The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Shabbat Pəkude haShalom from Beth Aharon:

March 9, 2019 | ב’ אדר ב’ תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 26

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Parashat Pəkude

9 March 2019 * 2 Adar II 5779

Candle Lighting - 5:36pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 5:45pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:12am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 4:30pm

Zohar - 5:15pm * Minḥa - 5:20pm

Shi’ur & Sə’uda Shəlishit - 5:50pm

Shəki’a - 5:56pm * Arvit - 6:36pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 6:41pm


Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 5:46pm

Picture of the Week

A Moment of BAN

“Essential part of love is surprising nicely your loved-one, once in a while.”

Hodesh Adar Bet Tov to All!

משנכנס אדר-שניים ממשיכים בשמחתיים :) :)

May Adar Bet be a month filled with naat, sima, osher və’osher for you and your loved ones!

In the Beginning

The Inquisition was created in the twelfth century by the Church to find "Christian heretics" who would be punished or killed. Eventually, Jews too were open to such charges of heresy, simply for being Jewish; and torture was routinely used to extract "confessions." Over the years, the inquisition, which operated with Papal consent, spread to many countries. In 1481 the Inquisition began to function in Spain to expose the secret Jews, known as the Anusim or Marranos. This Inquisition was anti-Jewish more than in any previous countries. The first public sentencing and burning alive of six marrano men and one woman by the inquisidors, the carriers of the Spanish Inquisition, was held on 7 Adar in Seville in Southern Spain.

In 2019, the number of Bnei-Anusim, the descendants of the Anusim, could reach tens of millions! It’s time to come back home!

This Shabbat & Beyond

This Shabbat Kinneret Shabbat @ the Bayit: Join Kinneret Day School for their Annual KDS Shabbat at the Bayit. All Kinneret & Riverdale families are welcomed!

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @ 5:45pm ● Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs. ● Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join! ● Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Dov Lerea

Kiddush: 11:25am - Potluck kiddush this shabbat. All processed foods must be store-sealed marked kosher.  

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to all BANers & HIRers who joined us last Guest-Speaker Shabbat with Rav Elie Abadie of Manhattan East Synagogue. Special thanks to Rav Elie Abadie, Nissim Mosseri, Rav Ezra, Rav Steven, Rav Dov Lerea, Yael Oshinsky, Ami Aharon, Samuel Sigal & Sandra Sigal-Molinas, Nathan Annenberg, Bryan, Elmer, Geo, Eric, Erick, Sova Catering, and all those who joined and supported the Riverdale Bayit us on his event. ● Mazal Tov to Elina & Moshe Azizollahoff on the Birth & Brith of baby boy Eliran Adir. Mazal Tov to big brother Amitai and to the Mosheyeva and Azizollahoff families.  ● Daylight Saving Time starts this Sunday March 10 @ 2am which will become 3am, like a magic. 

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our Parasha. This week "Mishkan - משכן” - What does the word mean; what is it; and did we have 1 or 2? Basic (and love of) Hebrew is sufficient. At 2BM. ● After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein on 3FL. Hullin. ● After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Shiur at the main sanctuary.  Happy Birthday to... YOU!  ● More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…


יום פטירתו של משה

שאלה: מתי יש לציין את יום פטירתו של משה רבינו בשנה מעוברת?

תשובה: משה רבינו נפטר ביום ז' באדר. ויש נוהגים להתענות ביום זה. והגאון בן איש חי כתב, שנכון להדליק נר לכבוד משה רבינו ולכבוד התורה הקדושה. ונחלקו הפוסקים, בשנה מעוברת, האם יש לציין את יום ז' באדר א', או את יום ז' באדר ב'. כי במדרש (ילקוט יהושע פ"ה), נחלקו רבותינו התנאים אם משה רבינו נפטר ביום ז' באדר בשנה רגילה (שאז בשנה מעוברת יש לציין את יום פטירתו בז' באדר השני למנהגינו כדעת מרן בסימן תקסח ס"ז), או שנפטר בשנה מעוברת ביום ז' באדר א'. שאם נאמר שמשה רבינו נפטר ביום ז' באדר א', אם כן בודאי שיש לציין את יום ז' באדר א', ולא את יום ז' באדר ב'. ולמעשה פסק מרן רבינו עובדיה יוסף זצ"ל, שהמנהג להתענות או לציין את יום הפטירה באדר ב', הוא המנהג הנכון יותר. וזכות משה רבינו תעמוד לנו ולכל ישראל.

המתנות שנותנים לאביונים בפורים

שאלה: המתנות שנותנים לאביונים בפורים, האם האביונים חייבים לקנות בהם אוכל דוקא?

