The BAN – Beth Aharon Newsletter

Riverdale’s Sephardic Congregation @ The Riverdale Bayit - 3700 Henry Hudson Parkway, Bronx NY 10463

Shabbat Shalom laMətsora’ Hagadol from Beth Aharon @ the Riverdale Bayit:

April 13, 2019 | ח’ ניסן תשע"ט - Issue #5779: 31

Zəmanim & Services

Shabbat HaGadol

Parashat Mətsora’

13 April 2019 * 8 Nisan 5779

Candle Lighting - 7:14pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit - 7:00pm

Shaḥarit - 8:30am * Latest Shəma - 9:38am

Kiddush - 11:25am

Parasha Limud - 6:00pm

Zohar - 6:25pm * Minḥa - 6:30pm

Shabbat Hagadol Drasha - 7:00pm

Shəki’a - 7:33pm * Arvit - 8:13pm

Tset Hakokhavim /Havdala - 8:18pm


Regular Week Prayers (Tefilat Avraham)

Shaḥarit: Sun: 8:30am *  Mon/Thu: 6:40, 8:00am * Tue/Wed/Fri: 6:45, 8:00am

Minḥa/Arvit: Sun-Thu: 7:15pm

Picture of the Week

“Am Yisrael Chai - Small Country, Big Dreams” - The Beresheet spacecraft captured this "selfie" during its Moon landing attempt on Thursday April 11, about 13 miles from the Moon’s surface.

In the Beginning

The Haggadah was compiled during the Mishnaic and Talmudic periods. Although the exact date is unknown, it was probably not before the 2nd century CE.

In post-Talmudic times, during the era of the Geonim, selections from midrashim were added to the Haggadah; most likely Rabbi Amram Gaon (c. 850) was the originator of the present collection, as he was the redactor of the daily liturgy in the siddur.

Of these midrashim one of the most important is that of the four children, representing four different attitudes towards why Jews today should observe Passover.

The oldest complete manuscript of the Haggadah dates to the 10th century. It is part of a prayer book compiled by Saadia Gaon.

The earliest known Haggadot produced as works in their own right are manuscripts from the 13th and 14th centuries. The oldest confirmed printed Haggadah was printed in Soncino, Lombardy in 1486 by the Soncino family. (wiki ) 

This Shabbat & Beyond

The BAN will be on vacation for Pesaḥ.

Meanwhile, you shall overcome... the 2 days :)

All tefilot Shabbat and ag will fully take place. Schedule inside.


Tefilat Erev Shabbat @7:00pm

Shaḥarit @ 8:30am ● First Kadish: 8:55am ● Shəma‘ Yisrael: 9:15am - all kids participate! ● Youth Groups: See the Bayit Bulletin for all programs.

Parasha: 9:45am ● Yimlokh: 10:40am - All kids are welcome to join!

 ● Dvar Torah: 10:45am - Rav Dov Lerea

Rəfuaa Shəlema to all the Bayit’s sick and to Israel’s injured bodies & souls. List on the back page.

Many Thanks to Eileen & Daniel Langer for sponsoring kiddush last shabbat. Kiddush sponsorships available. To Rav Dov for an educating Hilkhot Pesaḥ shi’ur.

 Congratulations to Israel’s Right, Likud Party, and PM Netanyahu on winning the 2019 Elections; To Blue-White Party on becoming Israel’s second largest party; To Israeli spacecraft Beresheet on its impressive attempt to land on the Moon. A huge progress to Israel, being the 7th country to reach the Moon’s orbit and reach its surface, albeit with a crushing love :)

Happy Birthday to Akiva LaMot, and... YOU!

Kiddush is sponsored by BAnners & Friends celebrating Israel’s democracy and the Unity of Am Yisrael.


Daf Yomi with Eli Oberstein @ 5:40pm on 3FL. ● Parasha Limud - 6:00pm

After Minḥa: Shabbat Hagadol Drasha with Rav Steven: “Why is this Night the Same as Last Night.”  In the main sanctuary @ 7:00pm. 

More news on the back.

From the Rabbis and Beyond…

Rav Ovadia Yosef z”l


פירות יבשים

שתי שאלות: בבית הורי נהגו שלא לאכול פירות יבשים בפסח, וכעת לאחר שנשאתי ראיתי שבמשפחת בעלי אוכלים פירות יבשים בפסח, האם המנהג נכון? והאם נכון הדבר שאסור לגעת בחמץ שמוצאים ברחוב בפסח?

