Paper Two Prompts  DP Language and Literature: Comparative Analysis

Choose two works to compare/contrast

Readers, Writers, & Texts: Interactions between Readers, Writers, & Texts, Perspective

#1

Identifying with Situations, Characters & Ideas

 Referring to the two works you have studied, discuss both how and why the text invites the reader to identify with situations, characters and/or ideas.

#2

Different Perspectives

 How can examining a literary work from different perspectives enrich our understanding of both the work and the techniques used by the writer? Base your answer on the two works you have studied.

#3  

Implied Meanings

Show some of the ways in which the writers of at least two of the works you have studied enable the reader/audience to discern a meaning that is only implied.

#4  

Challenging or Comforting the Reader

In what ways is the reader seduced or comforted by the ideas in the works studied and in what ways challenged or alienated? Refer to at least two of the literary works you have studied.

#5

Multiple Interpretations

 Looking closely at at least two works studied, show that more than one interpretation could be made of those works.

#6

Challenging Reader’s Perceptions

Texts originally produced in a culture or in a language different from that of the reader’s can have a strong impact. With close reference to at least two of the texts you have studied, show how they challenge the reader to see the world in a new way.

#7

Appealing to the Audience

Plays are meant to be staged; poems are often read aloud, and books are often made into movies. What aspects of at least two of the works you have studied would appeal to an audience’s eyes or ears?

#8

Evoking an Emotional Response

With reference to at least two of the works you have studied, analyse the techniques used by writers to evoke an emotional response in the reader.

#9

Identifying with Characters

How do authors help readers identify with certain characters and situations?

Time and Place: Culture, Representation, Communication

#1

Concept of Home

How is “home” depicted in the two works you have studied and what is the significance?

#2

Sense of Place

How do the writers of the two works you have studied convey a sense of place to their readers and to what purpose?

#3

Historical Context

Show how aspects of at least two of the works you have studied can be better understood with a knowledge of the time and context in which they were written.

#4

Time of Year

Time of day or time of year are often presented by a writer in such a way as to support ideas in the work, to develop character or to establish mood, atmosphere, etc. In what ways is time used effectively in at least two works you have studied?

#5

Influence of Contexts

Context – historical, cultural or social – can have an influence on the way literary works are written or received. Discuss with reference to at least two of the works you have studied.

#6

Setting & Theme

What impact does setting have on your understanding of the central ideas or themes presented in at least two works studied?

#7

Language & Identities

How does language represent social distinctions and identities?

#8

Learning from History

 It has been said that history “cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again.” To what extent do at least two works studied “face” history in order to ensure that its wrongs “need not be lived again”?

#9

Woman at a Disadvantage

It could be argued that in some societies or cultures women are at a disadvantage to men or even actively discriminated against. To what degree is this evident in the way women are represented in at least two of the works you have studied?

#10

Male vs Female Views

 Examine the presentation of male and female views of the central concerns or issues in at least two of the works you have studied, and discuss the ways in which these views differ.

#11

Men and Women Struggling

 Literary works often show men and women struggling to resolve problems and not succeeding very well. To what degree do you find this to be true in at least two of the works you have studied?

#12

The Strength of Women

 Explore how women are represented as stronger than men in at least two of the works you have studied.

#13

Challenging Norms

 In what ways do at least two of the works you have studied (in form and/or content) question or subvert norms, conventions or traditions?

#14

Alienation to Reveal Culture

Writers often use a character who is alienated from his or her culture or society in order to explore cultural or social values. Examine this idea with reference to at least two works studied.

#15

Relevance

How are universal themes still relevant over time despite their time period?

#16

How do authors depict the struggle between genders, classes, OR races?

#17

Social Commentary

How do authors use their literature as social commentary of the time period?

#18

Challenging or Reinforce Perceptions

How do texts reflect or challenge cultural perceptions of the time period?

#19

Communication

To what effect have authors shown that communication between human beings is difficult or impossible?

#20

Representation

How can characters be representative of a group such as those based on generation, class, or gender?

Intertextuality:  Comparisons Based on Theme or Technique, Creativity, Transformation, Style/Technique

#1

Falling in or Out of Love

“We are asleep until we fall in love.” To what extent has falling in or out of love

changed the destiny or fate of characters in two works that you have studied?

#2

Race & Ethnicity

Explore how race or ethnicity contributes to tension or conflict in two works you

have studied.

#3

Characteristics of a Genre

To what extent do the formal characteristics of genre influence meaning in two

works that you have studied?

#4

Ends Justify the Means

 Can the ends ever be said to justify the means? Consider the ways in which this idea is explored or discussed in at least two of the works you have studied.

#5

Justice

 Analyse how justice is represented and understood in at least two works studied.

#6

Challenging Authority

How are challenges to authority presented in at least two of the works you have studied, and what impact have such challenges had on readers or audiences?

#7

Intolerance

 Identify some of the forms intolerance can take, and discuss how its effects on both the victims and the intolerant are presented in the two works you have studied.

#8

Human Suffering

Many works are concerned with human suffering. How has this concern been expressed in a way that engages audiences of various times and/or places in the two works you have studied?

#9

Weakness and Strength

Looking closely at how weakness and strength are represented in at least two of the works you have studied, discuss the significance of the relationship between the two.

#10

Free Will

To what extent do the two works you have studied show that an individual is in control of his or her own destiny?

#11

Belief or Faith

Show how belief or faith is represented in at least two of the literary works you have studied and discuss how this aspect might be interpreted or understood in different historical, cultural or social contexts.

#12

Violence

The depiction of violence in some form (cultural, political, physical, psychological, etc) is a central preoccupation of many works of literature. In at least two of the works you have studied discuss how violence is depicted and explore its significance.

