Finnish satellite-tracked ospreys

more information of each bird/migration and maps  http://www.luomus.fi/en/node/1314

current ospreys

name, sex, transmitter type

born / transmitter installed

colour ring

start of autumn migration

duration of migration and kms flown, avg speed /travelling day, else

winter - spring   arrival, departure, country, else

duration of migration and kms flown, avg speed /travelling day, else

back home

nb

else

Jaska, m

Luomus

Ecotone GPS-GSM, solar panel

**

2011 appr. 23 km away/ 2014 Hyrynsalmi

yellow RJ

Sep 13th 2014

8131 km, 52 days, 156 km/d

Nov 5th 2014 - April 6th 2015

Gabon

9579 km, 37 days, 258 km/d

May 12th 2015

2014 one fledgling

Sep 7th 2015

Oct 25th 2015 - April 3rd 2016

Gabon

May 2nd 2016

2015 nestlings died (due wet and cold  weather)

Sep 6th 2016

Oct 12th 2016 - April 7th  Gabon

May 24th 2017

was home very late in 2017 and his mate had paired up with a new male

No signals since late of May 2017

2016 nesting failed with a new mate in a new nest

Ilpo, m

Microwave Solar GPS/GSM 20-70 Transmitter

 ***

Luomus

2008 approx 17 km away / 2014

Renko

red X3

Sep 3rd 2014

8645 km, 45 days, 192 km/d

Oct 16th 2014 - March 30th 2015 Guinea

8096 km, 26 days, 311 km/d

April 24th 2015

2014 two fledglings with Helena

Aug 7th 2015

8716 km, 49 days, 178 km/d

Sep 24th  2015 - March 16th 2016 Guinea

April 12th 2016

2015 chick(s) died probably due cold and wet weather

Aug 12th 2016

Sep 13th 2016 - March 21st Guinea

April 15th 2017

didn’t get a new mate 2016

Aug 21st 2017

Nesting failed with a new mate, most likely due wet and cold weather

Tero, m

Microwave Solar GPS/GSM 20-70 Transmitter

 ***

Luomus

? / 2014 Utsjoki 

red XO

Sep 18th 2014

10 636 km, 63 days, 204 km/d

Nov 24th 2014 - March 31st 2015 Kenya

10 255 km, 44 days, 233 km/d

May 13th 2015

2014 two fledglings with Seija

Sep 19th? 2015

Nov 24th 2015 - March 28th 2016 Kenya

May 10th 2016

2015 two chicks with Seija

?

no signal since Autumn 2016

Seija, f

Microwave Solar GPS/GSM 20-70 Transmitter

 ***

Luomus

? / 2014 Utsjoki

yellow ZO

Aug 29th 2014

9599 km, 42 days, 228 km/d. After leaving her roost Sept 27th Seija flew continuously 42 hrs/ 2 410 km (56 km/hour)

Oct 9th 2014 - March 30th 2015 Ivory Coast

9717 km, 42 days, 231 km/d

May 10th 2015

2014 two fledglings with Tero

Aug 23rd 2015

Oct 10th 2015 -March 29th 2016  Ivory Coast

May 7th 2016

2015 two chicks with Tero

Aug 13th 2016

last signal April 15th from Hungary

Sandra, f

** 

Luomus

Facebook

?/2015

Siikainen

yellow HLL

Aug 13th 2015

80 days

Nov 1st 2015 - March 23rd 2016

Cameroon

April 16th 2016

Aug 13th 2016

Oct 14th 2016-  ? 2017 Cameroon

April 25th 2017

2016 two chicks with Ahti

Aug 13th 2017

2017 three chicks

Alan, m

Luomus

?/2016

Janakkala

red CP

Aug 31st 2016

Oct 12th 2016 - March 13th 2017

Gabon

2016 three chicks

Joeli, m  Luomus

? / 2016 Hyrynsalmi

red FF

Aug 30th 2016

Oct 3rd ? 2016 - March 31st? 2017

Cameroon

May 5th 2017

*   http://www.microwavetelemetry.com/bird/GSM.cfm 

**  http://www.ecotone-telemetry.com/index.php/en/products/gps-gsm 

*** http://www.microwavetelemetry.com/bird/GSMspecifications.cfm 

previous ospreys

battery-powered transmitters function for about a year. Solar-powered transmitters should in principle work ”for ever”. Harness should break in three to five years

