COMMITTEE: Security Council

TOPIC AREA: Non proliferation-Nuclear Weapons; the issue of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

COUNTRY: Romania

DELEGATE NAME: Georgios Asimakopoulos

Nuclear weapons are the most powerful fighting tools that the world has ever known. Since the destruction caused from the bombing of Japanese cities, Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, the whole world became aware of the strength and ability of nuclear power and the great damage that could cause. Over all those years there has been a debate about how this power can be handled and which nations would be allowed to possess it. Since nuclear power use has both good and bad aspects, it is very logical that the matter of how it is best to deal with it would puzzle all nations.

Taking into account the devastation that would be caused upon all mankind by a nuclear war and after having considered all the dangerous consequences, governments have decided to negotiate arms control agreements in an effort to avert the danger of such a war and to take measures to safeguard the security of peoples. As such, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, commonly known as NPT, has set to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology and promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The NPT remains the most widely subscribed to nuclear arms control treaty in history. As of February 2015, 190 countries are recognized as parties to the treaty, excluding North Korea which withdrew.

At this point, the delegation of Romania would like to state that our country has signed some treaties of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, including the NPT, and it does not hold any weapons of this kind. However, we do have 2 nuclear reactors in Cernavoda nuclear plant which was built in communist times and is used for our electricity needs. We also plan to build a second nuclear plant in Transylvania with big electricity generating capacity. We are the 23rd largest user of nuclear power in the world and we possess the biggest factory of heavy water in the world which is used in the nuclear reactors. It is, therefore, clear that we use nuclear power as a source of renewable energy and not as a weapon, although in the past the dictator Ceausescu thought about manufacturing nuclear weapons as we were not in good relationship with the Soviets. But Communism fell, so he did not have time to realize his plans.

Romania continues to strongly support the relevance of the NPT as the foundation of the international legal regime of nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament and as a means of promoting international peace and security. Romania welcomes progress in nuclear disarmament, insists to increase efforts to identify solutions to recent challenges to the nuclear non-proliferation and continues to attach high priority to the responsible peaceful use of nuclear energy and ensuring access to nuclear technology.

We strongly oppose North Korea’s nuclear programme. The North Korean nuclear crisis should be focused and put at the top of the global agenda today, and solutions of how to thwart their nuclear weapons ambitions should be sought among UN member states. We believe that we should approach North Korea and negotiate the issue with them because the more isolated a country it is the worse the situation becomes.

We should start taking steps towards building a world without nuclear weapons. It will need patience and persistence, but if we work together we can achieve our goal. We owe a better and safer future for the next generations.