Debate Motions 2015-2016
Red Sea Open (6-9 September 2015)
CA Team: Monica Forman, Amanda Moorghen (DCA), Helena Ivanov (DCA)
- R1: Assuming prenatal tests exist and are accessible, THW allow severely disabled children to sue their parents for giving birth to them
- R2: THW lift the blockade off the Gaza Strip
- R3: THBT people should NOT take part in public discussions concerning identity groups to which they do not belong
- R4: THW prefer a world with no extreme emotions, e.g. deep grief, falling madly in love, boiling rage, etc.
- R5: Infoslide: In february 2015, Jacob Zuma (president of South Africa) proposed land reforms that include limiting each land-owner to 12,000 hectares ("two farms") land above this amount will be forcibly purchased for redistribution by the state. Motion: THS Zuma’s proposal
- R6: THBT the USA should cease the commemoration of 9/11
- Semis: Infoslide: The voyager Golden Records Contained Sounds and images selected to communicate with whatever extra - terrestrials or future humans who find them. They contained a wholly positive image of humanity. These were launched on the voyager spacecraft in 1977. Motion: THBT The voyager golden records should also include negative portrayals of humanity
- Final: THW permit the cloning of extraordinary individuals for the good of society
Prague Open 2015 (17-19 September 2015)
CA Team: Harish Natarajan, Julia Veble Mikic, Rebecca Irvine
- R1: THW ban payment of ransom to terrorist groups.
- R2: THBT schools should replace the teaching of established classics (e.g. the works of Shakespeare, Kafka, and Salinger) with contemporary teen fiction (e.g. Harry Potter and Hunger Games)
- R3: Infoslide: According to some recent studies, around one third of current jobs in the developed world are at high risk of automation over the following 20 years. Jobs with a very high risk of being replaced include: receptionist, accountant, bar worker. Jobs with a very low risk of being replaced include: hotel manager, psychologist, architect. Motion: TH opposes the trend of replacing humans in the workforce with technology.
- R4: THW require local police forces to reflect the ethnic makeup of their community.
- R5: THW legalise polygamy.
- Semis: THBT it is legitimate for states to prioritise asylum seekers on the basis of their religion.
- Final: THR the continuation of NATO after the Cold War.
Lisbon Open (25-27 September 2015)
CA Team: Adam Hawksbee, Ary Ferreida da Cunha, Helena Ivanov, Karin Merckens, Manos Moschopoulos
- R1: TH regrets the use of graphic and distressing images by the media in covering Europe's refugee crisis.
- R2: THBT all political parties should elect their leaders through open primaries.
- R3: THW anonymize art at all stages of sale, display and curation.
- R4: THBT countries should never use lethal autonomous robots (these being intelligent weapon systems that can select, engage and kill targets without further human intervention).
- R5: THW transfer the majority of land rights to the indigenous population that historically held them, e.g. aborigines, native americans, etc.
- Semis: THW never hold national referendums on social platforms, e.g. abortions, gay marriage.
- Final: TH welcomes the decline of religion due to the rise of science.
Edinburgh Cup 2015 (3-4 October 2015)
CA Team: Helena Ivanov, Kit Mercer, Owen Mooney (DCA)
- R1: THW abolish juries in all criminal trial.
- R2: THW remove all benefits from those deemed fit, but unwilling, to work.
- R3: Infoslide: Range voting is a voting system for single-person offices. Voters give each candidate a point score representing their support (e.g. 1 to 100), and the candidate with the most points is elected. Motion: THW introduce the range voting system.
- R4: It is August 2015. TH, as Russia would not militarily intervene in Syria.
- R5: THW Legalise Squatting
- Semis: THR the release of Aylan Kurdi's image.
- Final: THS the election of Jeremy Corbyn.
ISIC 2015 (3-4 October 2015, London, UK)
CA Team: Daniel Berman, Jack Mellish, Angus Hally
- R1: THBT developing nations should adopt a policy of benign neglect towards patent enforcement
- R2: TH supports the Malaysian government’s policy of affirmative action to ethnic Malays
- R3: TH, as the Indonesian government, would legalise slash and burn laws
- R4: THBT the US should, given a choice between the two, focus on engaging India rather than China
- Final: THBT development is more important than democracy
UCL President’s Cup 2015 (10 October 2015, London, UK)
CA Team: Alex Harris, Maxine Muirhead, George Clay
- R1: THW allow the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport
- R2: THBT railways should be nationally owned and operated
- R3: THW allow individuals to use violent force to defend their homes, even where they do not fear for personal safety
- R4: THBT Student Unions should refuse a platform to speakers who they deem offensive
- Semis: THBT developing countries should legalise child labour
- Non-Schools final: TH regrets internet anonymity
- Final: THBT artists from majority cultures should not attempt to represent or emulate the minority cultures in their art
Münster WUDC Preparation Tournament (10 October 2015, Münster, Germany)
- R1: Assuming that a minimum standard of welfare has been achieved, THBT states should make no further attempt to reduce economic inequality
- R2: THW ban the display of all art created with the intended purpose or reasonably likely outcome of creating offence
- R3: THW aggressively financially incentivise the enrollment of female students in programs of study with disproportionately low female enrollment
- R4: THBT Western foreign policies should abandon attempts to universalise liberal values
- R5: THW prefer to live in a world where personal success and failure are seen as a consequence of random factors rather than personal choice
(The tournament had no final: the winners were the team top of tab after five rounds)
UCD IV (10-11 October, Dublin, Ireland)
CA Team: Gavin O’Leary, Ed Mancey, Clíodhna Ní Chéileachair, Helena Ivanov
- R1: This House Would require approval from local referenda for all major land development decisions (e.g stadiums, airport extensions, railways etc.)
- R2: This House supports the July 2015 decision of the UK government to deny a visa to Tyler the Creator
- R3: This House Believes That the West should abandon its foreign policy aim of removing Assad from power
- R4: This House would allow asylum seekers to work
- R5: This House believes that the government should only fund further education courses that have high graduate employment rates
- Semi Final: This House believes that political parties’ Cabinets and Shadow Cabinets should be elected by the members of that party
- Final: This House regrets the overwhelming narrative of good triumphing over evil in children’s entertainment
Odessa Open (October 10-11, Odessa, Ukraine)
CA Team: Dawid Bartkowiak, Kai Dittman
- R1: THW restrict more than one person from the same family from running for high political positions
- R2: THB in the complete freedom of movement from refugees
- R3: TH prefers a world where people believe in God to a world where people don’t
- R4: THW introduce recall elections for Supreme Court or constitutional judges
- R5: TH, as the feminist movement, supports sexualization of men in the media and pop culture
- Semi Final: THB in a global wealth cap for individuals
- Final: TH supports extensive Russian military involvement in Syria
King’s College London IV (October 17, London, UK)
CA Team: George Clay, Olivia Sundberg Diez, Oskar Avery
- R1: THW cap every company's highest salary at 10x the lowest salary within that company.
