The following tables are supplementary to the draft paper presented at the CPSA 2019 conference in Vancouver, BC.

Appendix A

Table 1: Selected Characteristics of Three Mid-Size Municipalities

Metric

Waterloo Region

Hamilton

London

Type of local government

Upper tier

Single tier

Single tier

Population (CMA, 2016)[1]

523,894

747,545

494,069

Population (CA, % in CMA)

523,894 (100%)

536,917 (72%)

383,822 (78%)

Included in Places to Grow[2]

Yes

Yes

No

Included in Metrolinx planning area

No

Yes

No

2015 transit ridership (annual)[3]

20,327,109

21,906,762

22,369,165

Composition of council

15 + Regional Chair

15 + Mayor

14 + Mayor

Number of electoral districts[4]

4 (5)

4 (5)

4

Transit Operator

Grand River Transit

Hamilton Street Railway

London Transit Commission

Type of Transit Operator

Internal

Internal

Commission

Postsecondary Institutions

Conestoga College
Wilfrid Laurier University

University of Waterloo

  St. Jerome’s

  Renison

  Conrad Grebel

  St. Paul’s

Mohawk College

McMaster University

Fanshawe College

Western University

  Brescia

  Huron

  King’s


Appendix B: Cast of Characters

Table 2: Elected Officials at the Municipal Level, 2006-2018

Municipality

2006-2010

2010-2014

2014-2018

2018-2022

Regional Chair

Region

Ken Seiling

Ken Seiling

Ken Seiling

Karen Redman

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

Jim Wideman

Jim Wideman

Karen Redman

Elizabeth Clarke

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

Tom Galloway

Tom Galloway

Tom Galloway

Tom Galloway

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

Jane Haalboom

Jane Haalboom

Wayne Wettlaufer

Michael D. Harris

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

Jake Smola

Geoff Lorentz

Geoff Lorentz

Geoff Lorentz

Regional Councillor

Waterloo

Sean Strickland

Sean Strickland

Sean Strickland

Sean Strickland

Regional Councillor

Waterloo

Jane Mitchell

Jane Mitchell

Jane Mitchell

Jim Erb

Regional Councillor

Cambridge

Jane Brewer

Jane Brewer

Karl Kiefer

Karl Kiefer

Regional Councillor

Cambridge

Claudette Millar

Claudette Millar

Helen Jowett

Helen Jowett

Mayor

Kitchener

Carl Zehr

Carl Zehr

Barry Vrbanovic

Barry Vrbanovic

Mayor

Waterloo

