Columbus Public Schools

20 Essential Elements for Explicit Instruction


Organize for Instruction

1. Optimizing room arrangement to support the EI mode

2. Creating rules (have just a few rules which start with a verb)

3. Establishing routines and procedures (i.e. response and silent signal)


4. Focus instruction on critical content

5. Sequence skills logically

6. Break down complex skills and strategies into smaller instructional units

Design for Instruction

7. Design organized and focused lessons (opening/body/conclusion)

8. Begin lessons with a clear and concise statement of the lesson goals and your expectations

9. Review prior skills and knowledge before beginning instruction

10. Provide step-by-step demonstrations (I do, We do, You do)

11. Use clear and concise language

12. Provide an adequate range of examples and nonexamples

13. Provide guided and supported practice

Delivery of Instruction

14. Require frequent responses (oral, written, action)

15. Utilize structured engagement tools (i.e. precision partnering, white boards, etc.)

16. Monitor student performance closely (walk around, look around, talk around)

17. Provide immediate affirmative and actionable feedback

18. Deliver the lesson at a brisk pace

19. Help students organize knowledge (i.e. graphic organizers)

Judicious Practice

20. Provide distributed and cumulative practice