Table of Contents for Essays on Pragmatic Naturalism



Essay I. Discourse Relativity and Philosophy

1.  Pragmatic Specialization and Rationality
2. Varieties of Discourse
2.1. Conversational Speech
2.2. Some Historical Notes
2.3. Assigning Topics and Logical Paraphrase
2.4. Discipline Boundaries
3. Descriptive Frameworks
3.1. Carnap’s Internal/External Distinction
3.2. Overlapping Frameworks: The Transactional and Interpretive
3.3. Term Introduction and Identification
4. Reductionist Projects
4.1. Logical Paraphrase
4.2. The Relativity of Identity
4.3. The Meaning Status of Reductive Identities
4.4. Reliabilism
5. More Applications to Metaphysics
5.1. Determinism as Regulative Ideal
5.2. The Existence of the Supernatural
5.3. Pragmatism and Social Constructivism
5.4. Strategies of Evasion
6. Prescriptive Frameworks
6.1. Prudential Inferences
6.2. Cooperative Action and Normative Sub-Frameworks
6.3. Moral Inferences
6.4. The Bogey of Relativism
6.5. The Veil of Ignorance as Heuristic
7. Applications to Politics and Law
7.1. Freedom in the State of Nature
7.2. Social Justice and the Ideal of Equality
7.3. The Legal Discourse Framework
7.4. Overlaps of Legal and Normative Frameworks
8. Philosophy and Social Integration
8.1. Two Forms of Relativity
8.2. Contingency and Pragmatic Necessity
8.3. Philosophy’s Descriptive and Normative Projects
8.4. The Possibility of a Metaphysical Framework

Essay II. Religion and the Supernatural

1. Naturalism and Religion
1.1. Naturalism and Belief in the Supernatural
1.2. Religion and the Supernatural
1.3. Some Features of Primitive Religions
1.4. Evolutionary Explanations of Religious Belief
2. Discourse Relativity and Linguistic Fideism
2.1. Discourse Frameworks
2.2. Religious Narratives and Ritual
2.3. Linguistic Fideism
2.4. Discourse Relativity and Pragmatism
3. Avoiding Cognitive Dissonance
3.1. Supernatural Agency and Mentality
3.2. Religious Language as Nonliteral
3.3. Natural Theology’s Justifications of Religious Belief
3.4. An Assessment
4. Religion and Metaphysics
4.1. The Religious Attitude
4.2. Necessity in Religion and Philosophy
4.3. The Faith of Panpsychism
4.4. Relative Necessity and Semiotic
5. Religion, Morality, and Political Power
5.1. Moral Exemplars and Codes
5.2. Moral Reasoning
5.3. Cult Morality and Social Pathology
5.4. Morality and Rationality
5.5. Authority on the Basis of Narratives
6. The Integrative Role of Philosophy

Essay III. Boundaries of the Aesthetic

1. Introduction
1.1. Historical Background: Classical Philosophy and Kant
1.2. Hegel and Collingwood on Aesthetics
1.3. Contemporary Aesthetics
1.4. Classifying the Arts
2. Pragmatic Specialization of Signs
2.1. Primitive Signs, Discrimination, and Recognition
2.2. Communication and Intentions
2.3. Discourse Frameworks
2.4. Aesthetic Forms of Discourse
3. Cognition and Aesthetic Appreciation
3.1. Information and Iconic Representation
3.2. Photography, History, and Art
3.3. Intentions, Background Narratives, and Interpretation
3.4. Justifying Evaluations
4. Aesthetic Lures in Practical Reasoning
4.1. Prudential Reasoning and Personal Exemplars
4.2. The Role of the Arts in Moral Reasoning
4.3. Artistic Freedom
5. Fundamentals of Aesthetics
5.1. The Mundane and the Spiritual
5.2 Aesthetic Consensus
5.3. Explaining Aesthetic Consensus
5.4. Necessary and Contingent Features of Aesthetic Communication


Essay IV. Philosophy and Education

1. Philosophy in the Higher Education Curriculum

2. Philosophy, Elitism, and Specialization

3. Two Aims of Education: Extended Participation

      and Specialized Expertise

4. Logic as the Language of Philosophy

5. Philosophy’s Integrative Role