תשובה: כתב הרמ"א בהגהת השלחן ערוך (סימן תסז ס"ה) שנהגו שלא לאכול פירות מיובשים בפסח. ומקור המנהג הובא בדרכי משה, שנהגו בכמה מקומות שלא לאכול פירות יבשים בפסח, משום שהיו נוהגים לייבש את הפירות בסמוך לפת לחם בתנור. ועוד, שהיו נוהגים (וכן נוהגים עד עתה), להדביק קמח על גבי התאנים לייבשן. ולכן אסרו לאכול פירות יבשים בפסח.

אבל מנהג הספרדים ובני עדות המזרח להקל באכילת פירות יבשים בפסח. אולם הזהירו הפוסקים להשמר מתערובת חמץ בתאנים מיובשות, וכן הזהיר מרן רבינו הקדוש זצ"ל שלא לקנות בוטנים ואגוזים קלויים הנמכרים בשוק, אם אין עליהם השגחה מיוחדת לחג הפסח, שידוע שמערבים קמח במלח. (חזון עובדיה ח"ב עמוד סו).

ובכלל בדברי הפוסקים מצאנו דינים רבים לגבי מוצרי מזון שונים שמור להשתמש בהם בפסח ללא הכשר. אולם פעמים רבות שהדברים היו נכונים רק בשעתם, אבל כיום, שתעשיית המזון השתכללה לאין שיעור, הרבה פעמים קיימים חששות בכל מוצר מזון, ובפרט בימי הפסח. לכן נכון להזהר שלא לקנות מוצרים לימי הפסח, אם לא שיש עליהם תעודת כשרות איכותית לימי הפסח.

ולגוף השאלה, נראה שמשפחת השואלת נהגו כמנהגי האשכנזים, שלא לאכול פירות יבשים בפסח. ועליהם להמשיך במנהגם. אבל הבעל, שהוא ספרדי, נהג להקל בדבר. ויוכל להמשיך במנהגו כפי שכתבנו..

ולסיכום: מנהג האשכנזים שלא לאכול פירות יבשים בפסח. והספרדים לא נהגו בזה איסור.

What's in a name? Shabbat Hagadol – Why?

This Shabbat, before Pesach, is called "Shabbat Hagadol" (the "Great Shabbat") for a number of reasons:

1) The primary event commemorated on this Shabbat is a great miracle which occurred on this day, several days before the Exodus. Bnei Yisrael were commanded by Moshe to take a lamb and tie it to their bedposts on Shabbat, the 10th day of Nissan, five days before they were to leave Egypt. When the Egyptians inquired by the Jews why they were buying lambs en masse, they were told that these lambs were intended for the Paschal Offering, which would be sacrificed in preparation of the Plague of the Firstborn. For some reason, this information rattled the Egyptian firstborn, who immediately insisted that Par’o grant Bnei Yisrael the liberty they demanded. When Par’o refused their request, the Egyptian firstborn waged war with Par’o's army, and many Egyptians who were guilty of atrocities against the Jews were killed on that day.

2) On this day it was demonstrated that the Egyptians were powerless against Bnei Yisrael. They must have been weakened by the fact that the Bnei Yisrael were planning to slaughter lambs, an Egyptian deity.

3) Some suggest that this Shabbat earned the title "Gadol," because it is the day when the rabbis traditionally deliver extensive lectures about the laws of Passover, and pontificate about the lessons to be learned from the holiday.

4) The Haftarah read in many communities on this Shabbat speaks of the coming of Mashiah, referring to the day of his arrival as the "Yom Hashem Hagadol V'hanora" -- the "great" and awesome day of G-d. (

A Story – of a story

“Retell your children the story of the Exodus!”

A little boy once returned home from Hebrew school and his father asked, "What did you learn today?" He answered, "The Rabbi told us how Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt." "How?", asked the father The boy said "Moses was a big strong man and he beat Pharaoh up. Then, while he was down, he got all the people together and ran towards the sea. When he got there, he has the Corps of Engineers build a huge pontoon bridge. Once they got on the other side, they blew up the bridge while the Egyptians were trying to cross." The father was shocked. "Is that what the Rabbi taught you?" The boy replied, "No. But you'd never believe the story he DID tell us!" (

A Moment this Week

“G-d told us plainly two things: You touched something huge that no one can ignore, and you, the new fruit, are not yet ripe enough, and the people are still not ready to accept you, (but the fruit will ripen and the people will be ready)”.

- Moshe Feiglin, Zehut - losing with dignity :)

Weekly Riddle

Which chicken is different?

 (Guess before you take a peek. The answer is on the back page.)

Time to Smile 

The 2 leaders Gants and Lapid the 2 leaders of the Israeli Blue-White Party (Mifleget Kahol-Lavan) prayed for G-d’s help in the elections.

And so G-d sent an angel from the Heavens to meet with the 4 leaders.

