The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Tazriya’ Haodesh Shalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

April 6, 2019 | א’ ניסן תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 30

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Haodesh

Parashat Tazriya’

6 April 2019 * 1 Nisan 5779

Candle Lighting - 7:07pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:44am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 6:30pm

Zohar - 6:40pm * Minḥa - 6:45pm

Shi’ur & Sə’uda Shəlishit - 7:15pm

Shəki’a - 7:26pm * Arvit - 8:06pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 8:11pm

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 7:10pm

Picture of the Week

Jair Messias Bolsonaro, Brazil’s President @ the Kotel this week.

In the Beginning

The present Hebrew calendar is the product of evolution, including a Babylonian influence. Until the Tannaitic period (approximately 10–220 CE) the calendar employed a new crescent moon, with an additional month normally added every two or three years to correct for the difference between twelve lunar months and the solar year. When to add it was based on observation of natural agriculture-related events. Through the Amoraic period (200–500 CE) and into the Geonic period, this system was gradually displaced by the mathematical rules used today. The principles and rules were fully codified by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah in the 12th century. Maimonides' work also replaced counting "years since the destruction of the Temple" with the modern creation-era Anno Mundi. (wiki)

 

This Shabbat & Beyond

Shabbat Rosh odesh Nisan. Rosh odesh Nisan will come ‘alenu lətova this Shabbat, April 6, stating Friday night, April 5. odesh Tov!

Tefilat Erev Shabbat @7:00pm

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:10am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs.

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

 ● Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Dov Lerea

Our Condolences to the Iranian peoples for all those who perished in the massive rain floods that hit the country.

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to ALL for your contributions for potluck kiddush last shabbat. Kiddush sponsorships available.

Welcome Home to fallen Israeli soldier, Zekharia Baumel z”l who was brought to burial in Jerusalem after 37 years of being MIA, since 1982 First Lebanon War. Kol hakavod to all who took effort in this holy mission.

Congratulations to Beershit, the first Israeli lunar spacecraft, on its success in capturing the moon gravity. Landing b”H is on April 11.

Our Blessings to Israel for a “healthy vote” in this coming week’s elections. Next shabbat, regardless of who the winner is, we will have a beautiful UNITY KIDDUSH followed by a civil open discussion of Israeliness. Sponsors are needed.

Happy Birthday to Yaniv Meodi, Ariel Kulkin, and... YOU!

Kiddush is sponsored by Eileen & Daniel Langer in memory of their beloved parents Celia & Harry Zane and Sylvia & Louis Langer.

Parasha Limud - 6:30pm

After Minḥa Pesaḥ Shiur: Hilkhot Pesa for Sephardim, Ashkenazim and all those in between. With Rav Dov Lerea.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein on 3FL. Hullin.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: In the main sanctuary. 

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l - רב עובדיה יוסף ז”ל

ovadia.jpg

ברכת האילנות בשבת

השנה שנת התשע"ט, יחול יום ראש חודש ניסן ביום השבת הבא עלינו לטובה. ומאחר ונוהגים ומשתדלים לברך ברכת האילנות ביום ראש חודש ניסן, נבאר האם כאשר חל ראש חודש ניסן בשבת, יש לברך בשבת, או שמא יש להמתין עם הברכה עד ליום ראשון.

"שמא יתלוש"

ובראשית, עלינו לדון בזה מצד מה שהובא בגמרא במסכת סוכה (לז:), אמר רבה, הדס במחובר, מותר להריח בו, אתרוג במחובר אסור להריח בו. כלומר, הדס שאינו תלוש מן העץ, מותר להריח ממנו בשבת, אבל אתרוג המחובר לאילן, אסור להריח בו בשבת. ומסבירה הגמרא, מה טעם החילוק בין הדס לאתרוג? הדס, שעשוי רק להריח ממנו, אין לחשוש שמא יבוא לתלוש ממנו, מה שאין כן אתרוג, שהוא פרי, יש לחשוש יותר שמא זה שמריח ממנו בשבת, יבוא לתלוש ממנו. וכן פסקו כל הפוסקים. ומכאן משמע, שלגבי ברכת האילנות בשבת, בודאי שאין לאסור בזה משום חשש שמא יבוא לתלוש מפרחי האילנות, שהרי אין כאן פירות, ואפילו אם היו פירות, הרי אינו נוגע בהם כלל, ואינו מריח מהם, ולכן בודאי שאין לחוש שמא יתלוש מהם.

