Drivers Education Study Guide

  1. The inside rear-view mirror should be adjusted to show the center of the road behind the vehicle.
  2. Your safety belts should be fastened after you adjust your seat.
  3. After you start the engine, but before you put a vehicle in motion you should check all information gauges.
  4. When starting a vehicle, the gear shift selector should be in Park.
  5. When moving forward, the automatic gear shift selector USUALLY should be in Drive.
  6. You should use your turn signal when you are entering traffic from a parking position.
  7. The foot brake should be pushed down before putting the car into gear.
  8. In order to make a smooth, safe stop, you should apply gradual, firm pressure on the foot brake.
  9. Before you brake to a stop, you should check the rear-view mirror.
  10. When preparing to stop, you should take your right foot off the gas pedal and apply the foot brake.
  11. When preparing to leave an automatic transmission vehicle, the gear shift lever should be in Park.
  12. The LAST thing a driver should do when preparing to leave a car is to remove the key.
  13. When making a right turn, you should signal approximately ½ city block before the turn.
  14. After making a right turn at an intersection, you should adjust your speed to the flow of traffic in the right lane.
  15. When waiting at an intersection to make a left turn, you should keep your wheels pointed straight ahead until you can complete the turn.
  16. Before turning left, it is important to yield to oncoming vehicles.
  17. When turning onto a TWO-WAY street, the time to start turning the steering wheel is just after the front wheels pass the middle of the intersection.
  18. To make a right turn from a road with two lanes going in one direction, you should generally be in the lane closest to the right curb.
  19. To make a left turn when going north, you should be in the lane numbered 3 below.

C:\Users\randym\Desktop\Drivers Ed Diagrams\de19.gif

  1. From a one-way street, you USUALLY make a left turn from the left curb lane.
  2. When going around a downhill curve, your car will gain speed due to gravity.
  3. A driver went so fast around a curve that the rear end of the car slid off the road because of increased centrifugal force.
  4. When driving fast around a curve, your car will tend to move to the outside of the curve.
  5. When rounding a curve, the BEST way to reduce the effect of natural forces is by controlling the speed of the vehicle.
  6. When approaching a sharp curve that has no posted speed, you should reduce speed.
  7. When approaching a curve, you should slow down before entering the curve.
  8. The steeper the hill, the more engine power will be needed for a vehicle to overcome the effects of gravity.
  9. To maintain an even speed while going up a hill, you have to increase the pressure on the gas pedal.
  10. The distance needed to bring a vehicle headed uphill to a stop is generally less than that needed on level road.
  11. A vehicle going down a steep hill becomes harder to stop.
  12. You are driving on a four-lane undivided road going uphill. The speed limit is 50 MPH, but you would like to drive 45 MPH.  You should drive in the right lane at 45 MPH.
  13. You should know which sign means “yield right-of-way”.
  14. You should know the shape of the sign that means school crossing.

  1. You should know the shape of a “STOP” sign.
  2. Know the sign that means the right lane ends (lane drop).
  3. When you see a school crossing sign you should slow down and watch for children.
  4. When you see a yield sign you should slow down and proceed when the way is clear.
  5. You are coming to an intersection with a flashing yellow light; you should drive carefully through the intersection.
  6. You come to an intersection with a flashing red light, you should stop at the intersection and proceed as traffic allows.
  7. You come to an intersection with a red light for your lane. You want to go straight. The left-turn-only lane has a green arrow. You must stop at the intersection and wait until your light turns green.C:\Users\randym\Desktop\Drivers Ed Diagrams\de43.gif
  8. Double yellow lines mean no passing in either direction.
  9. A broken white line on a two-lane road means that you can pass when it is safe
  10. White markings at an intersection mean stop here for light or stop sign.
  11. If you want to turn right at this intersection, you can turn from lanes 2 or 3.

C:\Users\randym\Desktop\Drivers Ed Diagrams\de44.gif

C:\Users\randym\Desktop\Drivers Ed Diagrams\de45.gif

  1. If you see these white markings at an intersection,

you should stop if pedestrians are present, and continue if clear.

