Medical Anatomy & Physiology
Strands and Burt’s Basics
Box Elder High School
STRAND 1: BODY PLAN AND ORGANIZATION - Students will explore and describe the body plan, organization, and homeostasis
STRAND 2: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF BODY CHEMISTRY - Students will explain basic principles of body chemistry.
- Standard 9 Describe the properties of water and how it is utilized in the human body. Universal solvent Transport Lubricant Heat capacity Chemical reactions
STRAND 3: CELLS - Students will describe basic concepts of structures and functions of cells.
- Nucleolus, DNA, RNA, Gene, Chromatin, Chromosome, Ribosomes, Rough endoplasmic reticulum, Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, complex, Vesicle (vacuole), Lysosomes, Peroxisomes, Mitochondria, Cytoskeleton (Microfilaments, Intermediate filaments, Microtubules) Centrosomes, Centrioles, Cellular surface variants, Microvilli (absorption), Cilia (transports products along the surface of the cell, “crowd surfers”), Flagella (transports the cell)
STRAND 4: HISTOLOGY & INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM - Students will describe basic concepts of structures and functions of histology, and the integumentary system.
STRAND 5: SKELETAL SYSTEM - Students will describe the structures and functions of the skeletal system and its components.
- Mandible, Maxilla, Zygomatic, Frontal, Parietal, Occipital, Sphenoid, Ethmoid, Hyoid, Temporal,
- Clavicle, Scapula, Sternum, Ribs
- Pelvic bone: (Ilium, Ischium, Pubis) Femur, Patella, Tibia, Fibula, Tarsals, Metatarsals, Phalanges
- Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpals, Metacarpals, Phalanges
STRAND 6: MUSCULAR SYSTEM - Students will describe the structure and functions of the muscular system and its components.
- Biceps brachii, triceps brachii, brachialis, flexors, extensors, pronator, supinator, rotator cuff (Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis), sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, deltoid, diaphragm, rectus abdominis, pectoralis major, latissimus dorsi, external oblique, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, soleus, hamstrings (semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris) quadriceps (Rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius), gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, sartorius, gracilis, masseter.
STRAND 7: NERVOUS SYSTEM & SPECIAL SENSES - Students will describe the structures and functions of the nervous system and special senses.
- Standard 12 Sequence the major events when the nerve impulse (action potential) is initiated and transmitted through a neuron (Two Videos for this one).
- Standard 17 Identify the following diseases and disorders associated with special senses.
Strand 8 - ENDOCRINE SYSTEM - Students will describe the structures and functions associated with the endocrine system.
- This unit is undersonstructions and is socially distancing itself for the moment. Will return in the near future…..
Strand 9 BLOOD - Students will describe the components and functions associated with blood.
Standard 1 - Identify the components of blood and their functions.
Standard 2 - Describe erythrocytes, including the structure of hemoglobin.
Standard 3 - Define leukocyte and list the two major groups with their cell types and their function.
- Granulocytes: Neutrophils, Basophils, Eosinophils
- Agranulocytes: Monocytes, Lymphocytes
Standard 4 - Describe the process of hemostasis.
Standard 5 - Contrast a thrombus and an embolus.
Standard 6- Identify the antigens found on the erythrocytes and the antibodies that determine the ABO blood types and the Rh factor.
Standard 7 - Identify the following diseases and disorders associated with the blood.
STRAND 10 - LYMPHATIC SYSTEM - Students will describe the structures and functions of the lymphatic system.
These videos will be coming soon.
STRAND 11 - CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM - Students will describe the structures and functions of the cardiovascular system.
Below are a series of videos to present blood flow through the heart. All standards in RED are covered in this three part series. (Standards 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, and 13)
Standard 1 - List the general functions of the cardiovascular system
Standard 2 - Describe the layers of the heart
Standard 3 - Identify the chambers of the heart (See Blood flow lessons above, Part 1, 2, and 3)
Standard 4 - Locate the great blood vessels of the heart
- Superior vena cava
- Inferior vena cava
- Pulmonary trunk
- Pulmonary arteries
- Pulmonary veins
Standard 5 - Identify the valves of the heart
- Tricuspid and Bicuspid (or Mitral)
- Pulmonary and Aortic Semilunar valves
Standard 6 - Trace blood flow through the heart
Standard 7 - Identify the components of the conduction system of the heart and trace the pathway.
- SA Node → AV NODE → AV Bundle of HIS → Bundle Branches → Purkinje Fibers
Standard 8 - Sequence the principal events of the cardiac cycle in terms of systole and diastole.
Standard 9 - Define cardiac output and identify factors that influence it.
Standard 10 - Contrast the structures and functions of arteries, capillaries, and veins.
Standard 11 - Define pulse and identify the general location of arteries where pulse may be felt.
Standard 12 - Describe blood pressure and how to measure it.
Standard 13 - Contrast pulmonary and systemic circulation.
Standard 14 - Identify the following diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system:
Strand 12 Respiratory System- Students will describe the components and functions associated with the respiratory system.
******Videos Coming Soon********
Strand 13 Digestive System - Students will describe the components and functions associated with the digestive system.
Standard 1 - Identify the general functions of the digestive system.
Standard 2 - Contrast chemical and mechanical digestion.
Standard 3 - Differentiate between the following:
Standard 4 - Describe the functions of saliva and salivary amylase in digestion
Standard 5 - Identify the following parts of a typical tooth
Standard 6 - Define the following:
- Deglutition, Mastication, Maceration, Segmentation, Peristalsis, Haustral churning
Standard 7 - Identify the anatomical features of the stomach
Standard 8 - Identify the basic components and functions of gastric juice
Standard 9 - Identify location and digestive functions of the Pancreas
Standard 10 - Describe the function of bile (emulsification)
Standard 11 - Identify the three sections of the small intestine and describe the functions
Standard 12 - Identify the structures and sections of the large intestine and describe the functions
Standard 13 - Identify the following disease and disorders of the digestive system