Digital Media Daily Log 2019

May 21, 22, 2019

What is the Adobe Professional Model?

Adobe Professional Model

Design and Development Process

a. Define -- Goals, target audience, content, and delivery requirements

b. Structure – Flowchart to portray the overall structure and screen views of the project

c. Design – design of comps, review with client, redesign from client feedback, and production


 d. Build and test – project production based on storyboards, technical and usability testing, revision, and final project presentation

e. Launch – launch and publish project

May 17, 20, 2019

What is ADDIE Model?


a. Analyze -- gather and process contextual information affecting the goals, structure, purpose, content, audience, and design of a project.

b. Design -- plan the general look and scope of the application and the media it will use, along with the

budget, tools, objectives, outline content, storyboard, and schedule.

c. Develop – collect & create digital media content and testing of the application

d. Implement – publish the finished project and make it available to its audience.

e. Evaluate -- assess the effectiveness of the project with the target audience and make

adjustments in future revisions.

May 15, 16, 2019

What is Exaggeration?

Exaggeration is an effect especially useful for animation, as perfect imitation of reality can look static and dull in cartoons. The level of exaggeration depends on whether one seeks realism or a particular style, like a caricature or the style of a specific artist. The classical definition of exaggeration, employed by Disney, was to remain true to reality, just presenting it in a wilder, more extreme form.

May 13, 14, 2019


Anticipation is used to prepare the audience for an action, and to make the action appear more realistic. A dancer jumping off the floor has to bend the knees first; a golfer making a swing has to swing the club back first. The technique can also be used for less physical actions, such as a character looking off-screen to anticipate someone's arrival, or attention focusing on an object that a character is about to pick up.

May 9, 10, 2019

Define Timing?

Timing refers to the number of drawings or frames for a given action, which translates to the speed of the action on film.

May 7, 8, 2019

What is slow in & slow out in animation?

The movement of the human body, and most other objects, needs time to accelerate and slow down. For this reason, animation looks more realistic if it has more drawings near the beginning and end of an action, emphasizing the extreme poses, and fewer in the middle.

May 3, 6, 2019

Define Squash and Stretch?

Adding exaggeration to an object in motion gives it a greater sense of weight and volume. This principle is often demonstrated with a bouncing ball: the ball appears stretched when it is falling and  squashed when it hits the ground. By squashing and stretching the ball, an animator gives a more realistic feel.

See more at:

12 Principles of Animation:

May 1, 2, 2019

What is Secondary Action?

Adding secondary actions to the main action gives a scene more life, and can help to support the main action. A person walking can simultaneously swing his arms or keep them in his pockets, speak or whistle, or express emotions through facial expressions.

April 29, 30, 2019

What is a storyboard?

A sequence of drawings, typically with some directions and dialogue, representing the shots planned for a movie or television production.

April 25, 26, 2019

Opening the Scene Window?

Window / Scene

April  23 - 24, 2019

How many Frames are there in 10 seconds animation at 24 frames per second?

240 Frames

April 19, 22, 2019

What is a symbol in Animate?

A reusable object stored in a library.

April  17, 18, 2019

What is the difference between .fla & .swf?

.fla: Editable Flash Document

.swf: Published Flash Animation

April 15, 16, 2019
What are the basic shortcuts for animation in Animate?







Command + Return+Alt

Command + Return

Insert Frame

Remove Frame

Key Frame

Convert to Symbol

Blank Frame

Break Apart

Test Scene

Test Movie

April 11, 12, 2019

How do you hide, lock and see outline on a layer?

Click the dot under the eyeball to hide layer, click on the dot below the lock to lock layer, click on the colored rectangle to see outline mode.

April 9, 10, 2019

List 5 shortcuts for Animate?

Selection Tool: (V), Free Transform: (Q), Paint Bucket: (K), Eyedropper: (I), Rectangle: (R)

March 27, 28, 2019

What three terms describe “three point lighting?”

Key, Fill, Rim.

3 Point Lighting Diagram

March 25, 26, 2019

What is Chroma Keying?

Chroma key compositing, or chroma keying, is a special effects / post-production technique for compositing two images or video streams together based on color hues.

March 19, 20, 2019

How do you trim in Quicktime?

  1. Select: Edit / Trim.
  2. Drag the area you want to keep, & press Trim.

  1. Export by clicking: File / Export / choose 720p

March 15, 18, 2019

How do you render video from After Effects?