name, sex, transmitter type

born / transmitter installed

colour ring

start of autumn migration

duration of migration and kms flown, avg speed /travelling day, else

winter - spring

arrival, departure, country, else

duration of migration and kms flown, avg speed /travelling day, else

back home

nb

else

Hollo, m

 Luomus

2016 Hyrynsalmi

yellow JSJ

Aug 28th 2016

son of Ukko

Hilla, f

2016 Hyrynsalmi

yellow JSF

Sep 3rd 2016

daughter of Ukko

Samu, m

Facebook

** 

2007 Laitila, appr. 50 km away / 2014 Eurajoki

Sep 10th 2014

8589 km, 61 days, 141 km/d

Nov 9th 2014 - Apr 3rd 2015 Nigeria

6886 km, 22 days, 313 km/d

April 24th 2015

2014 one fledgling

July 30th 2015

tracker not working properly

Seen back at home 2016 and 2017

2015 nestling died due wet and cold weather

Lalli, m

Ecotone GPS-GSM,

solar panel

**

Facebook

2007 Köyliö / 2013 Kokemäki

Aug 29th 2013

Spent ten days in France, two weeks in Portugal and over two weeks in Madeira! Flew over The Atlantic 40hrs/ 1 400 kms. Travelled from Madeira via The Canary Islands to Africa

No data since March 31st 2014

Seen and photographed back home June 1st 2014

Seen at home spring 2016

2013 mate ringed in Estonia 1999

Didn’t breed 2014, 2015 and 2016 and the attempts of taking off the transmitter failed

2017 three chicks

Ahti, m

** 

2011 Siikainen/ 2015 Siikainen

yellow ??

Sep 7th 2015

Oct 19th 2015 - March 28th 2016 Guinea-Bissau

April 21st 2016

Sep 7th 2016

Died in the end of Sep in Italy. Transmitter was found

2016 two chicks with Sandra

Iida, f

** 

?/ 2015 Kankaanpää

yellow ??

Aug 23rd 2015

50 days

Oct 10th 2015 Chad

all data from April 2015 onwards from Chad

presumably died during winter (no data and not seen back at home)

Tommi, m, juv

Ecotone GPS-GSM, solar panel

**

2015 Hyrynsalmi

yellow LK

Sep 9th 2015

Last data Nov 24th in Turkey

son of Ukko

Helena, f Microwave Solar GPS/GSM 20-70 Transmitter

? / 2014

Renko

yellow Z9

Aug 12th 2014

9957 km, 63 days, 158 km/d

Oct 13th 2014 - March 16th  2015 Nigeria

30 km2

7362 km, 31 days, 237 km/d

April 14th 2015

while waiting her mate spring 2015, Helena visited several times at least two other nests (7 km and 20 km away)

2014 two fledglings with Ilpo

July 31st 2015

no signals since August 15th. Might have been shot at fish farm  in Ukraine

chick(s) died 2015 (weather?)

Onerva, f, juv

2014 Hyrynsalmi

Sep 4th 2014

fixes stopped soon after she started her migration

daughter of Jaska

Birgit, f, juv

Microwave Solar GPS/GSM 20-70 Transmitter

 ***

2014 Renko

yellow BB

Aug 30th 2014

refuelled in the Netherlands from Sept 2nd to Oct 20th

last fix from Senegal Nov 21st

daughter of Helena and Ilpo

Heikki, m

Microwave solar power GPS-Argos

*

? / 2013 Kittilä

red X1

Sep 22nd 2013

41 days / 10 392 km, 416 km/d, in first three days Heikki flew 840 km/ day. Crossed Mediterranean at night after already flown eight hours  (that day total 20h/ 950 km) Spent two weeks in Port Said (Suez-Canal)

Nov 1st 2013 - Mar 28th 2014 Mozambique, 217 km2, 90% of signals within 29 km2

50 days/10 420 km, 261 km / day (without ten refuelling days) Usually spring migration goes faster than autumn migration

May 16th 2014

second  Finnish satellite- tracked osprey south from Equator

2013 had two nestlings

Sep 4th 2014

flew 4 362 km from Lapland to Egypt in 15 days. 291 km/d. Spent 18 days in Suez Canal

last fixes from Sudan Oct 13th 2014

had eggs but nesting failed 2014 (June was very cold)

Ilmari, m

Microwave solar power GPS-Argos

*

2004 Hyvinkää/ 2012 Hämeenlinna

red JK

Sep 16th 2012

27 days/ 7060 km, 320 km/d, spent five days in Serbia. After 466 km leg Ilmari continued flying  crossing Mediterranean Sea at night (crossing took app 30 hrs/ 1165 km) In Africa travelled 463 km/d

