Working in Pairs or alone.  Research your social class and fill in as much detail as possible (pictures are OK).

Possible sites for research:

All topics: http://www.medievalchronicles.com/    or  http://www.learner.org/interactives/middleages/feudal.html 

Topic

Kings and Nobles

Knights

Peasants

clothes and or accessories

Sara, Arianna

  • long jackets
  • brighter colors
  • skirts and tunics
  • long gowns (women)
  • headdresses shaped like hearts and butterflies
  • clothing garnished with silver
  • only important people (kings and nobles) wore jewelry
  • ring brooImage result for medieval women's headdress
  • hardened leather sewn together with strong iron pieces
  • light armor such as bones
  • a gambeson- worn under armor to make more comfortable
  • Jack- quilted coat also called a jake. Medal plates were added to offer * better protection
  • Pourpoint- padded jacket. A jacket worn by common soldiers.
  • Tabard- a garment worn without sleeves that displayed the coat of arms.

  • Men: Stockings and tunics
  • Women: Long gowns, with sleeveless tunics. Wimples covered their hair.
  • Sheepskin cloaks, woolen hats, mittens used for cold and rain.
  • Underwear from linen

2 Homes (what are they like?) Rooms, furniture, etc… Max, Nishan

  •     The homes of the rich were more elaborate than the peasants' homes. Their floors were paved, as opposed to being strewn with rushes and herbs, and sometimes decorated with tiles.
  • Tapestries were hung on the walls, providing not only decoration but also an extra layer of warmth.
  • Fenestral windows, with lattice frames that were covered in a fabric soaked in resin and tallow, allowed in light, kept out drafts, and could be removed in good weather.
  • Only the wealthy could afford panes of glass; sometimes only churches and royal residences had glass windows.

Image result for peasant homes

  • SMall to no windows
  • Damp
  • Rarely no more than 2 windows
  • Thached roofs

3  Food

Santana and Sam

Examples

  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Lettuce
  • Pork
  • Fish
  • Beef

Kings and Nobles ate lots of good food such  as the food we eat now like  Bread , Vegetables , meats and more.

Knights ate most of the same food as the Kings and nobles such as Pig, chicken fish and bread and more. Mutton and bread were the main dishes.

Image result for mutton

Peasants ate Bread , vegetables and meat. Peasants had little gardens next to homes to grow vegetables to eat  

Image result for pottage

4 Education/Travel Tolga C. and Jonathan M.  

  • Latin and French were important languages to be learned.
  • Training in sword fighting and horse.  riding was essential.
  • Most of the students of education were in the upper class
  • Kings and nobility were allowed to travel with the right of safe convoy.

  • Oxford and Cambridge existed in medieval times.
  • Henry II banned English scholars from attending the University of Paris due to a dispute with France.
  • In the early days of the universities, the students lived in the local towns and villages.
  • Knights could wear spurs.
  • The law of safe convoy gave knights a safe place to stay wherever they went  
  • Education for the peasants was rare
  • They were expected to work and were considered adults at around age 10 - 12
  • Education was too expensive for most peasants
  • The only way for peasants to get education was to hire a teacher, which was most of the time also expensive
  • The whole education system was to keep the peasants uneducated to that they could work more.
  • Women has little to no chance of getting education
  • In 1330 only about 5% of the population could read or write. It was extremely rare for peasants to be literate. Some lords of the manor had laws banning serfs from being educated.
  • Most peasants did not travel
  • Peasants were not allowed to leave their land without their lord’s permission

5 Entertainment 

Taein and Allen

        The kings and nobles were the richest and therefore had the most entertainment. They had many jesters to work for them to entertain them. The kings and nobles also watch people fight in tournaments for entertainment.

Image result for kings and jesters

Noble people held many feasts and could get entertained, including the knights. There, many people would come and musicians played for them. Knights sometimes fought and danced to entertain themselves and the other noble people.