- R2: In countries with few female politicians, THBT it is good to have a politically active First Lady.
- R3: THW introduce a tax on "low brow" entertainment in order to subsidise "high brow" art.
- R4: THBT criminal justice policy should be outsourced to technocrats instead of elected representatives
- Novice Final: TH as Western Countries ( EU, US, Canada, Australia) would stop selling arms to Saudi Arabia
- Semi Final: THBT militaries should aggressively engage in the genetic and bionic enhancement of consenting soldiers
- Final: THBT the US and it's allies should announce Intentions to capture and try, as opposed to assassinate the leaders of Da'esh (IS)
Strathclyde Open (October 17, Glasgow, UK)
CA Team: Bethany Garry, Kit Mercer, Naoise Dolan
- R1: THW Criminalise Holocaust Denial
- R2: THBT states should pursue economic equality above all else (e.g. high top rates of tax, high minimum income thresholds, property and inheritance tax)
- R3: THBT the US should make Japanese participation in TPP contingent on apologising for WWII war crimes
- R4: THR that the LGBTQA movement has allocated its limited time and resources to the achievement of legal marriage
- Final: THBT Aung San Suu Kyi should include demands for Rohingya equality in her campaigning
Turku Open (23rd-24th October)
CA Team: Johan Båge, John McKee, Karolina Partyga
- R1: THS the use of Referenda when deciding whether to introduce same sex marriage
- R2: Infoslide: Many State and charity programmes for the settlement or resettlement of the homeless place certain conditions on the individuals being housed eg not having used alcohol or drugs for a certain period of time.
Motion: THW not set lifestyle conditions for placement of homeless people in state and charity provided accommodation
- R3: THBT Finland should apply for NATO membership
- R4: THW introduce socio-economic background quotas for students at university departments
- R5: THW require broadcasters to devote equal time and prominence to coverage of female football games as male football games
- Semis: Infoslide: In some sectors (eg. Banking, Corporate Law), there is a culture of long working hours.
Motion: THW Require an anonymous, multi-option ballot of employees to determine the legally binding, maximum amount of extra working hours beyond the contractual minimum
- Final: THW remove the distinction between economic migrants and refugees
SOAS IV 2015 (24th-25th October)
CA Team: Michael Dunn Goekjian, Joe Dyer, Helena Ivanov, Jamie Batchelor
- R1: THW give women two votes in political elections
- R2: THBT law enforcement organisations should never provide incentives to gang members to inform on their superiors (e.g. plea bargains or monetary rewards)
- R3: TH regrets the decline in oil prices over the last 18 months
- R4: THBT Donald Trump’s presidential campaign is good for America
- R5: THW allow countries to pay other countries to settle refugees who reach their borders
- Quarters: THBT the state should reclaim a fixed proportion of all charitable giving and redistribute it to other charities on the basis of their effectiveness
- Semis: THBT the trans movement should actively seek to separate themselves, their issues and their collective identity from the LGBTQ movement in their campaigns and in the public consciousness
- Final: THW prefer a world in which there are no extreme emotions such as boiling rage, falling madly in love, extreme grief etc
- ESL Final: THBT countries, like Switzerland, that were neutral in WW II should pay financial reparations to states occupied by the Nazis
Roosevelt Open 2015 (24th-25th October)
CA Team: Joshua Bailey, Danique Van Koppenhagen, Adam Hawksbee, Karin Merckens
- R1: infoslide: A prenuptial agreement ("prenup" for short) is a written contract created by two people before they sign a relationship agreement or get married. A prenup typically lists all of the property each person owns (as well as any debts) and specifies what each person's property rights will be should the relationship contract end or marriage breakdown.
Motion: THW require all couples entering into a relationship contract or marriage to write a pre-nup agreement
- R2: Infoslide: The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a proposed international financial institution which is focused on supporting infrastructure construction in the Asia-Pacific region. The bank was proposed by the government of China and is seen by many to be competitor to the World Bank and IMF.
Motion: THBT Eurozone states should aim to join the AIIB in addition to the IMF and ECB
- R3: THBT those who live in states that suffer rampant corruption should evade tax
- R4: Infoslide: The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights (the Americas) and the European Convention on Human Rights are all examples of regionally specific human rights regimes. They contain bodies of rights that have similarities with the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights but differ on some aspects. For example, the African Charter includes provisions for the protection of indigenous peoples. These regimes have been criticised by the West, for example the Arab Charter which has been said to be; “incompatible with international standards for women’s, children’s and non-citizens’ rights, and in that it continues to equate Zionism with racism.”
Motion: THS the proliferation of regionally specific human rights regimes, despite their variation from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- R5: THW lie to, or withhold information from the public about the nature or existence of threats where evacuation would be impossible or dangerous
- Semis (and Novice Final): THBT entry to university degrees with high-earning career outcomes should be conditional upon students doing two mandatory years of non-military national service after graduation
- Final: Infoslide: The Indonesian killings of 1965-66 was a series of events triggered by an attempted coup by the right wing forces in Indonesia against the then left wing sitting President Sukarno. With the help of the West, including the CIA, the right wing leader President Suharto took charge in Indonesia and in the following 6 months to a year, the new government sought out Communists and left wing supporters and murdered and tortured them. 500,000 people are estimated to have been killed during the massacre and most of the perpetrators who carried out the killings have never faced trial and live essentially normal lives. In the 30 years that followed, President Suharto’s regime attempted to erase the killings from Indonesian history. A survey published by the Jakarta Globe in 2009 showed that more than half of the respondents comprising university students in Jakarta had never even heard of the mass killings. Suharto’s regime eventually fell in 1998 but the right still holds power in Indonesia. This coming November, an International People’s Tribunal on 1965 Crimes Against Humanity in Indonesia is to be set up at The Hague to investigate the killings. The Tribunal will not have the power to try anybody but, rather, to issue general declarations about events and moral culpability.
