Behaviour Policy



Drafted by:


Approved by Governors:


The Principal is responsible for approving this policy and for ensuring that it is followed.  Governors ratify the policy to ensure that it is in line with the ethos of the academy. The policy applies to the Principal and to all staff employed or volunteering at the Academy.


Behaviour Policy


Supporting Positive Behaviour/Addressing Negative Behaviour

1 - Supporting positive behaviour

2 - Parking

3 - Sent to the Principal

4 - Internal Exclusion

5 - Exclusion

Appendices to Behaviour Policy

Preventing Bullying

Harassment and Prejudice

Searching Students

The use of restraint


Exclusion Appeals Procedures

Misbehaviour is not the breaking of a rule but the breaking of a social bond and as such, we believe that positive relationships are the key to ensuring that everyone in our community is able to work to their full potential and enjoy being here.  Our behaviour policy reflects our core ethos of ENGAGE - RESPECT - ASPIRE




At Route 39 Academy we will respond promptly and appropriately to behaviour that is negative, antisocial, disruptive or harmful. We expect all adults to create conditions that will encourage positive behaviour and we recognise that in doing this we are teaching our students key skills for life.


Key Factors contributing to positive behaviour at Route 39 Academy


Every member of our community has rights and responsibilities:

Monitoring and Evaluation

The Principal and SLT monitor weekly data and ensure action addresses persistent negative issues and persistent positive response is recognised.

Behaviour is an integral part of Route 39 Academy’s quality assurance.

Working in partnership (see Home Academy Agreement)

Positive behaviour is most likely to result when the school and parents present a consistent and united response to young people. Therefore parental engagement is a key factor in supporting our school aims.

Members of staff must inform and involve parents whenever behaviour choices are:

All home communication must be recorded in the school information management system (MIS) behaviour log, or personal student chronology sheet.

Parents participate in supporting their child through support plans, reviews, training and parent support sessions. They have access to behaviour records via the online parent portal.

Praise (also see Assessment for Learning (AFL) policy)

Rates of praise for positive choices should far outweigh any action regarding negative choices. We believe that, in order to be effective, praise should be specific and directed at positive choices, actions and behaviours, nurturing a flexible mindset[1].

Appropriate Praise promotes ENGAGEMENT, underpins RESPECT and supports high ASPIRATIONS.

Students are able to showcase and celebrate their work, progress and achievements, both in school and to the wider community. Students are able to share their work with their parents and family at home via the online portal on a daily basis. We also celebrate the culmination of each project.


When things go wrong

Route 39 Academy sets out a clear process and expectations for staff, students and parents. At all stages students are supported by staff to take responsibility for their actions and to set right what has gone wrong.

Staff are expected to take responsibility for facilitating the resolution of any issues that they encounter. This is supported by Personal Training, coaching training and the Leadership Team.


The document Supporting Positive Behaviours explained  this process.  

Supporting Positive Behaviour/Addressing Negative Behaviour

1 - Supporting positive behaviour

Teachers and staff ensure that students are given the opportunity to make the right choice.. They then use a wide range of strategies to support positive behaviour and challenge students whose behaviour choices are having a negative impact on the learning environment or Health & Safety of others (see Bill Rogers’ tips and emotional intelligence section of the Route 39 Academy behaviour booklet).  

Students should be actively involved in this process and encouraged to take personal responsibility for their behaviour . Completing the incident form can support this process and enable the student to remain in or rejoin the session.

2 - Encouraging positive use of mobile devices

It is the responsibility of the student to use mobile or electrical devices as instructed by the staff. If not instructed to use them by staff then these devices should not be used. If used inappropriately then the device will be removed from the student, locked in the office and will only be returned when a parent/carer comes in to The Academy to discuss and collect.

3 - Removal from a Session or Removal from break/lunch areas

If the student’s continued presence is having persistent negative impact on the learning environment or health & Safety of others and strategies used in step 1 have not enabled the student to make a positive choice they must be removed from the session or area (if it is during break/lunch).

Students are sent to the nominated room -which may be an office with a member of LT or in a classroom with another member of staff and class (depending on which is appropriate)-  with appropriate work to complete if it is during session time.

The teacher should record the removal in the school MIS clearly stating the reasons.

Following any removal the teacher must meet the student for a coaching meeting- this should be as soon as practical and definitely before their next session together. The student is asked to call home to inform their parents and the teacher speaks to the parents to confirm what needs to happen next. If the student refuses to make the call the member of staff will call and encourage the student to speak to their parent. Teachers are expected to engage in regular professional dialogue with their phase team and, if appropriate, the SENDCo about any removals.