The peasants played music to entertain themselves because they were poor and cannot afford services from others. However, peasants were sometimes invited to feasts.

6 Religion

Rowena and Cordelia

  • The Catholic Church was then able to kings influence all ranks including kings as  there subjects believed they were chosen by god to rule
  • Opposition to the Catholic Church would result in excommunication.
  • When you were excommunicated, you could not attend services, take the sacraments and you would go straight to hell when you die
  • King Henry II, and King John got excommunicated
  • In the Middle ages kings has churches in there castles

  • Some nights would deffended the castel
  • Peasants could become monks to have a  higher ranking in society
  • Everyone was Christian and was apart of the Roman Catholic Church
  •  Christianity guided the moral decisions that peasant men and women made in their day-to-day life.
  • Going to church was one of the few things they did.

7 Other JOBS on manor: Pick three you find interesting.  

Kylie and Gabi

  • Jester: The Jester also referred to as the Fool entertained the court
  • Clothiers: Made clothes for the nobles and required having a knowledge of various fine and expensive materials.

  • Herald:A Herald  was a knights assistant and an expert advisor on heraldry. The Herald (or Harker) would declare announcements on behalf of the King or Noble to the public. Normally this was done on a given day when the public would assemble at the base of a castle tower or in the town square and the Herald would shout out the news
  • Squire:A Squire was junior to a Knight. It was the duty of a Squire to learn about the Code of Chivalry, the rules of Heraldry, horsemanship and practise the use of weapons. It was also their duty to enter into the social life of the castle and learn courtly etiquette, music and dancing. The Squire served in this role for seven years and became a Knight at the age of twenty-one.
  •  Cottar: One of the lowest peasant occupations, undertaken by the old or infirm, who had a series of low duties including swine-herd, prison guard and menial tasks.
  • Baker: Bread was a daily staple of Medieval life, and good bakers were employed by Nobles in their castles.

8 Tournaments

Alexander 

Omar

The judges in the tournaments were usually nobles or kings.

-King Richard 1, selected specific areas in which all tournaments should be held.

-Whenever a noble wishes to host a tournament, they must adhere to certain rules and a licensing system.

Never fought in a tounament

Used in the 12th century

The “Melee” was a mass tournament where two teams attack each other on horseback.

Showed the higher nobility who was more powerful or popular.

During the tournaments, knights used blunted knives and swords to fight

-The knights would joust or duel using a wooden lance.

-Knights tried to steal weapons from their oppenets-especially something valuable- and then would hold them fro ransom before the fight starts. If they win, there is a cash prize.

Never fought in one

Watched the tournaments

Possibly sold goods during the tournaments.

9 Children 

Josh and Jude

-Noble children lived in the castle with their parents and by the age of seven. They were then sent to other peoples castles to train to become knights. Girls were sent to other peoples castles to manage everyday activities at home.

-Noble children were taught how to read and the code of chivalry while training to become knights.

-

Children undergoing knighthood only learned to read during their training.

People became knights when a noble children were sent to a different castle to learn to become a knight.

Uneducated, poor, and had to work from a young age. The kids may work as bird scarers, egg collecters, fruit collectors, and taught

 to farm.

If kids wanted to learn

 reading and writing, they would get help from a priest.

Peasant children would eat thick stew called porrage. They also drank milk while young, and watered wine from the age of 5-14.

Boys wore a gramet that went down to their knees. While girls wore garments that went down to their aImage result for peasant childrennkles.

10 Women Matiix and Luke

-Women found church a worthy acceptance area and how they developed literacy.

-Women did not get education even if they were noble.

-In rare cases women were slightly educated at home. Image result for noble women

-Women were not allowed to fight

-Women did choImage result for knight womenres in the castle for knights

- Women were the ones always staying home and cooking/caring for children while men worked all day

-Peasant women were married to more than one person

-Women got paid less than men.Medieval Women work in the fields