Motion: THS the establishment of the International People's Tribunal on the 1965 Crimes Against Humanity in Indonesia.
UCU Open (30th-31st October)
CA Team: Becki Howarth, Daan Welling, Joe Dyer, Monica Forman, Srishti Krishnamoorthy
- R1: THW ban any strike carried out by medical personnel
- R2: THW hand over control of Mecca to the United Nations
- R3: THW allow inviduals to opt out of 40% of their income tax and give that money to a charitable cause of their choosing
- R4: Given mutual exclusivity, TH, as Putin, would rather put Russia’s military efforts in Syria than in the Ukraine
- R5: THW not allow revolutionary leaders to stand for office in post-revolutionary societies
- Semis: TH (actively?) supports the portrayal of female protagonists using extreme retributive violence (e.g. Lisbeth Salander in the Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Ellen Page in Hard Candy and Rihanna in ‘Bitch Better Have My Money’)
- Final: TH, as an influential artist, would chose to depict the world as they would wish it to be, rather than as they see it
TU Fall Open (October 31st)
CA Team: Andrei Mirchev, Asen Kochanov, Monica Forman, Nicole Pilar
- R1: THW allow offenders to replace their jail time sentence with serving in the army
- R2: THW allow border police to only carry non-lethal weapons
- R3: TH, as China, would provide military assistance, and Intervention if necessary, to the African Union task force against terror
- R4: THW prohibit citizens who do not reside in their native country from voting in its elections
- Final: THBT any data collected from experiments deemed unethical should never be used by the scientific community
Imperial Open 2015 (October 31st)
CA Team: Jamie Jackson, Olivia Sundberg Diez, Paul O’Dwyer
- R1: Infoslide: In the USA, fan interest in college sports regularly exceeds that of the professional game. Every year $3 Billion is spent on over 500,000 college athletic scholarships by universities. It is estimated that there is an average shortfall of $3,000 despite the scholarship that students have to cover themselves without the ability to work a second job. Players may have their scholarship revoked for injuries that happen. The profits from the football/basketball programs are often the centre of the university’s business model.
Motion: THW compel colleges to pay athletes as professionals
- R2: Infoslide: The Schengen zone, encompassing most EU countries, is an area within which mutual borders are open without the requirement for passport checks. It does not include the UK and Ireland.
Motion: THBT the EU should enforce freedom of movement within current Schengen countries
- R3: Infoslide: Lean In feminism says women ought to: not hold back from your career development because of future plans to start a family; adopt traditionally masculine qualities at work e.g. being assertive at meetings; demand that your partner do their fair share of the work at home.
Motion: TH supports Lean In feminism
- R4: THW ban adoption agencies which select families on religious grounds
- Semis: THBT states should strive to reduce inequality even after everyone has enough for an acceptable quality of life
- Final: THW allow students to vote on the curriculum they are taught in schools
NAMDA Novice Cup 2015 (October 31st)
CA Team: Jamie Batchelor, Jennie Hope
- R1: Infoslide: Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA) is a form of unemployment benefit paid by the government of the United Kingdom to people who are unemployed and actively seeking work.
Motion: THW require receipients (sic) of Jobseeker’s Allowance to work in return for welfare payments
- R2: Infoslide: A “no-platform” policy is one which requires that a certain person or organisation is not given a public platform on which to speak or otherwise espouse their views.
Motion: THBT universities should not implement "no-platform" policies for controversial speakers
- R3: Infoslide: The legal system in England and Wales is a “Common Law” system. This means that judges are able to interpret laws, as well as creating new legal norms (as long as they don’t contradict laws passed by parliament). That is to say that the precedent passed by high level courts in previous rulings has a legally binding impact on future court cases (though can be re-interpreted by equal level judges).
Motion: THW impose a maximum annual income on everyone in the legal profession (including barristers, solicitors and judges) in England and Wales
- R4: THW allow soldiers to opt out of war or conflict for moral reasons
- Semis: THW impose a minimum quota of ethnic minority academics (e.g. lecturers and professors) in university departments.
- Final: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, "cultural knowledge" refers to the knowledge of intellectual or social achievements (artistic, historical or linguistic) prized by a specific group or community. For example: the cultural knowledge prized by white, middle and upper class elites in the UK arguably includes (but is not limited to) an understanding of opera, Renaissance poetry, and fine art; a knowledge ancient languages such as Greek and Latin; and familiarity with lists of British monarchs.
Motion: THBT the British education system should aim to give students from all backgrounds a high level of familiarity with the cultural knowledge prized by white, upper and middle class elites
Belgrade Open (October 31st - November 1st)
CA Team: Carlo Cabrera, Ilija Ivanisevic, Nika Jelaska, Radu Cotarcea
- R1: THW abolish university tuition fees
- R2: TH regrets the narrative that women can have it all - a successful career and a happy family
- R3: THW allow the sale of the right to sue
- R4: TH welcomes Russia’s military intervention in Syria
- R5: THW oblige priests to report all violent crime that they learn about in confession
- Semis: THW refuse to recognize the freedom of movement of citizens of any EU member state that refuses to accept a proportional number of refugees
- Final: THW cease using the legal concept of genocide in criminal proceedings
Kyiv Open (October 31st - November 1st)
CA Team: Ary Ferreira da Cunha, Emilia Carlqvist, Helena Ivanov, Nataliya Dobrovolskaya (DCA)
- R1: THW aggressively financially incentivize the enrollment of female students in programs of study with disproportionately low female enrollment.
- R2: THW legalize squatting (occupation of unoccupied buildings for driven initiatives.
- R3: THW allow medical professionals to opt out of performing procedures or treatments on the basis of conscious.
- R4: THBT government should not subsidies any art.
- R5: In a country with free and fair elections THW make leading politicians (for example ministers and presidents) salaries equal to the highest earners in the private sector.
- Semis: Infoslide: The American Dream is a national ethos of the United States, stating that it is possible to achieve upward social mobility, prosperity and success if you work hard enough.
Motion: TH regrets the American Dream.
- Final: Infoslide: For the sake of this debate, mind-reading machines are machines that give the user unrestricted access to another individual's memories and thoughts. The machine only works if the user has physical access to the person being read.
Motion: THW give law enforcement agencies the right to use mind-reading machines.
