HAGBOURNE C.E. PRIMARY SCHOOL
‘Preparing each child for their future in an ever-changing world’
CARE - COURAGE - RESPECT - RESPONSIBILITY
At Hagbourne CE Primary School we nurture our children, within our Christian environment, to be caring, respectful, responsible individuals who have courage to take risks and make the right choices. We want our children to get the most from school life and this policy ensures a consistent approach to dealing with medical needs.
* The term ‘parent’ implies any person or body with parental responsibility such as foster parent, carer, guardian or local authority.
Parents are informed and regularly reminded about the medical conditions policy by including the policy on the school website, at the start of the school year when communication is sent out about Healthcare Plans, in the school newsletter at several intervals in the school year or when their child is enrolled as a new pupil.
School staff are informed and regularly reminded about the medical conditions policy at the first staff meeting of the school year, at scheduled medical conditions training during the year.
We also ensure that all supply and temporary staff are informed of any healthcare plans.
Duty of Care
All staff at this school are made aware of the most common serious medical conditions at this school.
In an emergency situation school staff are required under common law duty of care to act like any reasonably prudent parent. This may include administering medication.
All staff who work with groups of pupils at this school receive training and know what to do in an emergency for the pupils in their care with medical conditions.
Training is refreshed for all staff at least one a year.
Action for staff to take in an emergency for the common serious conditions at this school is displayed in prominent locations for all staff including the main office, kitchen and the staff room.
This school uses Healthcare Plans to inform the appropriate staff (including supply teachers and support staff) of pupils in their care who may need emergency help.
If a pupil is required to go to hospital the school will send a copy of the pupil’s Healthcare Plan with the child if possible or make sure the plan is communicated to the paramedics/ hospital staff as soon as possible.
If a pupil needs to be taken to hospital, a member of staff will always accompany them and will stay with them until a parent arrives. The school tries to ensure that the staff member will be one the pupil knows.
Generally, staff should not take pupils to hospital in their own car. This school has clear guidance from the local authority on when (and if) this is appropriate.
This school ensures that the whole school environment is inclusive to pupils with medical conditions. This includes the physical environment, as well as social, sporting and educational activities. These will be assessed where necessary and adjustments made if needed.
Full health and safety risk assessments are carried out on all out-of-school activities before they are approved, including residential visits, taking into account the needs of pupils with medical conditions.
This school is committed to reducing the likelihood of medical emergencies by identifying and reducing triggers both at school and on out-of-school visits.
The school reviews medical emergencies and incidents to see how they could have been avoided. Appropriate changes to this school’s policy and procedures are implemented after each review.
The school may have a discussion with parents regarding necessary absence from school for particular infectious conditions or illnesses using the document Guidance on Infection Control in Schools.
* Emergency procedure posters are provided in this pack for anaphylaxis, asthma, diabetes and epilepsy – see Appendix 2 or download from www.medicalconditionsatschool.org.uk.
Administration – emergency medication:
All pupils at this school with medical conditions have easy access to their emergency medication.
All pupils are encouraged to carry and administer their own emergency medication, when their parents and health specialists determine they are able to start taking responsibility for their condition. This is also the arrangement on any off-site or residential visits.
Pupils who do not carry and administer their own emergency medication know where their medication is stored and how to access it.
Pupils who do not carry and administer their own emergency medication understand the arrangements for a member of staff (and the reserve member of staff) to assist in helping them take their medication safely.
Administration – General (Exclusions: non-prescribed i.e. Calpol, Ibuprofen, Aspirin, Anti-Histamines)
All use of prescribed medication defined as a controlled drug, even if the pupil can administer the medication themselves, is done under the supervision of a named member of staff at this school.
This school understands the importance of medication being taken as prescribed.
All staff are aware that there is no legal or contractual duty for any member of staff to administer medication or supervise a pupil taking medication unless they have been specifically contracted to do so.
There are several members of staff at this school who have been specifically trained to administer prescribed emergency medication.
Training is given to all staff members who agree to administer prescribed emergency medication to pupils, where specific training is needed. The local authority provides full indemnity eg Epipen, Insulin.
All school staff have been informed through training that they are required, under common law duty of care, to act like any reasonably prudent parent in an emergency situation. This may include taking action such as administering medication.
