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Staff Sexual Abuse Policy, I Dream PCS
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Preventing and Addressing Learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff in I Dream Public Charter School


Table of Contents

I. Introduction        3

A. Scope of Policy        3

B. Prohibition of learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff        3

C. Key Considerations        4

II. Preventing learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff        4

A. Informing the School Community about the Policy        4

B. Training        4

C. Interactions between School Staff and learners        5

D.  Prohibition Against Assisting Employment of Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse Offenses        7

III. Addressing learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff        8

A. Reporting learner Sexual Abuse        8

1. Learner, Parent, and Guardian Reporting        8

2. Mandated Reporting by School Staff        9

3. Confidentiality        10

4. Retaliation        11

B. Responding to Allegations of learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff        11

1. Immediate Steps        11

2. Informing the School Community        12

3. Impartial Procedures for Investigating Complaints        13

4. Resources for Affected learners and Families        13

Appendix A: Definitions        14


I. Introduction

The School Safety Omnibus Amendment Act of 2018 (SSOAA) requires schools to adopt and implement a policy that prevents and addresses learner sexual abuse by school staff.[1] It also requires schools to provide training for staff at the time of hiring and at a minimum every two years thereafter on sexual misconduct, learner sexual abuse, and child abuse. Additionally, schools must provide training and information for parents/guardians on an annual basis regarding child abuse, sexual misconduct, and learner sexual abuse.  I Dream Public Charter School (I Dream PCS) is committed to implementing best practices to prevent and respond to learner sexual abuse.

I Dream PCS’s policy includes requirements for preventing learner sexual abuse as well as procedures for responding to allegations of learner sexual abuse. For a list of definitions of key terms used throughout this policy, please consult Appendix A.

A. Scope of Policy

This policy applies to all schools within I Dream PCS and all school staff and learners enrolled in I Dream PCS, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. All employees, contractors, and agents of the school shall adhere to this policy. The policy applies to all actions that occur between school staff and learners.

This policy describes steps that I Dream PCS staff are required to take when they possess knowledge of actual or alleged sexual misconduct, sexual abuse, sexual contact, and/or sexual acts between learners and staff, consistent with DC Official Code § 4-1321.01, et seq.[2] This policy does not replace I Dream PCS human resources policies for investigating and taking personnel action for misconduct that does not rise to the level of an investigation by the Child and Family Services Agency (CFSA) or the Metropolitan Police Department (MPD).  

B. Prohibition of Learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff

I Dream PCS prohibits actions of learner sexual abuse by school staff. Any behavior by school staff toward a learner that is unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature and would reasonably cause the learner to feel uncomfortable is prohibited, regardless of whether such behavior is complained of by the learner, the behavior is overtly sexual, or such behavior could constitute a crime. These behaviors may include unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature.[3] The school takes seriously all allegations of learner sexual abuse. When the school knows or reasonably should know that such an act has occurred, the school shall take immediate action and follow the procedures outlined in this policy. The school shall act upon any knowledge of abuse, regardless of whether the learner who was abused has filed a complaint or has otherwise notified the school.

C. Key Considerations

Situations that involve allegations of learner sexual abuse by school staff are highly sensitive and often complex. Schools shall always contact the CFSA hotline at (202) 671-SAFE or MPD at 911 if they are uncertain about how to proceed with a situation.

II. Preventing Learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff

A. Informing the School Community about the Policy

At least once per school year, schools shall provide learners, families, and school personnel with this policy and information about where complaints may be filed. In order to ensure that learners and families are adequately informed about the policy and procedures, the school shall make this policy available in the following locations: on the school’s website, in the main office, in the school health suite, in the office of the school counselor and school social worker, and in the parent and learner handbooks. [4] Schools shall inform learners of this policy in a developmentally appropriate manner. Schools are encouraged to use health curricula as a means to open conversations related to safety and sexual abuse.[5] This policy shall also be included in the I Dream PCS staff handbook.

B. Training

I Dream PCS recognizes the importance of educating its employees and families regarding the prevention of sexual abuse between staff and learners.