  1. If you are making a left turn from this intersection, you should make the turn from lane 1.C:\Users\randym\Desktop\Drivers Ed Diagrams\de46.gif

  1. If a traffic officer waves you on at an intersection when the traffic light is red, you should follow the directions of the officer.
  2. A police officer directs you to turn right even though you have signaled for a left turn.  The BEST thing to do is turn right as directed.
  3. You are coming to an intersection where a crossing guard is helping children across the street, you must STOP.
  4. You are stopped at a red light. You have checked the intersection to see that it is clear of vehicles and people. Unless a sign tells you not to, you may then turn right.
  5. At an intersection controlled by four-way stop signs, you should stop and yield to cars that reach the intersection before you.

  1. When entering an expressway behind several other vehicles, it is MOST important to adjust the position and speed of your vehicle to the flow of traffic.
  2. When entering an expressway, you should begin to speed up in the acceleration lane.
  3. If you are on an expressway entrance and notice that there is no traffic on the expressway, continue smoothly onto the expressway.
  4. When getting ready to exit from an expressway, you should maintain your speed until reaching the deceleration lane.
  5. If there is an expressway ENTRANCE just before your EXIT you should be ready to change speed so that entering traffic can merge.
  6. Before entering the deceleration lane of an expressway, you should check traffic thoroughly.
  7. The first thing to do if the vehicle in front of you signals or flashes its brake lights is to slow down.
  8. While driving at night, you should adjust the space cushion around your car by staying further behind the car in front of you.
  9. When deciding how far away you should be from the vehicle ahead, the MOST important things to think about are the vehicle’s speed, traffic and road conditions.
  10. When following a vehicle that blocks your view of the road ahead, it is best to follow at a greater distance than usual.
  11. When you are driving on an expressway and it begins to rain, you should increase the distance of the car in front of you to keep a safe space cushion.
  12. You are MOST LIKELY to be driving in another driver’s blind spot when you are passing them.
  13. If you find yourself driving in another driver’s blind spot, you should move out of it as soon as it is safe.
  14. Because another driver might move into your lane suddenly without you seeing your car, you should always adjust your speed or lane position to get out of the blind spot.
  15. When driving a vehicle with a heavy load, the stopping distance will be greater than unloaded, therefore increase your following distance of other vehicles.
  16. If a weaving vehicle is following you too closely, you should keep to the right, slow down, and pull off the road if necessary.
  17. To avoid being hit in the rear by another car, you should check your rear-view mirrors often.
  18. If you are driving in the right lane on an expressway, you should probably move into the left lane when traffic is light and cars are merging onto the expressway from the right.
  19. The only way to check the blind spots are by turning your head and looking over your shoulders.
  20. Before moving from the right to the middle lane on a six-lane highway, you should check for other vehicles entering the middle lane.
  21. You should turn around to the right and look over your shoulder for the BEST view while backing.
  22. While backing a car, the BEST way to see clearly in the direction your car is moving is to turn your head and shoulders and look backward.
  23. To steer the car while moving backward, you should turn the top of the steering wheel in the direction you want the rear of the car to go.
  24. Changing lanes and passing cars are similar task because the driver’s view is easily blocked.
  25. When deciding to pass another vehicle or to change lanes, a proper communication is to use the turn signal.
  26. The first thing you should do before deciding to pass on a two-lane road is make sure it is legal and the left lane is clear of oncoming traffic.
  27. When you decide to pass on a two-lane road, you should judge how much distance you have to safely pass.
  28. After passing another vehicle, DO NOT return to the right lane until you can see the passed vehicle in your inside rear-view mirror and check the blind spot.
  29. The safest time to pass on a two-lane road with no oncoming traffic is when you come to a broken line to your left.
  30. Do not try to pass a vehicle on the left when it is making a left turn.
  31. It is legal to pass on the right when you are on an expressway with three lanes in one direction.
  32. When driving on a two-lane, one-way street, you may pass on the right if a vehicle ahead of you is turning left, if traffic is light, or if the left lane is blocked.
  33. You must not try to pass on the right when the car in front of you is signaling for a right turn.
  34. You are driving on a four-lane undivided highway.  A school bus going in the other direction has stopped and is picking up kids, you should stop and wait until the bus starts or turns off its flashers.
  35. When you are behind a school bus that has stopped outside the city limits to pick up children, you must stop and wait until the bus starts or turns off its flashers.
  36. If you overtake a school bus in motion, it is SAFEST to pass if the road is clear of oncoming traffic.
  37. A car that has just passed you could most likely cause danger for you if it makes a fast right-hand turn.
  38. Passing on a blind curve is dangerous MAINLY because oncoming traffic cannot be seen on curves.
  39. If a car is passing you on a blind curve, you should slow down if there are no cars behind you.
  40. If a passing vehicle has to cut closely in front of you to avoid oncoming traffic, you should slow down and check the shoulder if case you have to get off the roadway.
  41. Motorcycle riders are required by law to obey the same traffic laws as automobile drivers.
  42. If you have a flat tire, you should pull off the right shoulder as far as possible and turn on your emergency flashers.
  43. If you are having trouble judging distances, you should leave a greater distance between you and the vehicle ahead of you.