Oct 13th 2012 - Mar 29th 2013 Cameroon, 295 km2, 90% of signals within 0,8 km2

23 days/ 7351 km, 368 km/d

Apr 21st 2013

2011 had three and 2012 two fledglings

Sep 7th  2013

41 days/ 7538 km, 209 km/d. Spent a night in Lampedusa (in the Mediterranean Sea)

Oct 17th 2013 - Mar 26th 2014 Cameroon, 294 km2, 90% of signals within 0,3 km2

perished at Mediterranean Sea April 7th - 8th 2014

2013 three chicks, two fledged

Eikka, m

Microwave GPS-Argos (solar)

? / 2011 Paltamo

red FA

Sep 16th

2011

shot in  Ukraine Sep 25th

had two nestlings 2011

Jukka, m

Microwave GPS-Argos (solar)

?/ 2009 Pälkäne

red PS

Sep 24th 2009

33 days/ 6770 km, 282 km/d, spent 9 days in Poland, started crossing Mediterranean Sea at night

Oct 26th 2009 - Mar 23rd 2010 Cameroon, 95% of readings within 7 km2

23 days / 6836 km, 310 km/d

Apr 15th 2010

nest collapsed during winter. Artificial nest was built nearby but Jukka decided to fix the old nest spring 2010

2010 had three fledglings

Sep 22nd 2010

61 days / 8610 km! Returned to Libya from Sahara (1500 km) due sandstorm? Avg speed / trav.day 221 km/d

Oct 22nd 2010 - Mar 26th 2011 Cameroon (same area as previous year)

26 days / 7328 km, 300 km/d, Cameroon - Tunisia leg 403 km/d

Apr 21st 2011

2011 had three nestlings

Sep 17th 2011

34 days / 6619 km. 276 km/d Stayed in Poland 10 days. Again started crossing the Mediterranean Sea at night

Oct 21st 2011 -  Mar 20th 2012 Cameroon (at same area, appr. 10,6 km2)

23 days / 6786 km, 339 km/d

Apr 11th 2012

died / vanished April 21st 2012

body/ transmitter never found

Pete, m

Microwave GPS-Argos (solar)

1999 (app 11km away)/

2007 Lempäälä

red CC

Sep 18th 2007

36 days/ 6393 km, 228 km/d Crossed Mediterranean Sea at night after already flying a whole day. Spent app a week in Morocco

Oct 23rd 2007 -  Mar 30th 2008 Senegal

died Apr 5th 2008 in Morocco  (accident?  Bonelli's Eagle?). Transmitter and some remains found July 23rd 2008

2007 mate ringed 1994 at Tammisaari (app 158 km away), they had three nestlings. 2008 new male was seen at the nest

Kaarina, f, juv

Microwave. solar power

2003 Kuhmalahti

Sep 1st 2003

109 days/ 8999 km! (short route would have been 6234 km), spent 4½ weeks in Belarus and 2½ weeks in Egypt

Dec 12th 2003 Cameroon (in two areas)

signal lost Feb 1st 2004

older sister translocated to Spain

Justiina, f, juv

Microwave. solar power

2003 Loppi

Aug 26th 2003

97 km /d

signal lost Oct 27th 2003 in Romania

daughter of Vihtori. Older sister translocated to Spain

Sarsa, m

North Star, battery power

1999 Orivesi/

2003 Kangasala

Sep 17th 2003

23 days / 6572 km, 346 km /d

Oct 9th 2003 -  Mar 23rd ? 2004 Cameroon, at River-Moinum 87 km2

transmitter “died” during spring migration

seen home May 18th 2004

Raven (?) destroyed eggs 2004

Vihtori, m

North Star, battery power

1997 (app 23 km away)/

2003 Loppi

Sep 9th 2003

signal lost end of September in France

born at the same nest as Laho

Laho, m

Microwave, battery power

1995 (app 45 km away)/

2003 Tuulos

Sep 30th 2003

47 days / 7574 km (shortest route would be 6647 km). Spent 9 days in Tunisia. Crossed Sahara near its broadest point (>2000 km)

Oct 14th 2003 - Mar 15th 2004 Ivory Coast

insufficient  data to make concludes

seen home at the end of April

transmitter failed, but attempt to remove it in summer 2004 was not successful

2003 son was translocated to Spain. Had two fledglings 2004

Mirja, f, juv

Microwave. solar power

2002 Hauho

Sep 10th 2002

60 days / 6842 km, 311 km/d, stayed 5½ weeks in Greece

Nov 7th 2002 Cameroon

Nov 8th 2002 – Apr 1st 2004 total area 14 249 km2 (Tibati-reservoir 326 km2, river Moinum downstream 459 km2 and in upstream 1314 km2)

Being a 2002 juvenile Mirja didn’t migrate in 2003

Apr 2nd 2004 →

62 days / 9286 km !