Brenda Halloran

Brenda Halloran

Dave Jaworsky

Dave Jaworsky

Mayor

Cambridge

Doug Craig

Doug Craig

Doug Craig

Kathryn McGarry

Mayor

North Dumfries

Kim Denouden

Robert Deutschmann

Sue Foxton

Sue Foxton

Mayor

Wellesley

Ross Kelterborn

Ross Kelterborn

Joe Nowak

Joe Nowak

Mayor

Wilmot

Wayne Roth

Les Armstrong

Les Armstrong

Les Armstrong

Mayor

Woolwich

William Strauss

Todd Cowan

Sandy Shantz

Sandy Shantz

Mayor

Hamilton

Fred Eisenberger

Bob Bratina

Fred Eisenberger

Fred Eisenberger

Ward 1

Hamilton

Brian McHattie

Brian McHattie

Aidan Johnson

Maureen Wilson

Ward 2

Hamilton

Bob Bratina

Jason Farr

Jason Farr

Jason Farr

Ward 3

Hamilton

Bernie Morelli

Bernie Morelli

Matthew Green

Nrinder Nann

Ward 4

Hamilton

Sam Merulla

Sam Merulla

Sam Merulla

Sam Merulla

Ward 5

Hamilton

Chad Collins

Chad Collins

Chad Collins

Chad Collins

Ward 6

Hamilton

Tom Jackson

Tom Jackson

Tom Jackson

Tom Jackson

Ward 7

Hamilton

Scott Duvall

Scott Duvall

Scott Duvall / Donna Skelly

Esther Pauls

Ward 8

Hamilton

Terry Whitehead

Terry Whitehead

Terry Whitehead

John-Paul Danko

Ward 9

Hamilton

Brad Clark

Brad Clark

Doug Conley

Brad Clark

Ward 10

Hamilton

Maria Pearson

Maria Pearson

Maria Pearson

Maria Pearson

Ward 11

Hamilton

David Mitchell

Brenda Johnson

Brenda Johnson

Brenda Johnson

Ward 12

Hamilton

Lloyd Ferguson

Lloyd Ferguson

Lloyd Ferguson

Lloyd Ferguson

Ward 13

Hamilton

Russ Powers

Russ Powers

Arlene Vanderbeek

Arlene Vanderbeek

Ward 14

Hamilton

Robert Pasuta

Robert Pasuta

Robert Pasuta

Terry Whitehead

Ward 15

Hamilton

Judi Partridge

Judi Partridge

Judi Partridge

Judi Partridge

Mayor

London

Anne-Marie Decicco-Best

Joe Fontana

Joni Baechler[5]

Matt Brown

Ed Holder

Controller

London

Tom Gosnell

Controller

London

Gina Barber

Controller

London

Bud Polhill

Controller

London

Gord Hume

Ward 1

London

Roger Caranci

Bud Polhill

Michael van Holst

Michael van Holst

Ward 2

London

Bill Armstrong

Bill Armstrong

Bill Armstrong

Shawn Lewis

Ward 3

London

Bernie Macdonald

Joe Swan

Mo Salih

Mo Salih

Ward 4

London

Stephen Orser

Stephen Orser

Jesse Helmer

Jesse Helmer

Ward 5

London

Joni Baechler

Joni Baechler

Russ Monteith[6]