In addition to mandated reporter training,[6] school staff shall receive training on sexual misconduct, sexual abuse, and child abuse upon hiring and biennially thereafter.[7] Staff training shall include instruction on the following:

Training and information on sexual misconduct, sexual abuse, and child abuse shall also be made available for parents/guardians annually.[9] Training for parents/guardians shall include instruction on the following:

C. Interactions between School Staff and Learners

I Dream PCS shall always view any sexual activity between any staff member, contractor, volunteer, and agent of the school and any learner below the age of 20 years enrolled in the school or school system as unwelcome and nonconsensual.[11]

When meeting or communicating with a learner one-on-one, school staff shall follow the following guidelines:

The following sections are adapted from the DC Public Charter School Board’s Model D.C. Public Charter School learner Protection Policy and outline examples of types of contact between school staff and learners that are inappropriate.[12] While these lists are not exhaustive, they serve as a guide for conduct. Ultimately, each situation will be considered on a case-by-case basis.

Mode of Contact

Examples of Inappropriate Interactions

Physical Contact

  • Kisses
  • Showing affection in isolated areas
  • School staff sleeping in a bed with a learner
  • Allowing learners older than kindergarten-age to sit on personnel’s knees
  • Wrestling
  • Piggyback rides
  • Tickling
  • Allowing a learner to cling to a school staff member’s leg
  • Any type of massage given by or to a learner
  • Any form of affection that is unwanted by the learner
  • Touching stomach, bottom, chest, or genital areas

Verbal Interactions

  • Compliments related to physique or body development
  • Discussing sexual encounters or in any way involving learners in the personal problems or issues of school staff
  • Off-color or sexual jokes

Interactions Outside of School

  • Taking one learner on an outing, even with the parent/guardian’s written permission
  • Visiting one learner in the learner’s home, without a parent/guardian present
  • Entertaining one learner in the staff member’s home
  • Learners spending the night in the staff member’s home

Electronic and Telephonic Interactions

  • Any private electronic communication or image sharing, including via text, instant message, personal email accounts, or the use of social networking websites for direct messaging learners
  • Posting pictures of learners on personal social media sites
  • Adding learners as friends on personal social media sites
  • Any private telephonic communication, including texting, voice calls, and video calls

D.  Prohibition Against Assisting Employment of Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse Offenses

In addition to the prohibition outlined in SSOAA,[13] the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) also includes provisions that prevent school staff from assisting in the employment of perpetrators of child sexual abuse.[14] School employees, contractors, and agents are prohibited from assisting a school employee, contractor, or agent in obtaining a new job, apart from the routine transmission of administrative and personnel files, if the individual or agency knows, or has probable cause to believe, that such school employee, contractor, or agent engaged in sexual misconduct regarding a minor or learner in violation of the law.[15] This means that staff members may not help perpetrators by giving recommendations to prospective employers. This prohibition shall not apply if the information giving rise to probable cause has been reported to a law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over the alleged sexual misconduct or sexual assault and any other appropriate authorities as required by federal and District law and one of the following conditions is true:

  1. The matter has been officially closed, or the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia or MPD has investigated the allegations and notified school officials that there is insufficient information to establish probable cause that the employee, contractor, or agent engaged in sexual misconduct or sexual abuse regarding a minor or learner in violation of District or federal law; or
  2. The employee, contractor, or agent has been charged with and acquitted or otherwise exonerated of the alleged misconduct or abuse; or
  3. The case or investigation remains open and there have been no charges filed against, or indictment of, the employee, contractor, or agent within four years of the date on which the information was reported to the United States Attorney’s Office for the District of Columbia or the MPD.

Any school employee, contractor, or agent who knowingly assists another school employee, contactor, or agent who is known or believed to have engaged in sexual misconduct regarding a minor or learner shall be subject to appropriate disciplinary action in accordance with the I Dream PCS staff handbook, up to and including termination of employment.

The I Dream PCS human resources department shall maintain records of all allegations of sexual misconduct, child abuse, or the failure to report child abuse, as well as the outcome of any subsequent investigation for all school employees, contractors, or agents. The I Dream PCS human resources department shall provide this information when contacted by another LEA or school that is considering hiring the applicant.[16]

III. Addressing Learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff

The following sections detail avenues and requirements for reporting as well as key considerations for schools.

A. Reporting Learner Sexual Abuse

1. Learner, Parent, and Guardian Reporting

Learners, parents, guardians, and other individuals are encouraged to file complaints as soon as possible after the alleged act. No time limit shall be placed upon when a complaint may be filed. Complaints, including anonymous complaints, may occur through any form of communication, including in writing, via telephone, or via in-person conversation. Complaints shall be filed with the I Dream PCS Title IX Coordinator (Matt Whitnall, mwhitnall@idreampcs.org, 202-743-2366). The name, office address, and contact information for the Title IX Coordinator shall also be available in the main office. If a learner, parent, guardian, or other individual files a report of learner sexual abuse with a school staff member other than the Title IX Coordinator, then that school staff member shall immediately follow mandated reporter requirements to alert MPD by calling 911. The staff member shall then report the information to the Title IX Coordinator.

