Honors Calculus

Contact Information

Room:  133

Telephone:  (865) 774 - 5790 ext. 133

Email:  gregorycole@sevier.org

Text(s)

• Larson, R., Hostetler, Robert P., & Edwards, Bruce H.  Calculus of a Single Variable.  7th edition.  2002.

Required Supplies

• TI-83 Plus or TI-84 Plus CE (preferred) graphing calculator;  students may purchase their own, but there will be a classroom set available for use during class time.
• 2 quad-ruled composition notebooks (1 for note-taking and 1 for doing homework assignments)
• Pencils (standard or mechanical)
• Pens (only blue or black ink); Red Pen for grading purposes.
• Loose Leaf Notebook Paper (College-Ruled)
• Loose Leaf Graph Paper

Course Objectives

• Students who are enrolled in AP Calculus AB are expected to:
• Work with functions represented in multiple ways: graphical, numerical, analytical, or verbal. They should understand the connections among these representations.
• Understand the meaning of the derivative in terms of a rate of change and local linear approximation and use derivatives to solve problems.
• Understand the meaning of the definite integral as a limit of Riemann sums and as the net accumulation of change and use integrals to solve problems.
• Understand the relationship between the derivative and the definite integral as expressed in both parts of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus.
• Communicate mathematics and explain solutions to problems verbally and in writing.
• Model a written description of a physical situation with a function, a differential equation, or an integral.
• Use technology to solve problems, experiment, interpret results, and support conclusions.
• Determine the reasonableness of solutions, including sign, size, relative accuracy, and units of measurement.
• Develop an appreciation of calculus as a coherent body of knowledge and as a human accomplishment.

(AP Calculus Course Overview)

Course Overview

1. Functions, Graphs, and Limits Analysis of graphs.

With the aid of technology, graphs of functions are often easy to produce. The emphasis is on the interplay between the geometric and analytic information and on the use of calculus both to predict and to explain the observed local and global behavior of a function.

Limits of functions (including one-sided limits)

• An intuitive understanding of the limiting process.
• Calculating limits using algebra.
• Estimating limits from graphs or tables of data.

Asymptotic and unbounded behavior

• Understanding asymptotes in terms of graphical behavior.
• Describing asymptotic behavior in terms of limits involving infinity.
• Comparing relative magnitudes of functions and their rates of change (for example, contrasting exponential growth, polynomial growth, and logarithmic growth).

Continuity as a property of functions

• An intuitive understanding of continuity. (The function values can be made as close as desired by taking sufficiently close values of the domain.)
• Understanding continuity in terms of limits.
• Geometric understanding of graphs of continuous functions (Intermediate Value Theorem and Extreme Value Theorem).

1. Derivatives

Concept of the derivative

• Derivative presented graphically, numerically, and analytically.
• Derivative interpreted as an instantaneous rate of change.
• Derivative defined as the limit of the difference quotient.
• Relationship between differentiability and continuity.

Derivative at a point

• Slope of a curve at a point. Examples are emphasized, including points at which there are vertical tangents and points at which there are no tangents.
• Tangent line to a curve at a point and local linear approximation.
• Instantaneous rate of change as the limit of average rate of change.
• Approximate rate of change from graphs and tables of values.

Derivative as a function

• Corresponding characteristics of graphs of ƒ and ƒ’
• Relationship between the increasing and decreasing behavior of ƒ and the sign of ƒ’
• The Mean Value Theorem and its geometric interpretation­.
• Equations involving derivatives. Verbal descriptions are translated into equations involving derivatives and vice versa.

Second derivatives

• Corresponding characteristics of the graphs of ƒ, ƒ’, and ƒ ’’.
• Relationship between the concavity of ƒ and the sign of ƒ ’’.
• Points of inflection as places where concavity changes.

Applications of derivatives

• Analysis of curves, including the notions of monotonicity and concavity.
• Optimization, both absolute (global) and relative (local) extrema.
• Modeling rates of change, including related rates problems­.
• Use of implicit differentiation to find the derivative of an inverse function.
• Interpretation of the derivative as a rate of change in varied applied contexts, including velocity, speed, and acceleration. • Geometric interpretation of differential equations via slope fields and the relationship between slope fields and solution curves for differential equations.

Computation of derivatives

• Knowledge of derivatives of basic functions, including power, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and inverse trigonometric functions.
• Derivative rules for sums, products, and quotients of functions.
• Chain rule and implicit differentiation.

1. Integrals

Interpretations and properties of definite integrals

• Definite integral as a limit of Riemann sums.
• Definite integral of the rate of change of a quantity over an interval interpreted as the change of the quantity over the interval:

• Basic properties of definite integrals (examples include additivity and linearity).

Applications of integrals.

Appropriate integrals are used in a variety of applications to model physical, biological, or economic situations. Although only a sampling of applications can be included in any specific course, students should be able to adapt their knowledge and techniques to solve other similar application problems. Whatever applications are chosen, the emphasis is on using the method of setting up an approximating Riemann sum and representing its limit as a definite integral. To provide a common foundation, specific applications should include finding the area of a region, the volume of a solid with known cross sections, the average value of a function, the distance traveled by a particle along a line, and accumulated change from a rate of change.

Fundamental Theorem of Calculus

• Use of the Fundamental Theorem to evaluate definite integrals.
• Use of the Fundamental Theorem to represent a particular antiderivative, and the analytical and graphical analysis of functions so defined.

Techniques of antidifferentiation

• Antiderivatives following directly from derivatives of basic functions.
• Antiderivatives by substitution of variables (including change of limits for definite integrals).

Applications of antidifferentiation

• Finding specific antiderivatives using initial conditions, including applications to motion along a line.
• Solving separable differential equations and using them in modeling (including the study of the equation y’= ky and exponential growth).

Numerical approximations to definite integrals.

• Use of Riemann sums (using left, right, and midpoint evaluation points) and trapezoidal sums to approximate definite integrals of functions represented algebraically, graphically, and by tables of values.

(AP Calculus Course Description)

Major Projects/Field Trips

• Students should expect to have a comprehensive exam every two weeks.  Rather than basing the exams on a particular chapter in the textbook, the exams will cover all concepts presented up until the exam.  With that said, each successive exam my contain material that may have been covered on a previous exam.  The goal here is to keep the material fresh on the students’ minds; however, the newer material shall be weighted more than material covered on a previous exam.

• Students will also be tasked with completed a semester project.  Since AP Calculus is a two-semester course, the first project will be centered around the concept of Differentiation, and the second project will focus on the concept of Integration.