American Choral Music. Library of Congress, Music Division, Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Ball State University School of Music Concert and Event Programs. Ball State University Libraries Digital Media Repository, Ball State University.

Carnegie Hall Archives. Carnegie Hall, New York City, NY.

Charles L. Blockson Afro-American Collection. Temple Digital Collections, Temple University Libraries, Temple University.

Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. The Library of Congress.

David Rumsey Map Collection. Cartography Associates.

Department of Special Collections. Davidson Library, University of California, Santa Barbara.    Accessed via National Jukebox, The Library of Congress.

Discography of American Historical Recordings. University of California Santa Barbara Library, University of California Santa Barbara.

Dorothy West Digital Collection. Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, Harvard University.

HathiTrust Digital Library.

History of Erie County, Pennsylvania. Cornell University Library, Cornell University accessed via

Kansas Memory. Kansas Historical Society, Topeka, KS.

Marian Anderson Collection, MS 068. Western CT State University Archives’ Digital Collections, Western Connecticut State University.

Marian Anderson Papers. Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania.

The New York Public Library Digital Collections, The New York Public Library.

The New York Times Archives accessed via TimesMachine.

Pennsylvania Newspaper Archive. Penn State University Libraries, Penn State University.

Proms Performance Archive. The BBC Proms, London, UK.

Sheet Music Collection. Music Library and Bill Schurk Sound Archives, University Libraries, Bowling Green State University.

Special Collections and University Archives. University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The Times Digital Archive accessed via Gale Primary Sources.

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U.S. Federal Census Collection. National Archives and Records Administration accessed via

W. E. B. Du Bois Papers, 1803-1999 (bulk 1877-1963), MS 312. Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The Wigmore Hall Archive. Wigmore Hall, London, UK.

Photograph, Harry T. Burleigh, Unknown date, Resource ID: hk000423. E. Azalia Hackley Collection. Digital Collections, Detroit Public Library, Detroit, MI.

Periodicals and Newspapers

Africo-American Presbyterian

American Music

The Appeal

Arkansas State Press

The Atlanta Constitution

Baltimore Afro-American

The Black Perspective in Music

Bluefield Daily Telegraph

The Boston Globe

The Brainerd Daily Dispatch

The Broad Ax

The Bronxville Press

Charleston Daily Mail

The Chicago Defender

The Christian Advocate

The Cleveland Gazette

Colorado Springs Gazette

The Colored American

The Crisis: A Record of the Darker Races

The Daily Collegian

The Daily Inter Ocean

The Daily Oklahoman

The Dallas Morning News

Detroit Tribune

Duluth News Tribune

Evening Public Ledger

Fort Worth Star-Telegram

Harrisburg Telegraph

Indianapolis Freeman

Jonesboro Daily Tribune

Journal of Singing

Kansas City Advocate

The Kansas Industrialist

Kansas Whip

Kingston Daily Gleaner

The Lass-O

London Standard

Los Angeles Times

The Macon Daily Telegraph

Manatee River Journal

Le Ménestrel: Journal de Musique

Metropolitan Post

The Music Magazine - Musical Courier

Music News

Musical America

The Negro Music Journal

The Negro Star

The New Music Review

New York Amsterdam News

New York Herald

The New York Times

New-York Tribune

Oakland Sunshine

The Oregonian

Pacific Stars and Stripes

The Patriot

People’s Elevator

Philadelphia Inquirer

The Plain Dealer


The Times

The Times-Picayune

The Topeka Plaindealer

Trenton Evening Times

Tulsa World

Savannah Tribune

La Semaine à Paris

Springfield Republican

La Stampa

The Sun

Trenton Evening Times


The Washington Bee

Books and Scholarly Journals

Anderson, Marian. My Lord, What a Morning: An Autobiography. New York: Viking, 1956.

Anderson, Paul Allen. Deep River: Music and Memory in Harlem Renaissance Thought. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001.

Arsenault, Raymond. The Sound of Freedom: Marian Anderson, the Lincoln Memorial, and the Concert That Awakened America. 1st U.S. ed. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009.

Beckerman, Michael. Dvořák and His World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993.

———. “Dvořák's ‘New World’ Largo and ‘The Song of Hiawatha.’” 19th-Century Music 16,  no. 1 (Summer 1992): 35-48.

———. “Henry Krehbiel, Antonín Dvořák, and the Symphony ‘From the New World.’” Notes 49, no. 2 (1992): 447-73.

Brooks, Christopher A., and Robert Sims. Roland Hayes: The Legacy of an American Tenor. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2014.

Brooks, Tim. Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890-1919. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Carter, Marva Griffin. Swing Along: The Musical Life of Will Marion Cook. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Cuney-Hare, Maud. Negro Musicians and Their Music. Washington, DC: The Associated Publishers, 1936.

Downes, Edward. The New York Philharmonic Guide to the Symphony. New York: Walker and Company, 1967.

Dvořák, Otakar, and Paul Polansky. Antonín Dvořák, My Father. Spillville, IA: Czech Historical Research Center, 1993.

FitzGerald, Garret and Charles Lysaght. "John McCormack." In Great Irish Lives: An Era in Obituaries. London: Times Books, 2008.

Floyd, Samuel A., Jr. “Music in the Harlem Renaissance: An Overview.” In Black Music in the Harlem Renaissance: A Collection of Essays, edited by Samuel A. Floyd, Jr., 1-27. New York: Greenwood, 1990.