תשובה: הטור (סימן תרצד) כתב, שהמעות שנתנו לאביונים כמתנות לאביונים, הם מיועדים לסעודת פורים, ולכן העניים אינם רשאים להשתמש בהם לדבר אחר. ומקור הדברים בברייתא במסכת בבא בתרא (עח:), שאין העני רשאי להשתמש במעות של פורים כדי לקנות רצועה לסנדלו. אבל מרן הבית יוסף תמה על דברי הטור, שהרי רבן שמעון בן גמליאל סובר שמותר לעני לשנות מדעתו של התורם, והלכה כמותו. וכן פסקו הרי"ף והרמב"ם והרא"ש. ולכן אף על פי שחובה לתת לאביונים כסף, כדי שיוכלו לקנות בו צרכי פורים, מכל מקום העניים עצמם רשאים לעשות בכסף כל מה שירצו. וכן פסק מרן בשלחן ערוך (ס"ב).

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Hullin 100 a-b: Biblical Law and Biblical Narrative

As we have learned (see above, daf 90), the gid hanashe – an animal’s sciatic nerve – is prohibited based on the passage in Sefer Bereishit (32:33). Following his wrestling with an angel, Ya’akov limps back towards his camp and the Torah concludes “Therefore the children of Israel eat not the sinew of the thigh-vein which is upon the spoon of the thigh, unto this day; because he touched the spoon of Jacob’s thigh, even in the sinew of the thigh-vein.”

The Mishna on today’s daf limits the prohibition to kosher animals; Rabbi Yehuda disagrees, arguing that before the Torah was given – when Ya’akov’s children were still allowed to eat unclean animals – they refrained from eating the gid hanashe. The response quoted in the Mishna is that the commandment prohibiting the gid hanashe was given at Mount Sinai, where it was then placed in context in Sefer Bereishit. It does not indicate, however, that Ya’akov’s children kept this tradition prior to receiving the Torah. (Daf Yomi from

The Weekly Riddle

How long is the USA-Mexico border; which USA states share this border; which Mexico states share it; Which River makes part of the border; How much of the border is not a river?  

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Ktav Parasha - Pəqude

"And Moshe blessed them" - Rashi explains that Moshe blessed Bnei Yisrael and "he said to them: May the Divine Presence, the Shkhina,  be in the work of your hands "(Rashi). Our sages asked: “What are the doings of a Man’s hands?” And they answered: “They are their sons and their daughters!” And Moshe blessed them: "Let the Shkhina rests in the work of your hands," raise and guide your sons and daughters to Torah and Mitsvot, and the Shkhina will rest upon you, greater than the Shkhina in the Tabernacle, the Mishkan. As it is written: "Gadol Talmud Torah miBinyan Bet Hamikdash” - Learning Torah is greater than the building of the Temple." Shabbat shel Shalom. tbs.

The Weekly Riddle 2

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Time to Smile   70s Jokes

It was mealtime on an El Al flight. “Would you like dinner?” the flight attendant asks. “What are my choices,” the passenger responds. “Yes or no,” she replies.


A Brit, a Frenchman and a Russian Jew are viewing a painting of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. “Look at their reserve, their calm,” says the Brit. “They must be British.” “Nonsense,” the Frenchman disagrees, “They are so beautiful. Clearly they are French.” “Oh please,” says the Russian. “No clothes, no shelter and only an apple to eat and they are told this is paradise? They must be Russians!”

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Makom baParasha - The Tabernacle

The Tabernacle (Hebrew: מִשְׁכַּן‎, mishkan, "residence" or "dwelling place"), as mentioned in Torah, was a portable dwelling place for the divine presence, from the time of the Exodus from Egypt through the conquering of the land of Kəna‘an. Built of woven layers of curtains along with gold, silver, brass, furs, jewels, and other valuable materials taken out of Egypt at G-d's orders, and according to specifications revealed by G-d to Moses at Mount Sinai.  

The Mishkan was transported by Bnei Yisrael on their journey through the wilderness till their arrival at Kəna‘an, the Promised Land. The First Temple in Jerusalem superseded it as the dwelling-place of G-d some 300 years later.


Parasha – Pəqude: Shemot (Exodus) 38:21-40:38

Historical Context: Bnei Israel's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai). Creation Time: 2448 (1476 bce).

Parashort:  After finishing all the different parts, vessels and garments used in the Mishkan, Moshe gives a complete accounting and enumeration of all the contributions and of the various clothing and vessels which had been fashioned. G-d speaks to Moshe and tells him that the Mishkan should be set up on the first day of the first month, i.e., Nissan. He also tells Moshe the order of assembly for the Mishkan and its vessels. Moshe does everything in the prescribed manner. (

Connection to the Parasha:  Parshat Pəkude recounts the completion of the Mishkan, and the Haftara, the completion of Bet Hamikdash.