  1. Choose: Composition / Composition Settings.

  1. Change the Duration to  0;00;10;00

  1. Choose: Composition / Add to Render Queue

  1. In the timeline choose an output destination.

  1. Press the Render button & open your movie file on the desktop.

March 13, 14, 2019

What organization is responsible for setting television and video standards in the US?

National Television Standards Committee (NTSC).

March 11, 12, 2019

How do you render video from After Effects?

  1. Choose: Composition / Composition Settings.

  1. Change the Duration to  0;00;10;00

  1. Choose: Composition / Add to Render Queue

  1. In the timeline choose an output destination.

  1. Press the Render button & open your movie file on the desktop.

March 7, 8, 2019

What three terms describe “three point lighting?”

Key, Fill, Rim.

3 Point Lighting Diagram

March 5, 6, 2019

How do you render video from Adobe Premiere Pro?

  1. Choose: File / Export / Media
  2. Change: Format to: H.264
  3. Choose: Output Name. Rename file.

  1. Click Export.

February 28, March 4, 2019

What are the three stages in creating a film project?

1. Pre-Production

2. Production

3. Post-Production

February 26 - 27, 2019

Shortcuts for Premiere Pro?

-Mark in: i. Mark out: o.

-Selection tool: V

-Razor Tool: C

Do you know someone that wants to join next years Yearbook Staff 2020?

Meeting February 27 @ 2:30pm in AT105 (Mr Freemans Room).

Yearbook Application:

February 22 - 25, 2019

Two most common video aspect ratios?

Two common videographic aspect ratios are 4:3,] the universal video format of the 20th century, and 16:9, universal for high-definition television and European digital television.

February 20, 21, 2019

What is aspect ratio?

The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. It is commonly expressed as two numbers separated by a colon, as in 16:9.

February 15, 19, 2019

Film Camera Techniques

Copy and paste the following document into a text editor.

List Five good practices of camera techniques. (copy the website along with your answer)






List Five different camera angles. (copy the website along with your answer)






February 13, 14, 2019

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February 11, 12, 2019

The standard frame rate per second for video?

30 fps

February 7,8, 2019

List three video format types.

.mp4, .mov, .avi, etc.

February 4-5, 2019

Define the following terms: Wavelength, Amplitude, Frequency.

Wavelength - the length of one cycle in a wave. Changing the wavelength changes the pitch.

Amplitude - the height of a wave.  Change the amplitude changes the volume.

Frequency- how many cycles/second.  The unit of measurement is Hz.  To determine the frequency of a wave take the length of time for one cycle, ie .002 seconds, and divide it by one cycle: 1/.002 = 500 Hz.  This means that there are 500 cycles per second.

January 31 - February 1, 2019

Whats a MIDI?

MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a protocol developed in the 1980's which allows electronic instruments and other digital musical tools to communicate with each other. MIDI itself does not make sound, it is just a series of messages like "note on," "note off," "note/pitch," "pitchbend," and many more.

January 29-30, 2019

Loudness of sound is determined by:

Loudness is the characteristic of a sound that is primarily a psychological correlate of physical strength (amplitude). More formally, it is defined as "that attribute of auditory sensation in terms of which sounds can be ordered on a scale extending from quiet to loud".

January 25-28, 2019

How do you export from Garageband to .mp3?

1. Share / Export Song to Disk...


2. Save as MP3


January 23, 24, 2019

Define Decibels.

Decibels- we measure the loudness of sound by decibels, dB.  Key decibel levels are:

     40dB- whisper

     60 dB- conversation

     70 dB - busy street

     80 dB- acoustic guitar 1" away

     90 dB- baby crying

     110 dB- Power tools

     130 dB- Rock Concert.

Jan. 16, 17, 2019

Study for test?.

Jan. 9, 10, 2019

What is the hotkey to Scale an image in InDesign? 

Shift + Command + Click and drag from a corner.

Jan. 7, 11, 2019

Define Fair use, Public domain, Copyright, Intellectual Property.

Fair UseImage result for Fair Use

Fair use is a legal doctrine that permits limited use of copyrighted material without acquiring permission from the rights holders. It is one type of limitation and exception to the exclusive rights copyright law grants to the author of a creative work.

Public DomainImage result for public domain

The term “public domain” refers to creative materials that are not protected by intellectual property laws such as copyright, trademark, or patent laws. The public owns these works, not an individual author or artist. Anyone can use a public domain work without obtaining permission, but no one can ever own it.