Imperial Novices (November 1st)
CA Team: Claudia Hyde, Craig McDonald, Gavin O’Leary
- R1: THW criminalise all forms of high school bullying (including cyber, physical and verbal)
- R2: THBT Western Liberal Democracies should not give aid to countries who commit grave human rights abuses against people within their territory
- R3: THBT governments should focus on adapting to the effects of climate change, rather than trying to prevent it
- R4: THW financially incentivise women to study STEM subjects at university
- Semis: TH prefers liberal arts-style degrees to single honours degrees
- Final: THW subsidise membership of dating services (incl. websites) for long-term singles
LSESU Novice Cup (November 7th)
CA Team: Billy Wildi, Daniel Bramble
- R1: THW ban private donations to political parties
- R2: THBT developing countries should actively support medical tourism
- R3: THW allow defendants in criminal trials to argue that the jury should acquit on the grounds that the law they broke was unjust, and would instruct all juries to take this defence into account
- Final: Infoslide: Currently, the state defines the terms of marriages/civil-partnerships, for example: what counts as a marriage (eg banning polygamy); how property should be divided in the event of divorc; your parental rights and responsibilities. Marriage privatisation is where individuals, communities or companies instead write terms of marriages, while the state only enforces the contract.
Motion: THW privatize marriage.
Welsh Novices 2015 (November 7th)
CA Team: Craig McDonald, Ieuan Skinner
- R1: THW ban video games in which the player engages in brutal and immoral violence in a realistic setting.
- R2: THBT the UK should only leave the EU if referendums in Wales, Scotland, England and Northern Ireland all receive majorities.
- R3: Infoslide: [A map was shown alongside this text] The Gulf States (with the exceptions of Jordan, which has accepted a significant number of refugees) have so far provided limited aid and support to refugees during the current crisis
Motion: THW continue trade deals with the Gulf States on the condition that they take control of the refugee crisis.
- R4: THBT schools should motivate children to believe that anyone can succeed through hard work regardless of their background.
- Final: Infoslide: Prison Manufacturing is a massive business in America, that enables them (as an industry) to compete internationally Inmates are paid below minimum wage and have little to no rights as workers, whereas free American citizens have the right to a minimum wage, fair working hours and the right to unionise to resolve disputes. If an Inmate is fit and well, refusal to work often results in punishments, up to and including isolation
Motion: THW extend workers rights to the prison population, but not the right to refuse work.
Westminster Open (November 7th)
CA Team: Eleanor Angwin, Jamie Batchelor, Olivia Sundberg Diez
- R1: THW ban cosmetic surgery
- R2: THBT African countries should adopt English as the principal language of instruction in schools
- R3: Infoslide: In the UK, NICE (the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) evaluates the efficacy of NHS policies by measuring QALYs. 'Quality Adjusted Life Years' (QALYs) are a way of measuring the effectiveness of healthcare treatments. They are calculated by combining both the number of years added to lives, and the quality of life after receiving treatment. So a medicine which provides 1 extra year of good quality life is credited just as much as one which adds 2 years of life where the quality of those years is deemed 'half as good'. QALYs prioritise length of life over quality of life (e.g. people with short life expectancy, less severe diseases). Treatments which do not increase life expectancy are often difficult to calculate.
Motion: THW only fund medicine based on its impact on Quality Adjusted Life Years.
- R4: TH, as the West, would cooperate with Russia in its military intervention in Syria (with info slide re Russia’s recent aggression vs. rebels/ISIS)
- Novice Final: THBT the media should not report on the private lives of politicians
- Semis: THBT female game designers should prioritise over everything else the creation of female characters
- Final: THW ban scientific research into the genetics of race
Durham IV 2015 (November 7th-9th)
CA Team: George Clay, Helena Ivanov, Karin Merckens
- R1: In areas of the US with majority Hispanic populations, THW make Spanish the primary language of instruction in schools
- R2: Infoslide: The Sports Governance Observer (SGO) is a measure of good governance of International Sporting Federations (ISF). It measures the level of institutional corruption, democratic process, transparency and efficiency. The SGO scores ISFs on a scale of 0100% with 100% representing perfect governance. FIFA is ranked as the second best governed ISF in world sport with a score of 67.8% (Horse riding is number 1). The worst score on the scale is the International Shooting Sport Federation which scored just 27.3%.
Motion: THW make a sufficient SGO score a minimum requirement for a sport to be part of the Olympic Games
- R3: THBT charities should not accept donations from individuals/organisations who are involved in immoral activities
- R4: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, ‘antiaging technology' concerns the root causes of ageing as opposed to the purely cosmetic effects of ageing.
Motion: THBT the medical community should invest in antiaging technology on the same scale as it does for other top priorities like cancer and heart disease research
- R5: Given the technology existed, THW erase all knowledge of nuclear weapons
- Semis: Infoslide: Jesus of Nazareth is a historical figure who is known to have lived c 4 BCE to c 28 CE. His life and teachings are referred to in numerous historical sources - the Roman Tacitus describes his execution for witchcraft, and hundreds of his followers left differing accounts of his beliefs. The most famous of these contemporary accounts are the Gospels written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Many widely held Christian beliefs are not mentioned in these contemporary sources, and can be proven to have originated later, after 800 CE. Examples of these beliefs include the immaculate conception of the Virgin Mary, the existence of Purgatory, and the infallibility of the Pope
Motion: TH, as a Christian, would base its practices and beliefs solely on contemporary accounts of the life of Jesus.
- Final: THBT the People’s Republic of China should overthrow the People’s Republic of North Korea
Tilbury House IV 2015 (November 6th - 8th)
CA Team: Michael Shapira, Rebecca Irvine
- R1: THW fine news organisations who consistently fail to meet a standard of fair and balanced reporting
- R2: THW require gaming companies to offer their products free of charge to women, in cases where there is a significant gender disparity in consumption.
- R3: THW abolish and ban all agricultural subsidies in the European Union
- R4: Assuming you would not be found out, in the event of a terrorist attack on EU soil committed by Islamist extremists THW fabricate evidence that the attack was committed by the dominant ethnic and socio-economic group, e.g. white Anglo-Saxons
- Semis: THW impose sanctions on Erdogan’s AKP government
- Final: THBT the concept of “safe spaces” has no place in any academic activity or environment.
