A La Carte Catalog
The English III curriculum is a survey of American Literature from before the Revolution to modern times. English III is also a writing focused course with emphasis on persuasive writing and literary criticism. We will also study many seminal pieces of informative and historical texts that helped shaped the history of our country and the identity of our literature. In addition to literature and writing study, English III also encompasses a critique of media and technology. Expect these strands of learning to overlap as you complete each unit of study.
English IV is the study of British literature from 449 A.D. until the Modern Period. American literature has its roots in the historical British tradition, and it has become a mirror of many literary movements that started in Great Britain, such as those beginning with the Industrial Age and Enlightenment of the 1700's. In addition to literature study, English IV is a very writing intensive course. Throughout this course, expect to write several essays that focus on literary analysis, critique and synthesis. Additionally, there is a research component required for successful completion of the course.
This course is a study of mythology both in terms of knowing myths and knowing the general structure of mythology across cultures and societies.
This course is centered on the development of each student’s writing voice, tone, and style.
Prerequisites: English I
Probability and Statistics
Probability and Statistics introduces students to the basic concepts and logic of statistical reasoning and gives the students introductory-level practical ability to choose, generate, and properly interpret appropriate descriptive and inferential methods. In addition, the course helps students gain an appreciation for the diverse applications of statistics and its relevance to their lives and fields of study. The course does not assume any prior knowledge in statistics and its only prerequisite is basic algebra.
Applied Mathematical Concepts
Applied Mathematical Concepts (AMC) is designed specifically to help students earn their fourth-year math credit. Instead of looking at mathematics from a purely theoretical perspective, students in AMC will work with mathematics in a way that emphasizes the mathematical components of our everyday lives.
Some themes addressed in the course are financial math (mortgages, insurance, and taxes), organizing and analyzing data to assist in decision making, and even the links between mathematics and art. The course is primarily project-based, so students should be prepared to organize themselves and budget their time wisely. Standards for this course are listed here.
Bridge Math is designed for senior students to become college-ready in mathematics during their final year in high school. The course will cover the major topics of high school mathematics that are necessary to succeed in college-level math courses including number sense and operations, function relationships, quadratics and exponentials, basics of geometry, and rational expressions. This class follows protocol set by the TBR Colleges and will require you to have a way to Video Conference (ex. Skype) in an effort to have proctored tests.
Physical Science is a Virtual laboratory science course that explores the relationship between matter and energy. Students investigate physical science concepts through an inquiry-based approach. Embedded standards for Inquiry, Technology & Engineering, and Mathematics are taught in the context of the content standards for Energy, Matter, Motion, and Forces. This course introduces the general principles of physics and chemistry. Topics include measurement, motion, Newton's laws of motion, momentum, energy, work, power, heat, thermodynamics, waves, sound light, electricity, magnetism, and chemical principles. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the physical environment and be able to apply the scientific principles to observations experienced.
One of the main goals of this course is to help students become critical and independent thinkers who are able to function in a scientific and technical society. Learning chemistry requires both the assimilation of new concepts and the development of analytical skills. Since high school is preparing you for the working world or college, the classroom expectations and activities will be geared toward developing and encouraging the habits, skills, and knowledge needed for success in either endeavor. Course content includes properties and structures of matter in its various states, chemical calculations and quantitative relationships, chemical bonding and molecular structure, chemical reactions, solutions, gas laws, acids and bases, and laboratory techniques and safety. In addition, math is the language of science, so the ability to perform mathematical computations using fractions, decimals, ratios, and exponents is required.
Anatomy and Physiology
We will take a brief tour through the human body's anatomy and physiology. My goal in teaching this course is not only to inspire the love of biology, but for students to have a better understanding of their own bodies. I also hope to prepare any aspiring health care occupation student for college level Anatomy and Physiology courses. We will cover the TN state standards through throughout the course.
The students will learn about energy in its various forms including mechanical, heat, light, sound, electricity, magnetism and nuclear. Laboratory activities emphasizes accuracy and precision of data collection and analysis.