CopyrightImage result for Copyright

Creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.

Intellectual property

Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce.

Jan. 3, 4, 2019

The standard frame rate per second for video?

30 fps

Dec. 19, 2018, Jan. 2, 2019

How do you open the timeline in photoshop?

  1. Click on: Window / Timeline.
  2. Then Press the Create Video Timeline button

Dec. 17,18, 2018

What does RGB & CMYK represent?

RGB: Red, Green, Blue.

Image result for rgb colors

The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green, and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors.

CMYK: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow. Black.

Image result for cmyk colors

The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself. CMYK refers to the four inks used in some color printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black).

Dec. 13,14, 2018

Define Triadic & Tetrad Color Schemes.

The triadic color scheme uses three colors equally spaced around the color wheel.

Image result for triad color scheme

Tetrad Color Schemes include four colors that are equally spaced apart on the color wheel.

Image result for tetrad color scheme

Dec. 11,12, 2018

What are Complementary colors?

Complementary colors are pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out. This means that when combined, they produce a grey-scale color like white or black. When placed next to each other, they create the strongest contrast for those particular two colors.

Image result for Complementary colors

Dec. 7, 10, 2018

What is Monochromatic?

Monochromatic colors are all the colors (tints, tones, and shades) of a single hue. Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker color, gray or black.

Dec. 5, 6, 2018

Define the following terms:

Positive Space: The space an object occupies.

Negative Space: The space unoccupied around an object.

Dec. 3, 4, 2018

Define the following terms:

Shape: A 2-D outline of an image.

Line: Any element in an image that creates a path for the eye to follow.

Nov. 29, 30, 2018

Define the following terms:

Texture: A visual quality that you can “feel”.

Color: Reflected light producing different hues.

Nov. 27-28, 2018

How do you use Layer Styles?

1. Select a layer.

2. Double click on the layer or click on the fx icon.

3. Choose a layer styles

Nov. 20, 26, 2018

Install Brush

1. Select Brush tool.

2. In the status bar Select second pull down arrow.


3. In Brush menu click on the .

4. Choose Load Brush.

5. Locate and install your downloaded .abr file.

Your new brushes should appear at the bottom of all your other brushes.

Nov. 16,19, 2018

What's the difference between Kerning and Leading?


Nov. 14,15, 2018

What's the difference between San Serif and Serif fonts?

San Serif means without. Serif fonts have small decorative pieces at the ends.

Use serif for printed work

Serif fonts are usually easier to read in printed works than sans-serif fonts. This is because the serif make the individual letters more distinctive and easier for our brains to recognise quickly. Without the serif, the brain has to spend longer identifying the letter because the shape is less distinctive.                                         

The commonly used convention for printed work is to use a serif font for the body of the work. A sans-serif font is often used for headings, table text and captions.                                         

Use sans serif for online work

An important exception must be made for the web. Printed works generally have a resolution of at least 1,000 dots per inch; whereas, computer monitors are typically around 100 dots per inch. Even Apple's much vaunted retina display is only around 300 dots per inch — much lower than print.         

Nov. 12, 13, 2018

How do you use an adjustment layer?

1. Select an area on a image with a selection tool. (W)

2. Click on the adjustment layer icon. Choose from the list of options.

3. Use the properties window to make your changes.


Nov. 8,9, 2018

Using  Mask Layer

1.  Click on Add Layer Mask.

2. Select brush tool.

3. Apply black to hide, white to add back.

Nov. 6,7, 2018

How do you use blending styles.
-Create a New layer. (Command + Shift + N)

-Add color with the brush tool.

-Choose a blending mode. Click on Normal and change it up.


Nov. 2, 5, 2018

Join SkillsUSA

Oct 31, Nov. 1, 2018

Select Clone Stamp Tool.  
-Target what you want to copy. Press alt & left mouse click.

-Let go and move mouse over to damaged area.
-Click and drag to apply.

Oct. 26, 30, 2018

.jpg vs. .psd



Web Friendly

One Layer

Difficult to edit

Small File

Not Web Friendly

Multiple layers

Easy to edit

Large File

Oct 24, 25, 2018

Submit Your portfolio.

Oct 22, 23, 2018

Photoshop Hot Keys: What are the hotkeys for Rectangular Marquee, Deselect, Move, Transform, Erase.

M: Alt Option + Command + esc  

⌘ +  D : Deselect

⌘ +  T : Transform (Scale & Rotate)

E: Eraser Tool

How do you force quit an app on a Mac?

