains, Locomotives.) There were other times where machines were mechanised. In the textile industry James Hargreaves invented the “Spinning Jenny”. Jenny is another word for the word “Engine”. The spinning Jenny is a machine that can simultaneously spin threads around making a textile.
In the iron industry, Abraham Darby found another way to make cast iron. That way was also cheaper and easier. Instead of charcoal frying it, they used a coke (NO not the drink) furnace. Coke is used throughout the world to make cast iron. Coke is made from heating up charcoal without the source of air. Without air, it wouldn’t burn when heated up.
The industrial revolution was important in british history because productions were mechanised so production time for creating textiles, tools etc. was faster and the world will keep industrialising forever.
I feel that this topic fits in with the key concept “Causation” because in this report, it explains what caused the industrial revolution and how it happened.
I also feel like this topic fits in with “change” because the rural towns of britain are changing into urban, industrialised cities in the industrial revolution.
I also think that this topic fits in with “connection” because without the government, they wouldn’t have permission to industrialize
If you want to industrialise, find a way to improve on what is been improved on.
Sources https://www.history.com/topics/industrial-revolution/industrial-revolution, https://www.khanacademy.org/partner-content/big-history-project/acceleration/bhp-acceleration/v/bhp-industrial-revolution-crashcourse