DSC Drone Sports Canada 2019
DSC 2019 FPV Racing
Rules and Regulations
Table of Contents
1. FPV Drone Racing
5. Race Format and Scoring
DSC 2019 FPV Racing
Rules and Regulations
The following rules and regulations have been adapted and modified for DSC 2017-2018 by DSI (and ISDC), and made to be applicable to the geography and culture of Canada. These rules and regulations encompass a previously written set, and are continually being redefined for the standardization of drone racing competitions.
1. Definition of FPV Racing
FPV Drone Racing is a rotor sports competition of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) with one or more rotors and a first person view (FPV) camera system, operated by remote control and to pass through designated aerial tracks and obstacles.
1) All FPV racing air frames must be a rechargeable battery-powered model
2) Racing must not create any air pollution. High speed racing is allowed under the condition that pilots and spectators are clearly out of danger.
3) Outdoor aerial tracks are designed to protect geography and the natural environment. Also, the aerial track design must be appropriate for the climate and surrounding environment of the city.
4) The aerial track may change but rules must be consistent for all race. Changes to the aerial track may be due to extreme weather conditions or other external factors. All changes must comply with specified track regulations.
5) The FPV Drone Racing aerial track layout must hold 1 to 8 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Each UAV is run by a team composed of a Pilot and a Navigator.
6) Pilots are ranked by lap time or by tournament. Freestyle division may be added to the competition.
1) All pilots must adhere to the rules and regulations set by the organizers, which are based on the Aviation Law of Canada and flight manual of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Canada.
2) All pilots must follow instructions set up by referee and the organizer.
3) Depending on the nature of the competition, all pilots may be asked to show a license in effect and insurance. In some cases insurance will be provided by DSC for the pilots as part of the entry fee and will be noted when purchasing. Its always important to have your own personal insurance from a 3rd party.
4) All pilots may be asked to attend a general safety briefing and sign waivers to follow the safety rules from the race organizer.
5) All pilots must demonstrate effective “Fail-safe” procedures in accordance with the Organizing committee, Referee, and Safety Director. Also, all pilots must set the UAV to a “Fail-safe” mode to follow the rules in case of power-fail or signal interference
6) All pilots must have an “ARMING” safety switch in their remote control. Aircraft arming may be executed by a specific switch.
7) All pilots must pass general mechanics, electronics, and video recording test to demonstrate an airworthy airframe.
8) For good control, pilots must use FPV to pilot aircraft. This can be with pilot goggles or a ground station.
9) All pilots must complete preparation for flying in two minutes after entering the seat. If not, the race is considered a “Did Not Finish (DNF).”
10) All pilots are responsible for any failed arming, in which case the race is considered a “Did Not Start (DNS).”
11) All pilots must complete the race along a specified track layout and fly through air gates and air flags. If pilots fails to pass any air gates or air flags, a penalty is added on the final lap time. If airframes fall without collision, pilots can take-off again and finish the race course.
12) Pilots must keep all aircraft in the disarmed state until they have been given the “ARM” signal from the Flight Director. Aircraft must be placed on the starting deck.
13) Pilots that have crashed their aircraft at any point and are unable to resume racing must DISARM their aircraft, give the Flight Director a “Did Not Finish” indication and wait until the race ends
14) All pilots must disarm and wait for instructions when they spot a retrieving crew or operating personnel.
15) All pilots must show up at their assigned seat at the flight deck in time for their turns. If any pilot should not show up at the assigned seat, the race organizer announces the time limit of “1 minute.” It will be considered a “Did Not Finish” if pilots don’t show up after the “1 minute” has passed.
< Pilot’s Checklist for Day of Race>
b. Aircraft return, announcement of regulations, safety information papers, aircraft registration tag
c. Competition schedule
d. Safety meeting, aerial track check carried out by organizer
e. Frame safety check, assigned frequency check
(1) Navigator oversee aircrafts of all pilots and provides details about surroundings through verbal communication to pilots.
(2) If aircraft fails to follow maximum height regulation or goes out of boundaries, then Referee announces the violation to the Navigator and Navigator must help pilots to land aircraft safely.
(3) Duties of Navigator may be carried out by a pilot of the same team or a Navigator may be recruited from another team. Having a Navigator is not mandatory.