  44. You should look to the right edge of the road to reduce the effects of headlight glare at night.
  45. If you have poor night vision you should avoid driving at night.
  46. If children are playing on a sidewalk a half block ahead of you, you will notice them in time to slow down if you are moving your eyes from side to side.
  47. You can cut down the chance of hitting something in front of you at night if you drive slow enough to stop in the distance you can see.
  48. If you check your blind spots before changing lanes, you can avoid hitting a car beside you.
  49. If your passengers are playing a road sign game, you should not engage and just pay attention to the road.
  50. If a bee is buzzing around inside the car, you should park the car safely before doing anything about it.
  51. If you are running late, DO NOT attempt to eat in while driving.
  52. If you feel nervous and rushed, it is BEST to avoid driving unless you can pay attention to the road.
  53. Do not drive if you are overly excited or emotional, you must pay special attention to road conditions and your driving.
  54. The HIGHEST risk of danger during night driving is overdriving your headlights.
  55. Alcohol affects the body by putting the brain to sleep.
  56. Having just one or two drinks before driving affects your reaction time and judgement.
  57. The brain is the first organ of the body affected by alcohol.
  58. One effect of drinking is that you are likely to think your driving is as good as ever.
  59. Most drivers who have been drinking will take more chances than usual.
  60. People often have a drink at a party to avoid being different.
  61. Teenagers often drink so that they will be like their friends.
  62. Whether or not you drink alcohol depends most upon your social group.
  63. If you take a breathalyzer test, you will be asked to blow into a machine.
  64. If you are arrested for driving while impaired, the implied consent law requires you to take a blood alcohol test.
  65. A blood sample must be taken by a medical professional.
  66. LSD has the GREATEST effect on vision, hearing, taste and smell.
  67. The GREATEST risk for driving under the effects of marijuana are the perception of speed and distance.
  68. Narcotics have the GREATEST effect on your perception of speed and distance.
  69. Speeding on wet roads may cause hydroplaning because friction decreases.
  70. The faster the speed the greater the force of impact in an accident.
  71. Headlight glare is one danger of driving in fog.
  72. City driving is more dangerous than expressway driving because of the cross traffic and pedestrians.
  73. City driving is more dangerous because of more distractions from lights, signs, and pedestrians.
  74. One danger of expressway driving sleepiness caused by driving at the same speed for long periods.
  75. The GREATEST responsibility drivers have is to do whatever they can to cut down the chances of accidents or injuries.
  76. You should clean your headlights to make them work more effectively.
  77. When driving at night you should be sure you can stop within the distance you can see.
  78. Driving in heavy fog is most dangerous because it causes decreased visibility.
  79. Snowstorms and heavy rain are causes of poor traction.
  80. If you drive in heavy fog, use your low beam headlights.
  81. The best way to drive on a slippery surface caused by rain and road oil is to reduce speed.
  82. Immediately after driving through a deep puddle of water, you should gently apply the brakes to make sure they work.
  83. If you want to stop or slow down gradually when driving on ice, you should use light and steady pressure on the brakes.
  84. When driving up a snow or ice covered hill, you should apply slight pressure to the gas pedal while climbing.
  85. If you come to a large snow drift on an expressway, it is best to avoid it if possible.
  86. The type of tires on a vehicle has the greatest effect on road friction.
  87. During a heavy rainstorm, friction between a vehicle and the road is reduced most when the tires ride on the water instead of the road.
  88. Car tires will MOST LIKELY hydroplane if they are bald.
  89. If your vehicle is skidding to the left, you should steer to the left.
  90. If you run off the road onto an unpaved shoulder, you should keep your wheels straight and gently slow down.
  91. The SAFEST method to stop hydroplaning is to ease up on the gas pedal.
  92. When the oil light comes on, it means that the oil pressure is low.
  93. When the engine is running and the alternator light is on, it is MOST LIKELY that the alternator is not providing enough current.
  94. If the temperature light is on, you should stop at the first safe opportunity and let the engine cool.
  95. If you oil light comes on you should shut off the engine and check the oil level.
  96. When the brake system warning light stays on after you have shifted to Drive, you should first check to make sure the parking brake is released.
  97. If your engine stalls at a red traffic signal, you should turn on your flashers, shift to park, and try to restart the engine.
  98. If your wheels lock while braking you should release the brake immediately, then brake more lightly.
  99. Failure to inspect the exhaust system could result in carbon monoxide poisoning.
  100. Failure to check the oil level could result in major engine damage.
  101. If you smell fumes, while driving your car, you may have a broken exhaust system.
  102. Wheels out of balance or alignment can cause thin inner edges or outer edges and flat spots on tires.
  103. Roughly half of all fatal traffic accidents involve a drunk person.
  104. When a driver acquires 7 points on their license, they can have 3 points deducted by completing a Driver Improvement Clinic.
  105. Conviction of passing a stopped school bus carries the highest number of license points (5).
  106. You will automatically lose your license for all the following:
  1. Driver’s refusal to take blood or breath test
  2. Conviction of prearranged racing with another car
  3. Conviction of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  1. A driver will lose his license if he is convicted of speeding more than 15 MPH over the speed limit.
  2. Bicycle riders are likely to be seriously injured in almost any collision with a car.
  3. Motorcycles are particularly dangerous for which of the following reasons:  

