Carolina’s Lost Communities

Session 6 – Wednesday, May 1 ---Sources consulted for “Native American Connections:  The Nation and the Pendleton District” (Scott Withrow presentation)


Brown, Richard Maxwell.  The South Carolina Regulators.  Cambridge, Massachusetts:  The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1963.  Information on an Ashworth family and other families associated with upcountry South Carolina.

Chapelle, Francis H.  Wellsprings:  A Natural History of Bottled Spring Waters.  New Brunswick, New Jersey:  Rutgers University Press, 2005.  Good information on Healing Springs in South Carolina, other springs, and the history of bottled water.  

Cheek, Linda G., compiler.  Pickens District South Carolina Abstracts of Deed Book C-1:  3rd Deed Book 1834-1838 (with many earlier dates.  Greenville, South Carolina:  Southern Historical Press, Inc., 1999.   Much mention of deeds related to Samuel Maverick, Sr.

Hatley, Thomas.  “The Three Lives of Keowee:  Loss and Recovery in Eighteenth-Century Cherokee Village” in Powhatan’s Mantle:  Indians in the Colonial Southeast, edited by Peter H. Wood, Gregory A. Waselkov, and M. Thomas Hatley:  223-248.  Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 1989.   Keowee was one of the first ghost towns in South Carolina.  

Hatley, Tom.  The Dividing Paths:  Cherokees and South Carolinians through the Era of Revolution.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1993.  Cherokees and South Carolinians both struggled with identities and community.  

Hembree, Michael and Dot Jackson.  Keowee:  The Story of the Keowee River Valley in Upstate Carolina.  Private Printing, 1996.  This is an excellent journalistic history with photos.  The late Dot Jackson wrote for the Charlotte Observer, the Greenville News, and other publications.  I miss her articles.

Perdue, Theda.  Cherokee Women. Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 1998.  Cherokee traditional society was matrilineal wherein women were much involved in the traditions that made Cherokee community.

Rich, Peggy Burton and Marion Ard Whitehurst.  The Pickens Sentinel:  Favorite Newspaper of Pickens County, Pickens Court House, South Carolina, 1872-1893.  Historical and Genealogical Abstracts, Vol. 2.  Heritage Books Incorporated, 1994.  It is interesting to browse these abstracted accounts from the Pickens Sentinel.

South Carolina Appalachian Council of Governments.  Historic Places in the S. C. Appalachian Region. n. d., first printed in 1972.  Greenville, South Carolina:  South Carolina Appalachian Council of Governments.  This spiral-bound booklet is long out of print, but I’m sure can be found at many area libraries.  It includes such houses as the Pleasant Alexander House and the Hagood-Mauldin House.  

Tortora, Daniel J.  Carolina in Crisis:  Cherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763. Chapel Hill:  The University of North Carolina Press, 1915.   A good book by a young historian on the Southeast, 1756-1763.


Gillmer, Jason A.  “Shades of Gray: The Life and Times of a Free Family of Color on the Texas Frontier, 29.” Law & Inequality. 33 (2011). Available at: 

Marks, Paula Mitchell.  “Maverick, Samuel Augustus.” The Handbook of Texas Online.  Texas State Historical Association 

Marler, Don C.  “Louisiana Redbones.”  AfriGeneas.   I traveled to Columbia to meet with the late Don Marler and his wife and do research in the Sumter area, including Privateer Township and Stateburg. 

Murrah, M. Lee, ed.  “Ashworth Family.”  Burke County, Texas:  Burke History Project. Good information on the family’s South Carolina connections with the people known as Redbones.

Thompson, Nolan.  “Ashworth Act.”  The Handbook of Texas Online.  Texas State Historical Association.  A good summary of the Ashworth Act.

Temple of Health - from RandomConnections.

Trembly Bald Retreat -

9 Bits of Advice for the Casual Adventurer -