< Navigator’s Checklist for Day of Race >
a. Compatibility check for pilot goggles and ground station
b. Safety meeting and aerial track check carried out by safety agents
c. Competition schedule check, assigned frequency check
1) Referee Committee
(1) Referee consists of Video Referee, Recording Referee, and Head of the Referee. For each pilot, one referees are placed for video and recording.
(2) The Committee consists of the Head Referee, Video Referee, Recording Referee, and Technical Advisory. For each pilot, one referees are placed for video and recording.
※ The composition of Referees may change depending on the operational and economic circumstances of the competition and any referee may be replaced by a reserve referee.
(3) All races are directed by the Committee.
(4) All races are monitored by the referee and technical adviser for fair play. Head Referee and Technical Advisor.
(5) Head Referee has the executive decision.
(6) Any unsafe flight operation (including failure to follow an order, failure to observe safety rules, behaving in a manner unbecoming of the sport during competition, etc.) is immediately subject for disqualification (DQ) under the authority of Head Referee.
(7) Race Commissioner consists of referee, Head Referee, and aircraft storage director
(8) Race Commissioner ensures that race progresses safely and fairly by fulfilling the following obligations:
① Time recording
③ Compliance status
④ Match results and presentation
⑤ Technical inspection
(9) The recording referee is responsible for lap time measurement, determining success in passing poles, flags, gates or etc., and pilot’s results. In addition, the referee must announce the results, classify the results and organize the final race.
(10) After all rounds, the referee must check all records before announcing results.
(11) All appeals by pilots must take place after the end of each race. Pilots may not raise any objections while the race is in progress.
(12) If there is a call for confirmation of the result, then the recording referee and Head Referee will verify the results
(13) Before the start of race, all aircrafts must undergo a technical inspection. Aircrafts cannot enter the field before inspection. Responsibility to ensure all aircrafts inspection belongs to the Head Referee.
(14) Pilots may object to the announced result of the race. But Head Referee determines whether there is an error in the record.
(15) After race ends and announcement on final ranking is announced, no objection will change the result.
1) All airframes must pass a safety and airworthiness inspection.
2) Pilots may have up to five backup aircrafts per person and they must be stored in a designated place.
3) The responsibility for preparing devices for competition such as aircrafts and batteries belongs to pilots.
4) Pilots shall take full responsibility for any damage or malfunction of their aircrafts during competition
5) Aircraft inspector has the final say on the suitability of the aircraft in the competition.
6) Aircrafts may not be dismantled or modified after once having passed inspection.
① Only frames under 300mm may be used.
② Type of frames for racing drones are Tri, Quad, Octa, Hexa, but there are no restrictions in terms of manufacturer.
(2) Video Transmitter (Raceband)
① The video transmitter attached to the aircraft must adhere to standard imaging technique regulations.
② Only TBS or Immersion RC Video Transmitters (under 200mW) must be used.
③ The organizers may provide video transmitter depending on the type of competition. If not, each pilot is responsible for preparing video transmitter according to the output strength and brand specified by the organizers.
④ Video transmitters used in the race must be of the specifications given above, but depending on the circumstances of organizers, pilots may use an individual video transmitter. The transmitter’s channel number and LED color must be identified in advance to the preliminary race.
⑤ Image frequency of 5.8GHz and video frequency of the 2.4GHz must be used
(3) FPV Goggles and Visual System
① All pilots in the race may use an image receiving ground station provided by the organizers, or choose to use their own FPV goggles.
② There is no set standard form of FPV goggles. If the pilot chooses to use an image receiving ground station provided by the organizers, then the pilot must make sure that it is connected. Pilot must take full responsibility for If there is any technical failures in the device.
③ Pilots may choose not to use image receiving ground station provided by the Association and use their own FPV Pilot goggles receiver.
④ The organizers will announce the details of technical requirements of the video receiving apparatus in advance. Pilots have full responsibility regarding the compatibility of its connection to the device.
(4) Lap timing system (Video RF sensing technology or Photo Finish)
① Lap timing system is used to officially measure the time of each pilot throughout the race.
② When a lap time is measured using a high-speed camera that lap time has priority in decision.