Oxford IV 2015 (November 13th - 14th)
CA Team: Ben Sprung-Keyser, Helena Ivanov, Marlena Valles, Steven Rajavinothan, Jamie Jackson (ACA)
- R1: Infoslide: Religious Schools supplement state curricula with religious activities such as prayer or the discussion of religious texts. Teaching is sometimes performed by religious leaders.
Motion: THW Ban Religious Primary and Secondary Schools
- R2: Infoslide: The majority of US immigration visas are granted in order to reunify current legal US residents with their overseas parents, spouses, or children.
Motion: THBT US immigration policy should only prioritise merit-based standards of acceptance over the reunification of families.
- R3: Infoslide: Many countries increase punishments for crimes if those crimes are committed with an established prejudiced motive. These are called 'penalty enhancements for hate crimes'.
Motion: THW end penalty enhancements for hate crimes.
- R4: THBT Western Liberal Democracies should boycott the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia.
- R5: THW allow opponents of abortion to sign legally-binding contracts with pregnant women, in which they pay those pregnant women not to have an abortion.
- Open Quarters: THR the rise of megacities (cities of over 10 million people)
- ESL Semis: THW accept ‘I was only following orders’ as a defence in war crimes trials
- Open Semis: THBT after 50 years of ownership, the state should have the right to repossess all works of painting or sculptures for the purpose of public display
- Novice Final: THW create and enforce filial responsibility laws (mandating that people take care of their parents)
- ESL Final: THR the institutions of marriage and civil partnership
- Open Final: Infoslide: A new planet has been discovered identical to earth. One of two systems can be implemented on this planet
Motion: THW implement Communism over Capitalism.
Euroijada Krakow IV 2015 (November 13th - 15th)
CA Team: Anna Dotsenko, Đorđe Jovićević, Rebecca Irvine, Ula Malecka
- R1: THW make anonymous CVs compulsory
- R2: Assuming the technology existed, THW allow individuals to opt-in to a permanent state of dreaming where they are able to control the events and environment
- R3: THW actively preserve languages classified as endangered
- R4: THBT all development aid should be offered without conditions
- Final: THBT France should increase military operations in Syria and Iraq with the aim of combatting ISIS
Birmingham ESL Novice Mini 2015 (November 15th)
CA Team: Mackenzie Tse, Nick Zervoudis, Wen-Yu Weng
- R1: THW impose gender and racial quotas in government cabinets.
- R2: Assuming we live in a world where superheroes exist, THW require superheroes to publicly reveal their identities.
- R3: THW pay a living wage to stay-at-home parents.
- R4: THBT environmentalists should launch violent campaigns against major polluting companies.
- Final: THW dramatically reduce the patent life on life saving drugs
Cambridge IV 2015 (November 20th - 21st)
CA Team: Emilia Carlqvist, Manos Moschopoulos, Michael Dunn Goekjian, Syed Saddiq
- R1: THBT medical staff should be able to opt out of providing treatments on religious or ethical grounds
- R2: Infoslide: In 2004, the EU expanded to include Malta, Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, and Hungary. In 2007, it expanded to include Romania and Bulgaria. In 2013, it expanded to include Croatia.
Motion: TH regrets the eastward expansion of the European Union during and since 2004
- R3: THW prefer a world without religious beliefs
- R4: Infoslide: In September 2005, Israel removed all of its troops and settlers from the Gaza strip. The territory is now under the control of the Islamist group Hamas.
Motion: THBT Israel should have continued the occupation of Gaza
- R5: THBT educational institutions should never attempt to restrict the freedom of expression of students or staff (except when mandated by law)
- Open Quarters: THR the partition of India
- ESL Semis: TH regrets the perception that soldiers are heroes
- Open Semis: Infoslide: The sharing economy refers to peer-to-peer-based sharing of access to goods and services (coordinated through community-based online services). Prominent examples include Uber and AirBnB.
Motion: TH opposes the sharing economy
- ESL Final: Infoslide: The Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia. It is one of the five Pillars of Islam, and every Muslim is expected to make the journey once over the course of a liftetime if they have the means to do so.
Motion: THBT Saudi Arabia should limit participation in the Hajj to the citizens of countries that are committed to taking direct action against IS
- Open Final: THBT the international community should pay countries near to conflict zones to process, settle and restrict the further movement of refugees
Cambridge Women’s 2015 (November 22nd)
CA Team: Helena Ivanov, Olivia Sundberg, Srishti Krishnamoorthy
- R1: THBT governments should place no restrictions on how welfare payments, excluding child benefit, are spent
- R2: THBT social disgust is sufficient justification for censoring art
- R3: THW legally permit soldiers to refuse to participate in military actions or missions on the basis of conscience
- R4: THBT states should take high numbers of refugees, even when faced with strong democratic opposition
- ESL Final: THBT Britain should pay reparations to its former colonies
- Open Final: TH regrets the rise of the Rom Com genre
Cork IV 2015 (November 27th - 28th)
CA Team: Barry O'Gorman, David Jones, Fletch Kamohelo Williams
- R1: THW abolish trials by jury
- R2: THBT it is illegitimate to profit from the development & sale of pharmaceuticals
- R3: THBT Russia should not retaliate in any way against Turkey
- R4: THW abandon the use of primary elections in the process of selecting American presidential candidates
- R5: THW only allow individuals older than the national age of consent to participate in religious organisations and their ceremonies
- Novice Final:
Bristol Pro-Am 2015 (November 28th)
CA Team: Craig McDonald, Gavin O’Leary, Jennie Hope
- R1: THW ban commercial expeditions to Mount Everest.
- R2: THBT television channels should enforce a minimum quota for ethnic minority characters on their fictional programmes
- R3: TH, as the UK, would export intelligence on ISIS to friendly non-allied governments
- R4: TH regrets the cultural preference for monogamy
- Semis: TH, as Commissioner Gordon, would not use the Bat Signal
- Final: TH regrets the rise of televised, prime time Political Satire (e.g. Have I Got News for You, Mock the Week, The Daily Show)
Newcastle IV 2015 (November 28th)
CA Team: Eleanor Kowol, Owen Mooney, Kez Exley (DCA)
- R1: THW sell London's parks for property development
- R2: TH, as the government of a developing nation, would invest the majority of its energy budget in green energy solutions
- R3: TH, as a feminist, supports anti-capitalist political movements
- R4: THW strongly encourage people not to have children
- Novice Final:
- Final: THW legalise secondary striking
Southampton Open 2015 (December 5th)
CA Team: Alex Harris, Anita Chandran, Jamie Jackson
- R1: THW allow doctors to lie to their patients about the likely efficacy of medication
- R2: THW allow the police and security services unrestricted access to the internet history and online communications of all citizens
- R3: TH supports individuals sharing graphic wartime images on social media
- R4: Infoslide: Until independence was granted in 1922 after a bloody civil war, the British government ruled all of Ireland from Westminster, without recognition of Irish self determination / In 1845 to 1851 the British government did little to aid the Irish economy during a period which saw over a million Irish citizens die due to the potato famine, despite previously extracting economic gain from the industry / This list is not exhaustive.
