This document highlights the focus standards for each grading period. Teachers may choose to review previously taught standards as well.

Mathematics

The 2017-18 year is a crosswalk year for grades 3-5 math as both the 2009 and the 2016 VDOE standards will be taught. The asterisk (*) indicates a new 2016 standard that will be field tested on the SOL test this year, so it will be not be part of the student's overall SOL score.

Computation and estimation

• Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12x12 and the corresponding division facts*
• Determine the common multiples and factors, including the least common multiple and the greatest common factor
• Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers having like and unlike denominators and simplify the resulting fraction
• (Create*) and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers and express answers in simplest form
• Estimate products of whole numbers; multiply whole numbers
• Create and solve single and multi-step practical problems involving multiplication of whole numbers

Measurement

• Estimate and measure weight/mass and describe the results in U.S. Customary and metric units as appropriate
• Identify equivalent measurements between units within the U.S. Customary system (ounces, pounds, and tons) and between units within the metric system (grams and kilograms)
• Estimate and measure length, and describe the result in both metric and U.S. Customary units
• Identify equivalent measurements between units within the U.S. Customary system (inches and feet; feet and yards; inches and yards; yards and miles) and between units within the metric system (millimeters, centimeters, meters, and kilometers)
• Estimate and measure liquid volume and describe the results in U.S. Customary units
• Identify equivalent measurements between units within the U.S. Customary system (cups, pints, quarts, and gallons) and between units within the metric system (milliliters and liters)
• Identify equivalent measurements within the metric system
• Choose an appropriate unit of measure for a given situation involving measurement using U.S. Customary and metric units
• Solve practical problems that involve length, weight/mass, and liquid volume in U.S. Customary units
• Choose an appropriate unit of measure for a given situation involving measurement using U.S. Customary and metric units

Geometry

• Investigate congruence of plane figures after geometric transformations (reflection, translation and rotation)
• Recognize the images of figures resulting from geometric transformations (reflection, translation and rotation) and apply transformations*
• Identify, describe, compare, and contrast plane and solid figures according to their characteristics (number of angles, vertices, edges, and the number and shape of faces), using concrete models and pictorial representations.*
• Define polygon and identify/name polygons with 10 or fewer sides
• Develop definitions of plane figures such as square, rectangle, triangle, parallelogram, rhombus and trapezoid
• Investigate and describe the results of combining and subdividing plane figures
• Classify quadrilaterals as a parallelograms, rectangles, squares, rhombi and/or trapezoids
• Classify triangles as right, acute or obtuse and equilateral, scalene, or isosceles
• Investigate the sum of the interior angles in a triangle and determine an unknown angle measure
• Solve practical problems that involve perimeter, area and volume in standard units of measure*
• Differentiate among perimeter, area, and volume and identify whether the application of the concept of perimeter, area or volume is appropriate for a given situation*

Probability and statistics

• Determine the likelihood of an outcome of a simple event
• Represent probability as a number between zero and one inclusive
• Create a model or practical problem to represent a given probability*
• Make predictions and determine the probability of an outcome by constructing a sample space
• Determine the probability of an outcome by constructing a sample space or using the Fundamental (Basic) Counting Principle*

Patterns, functions and algebra

• Investigate and describe the associative property for multiplication
• Investigate and recognize the distributive property of multiplication over addition