In some circumstances medication is only administered by an adult and preferably witnessed by a second adult.
Parents must tell the school that if their child’s medication changes or is discontinued, or the dose or administration method changes, that they should notify the school immediately.
If a pupil at this school refuses their medication, staff must record this and follow procedures. Parents are informed as soon as possible.
If a pupil at this school needs supervision or access to medication during home to school transport organised by the local authority, properly trained escorts are provided. All drivers and escorts have the same training as school staff, know what to do in a medical emergency and are aware of any pupils in their care who have specific needs. If they are expected to supervise or administer emergency medication they are properly trained and have access to the relevant Healthcare Plans.
All staff attending off-site visits are aware of any pupils with medical conditions on the visit. They receive information about the type of condition, what to do in an emergency and any other additional support necessary, including any additional medication or equipment needed.
If a trained member of staff, who is usually responsible for administering prescribed medication, is not available this school makes alternative arrangements to provide the service. This is always addressed in the risk assessment for off-site activities.
If a pupil misuses medication, either their own or another pupil’s, their parents are informed as soon as possible. These pupils are subject to the school’s usual disciplinary procedures.
Safe storage – emergency medication
Emergency medication is readily available to pupils who require it at all times during the school day or at off-site activities. If the emergency medication is a controlled drug and needs to be locked up, the keys are readily available and not held personally by members of staff -these will be in the safe in the office.
Pupils at this school carry their emergency medication on them when they are ready. Pupils keep their own emergency medication securely.
Pupils at this school are reminded to carry their emergency medication with them.
Pupils, whose healthcare professionals and parents advise the school that their child is not yet able or old enough to self-manage and carry their own emergency medication, know exactly where to access their emergency medication.
Safe storage – non-emergency medication
All non-emergency medication is kept in a secure place. Pupils with medical conditions know where their medication is stored.
Staff ensure that medication is only accessible to those for whom it is prescribed.
Safe storage – general
There is an identified member of staff who ensures the correct storage of medication at school (The School Business Manager).
All controlled drugs are kept in a locked cupboard (the office safe) and only named staff have access, even if pupils normally administer the medication themselves.
Three times a year a reminder notification is sent to parents or a telephone call to check the expiry dates for all prescribed medication stored at school.
The identified member of staff, along with the parents of pupils with medical conditions, ensures that all emergency and non-emergency medication brought into school is clearly labeled with the pupil’s name, the name and dose of the medication and the frequency of dose.
All medication is supplied and stored, wherever possible, in its original containers. All medication is labelled with the pupil’s name, the name of the medication, expiry date and the prescriber’s instructions for administration, including dose and frequency.
Medication is stored in accordance with instructions, paying particular note to temperature.
Some medication for pupils at this school may need to be refrigerated. All refrigerated medication is stored in an airtight container and is clearly labelled. Refrigerators used for the storage of medication are in a secure area, inaccessible to unsupervised pupils (the staff room fridge)
It is the parent's' responsibility to collect all prescribed medication at the end of the school year. Medication is not stored in summer holidays.
It is the parent’s responsibility to ensure new and in date medication comes into school on the first day of the new academic year.
Parents at this school are asked to collect out-of-date medication.
If parents do not pick up out-of-date medication, or at the end of the school year, medication is taken to a local pharmacy for safe disposal.
Sharps boxes are used for the disposal of needles. Parents obtain sharps boxes from the child’s GP or paediatrician on prescription. All sharps boxes in this school are stored in a locked cupboard unless alternative safe and secure arrangements are put in place on a case-by-case basis.
If a sharps box is needed on an off-site or residential visit, a named member of staff is responsible for its safe storage and return to a local pharmacy or to school or the pupil’s parent.
It is the responsibility of the parent to arrange collection and disposal of sharps boxes.
Parents are asked if their child has any health conditions or health issues on the enrolment form, which is filled out at the start of each school year. Parents of new pupils starting at other times during the year are also asked to provide this information on enrolment forms.
This school uses a Healthcare Plan to record important details about individual children’s medical needs at school, their triggers, signs, symptoms, medication and other treatments. Further documentation can be attached to the Healthcare Plan if required.
