Science Strands

Living Things: 

  • the study of the systems and behaviors of humans, animals and plants
  • the relationships between them and their environments
  • the interactions of living things

Related Concepts: adaptation, animals, biodiversity, biology, classification, conservation, ecosystems, evolution, genetics, growth, habitat, homeostasis, organism, plants, systems (digestive, nervous, reproductive, respiratory)

Earth and Space: 

  • the study of our planet and its position in the universe, particularly Earth’s relationship with the sun
  • the natural systems that shape our planet
  • the features and characteristics of the Earth
  • the finite and infinite resources of the planet

Related Concepts:  atmosphere, climate, erosion, evidence, geography, geology, gravity, renewable and nonrenewable energy sources, resources, seasons, space, sustainability, systems (solar, water cycle, weather), tectonic plate movement, theory of origin

Materials and Matter:

  • the study of the properties, behaviors and uses of materials
  • natural and human-made resources
  • the origins of human-made materials
  • the transformation of materials for a specific purpose

Related Concepts: changes of state (solid, liquid, gas), chemical and physical changes, conduction and convection, density, gases, liquids, properties and uses of materials, solids; structures, sustainability

Forces and Energy:

  • the study of energy and its origins
  • how energy is stored, transferred and used
  • the study of forces
  • how scientific understanding is applied through inventions and machines

Related Concepts: energy changes, forms of energy (electricity, heat, light, sound, kinetic, potential, etc), magnetism, mechanics and machines, laws of physics, pollution, power, technological advances, transformation of energy

Social Studies Strands

Human Systems and Economic Activities:

  • the study of how and why people construct organizations and systems
  • the ways in which people connect locally and globally
  • the distribution of power and authority

Related Concepts: communications, conflict, cooperation, education, employment, freedom, governments, justice, legislation, production, transportation, truth

Social Organization and Culture:

  • the study of people, communities, cultures and societies
  • the ways in which individuals, groups and societies interact with each other

Related Concepts: artifacts, authority, citizenship, communication, conflict, diversity, family, identity, networks, prejudice, religion, rights, roles, traditions 

Continuity and Change Through Time:

  • the study of the relationships between people and events through time
  • the study of the past, its influences on the present, and what it means for the future
  • people who have shaped the future through their actions

Related Concepts: chronology, civilizations, conflict, discovery, exploration, history, innovation, migration, progress, revolution

Human and Natural Environments:

  • the study of the features that give a place its identity
  • how people adapt and alter their environment
  • how people experience and represent place
  • the impact of natural disasters on people and places

Related Concepts:  borders (natural, social and political), dependence, geography, impact, landscape, locality, ownership, population, regions, settlements

Resources and The Environment:

  • the interaction between people and the environment
  • the study of how humans manage and share resources
  • the positive and negative effects of people manage resources
  • tow science and technology impact the environment

Related Concepts: conservation, consumption, distribution, ecology, energy, interdependence, pollution, poverty, sustainability, wealth

Personal, Social and Physical Education Strands

Identity:

  • understanding how our own beliefs, values, attitudes experience and feelings shape us
  • the impact culture has on our life
  • how we think about and see ourselves

Related Concepts: autonomy, character, diversity, ethnicity, gender, heritage, image, perseverance, resilience, self-regulation, sexuality, spirituality, trust

Active Living:

  • understanding the factors that contribute to developing a balanced, healthy lifestyle
  • the importance of physical activity, exercise and nutrition
  • developing motor skills and the body’s potential for movement and expression

Related Concepts: biomechanics, body control, body form, challenge, competition, energy, flexibility, flow, growth, goal setting, improvement, physiology, power, rest, spatial awareness, strength and endurance, stress

Interactions:

  • How individuals interact with other people, living things and the wider world
  • Rights and responsibilities of individuals in their relationships with others
  • Awareness and understanding of human similarities and differences

Related Concepts: belonging, citizenship, community, conflict, conformity, control, culture, discrimination, fair play, interdependence, justice, leadership, peace, safety, stereotype, teamwork

Arts Strands

Dance: 

  • how dance is used in cultural, ritual and societal contexts, both historically and in the present
  • inquiring into the rhythm of music, the natural rhythm of our bodies and the environment--and how they can be used as a medium of expression

Related Concepts: audience, creation, imagination, influence, innovation, interpretation, message, media, originality, performance, perspective, persuasion, style, technique; body awareness, balance, coordination, flexibility, strength

Drama: 

  • how humans express themselves physically and vocally using facial expressions, gestures, movement, posture and vocal techniques
  • creating make-believe environments through the manipulation of objects, sounds, lights and other media

Related Concepts:  audience, creation, imagination, influence, innovation, interpretation, message, media, originality, performance, perspective, persuasion, style, technique; movement, impersonation, improvisation, mask work, mime, musical, pantomime, puppetry, re-enactment, scripted drama

Music:

  • how music is a medium for communication and expression that spans time and culture
  • organizing sounds (natural and technological) to communicate various ideas or moods based on real or imagined experiences, values or beliefs

Related Concepts: audience, creation, imagination, influence, innovation, interpretation, message, media, originality, performance, perspective, persuasion, style, technique; composing, harmonizing, listening, playing instruments, singing, reading music, songwriting, recording

Visual Arts:

  • how art we look at can be used as a medium for communication and expressing ideas, messages, themes, values and beliefs
  • creating art with purpose, either for the creator or the audience

Related Concepts: audience, creation, imagination, influence, innovation, interpretation, message, media, originality, performance, perspective, persuasion, style, technique; architecture, ceramics, collage, costume design, graphic design, illustration, film, jewellery, painting, papermaking, photography, videography, sculpture, textiles, woodwork