Motion: THBT the British Government should pay reparations to the Republic of Ireland
- Final: Infoslide: Drag culture is a subculture within the LGBT community which predominantly consists of cis (that is, non-transgender) gay men dressing up in traditionally "female" clothing and acting out exaggerated feminine characteristics
Motion: THBT drag culture should not be promoted at LGBT events
Lund IV 2015 (December 4th - 6th)
CA Team: Adam Hawksbee, James Dixon, Helena Ivanov, John McKee, Matti Bryder
- R1: THW give prisoners the option to reduce their sentence in return for front line military service.
- R2: THW would allow the executive to appoint experts to top government positions.
- R4: THB that tribunals investigating crimes against humanity and war crimes should allow plea bargaining.
- R5: THB that graduates should pay the entire cost of their university education via government loans with income linked repayments.
- Novice Final: Instead of establishing state services in developing countries, THW give all citizens cash transfers so they are able to purchase health care, education and social security from private providers.
- Quarters: THBT states should destroy all works of art (including but not limited to music, films and paintings) created by artists convicted of heinous crimes.
- Semis: Infoslide: A "harassment bribe" is when a person is asked to pay a bribe in order to receive, or speed up the receipt of, a state good or service they are entitled to receive, e.g. a business license, passport, rice ration or an income tax refund. Motion: THW legalise the payment but not the solicitation or receipt of harassment bribes
- Final: TH supports the West's foreign policy response to Daesh's/ISIS attack in Paris.
Moscow Open 2015 (December 5th - 6th)
Welsh Mace 2015 (December 5th)
CA Team: Andrew Green, Martin Devenney
- R1: THW abolish the office of Parliamentary Whip
- R2: THW end all state subsidy for the preservation of the Welsh language
- R3: THBT self defining progressive males of dominant ethnicities are morally obliged to refrain from taking positions of responsibility where there is a qualified alternative candidate from a historically disadvantaged group who would otherwise receive the post.
- R4: TH, as the west, would promote the creation of an independent Kurdistan.
- Final: THBT the governments of countries that receive large numbers of migrants should encourage the creation of ethnically/nationally homogenous towns/areas (such as Södertälje in Sweden)
Sheffield IV 2015 (December 5th)
CA Team: Edward Mancey, Eleanor Kowol (DCA), Nishith Hegde (DCA)
- R1: Infoslide: Under the status quo, sitting MPs are automatically put up for re-election by the party that nominated them, and do not have to face re-selection to be able to run in their constituency for that party.
Motion: THW make re-selection mandatory for sitting MPs before general elections
- R2: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, ‘born this way’ can be understood to be the idea that a person’s sexual identity is inherent to them and immutable.
Motion: Regardless of whether or not sexual identity is a choice, TH regrets the born this way narrative
- R3: Infoslide: The “right to be forgotten” reflects the claim of an individual to have certain data deleted so that third persons can no longer trace them, such as removing content from search engines.
Motion: TH supports the right to be forgotten
- R4: Infoslide: 'Fiscal austerity' refers to a decision by a government (such as increasing taxation or reducing spending) in order to cut the size of the budget deficit.
Motion: TH supports the UK government's policy of fiscal austerity
- Semis: THBT all foreign aid should be unconditional
- Final: Infoslide: The goody-two-shoes drug, when taken, completely prevents the taker from being able to engage in bad behaviours (eg. underage drinking, drug use, shoplifting, truancy etc.).
Motion: THW allow parents to administer the goody-two-shoes drug
Southampton Open 2015 (December 5th)
Leiden Novices 2015 (December 6th)
CA Team: Andrea Bos, Jeroen Claassens, Lisa Schallenberg, Roel Becker
- R1: THW allow euthanasia, even if suffering is neither unbearable nor hopeless.
- R2: THBT the Muslim community should actively distance itself from Islamic terrorism.
- R3: THW make development aid contingent on children’s rights.
- Semis: Infoslide: During Dutch commemorations of the Second World War, the Dutch only commemorate Dutch victims of the war. Discussions to broaden this to include German victims and conscripts have met with resistance.
Motion: THBT the Netherlands should also commemorate German conscripts
- Final: TH opposes safe spaces on campuses
Centrale IV (Paris, December 11th - 13th)
CA Team: Ben Gladnikoff, Joe Mayes, Olivia Sundberg Diez
- R1: THW make teachers' pay conditional on the performance of their students
- R2: THW criminalise the consumption by pregnant women of substances known to be harmful to foetuses (e.g. alcohol, cigarettes)
- R3: THBT national sports teams should reflect the ethnic diversity of their populations
- R4: TH supports the rise of the far-left in continental Europe (e.g. Syriza in Greece, Podemos in Spain)
- R5: THBT atheists should actively promote atheism
- Semis: THBT former colonial powers should remove all restrictions on immigration for citizens from their former colonies
- Final: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, you a British sniper on the front lines during WW2. Whilst on duty, your focus falls upon a German soldier showering in the German trench. The soldier is naked, unarmed and poses no immediate threat to the British lines.
Motion: THW shoot the soldier
SSE Riga IV 2015 (December 12th - 13th)
CA Team: Gustaf Lundgren, John McKee, Ruta Gabalina, Stefan Siridzanski
- R1: Infoslide: The American Dream is the belief that anyone, regardless of where they were born or what class they were born into, can attain their own version of success in a society; upward mobility is possible for everyone. The American dream is achieved through sacrifice, risk-taking and hard work, not by chance.
Motion: TH regrets the narrative of the American Dream
- R2: THB the state should not attach any legal or fiscal privileges to the family unit (e.g tax breaks, spousal exemptions etc)
- R3: Infoslide: The Galactic Empire is a ruthless dictatorship that ruled over the galaxy for 20 years, while providing a degree of stability, and prosperity. During the reign of the Empire, countless star systems were conquered and dissident actions stamped out. It was defeated by the rebel alliance at the battle of Endor.