The angel descended with light and glory and upon seeing them, the angel kindly asked: “Whom do you want me to vote for?”

  And the 2 leaders with no hesitation replied at once in fluent Hebrew: “Bi” “Bi”

And G-d heard and voted... BiBi.


Hamas issued a statement praising the Moon on joining the resistance to İsrael.

On the Parasha & Beyond…

Parasha: Mətsora’ - Vayikra (Leviticus) 14:1-15:33

Historical Context: Bnei Israel 's 40-year journey continues. Location: Against Har Sinai (Mount Sinai).

Creation Time: 2449 (1476 bce) entering the second year of the departure of Mitsrayim. Bnei Israel camp in front of Har Sinai ( Mount Sinai ) received the Torah, built the Mishkan (sanctuary), are commanded of the korbanot (sacrifices), kosher eats, purity and impurity, & other laws.

Parashort: The priests are taught how to purify persons who have recovered from Biblical leprosy, how to deal with infected houses, and of other conditions which result in impurity. (

Haftarat Hagadol – Mal’akhi, 3:4-24

Haftit: The Prophet Malachi predicts that Hashem will be pleased by B’nai Yisrael’s future sacrifices, but for now (in Malachi’s day) Hashem finds fault with B’nai Yisrael’s wrongdoings and Hashem will deal firmly with them. Hashem says that if you keep the laws of ma’aser (giving one tenth of your profits to charity) you will be rewarded so much, that your lips will become raw from saying… “Baruch Hashem “, “Thank You Hashem, I have a lot to be grateful for”. The great Day of Judgment is coming; the people who went away from Hashem will be punished and the people who moved closer to Hashem will be rewarded. Hashem then firmly suggests keeping the Torah. The Haftarah concludes with a promise that one day in the future, the prophet Eliyahu will reappear. Eliyahu will be the predecessor to the Mashiah.

Connection to the Parasha: The Shabbat before Pesah is called Shabbat Hagadol, the Great Shabbat, because it was the Shabbat preceding the awesome Yetzi'at Mitzraim-Exodus from Egypt. Similarly, Mal’akhi, the prophet from whose book the Haftarah is selected from, speaks of the arrival of the “Yom Hagadol”, The Great Day, upon the arrival of Mashiah. (haftorahman)

Biblical Quiz

Kids: What is the name of the Prophet in our haftarah?

Youth: What is the meaning of the name Elisha?

Teens: Who was Elisha’s teacher?

Adults: How many miracles did Elisha Perform?

Experts: What are they?

Rav Question - שאלת רב

The Parasha discusses the seclusion of the mətsora’ from the general community. Under the assumption that the cause of Tsara’at is Leshon Hara’, should we do the same today? How many people will remain in shul?

Speechless in the Parasha - Mətsora’

The parasha describes a healing process for the metsora’. Read the details of the ritual and the elements involved.



Search for Ḥamets After 8:20pm

(If you are traveling or unable to do the search on Thursday night, search without a brakha on the last night you will be present.)


Fast Begins 4:59am

Shaḥarit 6:45 & 7:50am (HIR)

Siyum B’khorim 7:20 & 8:20am

Ḥamets May Not Be Eaten After 10:40am

Burn and Annul Ḥamets before 11:48am

Candle Lighting 7:21pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat Shabbat/Arvit 7:31pm

Start Seder (Kiddush) After 7:59pm

The Bayit Free Seder 8:15pm


Shaḥarit 9:00am

Minḥa 6:50pm Followed by a Limud

 Arvit 7:55pm

Candle lighting and Seder II after 8:22pm

The Bayit Free Seder 8:15pm


Shaḥarit 9:00am

Minḥa 7:25pm Followed by a Limud

Arvit/Yom Tov Ends 8:26pm


Shaḥarit 6:20 & 7:50am (HIR)

Minḥa/Arvit 7:30pm (HIR)


Shaḥarit 6:20 & 7:50am (HIR)

Eruv tavshilin/Candlelighting 7:28pm

Minḥa/Arvit 7:38pm


Shaḥarit 8:30am

Candle Lighting 7:29pm

Minḥa/Kabbalat-Shabbat/Arvit 7:30pm


Shaḥarit 8:30am

Azkara - before Maftir about 10:15am-10:30am

After Musaf: Shir Hashirim Reading

Minḥa 7:15pm

Shiur/Seuda Shelishit 7:45pm

Arvit/Pesaḥ Ends 8:33pm

* Ḥamets sold through the Bayit will be permissible after 9:00pm on Motsei Shabbat, April 27.

