The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Nitsavim ləRosh haShana bəShalom from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

September 28, 2019 | כ”ח אלול תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 53

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat Parashat Nitsavim נִצָּבִים

28 September 2019 * 28 Elul 5779

Candle Lighting - 6:27pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 6:37pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:47am

Zohar - 6:00pm * Minḥa - 6:05pm

Sə’uda Shəlishit / Shiur - 6:35pm

Shəki’a - 6:43pm * Arvit - 7:23pm

Tset Hakokhavim / Havdala - 7:28pm

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*** Selihot-Shaharit Sunday at 7am ***

High Holidays 5780 @ Beth Aharon on the HH Flyer.

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Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 7:00a *  Thu: 6:40, 8:00a * Wed/Fri: 6:45,8:00a Minḥa/Arvit: Wed-Thu: 6:30p

Picture of the Week

A Moment of BAN

"ותשובה ותפילה וצדקה (ןאחדות) מעבירין את רוע הגזרה"

“And repentance and prayer and charity (and unity) remove the decree’s evilness.”

In the Beginning

 5780   SHANA TOVA  תש"ף  שנה טובה

On the Eve of Rosh Hashana 5780 Israel’s population is 9.1 million, while the USA’s close to 329 million.

By comparison in 1948 Israel’s population was just about 0.7 million, while the USA’s around 146 million.

Close to 35,000 Olim came to Israel this year, while an unknown number of immigrants to the USA.

Israel’s population growth rate is around 2.1% per year, while the USA’s less than 1%. 

This Shabbat & Beyond

Təfilat ‘Erev Shabbat: 6:27pm Shaḥarit: 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am

Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs ● Teen Tefila - it can happen with you, teen!

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

Dvar Torah: 10:45am Rav Tov

Kiddush: 11:25am - Kiddush this shabbat is sponsored by a friend of Beth Aharon

After Kiddush: Free talk about the Democratic candidates to the 2020 Elections; who will have a better chance, led by YOU.

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Learning Service: 9:45am-10:45am, with Maharat student Livya Tinestit at the 2FL.

High Holidays Liturgy Review Workshop: 4:25pm - liturgy and melody of the most familiar seliot and piyutim of the High Holidays Maharat student Livya Tinestit at ML.

● The Listening Room: 4:25pm with Myra Estelle at the LBM.

Parasha Limud: 5:25pm. Book of Jonah w/ Maharat student Livya Tinestit at Lobby.

After Minḥa Mila baParasha: Understanding a word in our parasha. This week “Ala - אָלָה” - What does the word mean; does it have a positive, negative, or neutral meaning; how is it connected G-d’s name; and did you ever say an Ala? Basic (and love of :) Hebrew is sufficient. At the 2BM, along with Səuda Shəlishit, and Zəmirot Shabbat.

After Minḥa Daf baTalmud: Daf Yomi on 3FL. Me’ila.

After Minḥa Shiur baHayim: Shiur in the main sanctuary.

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Rəfuaa Shəlema to ‘Am Yisrael wounded bodies & souls and the sick: Reuven ben Aliza, Menachem ben Yehudit, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López & Ela, Avraham ben Avraham, Adi ben Talia, Amir ben Malka, Naftali ben Esther, and Israel Gandelman Chachamovitz.

Many Thanks to Mendelson family on sponsoring kiddush last shabbat,

Kol Hakavod to the 35,000 who made Aliya to Israel in 5779; to the BA 21st Birthday Committee on working hard to make sure it is a great success.

Happy Birthday to Betsey Hahn Knap, Toby Weiss, and... YOU!

 High Holidays 5779 @ Beth Aharon. Details on the back page and in your email.

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and More…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l ovadia.jpg

ההנהגה הראויה לימי ראש השנה – מנהג מרן זצ"ל

נוהגים לאכול בימי ראש השנה, בשר שמן ודברים מתוקים, ככתוב בספר נחמיה "לכו אכלו משמנים ושתו ממתקים ושלחו מנות לאין נכון לו, כי קדוש היום לאד-ונינו".