Motion: THR the fall of the Galactic Empire
- R4: Infoslide: Broadsheet (noun) A newspaper often printed on a large size of paper, which reports about serious news and is generally considered of higher quality.
Motion: THW introduce an excise tax on tabloids to finance a subsidy of broadsheet
- R5: THW exclude Turkey from NATO if it continues bombing Kurdish troops in Syria and Iraq
- Quarters: THR the negative connotations surrounding creating art for the primary purpose of profit
- Semis: THW man Mens' Rights Activist groups
- Novice Final: THR the narrative of having one great calling or purpose in life
- Open Final: Infoslide: The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the word "literally" now also means "figuratively".
Motion: TH as the Republican National Committee would literally kick Donald Trump out of the Republican party.
Birmingham IV 2015 (December 12th - 13th)
CA Team: Jamie Jackson, Jennie Hope, Joshua Bailey, Ruby Holmes
- R1: Infoslide: Trophy hunting is the selective and regulated hunting of wild animals, for example lions. Typically, it takes place on reservations, particularly in Africa and North America.
Motion: THW allow the trophy hunting of endangered animals
- R2: Infoslide: Selfdriving cars are automated modes of transport that are about to enter the market. They do not require driver control and make autonomous decisions about how to get your car to its destination.
Motion: THW programme self-driving cars to prioritise the number of lives saved when faced with unavoidable collisions as opposed to prioritising the safety of the driver
- R3: Infoslide: The Orange Order is a conservative British Unionist organisation that claims to protect the civil and religious rights of Protestants. / The ‘Orange Walks’ are a series of annual marches held across Scotland and Northern Ireland around the 12th of July. The routes regularly pass through majority Catholic areas.
Motion: THW ban the orange walk
- R4: THBT LGBTQ+ campaigns should criticise the nuclear family
- R5: THBT African Union states should withdraw from the International Criminal Court and set up an African alternative
- Quarters: Infoslide: Defamation is a legal action whereby an individual or small group (e.g. A family or the Birmingham IV CA team) sues another for damaging their reputation through the telling of lies. / Remedies for these actions can include financial restitution, injunctions (a court order to stop the defamation) and/or public retractions. / At present, collective actions for defamation cannot be brought on behalf of broad classes. / For example, Muslims cannot sue for defamation if a national newspaper said that they all supported ISIS.
Motion: THW allow mental health charities to sue media outlets for the defamation of the mentally ill
- Semis: THBT the Parliamentary Labour Party should immediately depose Jeremy Corbyn by a vote of no confidence
- Novice Final: THBT when faced with the choice between spending discretionary income on non-essentials or giving to charity, individuals should always choose to give to charity
- Open Final: THBT the USA should publicly apologise for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Skopje Open 2015 (December 24th - 25th)
CA Team: Emilia Carlqvist, Harish Natarajan, Stefan Siridzanski
- R1: TH regrets the rise of porn 2.0
- R2: THBT the Republican and Democratic parties should select candidates for the house, senate + presidency through a vote of their leaders than through primaries
- R3: THBT developing nations should distribute, as a dividend to citizens, income derived from nature resource extraction
- R4: THBT the United States should replace Saudi Arabia with Iran as a major strategic partner in the Middle East
- R5: TH supports the falsification of history in order to create and strengthen national identities
- Semis: Infoslide: A reserve currency is a currency that is held in significant quantities by governments and institutions as a part of their foreign exchange reserves. / The International Monetary Fund has traditionally recognised the U.S. Dollar, the Euro, the Japanese Yen, and the Pound Sterling as official reserve currencies.
Motion: TH supports the IMF's recognition of the Chinese Renminbi (Yuan) as an official reserve currency
- Final: THBT majority liberal courts should actively misinterpret constitutions in order to promote progressive rights
Thessaloniki WUDC 2016 (December 28th - January 3rd)
CA Team: Manos Moschopoulos, Arinah Najwa (DCA), Chris Bisset (DCA), John McKee (DCA), Josh Zoffer (DCA), Sarah Balakrishnan (DCA), Tasneem Elias (DCA), Charity Makhala (ACA), Maria Paula Garcia (ACA)
- R1: THW allow states to use mercenary forces in combat roles in active military operations
- R2: THW would prohibit private ownership of art deemed to be culturally or historically significant
- R3: THBT all states should collectively aggregate and evenly distribute all revenue from mineral wealth globally on a per capita basis
- R4: THBT governments with racially diverse populations should never record the ethnic or racial background of their residents
- R5: THBT the US should withdraw from East Asia and cede regional hegemony to China
- R6: THBT states should adopt sunset clauses that legally force them to review and either re-authorize or revise their constitutions every generation
- R7: TH supports stronger collective bargaining rights and protections rather than legislated labor market regulations (e.g. wage levels and working conditions)
- R8: THBT the creation of feminist icons and their cults of personality are good for the feminist movement
- R9: THBT that criminal punishments should be based only on the offenders' culpability rather than the damages caused by the criminal act or other outcomes derived from the punishment
- Open Partial-Double Octos: TH regrets mainstream, commercial films that depict historical subjugation and/or crimes against humanity
- ESL Quarters: THW prefer a world in which extremely wealthy people in Western liberal states donate excess money to their governments rather than to charities
- EFL Semis: THW retrospectively criminalise excessively risky management practises for economically significant corporations and prosecute the executives responsible for them & THBT the IMF and World Bank should pay reparations to countries adversely affected by structural adjustment policies
- Open Octos: THW nationalize all systemically important financial institutions, such as banks and insurance companies
- ESL Semis: THB the West should prioritize stability over exporting democracy in foreign policy
- Open Quarters: TH supports the establishment of a Black secessionary state within the territory of the United States, the founding of which is supported by the American government
- Open Semis: THBT non-western countries who were once colonized, when fabricating the material culture of national identity (anthems, street names, holidays, flag, etc.) should privilege pre colonial history and notions of indigeneity over themes of anti colonial resistance
- EFL Final: THBT campaigners for refugee protection should not use pictures displaying the graphic suffering of refugees as part of their advocacy
