Committee: 3rd GA-SOCHUM

Topic Area: Preventing violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Country: Romania

Delegate Name: Dimitris Tsalis

Even today in the 21st century, people with different sexual orientation and gender identity face discrimination and violence in all regions of the world. Violence against LGBT community is widespread and sometimes the perpetrators are not sanctioned. Intersex people and LGBT members face discrimination every day, in terms of education, employment, housing, healthcare and also within families. This happens because of discriminatory attitudes and the lack of effective anti-discrimination laws. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights declares that there must not be any discrimination over sexual orientation or gender identity. In the second article of this declaration it is also claimed that every human being is entitled to equal rights and protections without any distinction. Having a different sexual orientation or gender identity does not mean you are not a human being .You are considered a human being and must be treated equally.

Romania considers all of its citizens equal and does not want people to be violated or discriminated just because they have a different sexual orientation or gender identity, as it is supported in its Constitution ; TITLE II ,Article 16.1.’’Citizens are equal before the law and before public authorities, with no privileges and with no discrimination΄΄ .It respects Human rights and treats all people equally. At present, there are no laws against the rights of gay citizens except for those that deny equality in marriage, but these are under review.

Through all these years, Romania has proved that it wants LGBT people to be safe, as it has organized training programs for police officers so as to recognize and monitor the hate crimes against LGBT and intersex people and to satisfy their needs. It has limited violence against sexual minorities by using the police to restore order and aims to even eliminate it. When it comes to gay events such as gay prides or Gay Fest rallies, it develops its training curriculums of its police personnel and makes the measures stricter so as to ensure the proper running of the events and to avoid inappropriate behaviors towards the participants, like bullying, torture and even killings. As an example, on 4 June 2011, roughly 150 persons participated in the “March of Diversity” gay pride parade in Bucharest. Local governments assembled many police officers to protect the participants, and the parade ended with no violent incidents.

It is out of line that even today LGBT and intersex people face this type of problems. Being bullied has serious effects on their psychology and can even lead them to suicide. Furthermore they might be killed for their sexuality so both aspects lead to the same conclusion: death. As a result this has destructive consequences for the whole community, as there are possibilities for a social portion to be lost. Something must be done in order to avoid it.

For this issue to be solved, the delegation of Romania firmly believes that certain steps must be implemented. Firstly, effective anti-discrimination laws that protect LGBT and intersex persons from discrimination must be enacted, so as they feel safer .Regarding this, tougher penalties on criminals that target victims because of their sexual orientation and gender identity must be imposed.  Furthermore, campaigns must be launched in schools or through public, so as to end negative stereotypes and to increase people’s understanding on the rights and problems of LGBT people. Last but not least, one crucial step would be a more spherical education of children placing emphasis on the importance of what it means for somebody to enjoy their human rights.

Taking everything into consideration, discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity is an important problem that is evidenced all over the world and can be solved by collaborations of governments with organizations. LGBT and intersex people are searching for help and want to feel safe .Instead of ignoring the problem and crowding them out, we can lend a helping hand for a better future.