③ If the primary lap timing system fails, Referee may use a backup timing system such as a manual stopwatch.
④ Depending on the number of participants and the circumstances of the preliminary race, manual timing system in seconds (stopwatch) may be used.
⑤ If multiple pilots have the same record, the pilot who has recorded the shortest time in the competition has the priority.
(5) LED and aircraft registration tag (for distinction)
① For visibility, all aircrafts must have at least 12 LEDs attached to them. (Recommended: 3 on each arm.
② Pilots must prepare their own LED in accordance with regulations.
③ Four colors of white, red, green, and blue must be prepared and be equipped with corresponding color during the preliminary race.
② If specific regulations on propellers are announced later on, pilots must follow these regulations. (Organizers may provide propellers if needed).
③ All propellers must be of the same color.
(7) Camera and Battery
① There are no restrictions for cameras but rules may change depending on the circumstances of the competition or filming/broadcasting conditions. (HD-level camera recommended).
② There is no restriction on the number of backup batteries.
⑦ Remote control or power supply built-in equipment must be charged at the designated place.
⑧ All batteries (including those to be charged) must be kept in a Li-Polymer safe bag (Li-Po Safe Bag) or fireproof container
5. Race Format and Scoring FOR DSI when racing at IDSC2019
1) Under each division pilots may have a total of two flights and for each flight must complete at least three laps (TBD)
2) For Team Division, the records of three pilots are accumulated to reach a total score.
3) Ranking is determined by the shortest record in two flights.
4) Time is recorded on the designated track and deducted points are summed up to determine the ranking.
5) All pilots fly more than two races in the designated track and ranking is determined by the results. But if the pilot participates in one race due to circumstances, then the pilot’s score in the first race is used to determine the pilot’s rank.
6) The race schedule must be set up so that all pilots are able to fly.
8) All participants must practice in the designated time and place.
9) If an objection arises regarding records, then the referee may look inside the camera or DVR videos of the goggle. If this causes a delay in the race, the referee may resume the race at his or her discretion.
10) All aircrafts must be in the landing zone after passing the finish line.
11) The following instances will result in the pilot’s disqualification (DQ).
① If the aircraft does not enter the landing zone but instead, intentionally re-enters the field.
② If the aircraft fails to pass gates and flags (however, depending on the nature of the competition, additional time of 5 seconds may be added)
③ If the aircraft intentionally deviates from the field or flies out of the boundaries during the race
④ If aircraft has more than one false start (If a false start is discovered after the race, a +5 second penalty may be given on the decision of the referee)
※ cf. False start is defined as takeoff before the start signal
⑤ If there is an intentional aircraft collision
⑥ If aircraft is not submitted for inspection or aircraft does not pass the regulation
⑦ If pilot enters field before the race without permission
⑧ If aircraft dysfunctions
⑨ If aircraft fails to pass air gate or air flags three times
⑩ If technical violations happens
⑪ If there is any interference with or threatening of the race
⑫ If there is a third party help
⑬ If off-track flight happens twice
⑭ If an aircraft installed with imaging equipment is discovered to have been stored in an undesignated place
⑮ If pilots are discovered practicing at a time and place unauthorized by the organizers
※ Practice is only allowed during the preliminary race or on a separately specified time and place. Any arbitrary practice will be cause for DQ.
12) All recorded videos must be submitted immediately after the race. Videos that are not submitted after the race will not be considered.
13) All submitted videos may be used by the race organizers, to whom their copyright shall also belong.
14) Video clip of other pilots is not accessible. If such is needed for inspection, the Committee will decide depending on the circumstances.
15) Pilot may have a maximum of backup five aircrafts. If pilot needs an additional aircraft, it must be in the designated place. To avoid unnecessary debate, pilots should not bring aircraft from other places.
DSC is a founding member of DSI and is sanctioned to select 3 pilots to represent Canada at the ISDC.
IDSC2019 pilot selection and participation guidelines
1. Eligibility for Pilot Selection and Participation in IDSC2019
- DSI members (race organizers) are eligible to select 3+1 pilots to participate in the Clubs and Nationals divisions, respectively.