World History and Geography: The Industrial Revolution to the Contemporary World
Students will study the rise of the nation state in Europe, the French Revolution, and the economic and political roots of the modern world. They will examine the origins and consequences of the Industrial Revolution, nineteenth century political reform in Western Europe, and imperialism in Africa, Asia, and South America. They will explain the causes and consequences of the great military and economic events of the past century, including the World Wars, the Great Depression, the Cold War, and the Russian and Chinese Revolutions. Finally, students will study the rise of nationalism and the continuing persistence of political, ethnic, and religious conflict in many parts of the world. Students will explore geographic influences on history, with attention given to political boundaries that developed with the evolution of nations from 1750 to the present and the subsequent human geographic issues that dominate the global community.
Students will study the purpose, principles, and practices of American government as established by the Constitution. Students are expected to understand their rights and responsibilities as citizens and how to exercise these rights and responsibilities in local, state, and national government. Students will learn the structure and processes of the government of the state of Tennessee and various local governments. The reading of primary source documents is a key feature of United States Government and Civics standards. Students will complete the state required U.S. Citizenship test in this class as well.
ECONOMICS and PERSONAL FINANCE (1 credit required)
Personal Finance and Economics
This is a required course at TOPS. It has recently been revised to now included Economics. If students have already completed Personal Finance at TOPS, they must complete this course to fulfill their Economics requirement. The students will learn how individual choices directly influence occupational goals and future earnings potential. Real world topics covered will include income, money management, spending and credit, as well as saving and investing.
This course is designed to increase student interest in contemporary problems and issues. Students will be encouraged to use primary and secondary materials to form opinions and propose solutions to problems. Topics will include media, state, and local issues such as economics and politics, national issues such as governmental policies, and international issues such as trade, military conflict, and environmental concerns.
WELLNESS & PE
In this course you will learn about what it means to be healthy as well has how to stay healthy. You will learn about different diseases such as cardiovascular disease. If it is a part of your body and keeps you healthy (or unhealthy), you will learn about it in Wellness. You will have weekly discussion on your opinions on health topics going on in today society, and you will also learn how to eat right for a balanced diet!
In this course you will learn about how to work out properly, how to design your own workout, different types of workouts, as well as history of different sports. This class does involve your participation, and will require you to have workout clothes, and a place to work out.
German I and II
German I is an introduction to the basic skills of speaking, reading, writing, and listening. Students become familiar with the sound system for accurate pronunciation. Basic vocabulary and grammar are studied, as well as German culture and geography.
French I and II
French 1 is an introduction to French language and culture. Students will cultivate reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills in French through a variety of activities. Weekly modules will cover a variety of vocabulary topics such as: introducing yourself, good manners in French, talking about sports and hobbies, family and the home, school subjects, describing someone’s physical appearance and personality, etc. Students will learn to build sentences with regular and irregular verbs in the present and near future tenses.
French 2 builds upon the foundation of language learning that students established in French 1. Students will continue to develop their reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills in French. Particular attention will be paid to increasing accuracy in pronunciation, improving comprehension of written and spoken language, and writing cohesive paragraphs in French. Students will learn advanced grammatical structures as well as a variety of verb tenses and moods. Vocabulary topics covered in French 2 include: travel, daily routines, childhood memories, careers, future plans, and art.
Art Appreciation I
My name is Dr. Fine and I designed this course specifically for the TOPS online high school student. If you know anyone at TOPS that has taken this course (even if they were put into it without choosing it themselves) they will tell you how great it is!! You do not have to be an artist or good at drawing to learn a lot in this class...don’t be afraid. The lessons are differentiated in each weeks’ modules which means you get to choose if you want to do a short essay about the module subject or an art project. Many students pick and choose as they go along each week. If you have taken art before, I guarantee this course will stimulate your artistic side. I give lots of feedback each week to each one of my students. The discussion topics are really interesting and we usually have lots of great posts. Many TOPS students love this class because it is very different from all their other classes, it is a relaxing peaceful place…join us!
Art Appreciation II
My name is Dr. Fine and I designed this course specifically for the TOPS online high school student. I designed Art 2 for those students that have a basic understanding of art and a desire to expand their own creativity. You do not have to be an accomplished artist to be in this class, all are welcome! Any TOPS student that has taken this course will tell you how interesting it is and that they really enjoyed the class. In this course we investigate different cultures and their art, compare artists each week in our discussions and use a sketchbook. I provide lots of detailed feedback for each student every week. The discussion prompts are very interesting and are a starting point for great posts. At the end of the course you actually create your own module of artistic things that are important to you. Several of the Art 2 students have gone on to art careers and college programs once they graduate.
