The Blackboard Assessment tool contains several advanced question types. Review the list below.


  • Calculated Formula
  • Calculated Numeric
  • Either/Or
  • File Response
  • Fill in multiple blanks
  • Hot Spot
  • Jumbled Sentence
  • Opinion scale / Likert
  • Quiz Bowl
  • Short Answer


Calculated Formula


Calculated Formula allows you to create a formula for students to solve and Blackboard will supply each student with a different numerical value from a range of variables set when the question is created. The variable range is created by specifying a minimum and maximum value for each variable. Answer sets are randomly generated. The correct answer can be a specific value or a range of values, and partial credit can be granted for answers falling in a predetermined range.


There are three steps for adding a calculated question:

  1. Create the question and formula.
  2. Define values for the variables.
  3. Confirm the variables and answers.


Create the Question and Formula


The question is the information or problem posed to the student, and the formula is the mathematical expression used to find the answer. The formula can contain variables, and these should be enclosed in brackets.


To create the question and formula:


  1. From the pool canvas, select Calculated Formula from the question type drop-down list. Click Go.
  2. Enter the information (question and formula) that will display to students in the Question Text box. Surround any variables with square brackets. The value for this variable will be populated based on the formula. In the example X+[y]=[z], y and z will be replaced with values when shown to students and they will be asked to solve for X.
  3. Define the formula used to answer the question in the formula box. For example, x+y=z. Operations are selected from the buttons across the top of the formula box.




  1. Set the Answer Range . This defines which submitted answers should be marked correct. If the exact value must be entered for credit, leave the default set to zero and Numeric selected from the drop-down list. If the answer can vary, enter a value that can be correct within a range of plus or minus the Answer Range from the exact answer. Select Numeric or Percent Numeric to mark answers correct that fall within a percentage of plus or minus the Answer Range . You may also choose to give partial credit for answers that are not exact. To do this, select the Allow Partial Credit checkbox to show to partial credit options.
  2. Select Yes or No for Units Required . If Yes, you will need to check the checkbox and then the page will update so you can enter the appropriate unit designation.


Options.jpg


  1. When finished with the question, click Continue to proceed.


Define Variables


The second page of the process defines the variables in the formula.

  1. For each variable included in the question text set a minimum and a maximum value.
  2. In the Decimal Places column use the drop-down to define the decimal place for variables.
  3. Under Answer Set Options, select the Decimal places for answer from the drop-down list. Users must provide the correct answer to the decimal place specified.
  4. Next enter the number of Answer Sets you wish to include. The Answer Sets will be randomized so that different students will be presented with a different set of variables.
  5. Click Calculate to review the answer sets.


Confirm the Variables and Answers


  1. After clicking Calculate, a table will display of the different Answer sets. At this point, you can change numbers or remove sets from this screen. Click Calculate again to view changes.
  2. Once you are satisfied with the answer sets, you can include feedback for the question as well as Categories and Keywords .
  3. Click Submit once you are satisfied to add this question to the pool.


Calculated Numeric


The Calculated Numeric question type resembles a fill-in-the-blank question. Users enter a number to complete a statement, and the correct answer can be a specific number or within a range of numbers.


To create a Calculated Numeric question:


  1. Select Numeric from the question type drop-down list, and click Go.
  2. Enter the Question Text.
  3. Enter a Correct Answer. This value must be a number.
  4. Enter the Answer Range. If the answer must be exact, leave the default of zero. Any value that is less than or more than the Correct Answer by less than the Answer Range will be marked as correct. This question type does not allow for partial credit.




  1. Complete the question by adding Feedback, Categories, or Keywords.
  2. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


Either/Or


Either/Or question type allows users to select one of two pre-defined answers. It includes the answer choices Yes/No, Agree/Disagree, Right/Wrong, and True/False.


To create an either/or question:


  1. Select Either/Or from the question type drop-down list, and click Go.
  2. Enter the Question Text .
  3. In the Options you can determine whether answer options are side-by-side (horizontal) or one on top of the other (vertical).
  4. Using the Label drop-down menu select the pre-defined two-choice set you wish to use as answers.



  1. Make sure the correct answer is selected.
  2. Add any optional feedback, Categories, or Keywords.
  3. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.

>> Note: There is no partial credit available for this question type.
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File Response


File Response questions allow users to upload a file from their local drive as the answer to the question. This question type must be graded manually.


To create a File Response question:


  1. Select File Response from the question type drop-down list, and click Go.
  2. Enter the Question Text .
  3. Notice that there is no Answer space. This is because the answer will be uploaded in a file.
  4. Finish the question with optional categories and keywords.
  5. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


The image below illustrates what this question type looks like to the student:




Fill in Multiple Blanks


Fill in Multiple Blanks works like the fill-the-blank question type but allows for up to 10 blanks inserted into a sentence or paragraph. Separate sets of answers are created for each blank, and partial credit can be given for this question type.