Biblical Quiz - Pəqude

Kids: What function did the parochet serve?

Youth: What is the meaning of the name Betzalel?

Adults: What was inscribed on the stones on the shoulders of the ephod?

Experts: Who was the officer in charge of the levi'im?

Speechless in the Parasha - Pəqude

What was used more for the Mishkan: Gold or Silver? How many times is זהב mentioned and how many times כסף?

Haftara - Pəqude: Kings 1, 7:40-50

Haftit: Chiram, hired by King Solomon as an artist, formed the Temple treasures from brass and copper. Chiram made small basins for removing the ashes from the altar, the rakes for raking the ashes, and the bowls to sprinkle the blood of the sacrifices on the side of the altar. Chiram completed every task that King Solomon asked him to do in the House of Hashem. Yachin and Boaz, the two giant columns were at the entranceway of the Temple. There were two columns with two crowns at the top of the columns. As a part of the crown of the columns, two rows of pomegranate designs were placed; 400 in all. The Mikveh was a very large basin with 12 cattle arranged in four rows of three at the base. It was used for the Kohen to immerse himself in before performing the priestly work in the Temple. The utensils were made in the plains of the Jordan, actually to the east of the Jordan in the tribe of Gad’s territory. Chiram had a factory there and he was able to cast them in dense clay molds. The location of this factory was between the city of Sukkoth and Zarothan. There were so many utensils manufactured that King Solomon stopped counting them. The weight of the copper was never determined. Solomon made all the utensils that were for the House of Hashem- the Golden Altar and the Shulchan, the   table (that supported the Lechem Hapanim, 12 loaves of Show Bread) were fashioned of gold.  The Menorah – There were 5 menorahs on the right side of the temple and 5 on the left side. A total of ten menorahs were in front of the dividing wall of the inner Sanctuary of the Temple. Each of the seven lamps on the menorah was decorated with a flower pattern on it. All the work of King Solomon Temple was now completed. Then King Solomon brought the Holy things of his father King David. There were silver and gold. He put them in the treasury of the Temple. (haftorahman)

Purim with Beth Aharon @ the Bayit 

Join Beth Aharon on erev Purim, March 20, 14 Adar Bet for Megila Reading with the hazan Yaron Babayof, Ta’anit Esther Fast-break Good-eats, Costume Contest, Prizes to best costume winners, gifts to all kids, mishlowah manot, and more.

* Minha: 6:00pm.

* Arvit and Migilah - 7:30pm

* Costume contest and special prizes to the following categories:

The best Boy costume

The best Girl costume

The best Man costume

The best Women costume

The best Couple costume

The best Family costume

Gifts to all kids with costumes!

In the Good News

- Israel has been ranked as the eighth most powerful country in the world, in an annual poll compiled by U.S. News and World Reports. Israel ranks particularly high in terms of life expectancy, education and per capita income. The top 10 "Power Rankings" are: 1. United States; 2. Russia; 3. China; 4. Germany; 5. United Kingdom; 6. France; 7. Japan; 8. Israel; 9. Saudi Arabia; 10. United Arab Emirates.  

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.


Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: Email:; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!


Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ for help.


Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.


Purim​ with Congregation Beth Aharon @ The Bayit:

 Look inside for details.


Support Group and Education Program for Early Stage Memory Changes @ the Riverdale Y Senior Center. Support Group Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12, 5/3, 5/10, 5/17, 5/24; Education Program Dates: 3/22, 3/29, 4/5, 4/12; Time: 10:00a-11:30a; Door-to-door transportation available. Lunch provided daily. Contact: Worker Lydia Ecker @ 800-272-3900

Biblical Quiz - Pəqude: Answers

Kids: It served as a partition for the aron. * Youth: “Betsel El” - "In the shadow of G-d." * Adults: “The names of the tribes. *

Experts:  Itamar ben Aharon.

Riddle Solved

The Mexico–United States continental border extends about 1,950 miles. The US states along the border, from west to east, are California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. The Mexican states along the border are Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. The continental border follows the middle of the Rio Grande River, from its mouth on the Gulf of Mexico, a distance of about 1,250 miles to the cities of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez. It leaves about 700 miles of land border from El Paso TX westwards to San Diego CA.





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Sensei Mike 

in affiliation with the Tora Dojo Martial Arts Association, offers Martial Arts and Meditation classes for adults and kids: Michael Fendrich:

Rav Question - שאלת רב

What is the real or original reason of putting costume on Purim?

Is it a mitsva? Is it a good thing to do?

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, and all the sick.

Riddle unSolved 2

Didn’t have time to do it :)

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.