Reporting learners, parents, guardians, or other individuals may choose to simultaneously alert MPD by calling 911. Even if MPD is investigating, the school shall continue its own investigation, as legal standards for criminal investigations are different from the standards under Title IX. Schools shall not delay their investigation while the MPD investigation occurs. However, I Dream PCS will make every effort to coordinate with MPD so as not to interfere with MPD’s investigation.

If a reporting learner decides against filing a formal complaint, the school shall still investigate and take appropriate steps to resolve the situation and ensure the safety of all learners. Furthermore, the school shall investigate any incidents of misconduct involving direct observation by school staff, regardless of whether the learner files a report or requests any action.[17] In an effort not to compromise the integrity of the law enforcement and child protective services investigation, the timing and manner of the school’s investigation shall be coordinated with both of those entities.

In cases of discrimination, a learner may also choose to file a complaint with the US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (OCR) or the District of Columbia Office of Human Rights (OHR).[18],[19]

US Department of Education
Office for Civil Rights
Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Building
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202-1100

Phone: (800) 421-3481
Fax: (202) 453-6012; TDD: (800) 877-8339
Email: 
OCR@ed.gov

DC Office of Human Rights

441 4th Street NW, Suite 570 North

Washington, DC 20001 
Phone: (202) 727-4559
Fax: (202) 727-9589
TTY: 711
Email: 
ohr@dc.gov

2. Mandated Reporting by School Staff

All school staff have the duty to report the complaint to appropriate school officials.[20] Additionally, all mandated reporters of I Dream PCS are required to report any information of neglect and abuse of a child to MPD by calling 911 or to CFSA by calling (202) 671-SAFE.[21],[22] For more information on mandated reporter requirements, consult CFSA’s Mandated Reporter Training.[23] CFSA shall only be contacted if the alleged perpetrator of the abuse is the learner’s parent, guardian, or custodian. In all other cases, the school staff member shall file the report with MPD by calling 911.

The report shall include as much of the following information as possible:

There is no requirement that the reporter determine whether the report is substantiated. It is not the responsibility of school staff to prove that the learner has been a victim of sexual misconduct or to determine whether the learner is in need of protection. Criminal/child abuse and neglect investigations are the responsibility of CFSA and MPD. As such, such interviews with the learner or suspected abuser shall not be conducted by school staff or school district employees. Notes of voluntary or spontaneous statements by the learner shall be made and given to the investigating agency. Interviews conducted for the purposes of determining criminal conduct or determining child abuse by anyone other than the investigating agency (MPD or CFSA) could jeopardize proper handling of a child abuse or neglect case. However, the school will attempt to gather information needed to take action towards maintaining a safe environment for all parties. Interviews conducted subsequent to the end of the investigating agencies’ investigation for purposes of compliance with existing law are not prohibited.  

School staff shall cooperate with CFSA and MPD personnel authorized to investigate reports of sexual misconduct, including by preserving any video footage, providing access to learners, providing space for CFSA or MPD to conduct interviews, and allowing for the learner to be interviewed as long as the learner is accompanied by a parent/guardian or school staff. The school shall also provide access to the school for sexual assault victim advocates or sexual assault youth victim advocates, who may be present during the MPD interview, consistent with DC Official Code § 23-1908 and the Sexual Assault Victims’ Rights Amendment Act of 2019.[24] 

The school shall limit communication about the investigation to only those individuals who are required to know.

Any person making reports in good faith in an investigation of sexual misconduct between school staff and learners is immune from any civil or criminal liability that otherwise might arise from those actions.[25]

Upon making the report to CFSA or MPD, school staff shall then promptly deliver the report to the Title IX Coordinator, the Principal, and/or the Executive Director. In an instance where the Title IX Coordinator, Principal, and/or the Executive Director is the subject of the report, the school shall designate an alternative reporting person, most likely the Chair of the Board.