To add a question with multiple blanks:


  1. Select Fill in Multiple Blanks from the question type drop-down menu, and click Go.
  2. Enter question text that includes up to 10 variables in square brackets [x] corresponding to locations in the text where the fill in the blank fields should appear. Variables must be unique and cannot be reused. Examples of variables would be [blank1], [x], [author]. You should not use spaces in the variable names.
  3. If you want Blackboard to score partial credit, put a check in the Allow Partial Credit checkbox. This will give a fraction of the total points for partially correct answers .
  4. Click Next after completing the fields on this page to specify answers.
  5. Enter one or more correct answers for each variable in the question.
  6. Click Next.
  7. Complete the question by adding optional feedback, categories or keywords.
  8. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


The image below illustrates what this question type looks like to the student:



Hot Spot


Hotspot questions require users to designate a location on an image as the answer to a question.


  1. Open the Test Canvas for an assessment.
  2. Select Hot Spot from the question type drop-down list. Click Go.
  3. Enter the question text.
  4. Assign a point value. Complete any advanced features for the question as defined by the Creation Settings of the assessment.
  5. Enter the path to the file in the Attach Local File field under the Upload Image heading. Make sure to upload the image in the correct field. Remember that Creation Settings allows uploading a file as part of the question text.
  6. Click Next. The uploaded image will appear.
  7. Click the mouse and drag it to create a rectangle over the correct answer. When Students select a point within the rectangle they will receive credit for a correct answer. The area of the hot spot is defined by pixels. Click Clear to remove the hot spot and select a new hot spot.
  8. Complete the question by adding optional feedback for correct and incorrect answers. Assign the question a category or other metadata.
  9. Click Submit to add the question to the assessment.


Jumbled sentence


Jumbled Sentence allows users to select an answer from a drop-down list of choices. Only one set of answers is used for all of the drop-down lists, but the question text can include several variables. Partial credit can be given.


To add a Jumbled Sentence question:

  1. Select Jumbled Sentence from the question type drop-down menu, and click Go.
  2. Enter question text that includes variables in square brackets [x] corresponding to locations in the text where the drop-down list should appear. Variables must be unique and cannot be reused. Examples of variables would be [blank1] or [x]. You should not use spaces in the variable names.
  3. If you want Blackboard to score partial credit , put a check in the Allow Partial Credit checkbox. This will give a fraction of the total points for partially correct answers .
  4. In the Answers section, enter the answers that will appear in the drop-down list. You may add up to 20 possible answers.
  5. Click Next .
  6. Specify the correct answers by selecting them in each drop-down list.
  7. Complete the question by adding optional feedback, categories or keywords.
  8. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


What this question looks like to the student:




Opinion Scale/Likert


Opinion Scale/Likert questions ask you to read a statement and then specify a level of agreement, frequency, importance, likelihood and so on. This question type is most frequently used in a survey situation.


To add an opinion scale question:


  1. Select Opinion Scale/Likert from the question type drop-down menu, and click Go.
  2. Enter question text .
  3. Determine how the answers will be displayed by selecting Answer Numbering and Answer Orientation .
  4. Check Allow Partial Credit and options will appear under each answer to assign a percentage of points possible. Remember if you are using this as a survey, points are not calculated.
  5. When this question type is created, six answer fields are pre-populated with the following answers:
  • Strongly Agree
  • Agree
  • Neither Agree or Disagree
  • Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree
  • Not Applicable


However, you can modify these answers to fit the needs of the question.


  1. Complete the question by adding optional feedback, categories or keywords.
  2. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


What this question looks like to the student:




Quiz Bowl


Quiz Bowl questions require the answer to be in the form of a question. One or more interrogatives and one or more phrases can be specified that must be included in the answer.


To create a Quiz Bowl question:


  1. Select Quiz Bowl from the question type drop-down list. Click Go.
  2. Enter the Question Text.
  3. Click the Allow Partial Credit and enter a percentage of credit. This is the amount of credit that will be given to answers that include the correct phrase but do not include the correct interrogative word.
  4. Select the Number of Interrogative Words. Enter each acceptable interrogative word in the fields below. One of these words must appear in the response for the Student to receive full credit.




  1. Select the Number of Answer Phrases. Enter each acceptable phrase into the fields below. One of these phrases must appear in the response for the Student to receive any credit.
  2. Complete the question by adding feedback, categories and keywords if you'd like.
  3. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.


What the question looks like to the student:




Short Answer


Short Answer questions are similar to essay questions. The length of the answer can be limited to a specified number of rows in the text box.


To create a short answer question:


  1. Select Short Answer from the question type drop-down list. Click Go.
  2. Enter the Question Text .
  3. Select a number of rows for the answer.
  4. Enter an example of a correct answer to assist in grading.
  5. Complete the question by adding any feedback, categories and keywords.
  6. Click Submit to add the question to the canvas.

URL: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1y71MhzxH6k8D9mDbr9TO5bEVtPpqMWNZPiBc-xE9RS4/pub