ואין מתענין כלל בראש השנה, ומכל מקום לא יאכלו כל שבעם, למען לא יקלו ראשם ותהי יראת ה' על פניהם. ויש נוהגים בשעת ברכת המוציא לטבל הפת בדבש או בסוכר. וכתב בספר כף החיים שיטבל הפת גם במלח כמנהגו בכל השנה. ויש נוהגים שלא לאכול אגוזים בראש השנה. משום שאגוז גימטריא חטא (בלא אל"ף), ועל פי הקבלה נוהגים שלא לאכול ענבים שחורים בראש השנה, ודווקא שחורים, אבל לבנים (כלומר ירוקים), מותר, ואדרבא סימן טוב הם. ויש נוהגים שלא לאכול בראש השנה מאכל מריר או חמוץ או חריף, וכן כתוב בתשובות הגאונים שלא לאכול מאכל חריף.

נהגו שלא לישון ביום ראש השנה, (דהיינו שינת צהרים וכדומה), שאין זה נאה לישון ביום שבו ספרי חיים וספרי מתים לפניו נפתחים. ואמרו בתלמוד ירושלמי שהישן בראש השנה גורם לכך שמזלו ישן. ולכן ישתדל כל אדם לקום בימי ראש השנה בעלות השחר, ולכל הפחות עם הנץ החמה, ויתכונן לתפילה בכוונה כראוי. ואם הוא עייף ומוכרח לישון, מותר לישון אחר חצות היום. וכן כתב רבנו חיים ויטאל, שרבו האר"י ז"ל נהג לישון בראש השנה אחר חצות היום.

מלבד כל עניני ה"סימנים" שעושים בימי ראש השנה, וכפי שיבואר עוד בהלכה הבאה, יש לאדם להשתדל להיות שמח בסעודות ראש השנה, ולא לבא לידי עצבות חס ושלום. ויש לנהוג עם בני ביתו בשמחה ובנחת, ולהזהר שלא לאבד את הזמן על דברים בטלים. וכבר כתבו הפוסקים, שהיושב בטל ועוסק בשיחה בטלה וכדומה, דומה כאילו ישן, ואדרבא עדיף לו שיישן, משישוח שיחה בטלה.

ויש נוהגים לסיים בראש השנה שתי פעמים את כל התהילים, שיש בתהילים ק"נ פרקים, ופעמיים ק"נ עולה למניין "כפר", (כי כפר בגימטריא שלוש מאות). וכתב בספר בן איש חי שיש נוהגים ללמוד בליל ראש השנה אחר הסעודה מסכת ראש השנה עם פירוש רבנו עובדיה מברטנורא, ומנהג יפה הוא.

וכתב עוד רבנו יוסף חיים זצ"ל בספר בן איש חי, שיזהר אדם שלא יבא לידי כעס בראש השנה, שמלבד האיסור לכעוס בכל השנה, אין זה סימן טוב לאדם להיות כעוס בימים אלו, ויזהר שלא יכעס אפילו בליבו. לכן על כל אדם להיות חכם עיניו בראשו, להכין עצמו מראש שיהיה שמח ביום ראש השנה, שאפילו אם יכעיסוהו באיזה דבר, הוא יהיה גבור לשלוט ברוחו שלא לבא לידי כעס.

ובספר אביר הרועים (ח"א) הזכרנו, שלא היה יום אחד בכל ימות השנה, כמו יום ראש השנה, שהיה מרן זצ"ל שמח בו באופן מיוחד, והיתה השמחה מאירה את פניו, והיה מאיר פנים באופן מיוחד לכל אדם, בסבלנות רבה, ומבלי שום הקפדה. ובראש השנה היה נוהג בחיבה יתירה עם הבאים לקבל את ברכתו, כי אין ראוי לבוא לידי שום קפדנות ביום זה, וסימן טוב הוא לנהוג ביום זה בשמחה, יותר מכל שאר הסימנים שאנו עושים. ומכל מקום בודאי שהכל היה נעשה בחרדת הקודש, בבחינת "וגילו ברעדה", כי היום הוא יום דין.