Community Board

This Week’s BAN is Sponsored By:

Things That Matter

Beth Aharon AḤVA Membership Campaign – 5779 שנת אחוה

In tribute to BA’s 20 Year Anniversary (Gematria: AḤVA=Friendship=אַחְוָה), we are inviting the community to join our 5779 Membership Campaign.  Demonstrate your “friendship” and support us by being a member. This year we are looking to raise funds for a new Aron Kodesh and comfortable blue chairs for the entire Kehila.  Your presence and membership greatly enhances our Beit Knesset and b’Ezrat Hashem our Tefillot. Shana Tova.


Support Congregation Beth Aharon! Thank you for joining tefilot @ Beth Aharon. Please support Beth Aharon. Mail donations, pledges, High Holidays 5779 and membership fees to: Beth Aharon/HIR, 3700 Henry Hudson Pkwy, Bronx, NY 10463.

Check our blog to donate online and for daily updates: Email:; Phone: 917-885-4714. Tizku Leshanim Rabot V’tovot!


Fill up your Shabbat and Holiday table by inviting friends and guests. Need a table? Contact us @ for help.


Sponsor the BAN Advertise your business and support Beth Aharon’s Newsletter. Place your business card for $36 per week; $252 for 17 weeks; or $576 for 52 weeks.


Seder @ the Bayit: Each year the Bayit hosts over 400 people for the Passover Seders. Join us to eat, drink, celebrate and relive the story of our Exodus at HIR’s Free Passover Seders for either of our two Seders on Friday, April 19th and Saturday, April 20th at 8:15pm. There is no charge to attend a Seder at the Bayit but we do rely on your generosity to cover the substantial cost of this program. To sponsor or to make a reservation please visit or call the office at 718-796-4730 x101.


Pesa is coming: Planning to Sale your amets? What about buying less, eating the amets you have, and donating the rest before Pesa. Leave the sale for businesses who deal with large inventory while making a good deed by donating food. Pesa Kasher to all!  


Clothing Swap: Saturday Night, April 13th 9:00-10:30pm. Bring your gently worn, clean, outgrown or unused clothes, shoes, and spring wear and trade them for “something new.” Sizes newborn & up, men and women. For more information, please contact Kathy Goldstein at


Clothing Drive: Sunday, April 14th from 9:30am-12:30pm. Pack in sturdy bags men’s, women’s, and children’s clothing, blankets & quilts, separately. Volunteers needed: Steve Pretsfelder or Barbara Gochberg at 718-601-3586 or

Congregation Beth Aharon is Riverdale’s Sephardic Orthodox Congregation, located at the Riverdale Bayit (HIR) Bronx, NY. We welcome all worshipers regardless of eda or level of observance. Our congregants take an active-leading role in Tefila and Kria’at haTorah.





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RIVERDALE: 718.796.2034

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Weekly Riddle - Answer

On the one hand: Chicken #2 has three fingers on its right foot; #3 has three feathers at the tip of its tail; #5 has one line at its right thigh; #6 has different shape of its left side neck feathers; #7 its looking upward; #8 has one longer line over its right wing. Therefore, the different chicken must be #4, because it looks exactly like #1. (It is different because it is not different :).

One the other hand, all chickens are the same: they lay eggs and/or end up in your plates.

Biblical Quiz - Answers: Mətsora’

Kids: Elisha * Youth: G-d will save

Teens: Eliyahuo Hanavi (Elijah) * Adults: 16

Experts: 1. The Crossing of the Jordan. 2. The Healing of the Waters of Jericho. 3. Cursing several young jeering men. 4. Filling ditches with water to win the battle. 5. Multiplying a widow's oil. 6. Promising a pregnancy. 7. Raising the Shunamit's son from the dead. 8. Rendering the poisonous stew harmless. 9. Multiplying loaves of bread. 10. Healing Na'aman's leprosy. 11. Cursing Gehazi with Leprosy. 12. Making an iron ax head float. 13. Blinding an Aramean army. 14. Showing his servant an angelic army. 15 & 16. Elisha resurrected two people.

Prayer for wellness

To Israel in captivity and Israel’s wounded bodies & souls; Reuven ben Aliza, Leah Channa bat Shifra, Yisrael Yair ben Yehudit Tzvia, Menachem ben Yehudit, Alisa bat Tsipora Malka, Yig’al ben Sulika, Rubin ben Abraham López and Ela, Adi ben Talia, Ya’akov ben Monavar, Shlomo ben Esther, Avraham Yair ben Alissa Sharon & Shmuel Dov, Naftali Yesha’ie Asheo ben Adina and Yosef Hayim, Sima bat Sionit and Sion, Shlomo ben Adina, Dov Yehuda ben Lea, Fortunee bat Na’ima Annette, Annela bat Elka, Yaniv Ben Sarah, and all the sick.