1) They are more difficult to see than cars.

2) They give the rider little protection if there is an accident.

161. A safe driver frequently checks the rear-view and side mirrors.

162. Unless otherwise posted, the speed limit for passenger cars and pickup trucks is 55 MPH.

163. The speed limit for a school activity bus is 55 MPH.

164. The speed limit inside a city is 35 MPH unless otherwise posted.

165. A car in motion tends to continue in the same direction.

166. Passing on the right is legal in both of these situations:                    

1) A four-lane highway with two lanes going in each direction. 2) On a two lane one-way street.

167. When backing your car, you should move very slowly.

168. Highway accidents occur most frequently at intersections.

169. If you come to an unmarked intersection where it is hard to see in all directions because of trees or buildings, you should stop at the intersection and move forward slowly.

170. The most frequent type of accident on interstate highways is rear-end collisions.

171. You are driving on an interstate highway when a breakdown forces you to the shoulder. You should raise the hood and tie a white handkerchief to the left door handle.

172. Studies have shown that under normal conditions the chance of a car being involved in an accident on an interstate highway is greater if the driver travels considerably below the posted speed limit.

173. A diamond shaped sign means slow down and drive with care.

174. You should use your low-beam lights at night in the city, in foggy or misty weather, or in a heavy snowstorm during the day.

175. Roads are especially slick just after it has begun to rain or shine.

176. When driving through heavy fog, you should slow down.

177. The best way to get good traction on hard packed snow is to put chains on your tires.

178. When starting your car and pulling away in snow, you should increase your speed slowly.

179. Overloading a car may result in damage to the car’s transmission and tires.

180. When hauling a heavy load, you should allow more distance for stopping.

181. If you flood your engine when trying to start your car, you should turn on the ignition and at the same time hold the gas pedal all the way down.

182. When changing a flat tire, you should block the wheels.

183. If you run off the side of the road onto the shoulder, you should take your foot off the gas pedal gradually.

184. To get out of a skid, you should turn the steering wheel in the direction the rear end of the car is skidding.

185. In North Carolina, license plate lights are required on all cars.


 

Sign Shapes

Octagon-Stop

Triangle-Yield

Rectangle-Regulatory (tells you what to do ex: Speed Limit)

Pentagon-School zone or school crossing

Round or Circular or Crossbuck-Railroad Crossing

Pennant-No passing

Diamond-Warning

 

Sign Colors

Red-Stop

Yellow-Warning

Black/White-Regulatory

Orange-Construction

Green, Blue, Brown-Guide/informational signs (give directions, routes, distances, and indicate services.)