Maureen Cassidy

Maureen Cassidy

Ward 6

London

Nancy Branscombe

Nancy Branscombe

Phil Squire

Phil Squire

Ward 7

London

Walter Lonc

Matt Brown

Josh Morgan

Josh Morgan

Ward 8

London

Paul Hubert

Paul Hubert

Paul Hubert

Steve Lehman

Ward 9

London

Susan Eagle

Dale Henderson

Anna Hopkins

Anna Hopkins

Ward 10

London

Paul Van Meerbergen

Paul Van Meerbergen

Virginia Ridley

Paul Van Meerbergen

Ward 11

London

David Winniger

Denise Brown

Stephen Turner

Stephen Turner

Ward 12

London

Harold Usher

Harold Usher

Harold Usher

Elizabeth Peloza

Ward 13

London

Judy Bryant

Judy Bryant

Tanya Park

Arielle Kayabaga

Ward 14

London

Cheryl Miller

Sandy White

Jared Zaifman

Steve Hillier

Table 3: MPPs and MPs, 2006-2018

Electoral District

2006-2010

2010-2014

2014-2018

2018-2022

MPP

KItchener-Waterloo

Elizabeth Witmer

Elizabeth Witmer

Catherine Fife

Catherine Fife

MPP

Waterloo

Catherine Fife

Catherine Fife

MPP

Kitchener Centre

John MIlloy

John MIlloy

Daiene Vernile

Daiene Vernile

Laura Mae Lindo

Laura Mae Lindo

MPP

Kitchener-Conestoga

Leanna Prendergast

Michael Harris

Michael D. Harris

Mike Harris Jr

Mike Harris Jr

MPP

Cambridge

Gerry Martiniuk

Rob Leone

Rob Leone

Kathyrn McGarry

Kathryn McGarry

Belinda Karahalios

Belinda Karahalios

MP

Kitchener-Waterloo

Andrew Telegdi

Peter Braid

Peter Braid

Peter Braid

MP

Waterloo

Bardish Chagger

Bardish Chagger

MP

Kichener Centre

Karen Redman

Stephen Woodworth

Stephen Woodworth

Raj Saini

Raj Saini

MP

Kitchener-Conestoga

Harold Albrecht

Harold Albrecht

Harold Albrecht

Harold Albrecht

MP

Cambridge

Gary Goodyear

Gary Goodyear

Brian May

Brian May

MPP

Hamilton Centre

Andrea Horwath

Andrea Horwath

Andrea Horwath

Andrea Horwath

MPP

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale

Ted McMeekin

Ted McMeekin

Ted McMeekin

Sandy Shaw

MPP

Flamborough Glanbrook

Donna Skelly

MPP

Hamilton Mountain

Marie Bountrogianni

Sophia Aggelonitis

Sophia Aggelonitis

Monique Taylor

Monique Taylor

Monique Taylor

MPP

Hamilton East -- Stoney Creek

Paul Miller

Paul Miller

Paul Miller

Paul Miller

MP

Hamilton Centre

David Christopherson

David Christopherson

David Christopherson

David Christopherson

MP

Hamilton Mountain

Chris Charlton

Chris Charlton

Chris Charlton

Scott Duvall

Scott Duvall

MP

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale

Russ Powers

David Sweet

David Sweet

David Sweet

Filomena Tassi

Filomena Tassi

MP

Flamborough Glanbrook

David Sweet

David Sweet

MP

Hamilton East -- Stoney Creek

Tony Valeri

Wayne Marston

Wayne Marston

Wayne Marston

Bob Bratina

Bob Bratina

MPP

Elgin-Middlesex-London

Steve Peters

Jeff Yurek

Jeff Yurek

Jeff Yurek

MPP

London Fanshawe

Khalil Ramal

Khalil Ramal

Teresa Armstrong

Teresa Armstrong

Teresa Armstrong

MPP

London North Centre

Deb Matthews

Deb Matthews

Deb Matthews

Terence Kernaghan

Terence Kernaghan

MPP

London West

Chris Bentley

Chris Bentley

Peggy Sattler

Peggy Sattler

Peggy Sattler

MP

Elgin-Middlesex-London

Joe Preston

Joe Preston

Joe Preston

Karen Vecchio

Karen Vecchio

MP

London Fanshawe

Irene Mathyssen

Irene Mathyssen

Irene Mathyssen

Irene Mathyssen

MP

London North Centre

Joe Fontana

Glen Pearson

Glen Pearson

Susan Truppe

Susan Truppe

Peter Fragiskatos

Peter Fragiskatos

MP

London West

Sue Barnes

Ed Holder

Ed Holder

Ed Holder

Kate Young

Kate Young

Table 4: Non-Elected Officials, 2006-2018

Municipality / Organization

2006-2010

2010-2014

2014-2018

2018-2022

CAO

Region of Waterloo

Mike Murray

Mike Murray

Mike Murray

Mike Murray

President

University of Waterloo

David Johnston

Feridun Hamdullahpur

Feridun Hamdullahpur

Feridun Hamdullahpur

Feridun Hamdullahpur

President

Conestoga College

John Tibbits

John Tibbits

John Tibbits

John Tibbits

President/CEO

KW Chamber of Commerce

Joan Fisk

Ian McLean

Ian McLean

Ian McLean

President/CEO

Communitech (RIC)

Iain Klugman

Iain Klugman

Iain Klugman

Iain Klugman

CEO

Grand River Hospital

Malcolm Maxwell

Malcolm Maxwell

Malcolm Maxwell

Ron Gagnon

Ron Gagnon

President/CEO

Explore Waterloo Region (Tourism)

