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Timelines Sources (with links) 2015 10 10.doc
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Sources for “From Mao to Now” Timeline


We are indebted to many scholars for their extensive research about China’s population policies. A special word of thanks goes to Dr. Susan Greenhalgh and Dr. Edwin A. Winckler, co-authors of Governing China’s Population: From Leninist to Neoliberal Biopolitics, and Dr. Yong Cai, a leading scholar of China’s one-child policy.



Davis, Deborah, ed. and Sara Friedman, ed. Wives, Husbands, and Lovers: Marriage and Sexuality in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Urban China. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press, 2014.


Fincher, Leta Hong. Leftover Women: The Resurgence of Gender Inequality in China. London, United Kingdom: Zed Books, 2014.


Greenhalgh, Susan. Just One Child: Science and Policy in Deng’s China.  Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press, 2008.


Greenhalgh, Susan & Edwin A. Winkler. Governing China’s Population: From Leninist to Neoliberal Biopolitics. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press, 2005.


Johnson, Kay Ann. Wanting a Daughter, Needing a Son: Abandonment, Adoption, and Orphanage Care in China. St. Paul, Minnesota. Yeong & Yeong Book Company, 2004.


Journal Articles: Print

Cai, Yong. “China’s New Demographic Reality: Learning from the 2010 Census.” Population and Development Review 39 (3) (2010): 371-396.


Cai, Yong. “China’s Below-Replacement Fertility: Government Policy or Socioeconomic Development?” Population and Development Review 36 (3) (2010): 419-440.


Gu, Baochang; Wang Feng, Guo Zhigang, and Zhang Erli. “China's Local and National Fertility Policies at the End of the Twentieth Century.” Population and Development Review 33 (1) (2007): 129-147.


Hesketh, Therese, Li Lu, and Wei Xing Zhu. “The Effect of China’s One-Child Family Policy after 25 Years.” Health Policy Reports: The New England Journal of Medicine, (2005) 353:1171-1176.


Smolin, David M. “The Missing Girls of China: Population, Policy, Culture, Gender, Abortion, Abandonment, and Adoption in East-Asian Perspective.”  Cumberland Law Review 41 (1) (2011): 1-65.


Stuy, Brian H, with foreward by David Smolin, “Open Secret: Cash and Coercion in China's International Adoption Program.” Cumberland Law Review 44 (3) (2014)”

“Wang, Feng; Yong Cai; and Baochang Gu. “Population, Policy, and Politics: How Will History Judge China’s One-Child Policy?” Population and Development Review 38 (Supplement) (2012): 115-129.


Whyte, Martin King, Wang Feng, and Yong Cai. “Research Note: Challenging Myths about China’s One-Child Policy.” The China Journal, July 2015.


Zheng, Zhenzhen, Yong Cai, Wang Feng, and Baochang Gu. “Below-Replacement Fertility and Childbearing Intention in Jiangsu Province, China.” Asian Population Studies 5 (3) (2009): 329-47.


Zhu, Wei Xing, Li Lu, and Therese Hesketh. “China’s excess males, sex selective abortion, and one child policy: analysis of data from 2005 national intercensus survey.” British Medical Journal (2009); 338: b1211.


Zhu, Wei Xing, Lu, Li and Hesketh, Therese. “The Effect of China’s One-Child Family Policy after 25 Years.” New England Journal of Medicine, 353: 1171-1176.


Articles/Resources/Presentations (Online)

Feldman, Marcus. “Gender Imbalance in China.” Colloquium on “The Implications of Demographic Change in China,” Oct. 2008. Asia-Pacific Research Center, Stanford University.


Hilborn, Robin. “U.S. adopts the most Chinese Children, then Spain, then Canada.”  Adoption Helper. February 21, 2011.


China Center for Adoption Affairs (CCAA).

China Population Information and Research Center: III. Family Planning, Jiangsu Province, 1949 - Present.


China Youth & Children Research Center. Beijing, China.


Intercountry Adoption – China: Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State.


Jia, Bing. “Formulation of One-Child Policy in China.” In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress. (2013)


National Bureau of Statistics of China.


National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC.


Population and Family Planning Law of the People’s Republic of China. (Chinese and English) Congressional-Executive Commission on China.


Selman, Peter. “The rise and fall of intercountry adoption in the 21st century.” International Social Work 52, no. 5 (2009)575-594


Wang, Feng. “China’s Population Destiny: The Looming Crisis.” Brookings Institute. 2010.


Magazine and Newspaper Articles

Buckley, Chris. “China Ends One-Child Policy, Allowing Families Two Children.”

New York Times, October 29, 2015

Guangsong, Mu. “China’s Renaissance Requires New Population Policy.”, November 19, 2012.


Johnson, Ian. “China’s Great Uprooting: Moving 250 Million Into Cities.” New York Times, June 15, 2013.


Larson, Christina. “In China, More Girls Are on the Way.” Bloomberg Business, July 31, 2014.


Liu, Kiki. “China’s Declining Birthrate a Cause for Concern.”, December 16, 2014.


Min, Hu. “Gender gap among newborns widens.”, February 9, 2015.

Reuters. “China says couples will not need approval to have two children.” January 5, 2016.

“Wong, Edward. “Forced to Abort, Chinese Woman Under Pressure.” New York Times, June 26, 2012.


Wong, Gillian. “China to ease 1-child policy, abolish labor camps.” The Associated Press, November 15, 2013.


Wu, Amanda, ed. “China’s Struggle for More Babies.”, December 23, 2014.


“More Calls to Review One-Child Policy.” Xinhua, March 2007.


Why is China relaxing its one-child policy?” The Economist, Dec. 10, 2013”