———. “The Invisibility and Fame of Harry T. Burleigh: Retrospect and Prospect.” Black Music Research Journal 24, no. 2 (Fall 2004) 179-194.

Frankenstein, Alfred. A Modern Guide to Symphonic Music. 1st ed. New York: Meredith, 1966.

Gody, Lou, ed. The WPA Guide to New York City. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.

Helm, MacKinley. Angel Mo' and Her Son, Roland Hayes. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1942.

Horowitz, Joseph. “Dvořák and Boston.” American Music 18, no. 1 (Spring 2001): 3-17.

Johnson, Helene and Verner D. Mitchell. This Waiting for Love: Helene Johnson, Poet of the Harlem Renaissance. Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press, 2000.

Johnson, James Weldon. Black Manhattan. American Negro, His History and Literature. New York: Arno Press, 1968.

Keiler, Allan. Marian Anderson: A Singer’s Journey. New York: Scribner, 2000.

Krehbiel, Henry. Afro-American Folksongs: A Study in Racial and National Music. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing, 1962.

Lovell, John. Black Song: The Forge and the Flame; The Story of How the Afro-American Spiritual Was Hammered Out. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Lubasch, Arnold H. Robeson: An American Ballad. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2012.

Miller, John. A Twentieth Century History of Erie County, Pennsylvania. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1909.

Patterson, Lindsay. The Negro in Music and Art. 2nd ed. International Library of Negro Life and History. New York: Publishers, 1968.

Peress, Maurice. Dvořák to Ellington: A Conductor Explores American’s Music and Its African American Roots. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Roach, Hildred. Black American Music: Past and Present. Boston: Crescendo Publishing, 1973.

Robeson, Paul. Paul Robeson Speaks: Writings, Speeches, Interviews, 1918-1974. Edited by Philip S. Foner. Larchmont, NY: Brunner/Mazel, 1978.

Robeson, Paul, Jr. The Undiscovered Paul Robeson: An Artist's Journey, 1898-1939. New York: Wiley, 2001.

Simpson, Anne Key. Hard Trials: The Life and Music of Harry T. Burleigh. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1990.

Smith, Jessie Carney. Notable Black American Women. Detroit: Gale Research, 1992.

Snyder, Jean E. Harry T. Burleigh: From the Spiritual to the Harlem Renaissance. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2016.

———. “Harry T. Burleigh, ‘One of Erie’s Most Popular Church Singers.’” Black Music Research Journal 24, no. 2 (2004): 195-225.

Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black Americans: A History. 1st ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1971.

Stevenson, Janet. Marian Anderson, Singing to the World. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica Press, 1963.

Taruskin, Richard. Music in the Nineteenth Century. Rev. ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

West, Dorothy. The Richer, the Poorer: Stories, Sketches, and Reminiscences. 1st ed. New York: Doubleday, 1995.

Whitman, Benjamin. Nelson’s Biographical Dictionary and Historical Reference Book of Erie County, Pennsylvania. Erie: S. B. Nelson, 1896.

Wintz, Cary D., and Paul Finkelman, eds. Encyclopedia of the Harlem Renaissance. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Other Sources

Aborn, Merton Robert. “The Influence on American Musical Culture of Dvořák’s Sojourn in America.” PhD diss., Indiana University, 1965. ProQuest (AAT 302134053).

Baranello, Micaela. “Welcoming a Black Composer into the Canon. Finally.” New York Times, February 9, 2018.

Doug Shadle (@DougShadle). “Everyone knows that the Chicago SO premiered Price's Symphony in E Minor in 1933. We also know that this concert was supposed to celebrate black musicians.” Twitter, November 19, 2018, 7:30 p.m.

Dvořák American Heritage Association. “Dvořák: Dvořák in America.” Accessed January 18, 2019.

Erie’s History and Memorabilia. “The Himrod family were one of the early settlers of Erie county. Their active interests in public matters, in Church and in state, in peace and in war.” Facebook, March 5, 2016.

Fallon, Kelly Marie. “An ‘Alien Foundation’: The Eclecticism of Antonín Dvořák’s American Period. Master’s thesis, Marshall University, 2014. ProQuest (AAT  1540738341).

First Presbyterian Church of the Covenant. “About Us: History of the First Presbyterian Church of the Covenant.” Accessed January 26, 2019.

Gannon University. “A Catholic University: History of the Chapel.” Accessed January 26, 2019. Https://

Grove Music Online. Accessed January 25, 2019.

Harry T. Burleigh Society. “Mission.” Harry T. Burleigh Society: Advancing Burleigh Studies through scholarship and performance. Accessed January 27, 2019.

Historic Map Works: Residential Genealogy. “New York Historical Maps and Atlases.” Accessed January 22, 2019.

Library of Congress. “H. T. Burleigh (1866-1949).” Biographies. Accessed January 27, 2019.

MeastroDJS. “Dvořák as I Knew Him.” The Classical Music Guide Forums, June 27, 2009.

New York Society for Ethical Culture. “Building Centennial.” Ethical. Accessed January 16, 2019.

Ross, Alex. “The Rediscovery of Florence Price: How an African-American Composer’s Works Were Saved from Destruction.” The New Yorker, February 5, 2018.

St. Philip’s Episcopal Church. Home page. Accessed January 15, 2019.

Temple Anshe Hesed. “Our History.” Accessed January 27, 2019.

The White House Historical Association. “Lillian Evanti.” Accessed January 22, 2019.

York, Laura. "Thomas, Edna (1886–1974)." In Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Accessed January 15, 2019.