Susan Cudahy

Tracey Desjardins

Minto Schneider

Minto Schneider

Minto Schneider

President/CEO

Canada's Technology Triangle

Waterloo EDC

John Jung

John Jung

Tony LaMantia

Tony Lamantia

Executive Director

Uptown Waterloo BIA

Patti Brooks

Patti Brooks

Patti Brooks

Tracy Van Kalsbeek

Tracy Van Kaslbeek

General Manager

Kitchener BIA

Mark Garner

Mark Garner

Shannon Weber

Linda Jutzi

CAO

City of Hamilton

Glen Peace

Glen Peace

Chris Murray

Chris Murray

Chris Murray

President

McMaster University

Peter George

Peter George

Patrick Deane

Patrick Deane

Patrick Deane

President

Mohawk College

Rob MacIsaac

Rob MacIsaac

Rob McKerlie

Rob McKerlie

Rob McKerlie

CEO

Chamber of Commerce

Sophia Aggelonitis

David Adames

David Adames

Keanin Loomis

Keanin Loomis

Keanin Loomis

CEO

Hamilton Economic Development

Neil Everson

Neil Everson

Neil Everson

Glen Norton

Glen Norton

President & CEO

Hamilton Health Sciences

Murray Martin

Murray Martin

Rob MacIsaac

Rob MacIsaac

Rob MacIsaac

President & CEO

Innovation Factory (RIC)

Ron Neumann

David Carter

David Carter

David Carter

General Manager

Tourism Hamilton

David Adames

David Adames

Executive Director

Downtown BIA

Kathy Drewitt

Kathy Drewitt

Kerry Jarvi

Kerry Jarvi

Kerry Jarvi

CAO

City of London

Jeff Fielding

Jeff Fielding

Tim Dobbie

Art Zuidema

Art Zuidema

Martin Hayward

Martin Hayward

President

Western University

Paul Davenport

Amit Chakma

Amit Chakma

Amit Chakma

Amit Chakma

Alan Shepherd

President

Fanshawe College

Howard Rundle

Howard Rundle

Peter Devlin

Peter Devlin

Peter Devlin

President/CEO

Chamber of Commerce

Gerry Macartney

Gerry Macartney

Gerry Macartney

Gerry Macartney

CEO

LEDC

Peter White

Peter White

Kapil Lakhotia

Kapil Lakohtia

Kapil Lakohtia

President & CEO

London Health Sciences Centre

Cliff Nordal

Bonnie Adamson

Bonnie Adamson

Murray Glendining

Murray Glendining

Paul Woods

Paul Woods

President & CEO

Tech Alliance (RIC)

Marilyn Sinclair

Marilyn Sinclair

Marilyn Sinclair

Marilyn Sinclair

General Manager

Tourism London

John Winston

John Winston

John Winston

John Winston

Executive Director

London Development Institute

Jim Kennedy

Jim Kennedy

Jim Kennedy

Bill Veitch

Bill Veitch

General Manager

Downtown London BIA

Janette Macdonald

Janette Macdonald

Janette Macdonald

Janette Macdonald

Manager

Old East Village BIA

Sarah Merritt

Sarah Merritt

Sarah Merritt

Jen Pastorius

Jen Pastorius

Table 5: Stability Ratios, Non-Elected Positions and Elected Officials, 2006-2018

Municipality / Organization

CAO

Region of Waterloo

1

President

University of Waterloo

2

President

Conestoga College

1

President/CEO

KW Chamber of Commerce

2

President/CEO

Communitech (RIC)

1

CEO

Grand River Hospital

2

President/CEO

Explore Waterloo Region (Tourism)

3

President/CEO

Canada's Technology Triangle

Waterloo EDC

2

Executive Director

Uptown Waterloo BIA

2

General Manager

Kitchener BIA

3

Overall

1.9

CAO

City of Hamilton

2

President

McMaster University

2

President

Mohawk College

2

CEO

Chamber of Commerce

3

CEO

Hamilton Economic Development

2

President & CEO

Hamilton Health Sciences

1

President & CEO

Innovation Factory (RIC)