3. Confidentiality

The school shall discuss confidentiality standards and concerns with the reporting learner and their parent/guardian. Every effort shall be taken to protect the confidentiality of reporting learners in accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.[26] Some reporting learners may wish to remain anonymous. The school shall inform the reporting learner that a confidentiality request may limit the school’s ability to respond. If the reporting learner continues to request to remain anonymous, then the school shall take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the complaint consistent with the reporting learner’s request, as long as doing so does not prevent the school from responding effectively to the complaint and preventing the action from recurring with other learners.[27] 

4. Retaliation

Retaliation against any person who has filed a complaint, or has testified, assisted, or participated in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this policy is prohibited, and therefore a party engaged in retaliatory behavior shall be subject to disciplinary action. Retaliation may include, but is not limited to, harassment, threats, taunting, spreading rumors, unauthorized disclosure of the details of an investigation, ostracism, assault, destruction of property, or any negative conduct toward participants in response to an investigation and the events causing it. Anyone found to have engaged in retaliation will be subject to disciplinary or criminal action. Participants in an investigation, including victims, respondents, and witnesses, should report to the Title IX Coordinator any conduct that might reasonably constitute retaliation. If the Title IX Coordinator is the source of the retaliation, then the person alleging retaliation should contact the head of school or the designated alternative reporting person.

B. Responding to Allegations of Learner Sexual Abuse by School Staff

The school shall adhere to the following procedures when responding to allegations of learner sexual abuse by school staff.

1. Immediate Steps

After a report has been filed with CFSA or MPD and the Title IX Coordinator, then the school shall immediately begin the following protocol.

a. Acknowledgement of Receipt of Complaint

Within a reasonable number of days, but in no case more than three business days, of receipt of the complaint, the school’s Title IX Coordinator shall acknowledge in writing receipt of the complaint and inform the reporting learner, parent, guardian, or staff member of the steps of the investigatory process.

b. Interim Measures to Protect the Safety of the Learner Experiencing Alleged Learner Sexual Abuse

Upon becoming aware of any allegation of learner sexual abuse, the school shall take immediate actions to interrupt or stop the occurrence, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects. These actions shall occur regardless of whether the incident is the subject of criminal investigation. Responsive measures shall be designed to minimize, as much as possible, the burden on the reporting learner. In order to protect, as much as possible, the confidentiality of the reporting learner, responsive measures shall only be shared with school staff who are actively involved in their implementation. The school shall formalize the actions it is taking in a written action plan. These actions may include the following:

2. Informing the School Community

I Dream PCS shall work with MPD to determine when it is appropriate to notify the school community, including parents/guardians, of a complaint. Each complaint will be considered on a case-by-case basis, and the appropriate communication will then be developed. I Dream PCS shall take care not to compromise the investigation by releasing information prior to being instructed to do so by MPD. I Dream PCS will make all attempts to withhold communication until MPD has determined that a communication can be released. However, there may be instances in which the school determines that it has to notify the community. In such a case, I Dream PCS will work with MPD on the most appropriate method to communicate. The communication may contain the following information:

  1. A statement that an investigation (into sexual misconduct, inserted when case appropriate) is taking place at the school; and
  2. Information about the administrative action taken by the school to ensure that the alleged offender, at a minimum, has no unsupervised contact with learners.

In order to ensure the integrity of the investigation and to comply with confidentiality requirements, the school shall make every effort to prevent disclosure of the name of the reporting learner, the name of the accused staff member, and the name(s) of any witness(es), except as instructed by MPD.[28] Publicized accusations, if ultimately found to be false, may nevertheless irreparably damage the reputation of the accused staff member.[29] 

3. Impartial Procedures for Investigating Complaints

Schools shall comply with Title IX guidance to complete the school’s investigation of complaints.[30] Disciplinary action shall be instituted and resolved immediately upon completion of the investigation, in accordance with the I Dream PCS grievance procedures and staff handbook.

All complaints should be directed to the Title IX coordinator. If The Title IX coordinator is the accused, the complaint should be directed to the Executive Director. All complaints will be thoroughly investigated. There will be no retaliation against any employee who files a complaint in good faith, even if the result of the investigation produces insufficient evidence to support the complaint.

Anyone filing a complaint concerning a suspected violation, or a violation of the Code, must be acting in good faith and must have reasonable grounds for believing the disclosed information designates a violation of the Code. Any allegations which are not substantiated, and which prove to have been made with malicious intent or made knowing the accusation is false, will be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including separation from the school community. Violations, or suspected violations, may be anonymously submitted. These reports will be kept confidential to the extent possible consistent with the need to investigate the report.