Jun 3rd 2004, near Jyväskylä

spent only four days in Finland

Jun 7th 2004

reached the continent of Africa (Libya) Sep 18th 2004

Oct 6th 2004 → spent three weeks in Nigeria, five weeks in Benin (and flew around between them)

Feb 2nd - Mar 31st 2005 Cameroon (near river Moinum)

44 days / 7629 km

May 13th 2005, Savitaipale

(app 410 km from birthplace)

spent summer 2005 in quite large area around north Karelia and Russia (near Lake Ladoga)

Aug 3rd   2005

65-70 days / 6570 km (transmitter slightly dysfunctional)

Oct 11th 2005 - Mar 6th 2006 Cameroon (near River Moinum)

end of Apr 2006

signal lost May 16th 2006 near Lake Ladoga

transmitter might have fallen off (after 3 yrs and 8 months)

Victoria, f

North Star, battery power

1999 near Stockholm / 2002 Pälkäne

Sep 8th 2002

80 days / 7258 km, spent 21 days in France and 17 days in Senegal

app Nov 26th 2002 - Mar 30th 2003 Sierra Leone (in small area)

33 days / 7120 km, 254 km/d

May 3rd 2003

May 6th moved to Hämeenkyrö (50 km away) Transmitter removed summer 2003

2002 Goshawk took chicks and probably mate too. Had one fledgling 2003

Marjaana, f

Microwave, battery power

? / 2002 Utsjoki

Sep 4th 2002

42 days / 7745 km, 287 km/d In first few days flew at least 586 km/d. Spent two weeks near Danube

Oct 16th 2002 Cameroon (in two areas)

signal lost Mar 2003

2002 mate of Lasse, three nestlings

Lea, f

Microwave, battery power

? / 2002 Utsjoki

Sep 9th 2002

not enough data to define duration. Stayed three weeks in Poland and over a week in northern Cameroon. Distance (as crow flies) between home and wintering area  is 7668 km

Oct 28th  2002 Equatorial Guinea

11 km2

signal lost Apr 1st 2003

2002 mate was Harri, they had three chicks

Harri, m

Microwave, battery power

? / 2002 Utsjoki

Sep 21st 2002

57 days / 12 564 km, 330 km/d Travelling days app. 38 → 330 km/d  Spent over a week by the Black Sea and ten days on the shore in front of Alexandria (Egypt)

Nov 16th 2002 - Mar 28th 2003 South Africa, 70 km2, by the Indian Ocean. Harri became the 7th Finnish Osprey who has been observed to cross the Equator

app 57 days

May 25th 2003

transmitter started to fail spring 2003, but removal attempt was not successful

2002 mate was Lea 2003 new female but no offspring. Because the battery was running out, there was only three very unclear readings but Harri might have used the same migration route as in  previous autumn

Annikki, f

Microwave, battery power

1999 (app 19 km away) / 2002 Inari

Sep 8th 2002

32 days / 6863 km, 327 km/d. Stayed one week in Ukraine

Oct 10th 2002 - Mar 31st 2003 Sudan (stayed in very small area)

signal lost Apr 10th 2003 near Lesbos

Lasse, m

North Star, battery power

1994 (only 3 km away) / 2001 Utsjoki

Sep 23rd 2001

18 days / 4173 km 232 km/d (includes breaks i.e. one week in Ukraine)

Oct 11th 2001- Apr 12th 2002 Israel

avg 282 km / day

May 4th 2002

most northern known breeding male osprey

transmitter removed summer 2002, had three nestlings with Marjaana. 2003 had two fledglings with new female

*   http://www.microwavetelemetry.com/bird/GSM.cfm 

**  http://www.ecotone-telemetry.com/index.php/en/products/gps-gsm 

Courtesy of

Finnish Museum of Natural History http://www.luomus.fi/en/node/1314 

Bibliography

Saurola, P. The Yearbook of Linnut-magazine 2002:20-23, 2003: 8-13, 2004:20-27, 2005: 23-26, 2007: 18-25, 2009: 56-59, 2010: 28-35, 2011: 16-23