• Club teams are composed of 3 pilots
• If none of these pilots are of the same nationality as the member organization, then 1 additional pilot may be selected to partake in the Nationals (however this pilot must be a lower-ranking pilot than those of the team)
- For countries where no DSI member as of yet exists, the Secretariat may select and invite pilots to participate in the Nationals.
2. Pilot Selection Guidelines and Procedure
(1) Clubs* (Team Race / 3 pilots per team)
- Each member recruits a team of 3 pilots who have each won in one or more races hosted by that member between January 1st, 2019 - June 30th, 2019.
- As a rule, the team must be composed of pilots from the highest ranking in descending order, but if the qualifying pilot(s) is/unable to attend due to personal reasons, those of subsequent rankings are to be selected.
(2) Nationals (Individual Race / 2 or less)
- Each member selects a national representative amongst pilots of that organization’s nationality. Up to 2 pilots including team pilots who are of eligible nationality may partake in the Nationals.
(3) Submission of Evidential Records
- Each member must submit a written outline of the race used as standard for pilot selection, and photos or video footage to prove the selected pilots’ wins.
* “Clubs” in this case means DSI members (race organizers). Each DSI member shall create a team to represent it in the Clubs division.
Ex) “Team KDRA,” “Team Drone Academy Thailand,” etc.
3. DSI Provisions and Prize Purse
- The DSI Secretariat will cover all flight and accommodation costs for 1 DSI member representative (who is to be team manager) and all selected pilots.
- All other attendees must pay for their own expenses.
- Competition prize funds will be paid to the DSI member organization; additional prizes will be given to individual pilots.
Classes are determined based upon the lipo battery cell used to power the aircraft.
Classes can be further defined by specifications including but not limited to:
Props must be fully surrounded by covers or ducts.
1 cell Lipo Max
2 cell Lipo Max
3” (152mm) Max
3 cell Lipo Max
6” (152mm) Max
4 cell Lipo Max
400 (20”x20” – 508mm x 508mm)
PVC or Foam Board
12 foot flags
25 sq ft (5’x5’ – 1.52m x 1.52m)
PVC & Vinyl Mesh
CANADIAN UNIVERSAL TIME TRIAL DRONE RACING COURSES
How does it work?
Drone Sports Canada uses universal Time Trials system to make sure pilots are all competing on an even playing field. Since the dimensions, gates, flags and timing systems are the same for everyone we can rank performance more precisely.
Pilots attend DSC events to participate on 1 of 3 standardized courses and receive official results which are then entered into the DSC Canadian leaderboard by their official race organizer.
Track DSC1: “D”
Track DSC2: “S”
Track DSC3: “C”
Test your speed
Compare your laps
Compete against others
Simple to set up
Uses fives gates, 5 five flags
Fits inside half a football field
Uses standard DSC gates & flags
A video timing system must be used and be from immersion rc or TBS and the VTX of pilots must be tested for output with the immersion wand for interference. If the pilots VTX does not meet league output standards the drone will be disqualified.
Pilot times are measured by completing the fastest single lap defined by the start/finish gate.
Executing Time Trials:
The pilot should pass through the start/finish gate at a competitive speed when beginning. This is designed to trigger a transponder when using a timing system.
There is no limit to how many times a pilot may run the time trial. This is determined by how many pilots attend and how the Chapter Organizer wishes to run the event.
Submitting your own results:
General Event Regulations:
The Universal Course must be setup to exact specifications and measurements provided by the setup diagram.
The course terrain must be as flat as possible with as ample space around the perimeter to allow for unrestricted turns.
All DSC safety precautions must be adhered to.
Universal Course time trials must take place during a scheduled DSC Chapter Event and run by a designated DSC Organizer or appointed
Racing gates must be standard issue DSC Racing Gates or another gate with a 5’x5’ square opening.
In the case of micro or tiny whoop tracks, the gate size is(20”x20”)
All gates must be passed through. If a gate is missed, the pilot must turn his aircraft around and pass through the gate.
If a suggested flight path is illustrated, directions must be followed as contained within the setup diagram.
Pilots must have a spotter to count laps and alert the pilot of any safety issues.
OFFICIAL FLAGS are 12 feet tall
OFFICIAL GATES are 5 feet by 5 feet