Public Speaking- HS/ One Part
COURSE DESCRIPTION: The art of public speaking is one which underpins the very foundations of Western society. This course examines those foundations in both Aristotle and Cicero's views of rhetoric, and then traces those foundations into the modern world. Students will learn not just the theory, but also the practice of effective public speaking, including how to analyze the speeches of others, build a strong argument, and speak with confidence and flair. By the end of this course, students will know exactly what makes a truly successful speech and will be able to put that knowledge to practical use.
• Explain what is meant by "rhetoric."
• Identify rhetoric as a particular form of utterance.
• Describe Aristotle's three rhetorical proofs.
• Explain how those proofs impact the persuasiveness of a speech.
• Describe Cicero's five canons of rhetoric as well as what each one refers to.
• Explain how rhetoric influenced the development of the first democracy and the Roman Republic.
• Explain how the Roman Republic influenced the development of many other political systems throughout Europe and the rest of the world.
• Explain why Hitler's rhetoric was biased and illogical.
• Explain why Hitler's rhetoric was successful despite its biased and illogical nature.
• Define bias, prejudice, and propaganda. • Identify some of the basic manipulative techniques used in advertising.
• Explain how an emotional effect can be created in a speech through repetition.
• Define active listening.
• Demonstrate various strategies for active listening including repetition, note-taking, and mental imagery.
• Identify your own tendencies to distraction to guard against them.
• Describe the three different types of public speech and their characteristics.
• Explain the intention of each type of public speech.
• Deconstruct a speech to examine the purpose of each section.
• Explain how the structure of a speech can inspire emotions in the listener.
• Explain how the purpose of your speech affects subject and tone.
• Identify the purpose of your speech.
• Identify the audience's expectations and your own aims.
• Choose an appropriate subject and tone.
• Identify the persuasive angles of other people's speeches.
• Find your own persuasive angle.
• Explain the difference between a primary and a secondary source.
• Describe the different characteristics of studying, reading, and research.
• Describe the differences among various information sources.
• Assess the quality of a piece of information.
• Weigh pieces of factual evidence to come to a conclusion.
• Consider the implications of a piece of information.
• Define inductive and deductive reasoning.
• Demonstrate logical reasoning.
• Recognize an illogical or invalid argument.
• Structure an argument according to the Toulmin Method.
• Describe the various common organizational forms of speeches.
• Demonstrate how to choose an organizational form according to the purpose of your speech.
• Prepare a speech outline including an introduction, main body, and conclusion.
• Explain what "language register" means.
• Correctly choose a register to use.
• Describe the most important principles of speech writing.
• Describe the qualities Aristotle believed were essential in good speech writing.
• Use emotive language subtly.
• Avoid overly "loaded" and propagandist content.
• Use various literary techniques to create an emotional effect.
• Define "amplification" and "anaphora."
• Define both self-efficacy and self-esteem
• Demonstrate how to develop your sense of self-efficacy through achievable goals.
• Demonstrate how to develop your self-esteem by challenging negative perceptions.
• Demonstrate how to improve your confidence by "faking it."
• Demonstrate how to control your thoughts and emotions using mindfulness techniques.
• Demonstrate how to use positive thinking and visualization techniques to control nerves.
• Describe various visual aids that can be used for a presentation and explain why and why to use them. • Describe the three most important delivery techniques for a presentation and demonstrate how to practice them.
• Define "body language."
• List some of the behaviors that commonly signal deception and nervousness.
• Explain why nervousness can be fatal to rhetorical speech. • Define "resonance."
• Explain how to use body language effectively in a public speech.
• Explain how to use pauses effectively in a public speech.
• Explain how to effectively interact with the audience during a public speech.
• Determine the success of a speech in terms of its purpose.
• Determine the success of the presentation of a speech, including the appearance of a speaker and his/her vocal technique, body language, and visual aids.
• Determine the success of the organization of a speech.
• Determine the success of the argument of a speech.
• Determine the success of a speech's introduction and conclusion.
• Determine how well-written a speech is and how appropriate to its purpose.
• Critically examine your own work.
• Identify areas of strength and areas for improvement in your own work.
COURSE LENGTH: One Semester
REQUIRED TEXT: No required textbook for this course.
MATERIALS LIST: No required materials for this course.
Unit One: Introduction to Rhetoric
Unit Two: The Influence of Rhetoric
Unit Three: Listening & Analyzing
Unit Four: Speaking Strategies
Unit Five: Building an Argument
Unit Six: Inductive & Deductive Reasoning
Unit Seven: Speech Writing
Unit Eight: Self-Efficacy & Self-Esteem
Unit Nine: Body Language & Vocal Techniques
Unit Ten: Speech Evaluation