If behaviour continues to have a persistent negative impact on the learning of others when the student returns from removal then the Academy may request that a parent/carer accompanies their child to sessions for half a day. This can continue and grow to a full day if required. For these circumstances the student will not return to the Academy without the presence of a parent/carer.

4 - Sent to the Principal/Leadership Team

The student has behaved in an aggressive or dangerous way, refused to accept a removal or continued to cause disruption to the smooth running of the academy whilst removed.  Students who are sent to the Principal will begin the restorative (RA) process.

It is the student’s personal responsibility to engage fully in this process.


It is the member of staff’s personal responsibility to engage fully in the restorative process


The Principal or member of the leadership team will facilitate the meeting and also help to identify any learning needs and further intervention required.

Other consequences may apply during or on further investigation of the incident.

5 - Internal Exclusion

Route 39 Academy recognises that at times young people may choose, by their actions and words, not to be part of the community.Students who have been involved in a serious incident for which there is an ongoing investigation, or restorative process yet to be completed, or students who have not responded to other strategies and whose choices necessitate temporary isolation from the rest of the community whilst work is completed to support their return. Students will not have their mobile or electronic devices during a period of internal exclusion.

Teachers must set work for students in internal exclusion as requested by the Principal/SENDCo. A meeting with parents and the DIrector of Specialist Provision is set up and a support plan reviewed, or put in place. The Principal will support this process.

6 - Exclusion

Route 39 Academy will only exclude where a student’s continued presence on site would be harmful to any individual or the community. The Principal makes all decisions about exclusion- if the Principal is not available this decision is delegated to the Senior Leadership team who will liaise with the SENDCo and where possible contact the Principal to ratify the decision.

Exclusion Protocol

The academy does not believe that exclusion supports improved behaviour and therefore a key priority is for zero exclusion. However exclusion will be used as an important part in ensuring and maintaining a safe environment for our students and staff.

Fixed term exclusions may be used when it is felt that

Fixed term exclusions will not exceed 5 consecutive school days. It is the responsibility of the student’s normal teachers to set work to cover the main subject sessions missed. Teachers will be notified of the requirement to set work as soon as practical and must set work within 24 hours of the request being made. Students can also access their ongoing project work via their Chromebooks.  

If the frequency or overall number of fixed term exclusions are deemed to be high by SLT, then there will be a reintegration meeting with student, parents/carers, Principal and a Governing Body panel. The purpose of this panel is to set out an action plan for the student to avoid further exclusion which could become permanent.

Exceptions to zero permanent exclusion

There may be exceptional circumstances where in the Principal’s judgement it is appropriate to permanently exclude a student in order to ensure the safety of the community or the smooth running of the academy.

These can include:

In these circumstances, our duty of care to the rest of the community outweighs the needs of the individual.

Beyond the school gates

We recognise that events happening outside school can impact on life in school. As such Route 39 Academy will:


This behaviour policy applies to all school trips and visits as well as the journey to and from school.


Appendices to Behaviour Policy

Preventing Bullying

Route 39 Academy places a high emphasis on creating and maintaining a happy and safe learning environment for all our students and therefore has a zero-tolerance to bullying behaviour.   There is a separate Prevention of Bullying Policy.

Harassment and Prejudice

At Route 39 Academy we believe in fellowship and community: we are all equal regardless of race, culture, gender, sexual orientation or religion.  Learning and growth can only take place when students and staff have the self-confidence and security that comes from being fully valued and respected, and from experiencing equality of opportunity.  Harassment and prejudice have no place in our school community, and will not be tolerated.

We define harassment as any hostile or offensive act or expression by a person against another person which interferes with the peace and security of that person, makes them fear for their personal wellbeing or safety, or reduces their quality of life.  This applies both in person and remotely.

Harassment may present itself in the following ways:

All prejudiced behaviour of any form is unacceptable and will be dealt with as high level negative behaviour.  A full report will be given to parents and a meeting with the Principal arranged. In addition incidents will be dealt with according to the school behaviour processes and systems. All incidents will be recorded on the school MIS.

Every adult in the school community is responsible for challenging language that may be viewed as racist, sexist, homophobic, or prejudiced in any way. Any pupil who has experienced harassment will receive support from their coach and outside agencies, where appropriate.

In order to further promote an environment which celebrates racial and cultural diversity and mutual respect, Route 39 Academy will:

Searching Students

The Principal and staff have the power to search students or their possessions, where they have reasonable grounds to suspect the student has a prohibited item listed below.  Random searches will not be undertaken.  Unless there are extenuating circumstances, searches will be carried out by a staff member of the same gender as the student.