זכותו תגן עלינו, אמן.

Daf Bite  –   טעם דף

Me’ila 9a-b: The Place of the Ashes

Bet Hadeshen is a general name given to those places where the ashes from the altar were placed and where sacrifices that needed to be burned were taken. There were two such places in the Temple courtyard. One was on the eastern side of the ramp leading to the altar to the south of the altar which was where the daily collection of ash from the outer altar was taken, together with the ashes from the inner altar and the Menorah. This is also the place where the feathers and the crop of the sacrificial birds were taken (see Vayikra 1:16); according to the Gemara in Massekhet Yoma they were miraculously absorbed by the beit hadeshen so that no one would accidentally derive forbidden benefit from them.

A second Bet Hadeshen was on the eastern side of the altar, where sacrifices that had to be burned were taken. In addition to these, there was another beit hadeshen on the Temple Mount itself, as well as one that was outside Jerusalem.(steinsaltz.org)

Of Blessings

What are blessing and when?

Before Rosh Hashana: “K’tiva Vahatima Tova”

Between Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur: “Hatima Tova”

After Yom Kippur: “G’mar Hatima Tova”

and

In general: “Shana Tova”

Tishre - תִּשְׁרִי‎

Tishrei or Tishri in Hebrew: תִּשְׁרֵי or תִּשְׁרִי‎; from Akkadian tašrītu "Beginning", from šurrû "To begin" - is the first month of the civil year, which starts on 1 Tishrei, and the seventh month of the ecclesiastical year, which starts on 1 Nisan, in the Hebrew calendar. The name of the month is Babylonian. It is an autumn month of 30 days. Tishrei usually occurs in September–October on the Gregorian calendar.

In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called Ethanim - in Hebrew: אֵתָנִים‎ as written in 1 Kings 8:2 -

וַיִּקָּהֲלוּ אֶל-הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה, כָּל-אִישׁ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּיֶרַח הָאֵתָנִים בֶּחָג--הוּא הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִיעִי”

The Weekly Riddle

How many Jewish heads of years - rashe shanim - are there?

(Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

A Story - of a drop of water

"When a raindrop comes down from the sky, if it is caught by my clean hands, it is pure enough to drink it...

If it falls into the drainage, its value falls so low that I cannot even use it to wash my feet...

 If it falls on a hot surface it will evaporate...

 If she falls on a petal of a lotus flower it will shine like a pearl...

 And finally, if it falls on an oyster she will turn into a pearl :)

The drop stays the same but its existence and its value depends on what it is attached to.

Be always connected to people with a good heart. Your existence will be better and your value will rise.

- Swami Vivekananda

Of Calling

The sound of the Shofar is a wake-up call for us to make teshuva (repentance).  A prince was once exiled from the royal palace for an extended period of time. Upon his return to the palace, after being away for many years, the banished prince looked so unkempt and disheveled that no one recognized him. When the prince saw his father, he broke out in a cry from the bottom of his heart: "Father, Father, save me!" The King recognized the voice of his son and his deep cry, which came from the depths of his soul, and quickly took him back. So too regarding the souls of Israel, which were exiled from the table of their Father in Heaven. On Rosh HaShana the Jewish soul yearns to return to G-d and cries out from the bottom of her heart: "Father, our Father in Heaven, save us!" That is the meaning of the Shofar – it is the cry of the heart of the Jewish soul.

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha: Nitzavim - D’varim (Deuteronomy) 29:9-30:20

Historical Context: Creation Time: 2488 (1272 bce). After 40-year desert journey Bnei Yisrael encamped in the plains of Moav, awaiting the entry to the Holy Land.

