113.3. SCREENING AND EVALUATIONS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES - Pg.
113.3. SCREENING AND EVALUATIONS FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES
Pol. 113, 113.2
Pol. 113, 113.1, 113.2
The Board adopts this policy to define the minimum requirements for screening; educational evaluations conducted to determine eligibility for special education services, instructional levels and programming requirements for students with disabilities, including functional behavioral assessments; and requirements for independent educational evaluations.
The Board shall adopt a system of screening that may include early intervening services and must be designed to accomplish identification and initial screening for students prior to district referral for a special education evaluation. The system shall provide support to staff to improve working effectively with students in the general education curriculum, identify students who may require special education services and programs, and must include hearing and vision screening and screening at reasonable intervals to determine whether students are performing at grade appropriate levels in core academic subjects.
Early intervening services shall comply with the requirements of state and federal law and regulations in order to address academic concerns or behaviors that may be impeding success, but which can be resolved through research-based intervention programs in the regular education setting.
The Board authorizes the use of functional behavioral assessments (FBAs) as an evaluation to gather information to understand the purpose of the student’s behaviors and to assist with developing a positive Behavior Support Plan. FBAs must be conducted when:
others and information is necessary to provide appropriate educational
determined to be a manifestation of a student’s disability.
qualifying reason permitting such placement for up to forty-five (45)
school days for certain offenses.
a Positive Behavior Support Plan.
FBAs may also constitute part of the initial evaluation to determine eligibility for special education.
The district shall comply with requirements of state and federal laws and regulations when conducting evaluations.
An appropriate evaluation of a student, whether conducted by district staff or individuals not employed by the district, shall consist of the administration of all testing and the use of all assessment procedures required to determine the existence of all legally defined disabilities reasonably suspected by district staff, parents/guardians, or the evaluator. An appropriate evaluation shall assist in determining the content of the IEP to enable a student with a disability to be involved in and progress in the general curriculum.
A student shall be assessed in all areas related to the suspected disability including, as appropriate, health, vision, hearing, social and emotional status, general intelligence, academic performance, communicative status and motor abilities.
A reevaluation of a student who currently has an IEP shall be conducted as required by state and federal law and regulations.
Parents/Guardians may request an evaluation at any time. The parent/guardian request must be in writing. If a request is made orally to any professional employee or administrator, that individual shall provide a copy of the permission to evaluate form to the parents/guardians within ten (10) calendar days of the oral request.
The evaluation shall be completed and copy of the evaluation report presented to parents/guardians no later than sixty (60) calendar days after receipt of written parent/guardian consent for an evaluation, exclusive of the period following the last day of the spring school term to the first day of the subsequent fall term.
An appropriate evaluation shall use a variety of assessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional, developmental and academic information about a student.
An appropriate evaluation shall include:
currently available from previous evaluations.
performance of the student.
The evaluator shall review all such sources of information prior to conducting testing and assessment. The evaluator shall review assessments conducted by others that indicate how the student is responding to early intervening services and scientific research-based instruction and/or include such assessments as part of his/her evaluation.
To the extent that the results of such instructional assessments are inconsistent with the results of norm or criterion-referenced testing and assessments that the evaluator has administered, the evaluator shall explain the reason for the inconsistency in his/her report, if possible.
When assessing the presence of a specific learning disability, the evaluation shall be consistent with procedures adopted by the district and comply with state and federal law and regulations.
Testing and assessment procedures shall be selected and administered to yield valid measurement or assessment of the construct or quality they purport to measure or assess. The evaluator shall administer any testing or assessment procedures in a manner consistent with the requirements and recommendations of the publisher of the test or procedure and in compliance with applicable and authoritatively recognized professional principles and ethical tenets. S/He shall report any factor that might affect the validity of any results obtained.
PARC v. Com.
343 F. Supp.
All assessments and evaluation materials shall be selected and administered so as not to be discriminatory on a racial or cultural basis. Where feasible, assessments and evaluations shall be administered in a language and form most likely to provide accurate information about the student.
The evaluation shall include an observation of the student in an educational setting, unless the student is not currently in such a setting. The evaluator shall obtain information concerning the performance of the student directly from at least one (1) current teacher of the student, unless s/he does not have a current teacher.
The evaluator shall hold an active certification that qualifies the evaluator to conduct that type of evaluation. If certification is not issued for the particular area of professional practice in which the evaluator is lawfully engaged, the evaluator shall hold such license or other credentials as required for the area of professional practice under state law.