4. Resources for Affected Learners and Families

The DC Victim Hotline is available 24/7 by telephone, text, or online chat.[31] Through a partnership with the Mayor’s Office of Victim Services and Justice Grants (OVSJG) and the National Center for Victims of Crime, the hotline provides comprehensive information, resources, and referrals in the District of Columbia. The DC Victim Hotline represents a collaboration of service providers in the District who are working to seamlessly connect victims of crime to free resources and to help them navigate the physical, financial, legal, and emotional repercussions of crime. To contact the Hotline, dial or text 1-844-4HELPDC (1-844-443-5732) or access the online chat at www.DCvictim.org/Chat.

Additionally, the school’s behavioral health team is available to provide support for learners, which may include individual counseling and referral for community-based services.

Please consult the following for lists of appropriate resources, services, and information for learners and families affected by learner sexual abuse.


Appendix A: Definitions

The following key terms and definitions apply to this policy to prevent and address learner sexual abuse by school staff.

Accused Staff Member

The accused staff member is the person or persons who are alleged to have committed the act resulting in the complaint. The accused staff member may be any employee or volunteer of a school, or an employee of an entity with whom the school contracts, who acts as an agent of the school at the school or during activities sponsored by the school.[36]

Child Abuse

Child abuse is the infliction of physical or mental injury upon a child, sexual abuse or exploitation of a child, or the negligent treatment or maltreatment of a child. [37]

Child

For the purposes of this policy, a child is any learner who has not yet attained the age of 16.

Consent

Consent means words or overt actions indicating a freely given agreement to a physical act within the course of an interpersonal relationship. Consent to a physical act or contact may be initially given but withdrawn at any time. Lack of verbal or physical resistance or submission by the victim due to their mental or physical incapacitation or impairment, or the use of force, threats, or coercion shall not constitute consent. Past words or actions indicating freely given agreement to a past physical act or contact shall not constitute consent to a future physical act or contact.[38] 

I Dream PCS shall always view as unwelcome and nonconsensual any sexual activity between any teacher, counselor, principal, coach, or other person of authority and any learner below the age of 20 years enrolled in the school or school system.[39]

Minor

For the purposes of this policy, a minor is any learner who has not yet attained the age of 18.[40]

Reporting Learner

The reporting learner is the individual who reports a complaint. A parent/guardian or a school staff member may also make a report on behalf of a learner.

Sexual Act

A sexual act means:

(A) The penetration, however slight, of the anus or vulva of another by a penis;

(B) Contact between the mouth and the penis, the mouth and the vulva, or the mouth and the anus; or

(C) The penetration, however slight, of the anus or vulva by a hand or finger or by any object, with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.

(D) The emission of semen is not required for the purposes of subparagraphs (A)-(C) of this paragraph.[41]

Sexual Contact

Sexual contact means the touching with any clothed or unclothed body part or any object, either directly or through the clothing, of the genitalia, anus, groin, breast, inner thigh, or buttocks of any person with an intent to abuse, humiliate, harass, degrade, or arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.[42]

Sexual Misconduct

Sexual misconduct is any verbal, nonverbal, written, or electronic communication, or any other act directed toward or with a learner that is designed to establish a sexual relationship with a learner. This includes:

Staff

Staff means any employee or volunteer of a school, or an employee of an entity with whom the school contracts, who acts as an agent of the school at the school or activities sponsored by a school.[44] The terms “school staff” and “school personnel” are used interchangeably throughout this document.

Learner Sexual Abuse

Learner sexual abuse means any of the following acts committed by a school staff member against a learner of a school:

Sexually Suggestive Conduct

Engaging in any of the following acts in a way which is intended to cause or reasonably causes the sexual arousal or sexual gratification of any person:

PREVENTING AND ADDRESSING LEARNER SEXUAL ABUSE BY SCHOOL STAFF        


[1] School Safety Omnibus Amendment Act of 2018: http://lims.dccouncil.us/Download/40929/B22-0951-SignedAct.pdf. Codified at DC Official Code § 38-951.01, et seq. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/.