דברי רבי חיים פלאג'י

אמנם הגאון רבי חיים פלאג'י בספר מועד לכל חי (סימן א אות ח) כתב: "בעיר קושטא, נוהגים לברך ברכת האילנות אפילו בשבת ויום טוב. אבל בעירנו איזמיר, לא ראיתי ולא שמעתי מעולם שיברכו ברכת האילנות בשבת ויום טוב. ואם נאמר שהטעם לזה משום חשש שמא יקח בידו הפרחים להריח בהם, ושמא יתלוש, אם כן אפילו בקושטא יש להם לחוש שלא יברכו ברכת האילנות בשבת". עד כאן דבריו.

והנה לפי מה שמבואר בפוסקים, שאין לחוש שמא יתלוש מהאילנות, מאחר ואין כאן פירות, וגם אינו מריח מהם כלל, אם כן אין לחשוש למה שהעיר הגאון רבי חיים פלאג'י בזה, והעיקר להלכה כמו שנהגו בקושטא, שהיו מברכים ברכת האילנות אפילו בשבת. וכן כתבו הרבה מהאחרונים.

ומה שבאיזמיר ובעוד מקומות לא נהגו לברך ברכת האילנות בשבת, יש לבאר, על פי מה שכתב בשו"ת שמחת כהן (סימן קמב) להגאון רבי רחמים חי חויתה הכהן זצ"ל (עליו אמר לנו מרן זצוק"ל, שלא היה כמותו בדורינו, ושהיה גאון מובהק, ומאד היה מרן משבחו על גדולתו בתורה ובמדות מצויינות), שכנראה שנמנעו מכך, משום שיש צורך להוציא את הסידורים מבית הכנסת לפרדסים, כדי שיוכלו לברך מתוך הסידור, ולומר את נוסח היהי רצון וכו' שנוהגים לומר. ומאחר ובמקומותם בחוץ לארץ לא היה עירוב, ואסור היה לטלטל שום דבר מחוץ לבית הכנסת, לכן נמנעו מברכה זו. אבל במקום שיכולים לטלטל, או שאין צורך בסידורים, בודאי שרשאים לברך אף בשבת.

ולמעשה, מרן זצ"ל בספרו חזון עובדיה על הלכות פסח (עמוד כג), כתב שכן יש לנהוג, לברך ברכת האילנות בשבת. והוסיף, שכן עשה מעשה בשנת התשנ"ה, שחל ראש חודש ניסן בשבת, "ובירכנו ברכת האילנות בשבת".

לסיכום

 אפשר לברך ברכת האילנות בשבת. ובפרט כאשר הציבור כולו מגיע לבית הכנסת בשבת, ויש לחוש שאם ימתינו עד אחר השבת, רבים לא יברכו בכלל, או שיברכו ביחידות, כאשר מוטב לברך בציבור, וברוב עם הדרת מלך.

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Hullin 129a-b: Early Oral Law

Megillat Ta’anit is a little known collection of statements about minor holidays and fasts that commemorate events which took place during the Second Temple period. On the minor holidays, fasting and eulogies were forbidden. Most of the events that are commemorated are from the period of the Hasmonean monarchy – a prime example being the story of Hanukkah – although there are also events from earlier and later periods included, as well. (steinsaltz.org)

A Moment of BAN

“The further a society drifts from the truth, the more it will hate those that speak it.” - George Orwell

Weekly Riddle

Which is the largest South American country; What is the size of its population; and what is the Hebrew name of its President?

