Saburo Ozaki (January 22 Tempo era 13,  which is March 3, 1842) - October 13, 1918 which is Taisho era 7)

He was a bureaucracy of Japan and also baron. His true name was MoriShigeru, alias Toda Gagaku (Toda song). Born in the house to serve the generations Sato-cho in Saiin village of Kyoto suburbs [1]. Politician Ozaki worked over the Meiji, Taisho, and Showa that was referred to as the "God of constitutional government" Yukio to Josei

He was a Japanese bureaucrat, and baron. His real name was Morishige, another name was Uta Toda. He was born  the house of serving a chief of a village from generation to generation in Saiin village of the Kyoto suburbs. Politician, Yukio Ozaki who was activist for the Meiji, Taisho and Showa era, and he was called as "God of the constitutional government". Yukio is a Saburo daughter's husband.


He was born as the third son of Moriyuki Wakabayashi of the Ninnaji Nomiya Shodaibu (aristocracy lower than Kugyo) in Yamashiro country Kazurano county Saiin (Present Ukyo-ku, Kyoto-shi). Saburo lost parents at young age, and at 16 years old, he served the Karasumaru and after that, the Reizen having as will to study. Sanetomi Sanjo wa in favor with Saburo, and he became an adopted child of Toda of former family and become the family of the Sanetomi afterwards.

In 1862 (Bunkyu 2) he worked as an attendant of Sanetomi Sanjo who became an Imperial envoy of the Emperor Komei for proceeded to Edo. And following a year later in 1863 (Bunkyu 3), Sanjyo and other radicals court noble was ousted from Kyoto by a political change on 18th in August, 3. He accompanied with Sanjyo by the Lord seven omission and escaped to the Choshu domain and kept alive.

He moved to the Dazaifu according to Sanjyo in 1865 (Keio 1).

During this time, he learned fencing, horseback riding and read a lot of books. He contacted as the part of communication with the revering the Emperor and expelling the barbarians group including Takamori Saigo as name charges of Sanjyo by another name of "Uta Toda" in that time. In the Dazaifu, he converted from alien-exclusionism to a foundation of a country theory by the interchange with the subject of the court noble and the masses of various domain people.

He proceeded to Nagasaki under the name of sightseeing with the consent of Sanjyo in 1867 (Keio 3).  And he conclude friendship with American consul and Ryoma Sakamoto, Nobuyuki Nakajima and others, and discuss the measures of the Restoration of the Imperial rule and measures to Tomomi Iwakura about this occasion. This would be made the sanshoku system (literally, three-office organization system) after this occasion.

He went to Kyoto after he proceeded to Tosa with Sakamoto, Munemitsu Mutsu and others, therefore Restoration of the Imperial rule was carried out by Yoshinobu Tokugawa in Kyoto Nijo-jo Castle while he was sitting with Sakamoto.

Therefore he took the same ship with Takamori Saigo and others in a hurry and came back to the Dazaifu, and reported a situation to Sanetomi Sanjo. After the revolution, he change his name as "Saburo Ozaki" which took from a parents family name “Ozaki”.

Sanjyo has returned to the Imperial Court after death of Ryoma, but Ozaki was starting to interested in the overseas because he heard the story from Ryoma and he planned to be studying abroad. This plan was supported by Hirobumi Ito, and Sanjyo commanded Saburo to study in the U.K. as an attendant of Kinkyo Sanjyo.

He visited the UK from the Kobe Port with eight members parties who were Kinkyo, Hiroshimaru Nakamikado, Motoisa Mori and their attendant on March in 1868 (Keio 4). The journey was 62-days by sea voyage from Nagasaki to the U.K. He learned English from Masataka Kawase in the U.K. and he became auditor of Oxford University for acquire the British law in later. When Sanebumi Kawabata was studying abroad in U.K., he took care of him in later.

In 1871 (Meiji 4), Saburo knew the arrival of the Iwakura mission for United States when he was during learning English in London, and he went to United State also. He interviewed with Takayoshi Kido and Iwakura and has made a suggestion of the prematurity of the treaty revision and returned with Munenori Terashima to London after. Saburo lived in a house of William Wilson who was  the Japanese teacher together during studying in London. He married with Basaia who was only a daughter of William in 1869 (Meiji 2)  and he has got the three daughters, but he divorced later.

In 1873 (Meiji 6), Saburo went back to Japan by the request Kido and he entered a service to an emperor's reign official and committed a duty of the legislation maintenance. In 1880(Meiji 13), Saburo entered St. Petersburg with minister Sakimitsu Yanagiwara as first secretary of Russia. In the next year of 1881 (Meiji 14), He was ordered to Japan and successively hold the post of emperor's reign official size secretary and the Department of the Interior. He dealt with the deliberation of the Great Japanese Imperial Constitution as a senate house Diet member in 1885(Meiji 18).

He became a member of the House of Lords by beginning of Imperial compilation with Imperial Diet in 1890 (Meiji 23). In the 1891 (Meiji 24), first Matsukata Cabinet  was established, and he has got a post of Chief of Cabinet Legislation Bureau. He supported for organization of the empire finance innovation society by Ukichi Taguchi later. He became a baron in 1896 (Meiji 29). He became a Court councilor in 1907 (Meiji 40). He acted as Ministry of Education revolution historical materials editing committee in later years.

"Histroy of Saburo Ozaki story" (In 1976 - 77 from Chuokoron-Sha and 1980 from Nakakou library) and "Saburo Ozaki diary" (Edited by Takashi Ito, Harumori Ozaki,  in 1991-92) are published for each three volumes, and it is able to follow a detail footprint of Saburo.