See Appendix 1 – Form 1
A Healthcare Plan, accompanied by an explanation of why and how it is used, is sent to all parents of pupils with a long-term medical condition. This is sent:
+ at the start of the school year
+ at enrolment
+ when a diagnosis is first communicated to the school.
If a pupil has a short-term medical condition that requires medication during school hours, a medication form plus explanation is sent to the pupil’s parents to complete.
See Appendix 1 – Form 2
See Appendix 1 – Form 3a
The parents, healthcare professional and pupil with a medical condition, are asked to fill out the pupil’s Healthcare Plan together. Parents then return these completed forms to the school.
This school ensures that a relevant member of school staff is also present, if required to help draw up a Healthcare Plan for pupils with complex healthcare or educational needs.
School Healthcare Plan register
Healthcare Plans are used to create a centralised register of pupils with medical needs. An identified member of staff has responsibility for the register at this school - the School Business Manager along with the SENCO support if an SEN need.
The responsible member of staff follows up with the parents any further details on a pupil’s Healthcare Plan required or if permission for administration of medication is unclear or incomplete.
Ongoing communication and review of Healthcare Plans
Parents are regularly reminded to update their child’s Healthcare Plan if their child has a medical emergency or if there have been changes to their symptoms (getting better or worse), or their medication and treatments change.
Every pupil with a Healthcare Plan at this school has their plan discussed and reviewed at least once a year.
Storage and access to Healthcare Plans
Parents and pupils at this school are provided with a copy of the pupil’s current agreed Healthcare Plan.
Healthcare Plans are kept in a secure central location at school in the School Business Manager’s office.
All members of staff who work with groups of pupils have access to the Healthcare Plans of pupils in their care.
When a member of staff is new to a pupil group, for example due to staff absence, the school makes sure that they are made aware of (and have access to) the Healthcare Plans of pupils in their care.
This school ensures that all staff protect pupil confidentiality.
This school seeks permission from parents to allow the Healthcare Plan to be sent ahead to emergency care staff, should an emergency happen during school hours or at a school activity outside the normal school day. This permission is included on the Healthcare Plan.
This school seeks permission from the parents before sharing any medical information with any other party.
Use of Healthcare Plans
Healthcare Plans are used by this school to:
Inform the appropriate staff and supply teachers about the individual needs of a pupil with a medical condition in their care
Remind pupils with medical conditions to take their medication when they need to and, if appropriate, remind them to keep their emergency medication with them at all times
Identify common or important individual triggers for pupils with medical conditions at school that bring on symptoms and can cause emergencies. This school uses this information to help reduce the impact of common triggers
Ensure that all medication stored at school is within the expiry date
Ensure this school’s local emergency care services have a timely and accurate summary of a pupil’s current medical management and healthcare in the event of an emergency
Remind parents of pupils with medical conditions to ensure that any medication kept at school for their child is within its expiry dates. This includes spare medication.
Consent to administer medicines
If a pupil requires regular prescribed or non-prescribed medication (detailed within their health care plan) at school, parents are asked to provide consent on their child’s Healthcare Plan giving the pupil or staff permission to administer medication on a regular/daily basis, if required. A separate form is sent to parents for pupils taking short courses of medication.
All parents of pupils with a medical condition who may require medication in an emergency are asked to provide consent on the Healthcare Plan for staff to administer medication.
If a pupil requires regular/daily help in administering their medication then the school outlines the school’s agreement to administer this medication on the pupil’s Healthcare Plan. The school and parents keep a copy of this agreement.
Parents of pupils with medical conditions at this school are all asked at the start of the school year on the Healthcare Plan if they and their child’s healthcare professional believe the child is able to manage, carry and administer their own emergency medication.
Parents are sent a residential visit form to be completed and returned to school shortly before their child leaves for an overnight or extended day visit. This form requests up-to-date information about the pupil’s current condition and their overall health. This provides essential and up-to-date information to relevant staff and school supervisors to help the pupil manage their condition while they are away. This includes information about medication not normally taken during school hours.
See Appendix 1 – Form 5
All residential visit forms are taken by the relevant staff member on visits and for all out-of-school hours activities where medication is required. These are accompanied by a copy of the pupil’s Healthcare Plan.