Parashort: Nitsavim includes some of the most fundamental principles of the Jewish faith: The unity of Israel: "You stand today, all of you, before the Lord your God: your heads, your tribes, your elders, your officers, and every Israelite man; your young ones, your wives, the stranger in your gate; from your wood hewer to your water drawer." The future redemption: Moshe warns of exile if God’s laws will not be followed but also of G-d’s re-gathering of His people: "You will return to the Lord your God... If your outcasts shall be at the ends of the heavens, from there will the Lord your God gather you... and bring you into the Land which your fathers have possessed." The practicality of Torah: "For the Mitzvah which I command you this day, it is not beyond you nor is it remote from you. It is not in heaven... It is not across the sea.... Rather, it is very close to you, in your mouth, in your heart, that you may do it." Freedom of choice: "I have set before you life and goodness, and death and evil; in that I command you this day to love God, to walk in His ways and to keep His commandments... Life and death I have set before you, blessing and curse. And you shall choose life." (chabad.org)

Haftara: 7 of Consolation - Yesha’ayahu (Isaiah), 61:10-63:9

Haftit: “Sos asis baHashem.” Yeshayahu (Isaiah) voices the feelings of the redeemed people. “Israel will greatly rejoice in G-d’s salvation.” G-d will not be silent until Tsion’s fame and glory are universally acknowledged. Tsion will have a new name. Jerusalem will be the crown of beauty in the hand of the G-d. The nation of Israel will be redeemed and called a Holy People.

Connection to the Parasha: The haftara is the seventh of seven haftarot known as the “Seven of Consolation” – which we read from after Tish’aa be’Av until the Shabbat before Rosh Hashana. During this time, concentration should be on repentance, and spiritual uplifting. (Haftorahman)

Biblical Quiz: Nitzavim

Kids: How old was Moshe when he spoke to Bnei Yisrael in our parasha? Teenagers: Who did Moshe call to come together and to enter the covenant with G-d? Adults: Moshe predicted the people would soon be in rebellion. How did he conclude this?

Speechless in the Parasha: Nitsavim

The parasha tells us where the Torah is and where it is not.

Can you tell?

Rav Question - שאלת רב

What should a person be thinking about when hearing the sounds of the shofar? Should we have the same thoughts on the first and the second day?

A Story - of power

We welcome the new Hebrew year and will celebrate it B”H this coming Sunday night, Monday, and Tuesday day.

Rosh Hashana is the only holiday which is celebrated both outside of Israel and in the land of Israel for 2 days! So, the second day here in the USA is not a second day of galuyot, but rather it is part of the first day, and both days are referred to by our sages as a “Yoma Arichta” which means “long day” in Arameic.

A spoiler, until the 12 century Rosh Hashana was celebrated only for 1 day in Israel, and then the Bavlim, the Iraqis, won. I mean of course the Talmud Bavli. The Iraqis also won the 1980-1988 Iraqi-Irani War, although the Iranians think the opposite.

 Maybe, as the Jewish population in Israel (7 million now) will soon be the majority of world Jewry, it is time to give the Yerushalmi Talmud the upper hand, and at least in Israel to celebrate Rosh Hashana for 1 day. Hadesh Yamenu k’kedem....

At least the Holiday is not as long as the day on Venus, on which the day lasts 5,382 hours! Kids, calculate how many days it is!

The numerical name of the Hebrew year is clear: 5780. But, what about the Hebrew spelling? Is it תש”פ or תש”ף? Is it with a regular peh פ or an ending pheh ף? And how should it be pronounced: as peh like p or as pheh like ph/f?

The Academy of the Hebrew Language decided for תש”ף with an ending ף, and when we pronounce it we can say “shnat tanaph” or “shnat tav, shin peh” - the first with ph/f and later with p.