[2] DC Official Code § 4-1321.01, et seq. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/4/chapters/13/subchapters/II/

[3] Adapted from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 2. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[4] Adapted from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 20. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[5] Please see OSSE’s “Curricula Guide for Meeting DC Health Education Standards and School Safety Omnibus Amendment Act of 2018 (SSOAA) Requirements” for a list of curricula that meet SSOAA’s requirements: https://osse.dc.gov/page/school-safety-omnibus-amendment-act-2018-ssoaa#resourcess

[6] Mandated Reporter Training: https://cfsa.dc.gov/service/mandated-reporter-training

[7] DC Official Code § 38-951.02(c)(1). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/ 

[8] DC Official Code § 38-951.02(c)(1). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/ 

[9] DC Official Code § 38-951.02(c)(2). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/ 

[10] DC Official Code § 38-951.02(c)(2). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[11] DC Official Code § 22–3009.03-04. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[12] Praesidium (2018). Model D.C. Public Charter School learner Protection Policy.

[13] DC Official Code § 32.1131.01, et seq. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/32/chapters/11A/#

[14] 20 US Code § 7926. Retrieved from: http://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid:USC-prelim-title20-section7926&num=0&edition=prelim

[15] 20 US Code § 7926. Retrieved from: http://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid:USC-prelim-title20-section7926&num=0&edition=prelim

[16] DC Official Code § 38-951.03(b). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[17] This paragraph adapted from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 15. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[18] Office for Civil Rights: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/complaintprocess.html

[19] Office of Human Rights: https://ohr.dc.gov/service/file-discrimination-complaint

[20] This sentence adapted from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 13. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[21] DC Official Code § 4-1321.02. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/4/chapters/13/subchapters/II/

[22] DC Official Code § 22-3020.52 (Pertaining to reporting requirements involving child victims of sexual abuse). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/sections/22-3020.52.html

[23] Mandated Reporter Training: https://cfsa.dc.gov/service/mandated-reporter-training

[24] DC Official Code § 23-1908. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/23/chapters/19/subchapters/II/, as amended by the Sexual Assault Victims’ Rights Amendment Act of 2019. Retrieved from: http://lims.dccouncil.us/Legislation/B23-0067

[25] DC Official Code § 22-3020.55 Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/subchapters/II-A/

[26] 20 US Code §§ 1681, et seq. Retrieved from: http://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?path=/prelim@title20/chapter38&edition=prelim

[27] This paragraph adapted from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 17. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf.

[28] US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 16. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[29] This paragraph from: US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 18. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[30] See US Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (January 2001). Revised Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of learners by Schools Employees, Other learners, or Third Parties: Title IX, 16. Retrieved from: https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/shguide.pdf

[31] DC Victim Hotline: https://ovsjg.dc.gov/page/dc-victim-hotline-now-available

[32] DBH’s Behavioral Resource Directory: https://dbh.dc.gov/page/behavioral-health-resource-directory

[33] MPD’s Sexual Assault Resources List: https://mpdc.dc.gov/node/137932

[34] MPD’s Victim Specialists Unit: https://mpdc.dc.gov/node/141392

[35] OSSE’s Supporting Mental Health in Schools Resources List: https://osse.dc.gov/page/supporting-mental-health-schools

[36] DC Official Code § 38-951.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[37] DC Official Code § 38-951.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[38] DC Official Code § 38-824.02. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/8A/subchapters/IV/

[39] DC Official Code § 22–3009.03-04. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[40] Even if a learner is no longer a minor, learner-teacher relationships under the age of 20 are improper and defined as sexual abuse under DC Official Code § 22–3009.03-04. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[41] DC Official Code § 22–3001(8). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[42] DC Official Code § 22–3001.9. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[43] DC Official Code § 38-951.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[44] DC Official Code § 38-951.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/38/chapters/9A/

[45] DC Official Code § 22–1834.Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/sections/22-1834.html

[46] DC Official Code § 22-2704. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/27/

[47] DC Official Code § 22–3002. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[48] DC Official Code § 22–3003. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[49] DC Official Code § 22–3004. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[50] DC Official Code § 22–3005. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[51] DC Official Code § 22–3006. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[52] DC Official Code § 22–3008. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[53] DC Official Code § 22–3009. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[54] DC Official Code § 22–3009.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[55] DC Official Code § 22–3009.02. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[56] DC Official Code § 22–3009.03. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[57] DC Official Code § 22–3009.04. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[58] DC Official Code § 22–3010. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[59] DC Official Code § 22–3010.01. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[60] DC Official Code § 22–3010.02. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[61] DC Official Code § 22–3102. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/31/

[62] DC Official Code § 22–3018. Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/

[63] DC Official Code § 22–3010.01(b). Retrieved from: https://code.dccouncil.us/dc/council/code/titles/22/chapters/30/