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Biblical News - Shalom from Nətan Melekh

A 2,600-year-old seal from the Kingdom of Judah bearing the inscription “(belonging) to Nathan-Melekh, Servant of the King” was recently discovered in the City of David.

The name Nathan-Melekh נְתַן מֶלֶךְ appears once in the Hebrew Bible, in II Kings 23:11, where he is described as an official in the court of King Josiah - יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה - who reigned during the First Temple period.

Second Temple News - Jewish Town

For the first time, Israeli archaeologists have uncovered the remains of a Second Temple period Jewish settlement in the city of Be’er Sheva’ בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע, modern Israel’s 8th largest city.

The excavations were part of a plan to facilitate a new neighborhood in the city. However, Israeli researchers inadvertently uncovered the remains of an ancient neighborhood that was once bustling with ancient Jewish life.

The site is dated from the 1st century AD until the Bar-Kokhva Revolt against the Roman Empire in 135 AD. It is located along the southern border of the ancient kingdom of Judah. (www1.cbn.com; www.haaretz.com)

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Mila bəParasha - Aviv

Today is the first day of the month of Nisan, which in the Torah was known as the month of Aviv (sometimes transliterated as Abib.) For example, Shmot 13:4 states "This day you are going out in the the month of the Aviv": הַיּוֹם אַתֶּם יֹצְאִים בְּחֹדֶשׁ הָאָבִיב

While in modern Hebrew aviv means spring, in the Bible it meant young barley. We see this in the plague of hail (Shmot 9:31) "the barley was aviv": כִּי הַשְּׂעֹרָה אָבִיב.

Parasha: Tazria’ - Vayikra (Leviticus) 12:1-13:59

Historical Context: Bnei Israel 's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai). Creation Time: 2449 (1476 bce) entering the second year of the departure of Mitsrayim. Bnei Israel camp in front of Har Sinai ( Mount Sinai ) received the Torah, built the Mishkan (sanctuary), are commanded of the korbanot (sacrifices), kosher eats, purity and impurity, & other laws.

Parashort: Tazria continues the discussion of the laws of Tumah and 'Taharah – ritual impurity and purity. A woman giving birth should undergo a process of purification, which includes immersing in a natural pool of water and bringing offerings to the Temple. All male infants are to be circumcised on the eighth day.

Shəvi’i: We have 3 Sifre Torah this shabbat. Shishi aliya includes the Shəvi’ of our parasha; Shəvi’i aliya is of parashat Shabbat Rosh Hodesh in Numbers 28:9 - 28:15; and the Maftir aliya is of parashat HaHodesh.

Maftir: Exodus 12:1-20 – “Hahodesh haze lakhem rosh hodashim…” This additional section is read on the Shabbat before the month of Nissan, or on the Shabbat of Rosh Hodesh Nisan. This section is an account of the very first mitsvah given to the Jewish people as a nation. It includes the concept of Rosh Hodesh - the New Moon, as well as the basic laws of Pesah and the Pascal Lamb. (chabad).

Haftarat Hahodesh – Yehezkel (Ezekiel) 45:18-46:15

Haftit: Ezekiel’s Prophecy regarding the Messianic dedication services in the 3rd Temple. This Haftarah takes place in the future. The prophet Ezekiel speaks of the time that the 3rd and Final Bait Hamikdash (Holy Temple) will be standing.  Prior to the beginning of our Haftarah, Ezekiel discusses the 12 tribes' division in the land of Israel. (See pictures). Ezekiel's prophecy explains how the Nassi will supervise the karbanos (sacrifices) in the 3rd Bait Hamikdash. In that time there will be a Levite portion and a portion for the Mashiah. (haftorahman)

Connection to Parasha: This Shabbat’s Haftara is the last of the 4 special Haftarot read before Pesach (Passover). They are Shekalim, Zechor, Parah & Hahodesh. This special haftara is a prophecy regarding the Paschal Offering that will be brought during the Messianic Era, reflecting the theme of Shabbat Hahodesh Torah reading—Moses' command to the Israelites in Egypt to prepare and bring the Paschal lamb. (chabad).