#13

Good from Violence

 How do at least two of the works you have studied show that good can come out of destruction or violence?

#14

Change or Brevity

Nature is fleeting and life is in a state of flux.” What is the significance of brevity and/or change in at least two of the works you have studied?

#15

Goodness and Virtue

In the past it was believed that literature achieved its importance due to its ability to show people the way to goodness and virtue. To what extent can this be said of the importance of at least two of the works you have studied?

#16

Roles of Individuals in Societies

 In what ways have your two writers explored the role of the individual within society and what conclusions might be drawn from these explorations?

#17

Individuals or Groups

Working together” or “standing on your own two feet” – how do either or both of these ways of behaving reflect the cultural contexts of at least two works you have studied?

#18

Strangeness

How and to what effect are strangers or strangeness represented in at least two of the works you have studied?

#19

Identity Struggle

How do two of the works you have studied portray the struggle to be understood?

#20

Ignorance is Bliss

Some say ignorance is bliss. How is “not knowing” presented in the two works you have studied and to what effect?

#21

Role of Money

What is the significance of “the getting of money” in at least two works you have studied, and how is it represented?

#22

Role of Sub Plots/ Sub Themes

With reference to at least two of the works you have studied, show how subplots or secondary themes contribute to the reader’s understanding and appreciation of the work as a whole.

#23

Jealousy

Explore the presentation and significance of jealousy in the two works you have studied.

#24

Artificiality

In what way (s) can the term “artificial” be applied to the two works you have studied?

#25

New vs Old

Tension is often created between “new” and “old.” To what effect do writers make use of such tension in at least two works you have studied? To what extent do authors develop a tension between new vs old or progressive vs traditional in your works?

#26

Inspirational

How and why might the two works you have studied be considered inspirational?

#27

Childhood

How do authors convey and represent themes related to the idea of childhood?

#28

Adversity

How do authors show how people respond to adversity?

#29

Physical Journey

How do authors convey a physical journey in two works and the challenges that they represent?

#30

Moral and Ethical Issues

To what extent have two authors explored moral or ethical issues in the works?

#31

Death or Dying

To what effect have writers used death or dying?

#32

Beauty

How do authors explore the perspective of beauty?

#33

Oppressors vs Oppressed

How do the authors present characters who are oppressors or victims, dominant or subservient, users and used?

#34

Struggle for Power

To what extent and to what effect do authors show the struggle to attain power as a conflict in the works?

#35

Action and Reflection

To what effect have authors depicted the connections between action and reflection?

#36

Inner Worlds

How do authors show the inner worlds of human existence and to what effect?

#37

Ridiculousness of Humans

How do authors show the depth that human beings can sink or the ridiculousness of human actions?

#38

Choices of Characters

How do authors show the significance of the choices that characters make and how that contributes to the meaning of the work?

#39

Love Story

How does a love story either sit at the center of the play or intrude its concerns into central issues?

#40

Irony & Contradictions

What effect do authors use irony or contradictions in their works?

#41

Art and Craft

Writing is both an art and a craft, where form and content are carefully constructed and language and style artistically embellish the whole. Discuss in what ways at least two works you have studied effectively combine both art and craft.

#42

Characterization

What techniques did your two writers use to convey the “thoughts” of their characters, narrators or speakers and to what effect?

#43

Tension

Tension often builds to a critical point in a piece of literature. How is tension created in the two works you have studied and for what purpose?

#44

Word Choice

Writers often choose words, phrases and names of characters and places not only for their literal meaning, but for further meanings that they suggest to the reader. With reference to the two works you have studied, discuss how such words and their associations contribute to your understanding and appreciation of the works.

#45

Creating Atmospheres

Often the appeal for the reader of a literary work is the atmosphere a writer creates (for example, peaceful, menacing or ironic). Discuss some of the ways atmospheres are conveyed and to what effect in the two works you have studied.

#46

Symbols & Theme

Symbols can help a writer convey ideas, develop characters, establish atmosphere, etc. To what effect were symbols employed in at least two of the works you have studied and how do they contribute to the development of theme?

#47

Minor Characters

How do authors use minor characters as a catalyst to develop major characters or universal themes in the works?

#48

Internal & External Forces

How do authors reveal the struggle between internal and external forces?

Pairing of Texts: IB’s rule for pairing Texts

Pair two texts that have NOT been used for the oral commentary.  For instance, if you analyzed a passage from Great Gatsby for your oral commentary, then Great Gatsby is off limits for a Paper Two response for IB.

12th Grade Texts to Compare/Contrast from the Prescribed list of authors

Possible Thematic Connections

Class and Gender

Racial  Prejudice

Social Commentary

Alienation

Great Gatsby

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Great Gatsby

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

In Cold Blood

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet

Conflicting Values

Power Struggles

Love Story

Physical Journey

Master Harold and the Boys

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

Great Gatsby

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Great Gatsby

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet

Great Gatsby

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet

Great Gatsby

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Authors’ Techniques

Building Suspense

Significant Settings

Time (Flashbacks)

Vivid Imagery

Master Harold and the Boys

In Cold Blood

The Visit

Great Gatsby

Hamlet

Master Harold and the Boys

In Cold Blood

The Visit

Great Gatsby

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Great Gatsby

Master Harold and the Boys

In Cold Blood

Great Gatsby

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet

Symbolism

Influential Minor Characters

Irony

 (situational, dramatic, verbal)

External Conflicts

Master Harold and the Boys

In Cold Blood

The Visit

Great Gatsby

Hamlet

The Visit

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Hamlet

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

Great Gatsby

In Cold Blood

Importance of Being Earnest

The Visit

Master Harold and the Boys

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

Hamlet