2

General Manager

Tourism Hamilton

1

Executive Director

Downtown BIA

2

Overall

1.9

CAO

City of London

4

President

Western University

3

President

Fanshawe College

2

President/CEO

Chamber of Commerce

1

CEO

LEDC

2

President & CEO

London Health Sciences Centre

4

President & CEO

Tech Alliance (RIC)

1

General Manager

Tourism London

1

Executive Director

London Development Institute

2

General Manager

Downtown London BIA

1

Manager

Old East Village BIA

2

Overall

2.1

Regional Chair

Region

2

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

2

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

1

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

3

Regional Councillor

Kitchener

2

Regional Councillor

Waterloo

1

Regional Councillor

Waterloo

2

Regional Councillor

Cambridge

2

Regional Councillor

Cambridge

2

Mayor

Kitchener

2

Mayor

Waterloo

2

Mayor

Cambridge

2

Mayor

North Dumfries

3

Mayor

Wellesley

2

Mayor

Wilmot

2

Mayor

Woolwich

3

Overall

2.1

Mayor

Hamilton

2

Ward 1

Hamilton

3

Ward 2

Hamilton

1

Ward 3

Hamilton

3

Ward 4

Hamilton

1

Ward 5

Hamilton

1

Ward 6

Hamilton

1

Ward 7

Hamilton

3

Ward 8

Hamilton

2

Ward 9

Hamilton

2

Ward 10

Hamilton

1

Ward 11

Hamilton

2

Ward 12

Hamilton

1

Ward 13

Hamilton

2

Ward 14

Hamilton

1

Ward 15

Hamilton

1

Overall

1.7

Mayor

London

5

Ward 1

London

3

Ward 2

London

2

Ward 3

London

3

Ward 4

London

2

Ward 5

London

3

Ward 6

London

2

Ward 7

London

3

Ward 8

London

2

Ward 9

London

3

Ward 10

London

2

Ward 11

London

3

Ward 12

London

2

Ward 13

London

3

Ward 14

London

4

Overall

2.8

MPP

Kitchener-Waterloo

2

MPP

Waterloo

0

MPP

Kitchener Centre

3

MPP

KItchener-Conestoga

3

MPP

Cambridge

4

Overall

2.8

MP

Kitchener-Waterloo

2

MP

Waterloo

1

MP

Kichener Centre

3

MP

Kitchener-Conestoga

1

MP

Cambridge

2

Overall

2.1

MPP

Hamilton Centre

1

MPP

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale

2

MPP

Flamborough Glanbrook

1

MPP

Hamilton Mountain

3

MPP

Hamilton East -- Stoney Creek

1

Overall

1.9

MP

Hamilton Centre

1

MP

Hamilton Mountain

2

MP

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale

3

MP

Flamborough Glanbrook

0

MP

Hamilton East -- Stoney Creek

3

Overall

2.1

MPP

Elgin-Middlesex-London

2

MPP

London Fanshawe

2

MPP

London North Centre

2

MPP

London West

2

Overall

2.0

MP

Elgin-Middlesex-London

2

MP

London Fanshawe

1

MP

London North Centre

4

MP

London West

3

Overall

2.5


[1] Source: 2016 Census of Population.

[2] Places to Grow is the provincial growth plan for the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH). Horak (2013) provides a good overview of how the Greenbelt Act, Places to Grow and regional transit planning were all part of the provincial government’s new task-oriented approach to addressing the problems of urban growth at a regional scale.

[3] Source: Canadian Urban Transit Association Factbook (2015).

[4] Both Waterloo Region and Hamilton increased from four electoral districts to five electoral districts during the most recent federal and provincial boundary adjustments (effective in the 2015 and 2018 elections, respectively).

[5] Partial term from June 2014 to 30 November 2014.

[6] Partial term from June 2014 to 30 November 2014, completing term of Joni Baechler, who was appointed mayor.