Personal pronouns and demonstratives

 

Personal pronouns and demonstratives vary according to the noun class of the word they refer to. In this unit we introduce only the forms for the m-/wa- noun class

 

Personal pronouns (m/wa noun class)

mimi

I/me

wewe

you

yeye

he/she/him/her

sisi

we/us

ninyi

you (pl)

wao

they /them

 

 

Sentences with the verb particles ni (affirmative and si (negative):

 

To express the concept of “being” in the present the particles ni and si are used as shown in the following chart:

 

 

 

 

Singular

Mimi

I

ni

am/are/is

 

si

 

am not/ are not /is not

Mtanzania

a Tanzanian

Wewe

you

Mmarekani

an American

Yeye

s/he

Mkenya

a Kenyan

 

 

Plural

sisi

ni

are

Si

are not

Watanzania

Tanzanians

Ninyi

you

Wamarekani

Americans

Wao

they

Waingereza

British

Wakenya

Kenyans