The evaluator shall prepare and sign a full report of the evaluation containing:
administered, all applicable full scale or battery scores; domain or
composite scores; and subtest scores reported in standard, scaled, or
other than testing conducted by the evaluator.
relevant information that directly assists persons in determining the
educational needs of the student.
Reevaluations shall be conducted within the timeframes required by state and federal laws and regulations unless the parent/guardian and the district agree in writing that a re-evaluation is unnecessary. For students with intellectual disability, the re-evaluation cannot be waived. The group of qualified professionals that reviews the evaluation materials to determine whether the child is a student with a disability shall include a certified school psychologist when evaluating a student for autism, emotional disturbance, intellectual disability, multiple disabilities, other health impairment, specific learning disability and traumatic brain injury.
Copies of the re-evaluation report shall be disseminated to parents/guardians at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting of the IEP team unless this requirement is waived in writing.
Independent Educational Evaluations
A parent/guardian who disagrees with the results or content of an evaluation performed or obtained by the district may request an independent educational evaluation at district expense. A parent/guardian is entitled to only one (1) independent educational evaluation at public expense each time the district conducts an evaluation with which the parent/guardian disagrees. The independent educational evaluation must arise from parents’/guardians/ disagreement with the district’s most recent evaluations or re-evaluations of the student. The district shall be entitled to a copy of all results of independent educational evaluations conducted at public expense. If an oral request for an independent educational evaluation is made to a professional employee or administrator, that person shall inform the parent/guardian that the request must be in writing. If the native language of the parent/guardian is other than English, the requirement that the parent/guardian make his/her request in writing shall be conveyed by whatever means practicable and in the native language of the parent/guardian.
A written request for an independent educational evaluation at district expense shall be immediately forwarded to the Director of Special Education, who may, upon receipt of the written parent/guardian request, ask that the parent/guardian state his/her reasons for disagreement with the evaluation conducted or proposed by the district. The district cannot require the parent/guardian to do so, and the refusal of the parent/guardian shall not delay the process required by this policy.
The criteria under which the independent educational evaluation at public expense is obtained must be the same as the criteria used by the district in conducting an appropriate evaluation, including the location of the evaluation and the qualifications of the examiner, to the extent those criteria are consistent with the parents’/guardians’ right to an independent educational evaluation at public expense.
The qualified examiners who conduct the independent educational evaluation may not be employed by the public agency responsible for the education of the student.
Within ten (10) school days of receipt of a request for an independent educational evaluation in writing from a parent/guardian, the Director of Special Education shall either initiate a due process hearing to show that the district’s evaluation is appropriate and notify the parent/guardian in writing that s/he has done so or issue to the parent/guardian correspondence containing:
evaluation as long as the evaluation meets all of the requirements of an
appropriate evaluation and is in compliance with this policy.
directly from the evaluator a complete copy of a report of that evaluation
and determines that the evaluation is in compliance with this policy.
all or part of the evaluation from public or private sources of insurance or
reimbursement, together with a clear assurance that the parent/guardian is
not required to do so and that the district will pay any cost not covered by
evaluation and ensuring that the evaluator contacts the Director of Special
Education to arrange for payment of the evaluation.
If the evaluation has already been conducted and paid for, the district shall issue correspondence advising the parent/guardian that the district will not reimburse the parent/guardian for the evaluation until it receives a complete and unredacted copy of the report of the evaluation and determines that the evaluation is in compliance with this policy. The district shall require documentation substantiating that the parents/guardians paid for or incurred the obligation to pay for the evaluation without reimbursement from a public or private source of insurance or reimbursement.
The Director of Special Education shall send the correspondence to the parent/guardian by certified mail or by other independently verifiable means of conveyance and enclose a copy of this policy.
The Director of Special education shall maintain a list of qualified independent evaluators in each of the various disciplines commonly relied upon to provide education-related evaluations and assessments and shall promptly make that list available to any parent/guardian who requests it.
State Board of Education Regulations – 22 PA Code Sec. 14.122, 14.123, 14.124, 14.125, 14.133
Individuals With Disabilities Education Act – 20 U.S.C. Sec. 1400 et seq.
Individuals With Disabilities Education Act, Title 34, Code of Federal Regulations
– 34 CFR Part 300
Pa. Ass’n for Retarded Children (PARC) v. Com. of Pa., 343 F. Supp. 279
(E.D. Pa. 1975)
Pennsylvania Training and Technical Assistanct Network – www.pattan.net
Board Policy – 113, 113.1, 113.2, 138, 209