Powerpoint presentation on the essential components of MTB MLE with brief explanation of each component
3rd booklet in the 2016 MTB MLE Resource Kit. Including the Excluded, produced by UNESCO’s Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau of Education. Describes the problems that students from non-dominant language communities face in dominant language-only education programs and explains why MTB MLE helps students achieve their educational goals. Identifies the features of MTB MLE programs that should be included in the implementation process, with examples from different countries.
Powerpoint presentation on “best practices” in implementing MTB MLE, with photos from programs in Asia, Africa and the Pacific
Argues for the need to rethink the meaning of “sustainable development” when planning literacy and education programs across cultures. Published in the Philippine Journal of Linguistics, 2001
Program planning resource manual for MTB MLE. Includes suggestions for implementation (also in other languages, below)
Part 1. Potential problems and suggested solutions in expanding MTB MLE programs.
Part 2. Three types of program expansion
Powerpoint presentation explaining the “essential components” of MTB MLE and the importance of each in planning for implementation and expansion.
Four types of language education programs in Asia and actions that can be taken to strengthen them. Published in the Asian Book Development, Volume 34, Number 2. January 2004.
“Essential components” graphic (French)
Powerpoint presentation describing the challenges and strategies in developing MTB MLE programs (French)
Program planning resource manual for MTB MLE (Mandarin)
Program planning resource manual for MTB MLE (French)
Program planning resource manual for MTB MLE (Pashto)
UNESCO Publication. Susan Malone, Robert Arnove, authors
UNESCO Publication. Susan Malone & Robert Arnove, authors (French)
Manual for developing literacy and adult education programmes in minority language communities
Published by UNESCO Bangkok.
Multilingual education in Papua New Guinea. Malone, Susan E., and Patricia Paraide. 2012. International Review of Education 57(5):705–720.
Background and main features of the Papua New Guinea government’s attempt to establish Mother Tongue-Based education in a country of great linguistic diversity and the factors that led the government to return to English only.
Blank template for planning (and revising) each component of an MTB MLE program
Implementation plan for MTB MLE in or 15 indigenous language communities of Liberia (updated from the original plan)