Art Appreciation III
This course is intended for the student that has a foundation of other art classes and wants to continue their artistic journey. It is a two-fold class; the art student will create projects that last several weeks with detailed feedback from the teacher each week as we go along until completion, the art student will also pick time periods each week to investigate in depth to gain more insight into artistic cultures and artist choices. Each student will have lots of personal choice and will share their creations and research. The artwork in this class may be used in portfolio preparation.
Art Appreciation III Careers in Art
The fourth-year art course provides for activities on a more advanced level than those of the preceding three years. Portfolio Preparation, Art Careers, Resume Building, and other subjects pertaining to applying to college or obtaining a job in the Arts are the focus for this course. Also, emphasis continues to be placed on understanding and recognition of art styles and the significance and values of art as a means of expression.
Computer Science Foundations
In the Computer Science Foundations class, you will use an online curriculum titled Testout/Labsim instead of any type of textbook. The teacher will create videos explaining all about the parts of the computer, how to build a computer, how to install an operating system, and how to troubleshoot and repair computers. Testout will also have instructional videos that will offer a different perspective or cover more material than in videos. You will also complete stimulated lab activities in Testout, in case you don’t have any computer parts at home. Your quizzes/tests will also happen in Testout.
Computer Systems is an intermediate course designed to prepare students with work-related skills and aligned certification in the information technology industry. Students will learn more advanced computer concepts and troubleshooting techniques related to hardware, operating systems, and peripheral devices. This course, in addition to Networking, will prepare students for the PC Pro Certification and the A+ Certification. *Must be taken the same semester as Networking.
Networking is an advanced course designed to emphasize the conceptual and practical skills necessary to design, manage, and diagnose network hardware and software. Upon completion of this course, proficient students will identify types of networks and network cabling, prevent security risks, and troubleshoot network problems. This course, along with Computer Science Foundations and Computer Systems, prepares students for the PC Pro Certification and the A+ Certification. *Must be taken the same semester as Computer Systems.
Web Page Design I Foundations
This course, which is designed as the first level of Web Design, will teach students workplace and leadership skills for advancement into the Web Design Application course. Keying and layout and design skills are essential. Students will develop Internet research techniques for business; acquire navigation mapping skills; effectively use a Web site; study fundamental concepts of digital commerce transition security; examine related social, legal and ethical issues; study electronic financial management practices, and integrate the elements of Web Design. Web Design Essentials focuses on the language, structure, and essential concepts and principles of page layout and design and the ethics related to the production of Internet presentations. Typography layout, and design guidelines will be applied in the design of Web pages. Upon completion of the course, a student will be able to evaluate, implement and apply the use of technology in Digital Commerce and Web Page Design for business.
Web Page Design II Site Designer
Website Development builds on skills and knowledge gained in Web Design Foundations to further prepare students for success in the web design and development fields. Emphasis is placed on applying the design process toward projects of increasing sophistication, culminating in the production of a functional, static website. As students work toward this goal, they acquire key skills in coding, project management, basic troubleshooting and validation, and content development and analysis. Artifacts of the work completed in this course will be logged in a student portfolio demonstrating mastery of skills and knowledge. Upon completion of this course, proficient students will be prepared to pursue a variety of postsecondary programs in the computer sciences, sit for industry certification, or apply their skills in a capstone Web Design Practicum. Standards in this course are aligned with Tennessee State Standards for English Language Arts & Literacy in Technical Subjects and Tennessee State Standards in Mathematics.
During this class, you will use an online program titled CodeHS to learn the basics of computer programming in the Python language. You will be creating programs very quickly and easily. This course is mostly project-based, meaning most of your grades will be for your completed programs, instead of the traditional “chapter, questions, test” format.
This a continuation of Coding I. In that class, you used CodeHS to learn basic Python programming concepts. In this class, you will continue learning more advanced Python programming concepts. This is the same thing the teacher uses in brick and mortar classrooms at Greene Technology Center in Greeneville, and they enjoy this quite a bit.