The Mishna tells us that the age of 80, the numerical value of peh, is ligvurot - translated as “to power” or “to heroism.” May ib be so, to us and to the entire Nation of Yisrael that dwells in Tsiyon

Time to Smile  

As Israelies are mentaly prepared for a 3rd elections... after how many elections are we going for pendelim (penalty kicks)?!

In the Good News

- Israel’s population grew up in 5779 by nearly 200,000 people and is now near 9.1 million. Israelis are ranked among the 10 top nations most satisfied satisfied with their lives (Despite the very high chance for a 3rd elections :)

Riddle Solved

Four head of years - rashe shanim - are:

On the first of Nisan, Rosh Hashana for the kings and the three main holidays - regalim.

On the first of Elul, Rosh Hashana for the tithe of the animals. Rabbi Elazar and Rabbi Shimon say, on the first of Tishre.

On the first day of Tishre, Rosh Hashana for the years and the shemittin and jubilees, for planting and vegetables.

On the first of Shvat, Rosh Hashana for the trees, according to Beit Shammai. Beit Hillel say, on the fifteenth of it. (RH 1:1)

Biblical Quiz Answers: Nitsavim

Kids: 120 years old. Teenagers: All men, women, children - no one was excluded. Adults: They had been rebellious during Moshe’s lifetime and history tends to repeat.

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you all for joining Beth Aharon tefilot and for your ongoing support. Mail donations, pledges,kiddushim, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog at bethaharon.org to donate online and for daily updates. ANd9GcQ9j_0gsquc7GDppBRsEGt5JAUDSjCscSkOhqq3_fjWxYTk4zaPSAContact: Email: bethaharon@gmail.com; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!

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Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ bethaharon@gmail.com 

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Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.

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Kiddush sponsorship is available every Shabbat.

Please support our rich kiddushin and the special and important community time which comes along with it.

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BA potluck season is here and we could use some light eats for Se’uda Shelishit. Please help as your heart may provide.

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Beth Aharon is starting a Hospitality Committee to match guests to Riverdale and members looking for Shabbat meals with hosts in our community. In addition, we want to ensure that anyone in our congregation who requires Bikkur olim or life cycle meals is serviced by our community. If you are interested to join the Hospitality Committee, please notify Ami or Tsuri.  

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Community Security Service (CSS) Thank you to all our CSS volunteers. The more volunteers we have, the fewer times each year any one person has to serve. Ready to sign up for the next training course? Questions? Please contact Tzvi Bar-Shai at tzvib@thecss.org.

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City Harvest Holiday Food Drive - until October 11th more than 500,000 Jewish New Yorkers live below or only slightly above the poverty line. The Bayit is teaming up with City Harvest to feed our neighbors in need during the High Holidays. Visit www.thebayit.org/cityharvest for a list of needed items.

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Beth Aharon Traditional Sukkot Luncheon 5780 will take place b”H on Sukkot Yom Tov 1, October 14 - Tishre 15, after tefila, around 12:30pm. RSVP only. Evite will be to be sent after Rosh Hashana.

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Beth Aharon 21st Anniversary Dinner: There was Congregation Beth Aharon 20th Anniversary amazing celebrative Dinner... Next is Beth Aharon 21st Anniversary Dinner, to be celebrated with love & joy at Bayit on Sunday November 24, 2019 @ 5:00pm. Save the date and stay tuned for details. Sephardim ze Simha :)

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High Holidays 5780 with a Sephardic Tune @ Beth Aharon @ the BAyit

Join Beth Aharon for our traditional High Holiday Services,

Led by Rav Tomer Ronen & Assisting Hazanim @ HIR's Main Beth Midrash (LLBM)

 Rosh Hashana: Sunday Evening - September 29; Monday & Tuesday – September 30 & October 1.

Yom Kippur: Tuesday Evening- October 8; Wednesday - October 9. Stay tuned for High Holidays 5780 information: Seats reservations, fees information, and prayer schedule!

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.