Rav Question - שאלת רב

Does putting in "Hametz" in a google browser count as a valid search?

Jewish Month - The Month of Nisan

"Hashem said to Moshe and Aharon in the Land of Egypt, 'This month shall be for you the beginning of the months; it shall be for you the first of the months of the year.'" (Shemot, 12:1-2).

The Zodiac sign of Nisan is the טלה - "kid," the young goat, that animal which was worshipped in Egypt, but which the Jewish People were commanded to sacrifice as the Pesach sacrifice.        

The first day of Nissan was and always remains a historic day for the Jewish nation. It was the day when the people received their first commandment as a nation:

Sanctify the New Moon!

In the Good News

- The first Israeli lunar spacecraft entered the Moon's orbit. The successful final maneuver of SpaceIL's Beresheet makes Israel poised to become the fourth country to ever land on the moon. Landing is planned for April 11.

* Picture taken from Bereshit of the Moon’s surface with Earth in the distance, at the center top.

Time to Smile 

Swedish astronomer physicist and mathematician Anders Celsius died in 1744 at age 43, though his fellow Dutch-German-Polish physicist and inventor Gabriel Fahrenheit insisted that he was already 109 years old.

Speechless in the Parasha - Tazria’

What objects can receive Tsara’at besides a person?  

Biblical Quiz: Haodesh

Kids: What is the name of the prophet of our shabbat’s haftara?

Teens: Yeḥezkel was the only man in the bible to be called “Ben Adam.” What does this name mean?

Adults: In which modern state his tomb is located?

Experts: Complete his famous phrase: “I (G-d) do not want man to die…”

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.

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Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: bethaharon.blogspot.com.ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com for help.

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Programs @ the Riverdale Y: Starting Sunday, April 7 - New Art Class for 6-12 year olds at 2pm and continuing the special Inclusion Basketball Clinic for 7-16 year olds at 3:15pm. For more information, please contact. inclusion@riverdaley.org.  

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Seder @ the Bayit: Each year the Bayit hosts over 400 people for the Passover Seders. Join us to eat, drink, celebrate and relive the story of our Exodus at HIR’s Free Passover Seders for either of our two Seders on Friday, April 19th and Saturday, April 20th at 8:15pm. There is no charge to attend a Seder at the Bayit but we do rely on your generosity to cover the substantial cost of this program. To sponsor or to make a reservation please visit www.thebayit.org/seder or call the office at 718-796-4730 x101.

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Pesa is coming: Planning to Sale your amets? What about buying less in the next few weeks, eating the amets you have, and donating the rest before Pesa. Leave the sale for businesses who deal with large inventory while making a good deed by donating food. Pesa Kasher to all!  

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Rav Steven’s Shabbat HaGadol Drasha Shabbat, April 13th at 7:00pm:  “Why is this Night the Same as Last Night.”

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.

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 TEL: 212.398.4300  *  FAX:  212.398.4309

RIVERDALE: 718.796.2034

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Weekly Riddle - Answer

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the 5th largest in the world, after Russia, Canada, USA, and China; Brazil has close to 215 million people which the largest in South America and the fifth largest in the world, after China, India, USA, and Indonesia; Brazil’s president is Jair Messias Bolsonaro, or in Hebrew: Yair :) 

Parasha Quiz - Answers: Haodesh

Kids: Yeḥezkel (Ezekiel)  *Teens: “Son of Man”

 Adults: Iraq *Experts: “…let them repent and live.”

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, Yaniv Ben Sarah, and all the sick.