All parents of pupils with a medical condition attending a school trip or overnight visit are asked for consent, giving staff permission to administer medication at night or in the morning if required.
The residential visit form also details what medication and what dose the pupil is currently taking at different times of the day. It helps to provide up-to-date information to relevant staff and supervisors to help the pupil manage their condition while they are away.
See Appendix 1 – Form 5
Other record keeping
This school keeps an accurate record of each occasion an individual pupil is given or supervised taking medication. Details of the supervising staff member, pupil, dose, date and time are recorded. If a pupil refuses to have medication administered, this is also recorded and parents are informed as soon as possible.
This school holds training on common medical conditions once a year. All staff attending receive a certificate confirming the type of training they have had. A log of the medical condition training is kept by the school and reviewed every 12 months to ensure all new staff receive training.
All school staff who volunteer or who are to administer medication are provided with training by a healthcare professional. The school keeps a register of staff who have had the relevant training.
Roles and Responsibilities
This school’s governors have a responsibility to:
This school’s head teacher has a responsibility to:
All staff at this school have a responsibility to:
Special educational needs coordinators at this school have the responsibility to:
The pupils at this school have a responsibility to:
The parents of a child at this school have a responsibility to:
Legislation and guidance
+ Local authorities, schools and governing bodies are responsible for the health and safety of pupils in their care.
+ Areas of legislation that directly affect a medical conditions policy are described in more detail in Managing Medicines in Schools and Early Years Settings 2004.
The main pieces of legislation are the Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA), amended by the Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001 (SENDA) and the Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2005. These acts make it unlawful for service providers, including schools, to discriminate against disabled people. Other relevant legislation includes the Education Act 1996, the Care Standards Act 2000, the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, the Management of
Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 and the Medicines Act 1968.
Disability Discrimination Act 1995 (DDA) and the Special Educational Needs and Disability Acts (2001 and 2005)
+ Many pupils with medical conditions are protected by the DDA and SENDA, even if they don’t think of themselves as ‘disabled’.
+ The Commission for Equality and Human Rights (CEHR) (previously the Disability Rights Commission) publishes a code of practice for schools, which sets out the duties under the DDA and gives practical guidance on reasonable adjustments and accessibility. The CEHR offers information about who is protected by the DDA, schools’ responsibilities and other specific issues.
Schools’ responsibilities include:
+ not to treat any pupil less favourably in any school activities without material and sustainable justification
+ to make reasonable adjustments that cover all activities – this must take into consideration factors such as financial constraints, health and safety requirements and the interests of other pupils. Examples of reasonable adjustments can be found in the DfES resource: Implementing the DDA in Schools and Early Years Settings*
+ to promote disability equality in line with the guidance provided by the DCSF and CEHR through the Disability Equality Scheme.
The Education Act 1996
Section 312 of the Education Act covers children with special educational needs, the provisions that need to be made and the requirements local health services need to make to help a local authority carry out its duties.
The Care Standards Act 2000
This act covers residential special schools and responsibilities for schools in handling medicines.
Health and Safety at Work Act 1974
This act places duties on employers for the health and safety of their employees and anyone else on their premises. This covers the head teacher and teachers, non-teaching staff, pupils and visitors.
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
These regulations require employers to carry out risk assessments, manage the risks identified and to communicate these risks and measures taken to employees.
Medicines Act 1968
This act specifies the way that medicines are prescribed, supplied and administered.
Further advice and resources
The Anaphylaxis Campaign
PO Box 275
Hampshire GU14 6SX
Phone 01252 546100
Fax 01252 377140
70 Wilson Street
London EC2A 2DB
Phone 020 7786 4900
Fax 020 7256 6075
National Children’s Bureau
National Children’s Bureau
8 Wakley Street
London EC1V 7QE
Phone 020 7843 6000
Fax 020 7278 9512
Department for Children,
Schools and Families
Great Smith Street
London SW1P 3BT
Phone 0870 000 2288
Textphone/Minicom 01928 794274
Fax 01928 794248
London NW1 7AA
Phone 020 7424 1000
Fax 020 7424 1001
New Anstey House
Gate Way Drive
Leeds LS19 7XY
Phone 0113 210 8800
Fax 0113 391 0300