1. Cooper, Martin. “The Evolution that Sparked a Revolution.” Urgent Communications. November 1 2009.


2. Rypinski, Chandros. “Radio and Wire Data Communication — A Retrospective.” October 5 2007.


3. Hultén, Stephan and Mölleryd, Bengt. “Entrepreneurs, Innovations and Market Processes in the Evolution of the Swedish Mobile Telecommunications Industry.” Paper presented at the Eighth International Joseph A. Schumpeter Society Conference. Physics, Heidelberg

Pg. 18. 28 June – 1 July 2000.

4. Andersson, Per and Sundh, Lars. Stenbeck. “Biography of a Successful Businessman.” Modernista Press. 2012.

5. Garrard, Gerry A. “Cellular Communication: Worldwide Market Development.” Artech House. 1998.

6. Hultén, Stephan and Mölleryd. Bengt, ibid. Pg. 19.

7. Agar, Jon. “Constant Touch: a Global History of the Mobile Phone.” Totem Books. December 2004.

8. Forester, Tom. “The Information Technology Revolution.” MIT Press. Pg. 142. 1985.

9. The New York Times. August 7 2007.

10. Securities and Exchange Commission. “Millicom Prospectus and Proxy Statement.” October 20 1982.

11. “Orhan Sadik-Kahn Speaks About Kevin Kimberlin’s Involvement With Millicom.”


12. Merriden, Trevor. “Rollercoaster, the Turbulent Times of Vodafone and Chris Gent.” Capstone Publishing. Pg 18. 2003.

13. Metcalfe, J. S., and Uwe Cantner. “Change, Transformation, and Development.” Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag. Print. Pg 333. 2003.

14. Westerlund, Lars. “The Analogue Mobile Phone System Comvik.” RadioMuseet.


15. Garrard, Gerry A. Ibid.

16. Hultén,Staffan and Mölleryd, Bengt. Ibid. Pg 22.

17. “The History of GSM — Birth of the Mobile Revolution.”


18. Becket, Michael. “Excell unveils new portable telephone.” The Daily Telegraph. Pg 20. July 13 1987.

19. “The World’s 100 Largest Public Companies.” The Wall Street Journal. September 25 2000.

20.  Eveleth, Rose. “The First Text Message, Sent Twenty Years Ago, Was ‘Merry Christmas.’” Smithsonian Magazine. December 5 2012.


21. “The History of GSM — Birth of the Mobile Revolution.”


22. Ericsson Mobility Report. “90 percent will have a mobile phone by 2020.”