Alt Option + Command + esc  ( ⌥ + ⌘ +  esc )

Oct. 16, 17, 2018

Define DPI & PPI.

The terms Dots Per Inch (DPI) and Pixels Per Inch (PPI) are commonly used to describe the resolution of an image. However, the terms do not mean the same thing and there are distinct differences between the two: DPI refers to the number of printed dots contained within one inch of an image printed by a printer.

Oct. 12, 15, 2018

List three Careers in Digital Media.




Oct. 10, 11, 2018

How do you embed your scratch game into weebly? 

1. Click the share button.

2. Click Embed button.

3. Copy Embed code.

3. Login to Weebly. Drag over the embed build tool to where you want your game.

4. Paste embed code. Publish site and test.

Oct. 8, 9, 2018

List the following sizes of files in order to smallest to largest: MB, TB, KB, GB.

1 kilobyte (KB) 1,024 bytes

1 megabyte (MB) 1,048,576 bytes

1 gigabyte (GB) 1,073,741,824 bytes

1 terabyte (TB) 1,099,511,627,776 bytes

1 petabyte (PB) 1,125,899,906,842,624 bytes

Oct. 4, 5, 2018

How do you import graphics into scratch? 

1. Look for the upload icon.

2. Upload .png for transparent images.

Exporting Artboards 

1. File/Export

2. Click: Use Artboards

3. Chose Resolution: Medium (72 ppi), Background color: Transparent.

Oct. 2 - 3,  2018

What are the hotkeys for the following tools: 

 Pencil Tool: N

 Width Tool: Shift + W

 Artboards: Shift + O

Brush Tool: B

Blob Brush Tool: Shift + B

 Eyedropper Tool: i

Sept. 27 - Oct. 1,  2018

Group Objects 

1. Select all objects

2. Command + G, 2. Object Menu / Group Object, 2. Right Mouse click, Group Object.

Sept. 25,26, 2018

Change colors on a Gradient? 

1. Select an object.

2. Select gradient picker

3. Change color: Select gradient.

4. Double click on a Gradient Slider.

5. Click on the pull down menu and choose RGB

Sept. 20 - 24, 2018

How do you use Image Trace?

1. Select graphic.

2.  Click on the Image Trace pulldown button

3.  Choose an option from the pulldown. ( I use 3 Color most of the time).

4.  Click Expand.

5.  Use the Direct Select tool.  

6.  Click off the image, then Direct Select what you want to change.

Sept. 18, 19, 2018

Creating Outlines on Text 

1. Create text (Use Text tool)

2. Select Text ( Use Select Tool)

3. Type Menu / Create outlines, 3. Hot key shift+Command+O, 3. Right mouse / Create Outlines

Sept. 14, 17, 2018

Install Fonts. 

1. Download font. (

2. Unzip download

3. Locate .ttf or .otf file. ( Double click to install)

4. Font will install through Font Book software.

Sept. 12,13, 2018

How many handles does a point have? 


Sept. 10,11, 2018

How do you change the color and thickness of the stroke? 

In the Controls bar you can change the color and thickness of the stroke

Sept. 6,7, 2018

Where should you save your files? 

1. Illustrator Files: Desktop / Digital Media / Illustrator

2. Exported Files: Desktop / Digital Media / Portfolio

Sept. 4,5, 2018

What are the hotkeys for the Undo and constraining? 

1. Undo: Command + Z

2. Constrain: SHIFT

Aug. 30 - 31, 2018

How do you export to a .png image? 

1. File / Export / Export As...

2. Save As: nameplate.png. ( Choose PNG from the Format options). Check the Use Artboards box.

3. Resolution: Medium (150 ppi). Click OK.

Aug. 28,29, 2018

How do you create a perfect ring with color? 

1. Create two Ellipses  . Hold down down SHIFT to constrain.

2. Block select both Ellipses.

3. Choose: Window / Align.

4. Select Center Vertical and Center Horizontal .

5. Choose: Window / Pathfinder.

6. Select Minus Front .

Aug. 25,27, 2018

What are the hotkeys for the Selection, Rectangle, Ellipse Fill Color & Zoom Tools? 

1.  Selection (V)

2.  Rectangle (M)

3.  Ellipse (L)

4.  Fill Color (X)

5.  Zoom (Z) (Alt+Scroll Wheel) (Command + or Command -)