It is good practice to gain the consent of the student however staff may search without consent if there is reasonable evidence that  the student or other members of the community may be at risk.

  1. Knives and weapons
  2. Alcohol
  3. Illegal drugs or other intoxicating or harmful substances
  4. Stolen items
  5. Tobacco and cigarette papers
  6. Fireworks and other explosives
  7. Pornography
  8. Any article that has been or is likely to be used to commit an offence, cause personal injury or damage to property

Two members of staff should be present, one to conduct the search and the other as a witness. Staff can search student’s clothes, possessions, desk and lockers.

The member of staff conducting the search may not require the student to remove any clothing other than outer clothing.  Outer clothing is clothing that is not worn next to the skin or immediately over a garment that is being worn as underwear, and includes (but is not limited to) blazers, coats, jumpers, hats, shoes, boots, gloves and scarves.  

Possessions means any goods over which the pupil has or appears to have control – this includes desks, lockers and bags. A student’s possession can only be searched in the presence of the pupil and a second member of staff.

Force should never be used to conduct a search unless the provisions of the ‘use of restraint’ below apply.  In this circumstance, police officers should be summoned to conduct the search if reasonably practical.  Otherwise, as a last resort, staff can use such force as is reasonable given the circumstances.  Such searches may apply to locate prohibited items listed above, except d, e or g.  

Staff may confiscate a student’s property, where reasonable to do so.  Confiscated items will be returned to the student or their parents no later than six school weeks after confiscation.  Items may not be permanently retained or disposed of without parental consent.  Weapons, drugs or other illegal items must be delivered to the police as soon as reasonably practicable.

The rules about searching students apply in the academy and in any situation where a member of staff has lawful control or charge of a student, for example on school trips or in training sessions.

There is no legal requirement to make or keep a record of search.  However, at Route 39 Academy, any member of staff conducting a search must always record details of the search on the school’s MIS system.  Route 39 Academy will inform a student’s parents or guardians about the search and if any banned items are found on the student.

Any student who wishes to appeal that a search is invalid may do so in advance of the search being carried out unless the staff member believes that serious harm may occur.  If such an appeal is made, the Principal will be called and will hear the justification for the search and students rationale for why it is illegitimate before deciding whether or not the search is legitimate. Retrospective complaints about searches should be made in accordance with the school’s complaints procedure.

The use of restraint

The Education Act 2006 enables school staff to use ‘such force as is reasonable in the circumstances to prevent a pupil from doing or continuing to do’ any of the following:

This applies when on the school premises or ‘elsewhere at a time when as a member of staff he has lawful control or charge of a student concerned’. Before taking action which may involve physical restraint, a member of staff should where possible, attempt to:

Examples of cases in which restraint might be used include:

When using restraint staff must be careful to use only the minimum force necessary to achieve the end of protecting the student, other students or members of staff.  The following are examples of acceptable forms of restraint:

If a member of staff does have to use restraint, they must record the following points as soon as possible after the event:

This information must be filed with the Principal’s PA within 48 hours of the incident.


Exclusion Appeals Procedures

Fixed term exclusions of up to five days

There is no automatic right of appeal to these exclusions.  A parent / carer may request an appeal, in writing, within ten working days of the exclusion being levied.  Any such request will be heard by an appeal panel of three governors, one of whom shall be chosen as chair.  There is no statutory time limit to the consideration of such exclusions but the governing body should respond promptly to any request from the parent / carer.

Single fixed term exclusions of over five days (or combined exclusions totalling five days or more in one term)

 Parents / carers have an automatic right of appeal to such exclusions.  An appeal panel will be convened only if a parent / carer requests it.  The request must be made in writing within ten working days of the exclusion being levied.


There is no statutory time limit to the consideration of such exclusions but the governing body should respond promptly to any request from the parent / carer.

Permanent exclusions or a fixed term exclusion of more than 15 days in one term (or combined exclusions totalling 15 days or more in one term).

A governors’ appeal panel must be convened within 15 days of the exclusion being levied.

 The authority of appeal hearing panels

 For fixed term exclusions of up to 15 days in one term



For fixed term exclusions of more than 15 days in one term (or combined exclusions totalling 15 days or more in one term)



For permanent exclusions



A governors’ appeal panel never has the authority to lengthen an exclusion.

Procedures to conduct hearings will follow agreed the agreed regional protocol.

[1] Carol Dweck, Mindset:The New Psychology of Success