- ESL Final: TH supports the decline of the nation-state's power in an increasingly globalized world
- Open Final: THBT the world's poor would be justified in pursuing complete Marxist revolution
London Pro-Am 2016 (January 16th)
CA Team: Jamie Batchelor, Maxine Muirhead, Katie Heard
- R1: THW not provide state funding for art based higher education, eg. art, music, drama
- R2: TH supports politicians passing progressive legislation, even when it is contrary to the wishes of the democratic electorate
- R3: THBT it is in the interest of the Conservative Government to impose a travel ban on Donald Trump
- R4: THW make the use of armed drones a war crime
- Final: (to be added)
Nottingham-Trent Open 2016 (January 16th)
CA Team: Andrew Green, Eleanor Kowol, Ryan Fiske, Calum Young (DCA)
- R1: THW create additional seats in parliament specifically to represent ethnic minorities
- R2: THR the rise of online news media at the expense of traditional journalism
- R3: THS 'cordon sanitaire' against the far right in Europe
- R4: THS the EU-Turkey refrugee deal
- Semis: THW, as the curator of the national gallery, prioritise beauty over message when acquiring new artworks
- Final: THBT Brexit is in the interests of the European Union
Inner Temple IV 2016 (January 22nd - 23rd)
CA Team: Gavin O’Leary, Matthew Oldham, Rebecca Meredith
- R1: THW ban TV programmes and entertainment media from portraying convicted criminals as innocent
- R2: THW trigger a general election when a country goes into recession
- R3: THW exclusively fund domestic NGOs in developing countries as opposed to western NGOs working in developing countries
- R4: TH, as a progressive female candidate, would not use conventional gender roles (e.g. marketing oneself as a mother or a wife) as a tactic in political campaign
- Semis: THBT the USA should make Taiwanese independence a major foreign-policy aim
- Novice Final: TH supports the introduction of bystander laws
- Open Final: THW conscientiously object in situations of war
York IV 2016 (January 22nd)
CA Team: Bethany Garry, Jennie Hope, Nissim Massarano
- R1: THBT young, educated people in Western countries should focus their charitable efforts (e.g., volunteering, donations, etc.) towards benefiting the disadvantaged in their own country, as opposed to in the developing world.
- R2: THBT the Labour Party should have worked to rehabilitate Tony Blair’s image in its campaigning, prior to the 2015 General Election.
- R3: Infoslide: "A massive open online course (MOOC) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials, many MOOCs provide interactive user forums to support community interactions. MOOCs are a recent and widely researched development in distance education that allows anyone to study specific classes."
Motion: THBT governments should promote, support, and incentivise students to attend MOOCs instead of Universities.
- R4: Infoslide: "The Global Anglican Communion is a collection of national churches, with the Archbishop of Canterbury as its spiritual head. Recently, in order to avoid a split in the church (due to some churches in the USA recognising same-sex marriage), the church reaffirmed traditional marriage, and maintained the ban on churches recognising same-sex marriages."
Motion: THBT the global Anglican church should split into two churches, rather than maintain a single communion.
- Semis: THW allow people to opt into religious structures with the power to punish them in this life (e.g., Beth Din courts, or Sharia courts) for infractions.
- Final: THW pay reparations to women.
Queen Mary IV 2016 (January 23rd)
CA Team: Chessy Whalen, Eliot Pallot, Martin Devenney, Olivia Sundberg Diaz
- R1: TH supports Voluntourism
- R2: THBT it is in the UK's interest to leave the EU
- R3: THW ban boarding schools
- R4: THW introduce mixed-gender low security prisons
- Final: THBT student unions should not take political positions that do not directly pertain to tertiary education
Trinity Women’s Open 2016 (January 28th)
CA Team: Clare Ní Cheallaigh, Clíodhna Ní Ch, Mackenzie Tse
- R1: Infoslide: Hiberno-English is a dialect of English spoken throughout Ireland, with regional varieties.
Motion: THW actively reward the use of Hiberno-English in schoolwork and examinations.
- R2: Infoslide: Ulysses contract is a vow or a resolution which an individual makes freely and independently, which outlines consequences for their future actions. // The contract usually imposes a financial punishment if certain terms are not met by that person in the future. // Example: A smoker could sign a Ulysses contract stipulating that if she does not quit smoking after a year, she will pay a large fine to the state. // A person could sign a Ulysses contract stipulating that if at any future time her income exceeds a certain threshold, the excess will be donated to charity.
Motion: THW make Ulysses contracts enforceable by the courts.
- R3: THW genetically engineer major meat animals not to feel pain.
- Semis: Infoslide: An ‘Orgasm Intervention’ is a group of females coming together in order to encourage and assist a friend to seek and receive orgasms from their partner. (+ another slide with a relatively long interview quote by Nicki Minaj: “"I demand that I climax. I think women should demand that. …”)
Motion: THS the concept of orgasm intervention.
- Final: TH, as an individual with strong and deeply held convictions, would die for their cause.
Trinity IV 2016 (January 29th - 30th)
CA Team: Dee Courtney, Matthew Collins, Omer Nevo, Srishti Krishnamoorthy
- R1: THW ban all lobbying activity
- R2: THW allow deaf parents to refuse treatment for deafness on behalf of their children
- R3: THBT strong dictatorships in the Middle East are better than weak democracies
- R4: TH as the LGBTQIA community would oppose pornography
- R5: TH opposes laicité
- Quarters: TH supports hacking as a form of protest
- Semis: Infoslide: There exists a drug that increases empathy in individuals.
Motion: TH, as the state, would lace their country's water supply with that drug.
- Novice Final: THB in the use of fear to instill values in children
- Final: THW welcome the end of American intervention
Warwick IV 2016 (January 30th)
CA Team: Andrew Ford, Cerys Bradley, Jess Pearce (DCA)
- R1: THBT government authorities should preserve culturally significant illegal street art
- R2: THBT, in developing nations with an ineffectual state school system, the government should financially incentivise (e.g through tax breaks) the creation of private schools
- R3: THBT it is never a legitimate economic strategy for a state to become a tax haven
- R4: Infoslide: The Right to Buy is a policy introduced by the British Government in the 1980s (and which is still in place today). It gave secure council tenants the right to buy their council homes at large discounts. Motion: THR the introduction of Right to Buy
- Semis: Infoslide: The Harvey Milk School is a public high school in New York that is designed for, but not exclusively open to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and questioning teens. Motion: THS the creation of Harvey Milk Schools
- Novice Final: <missing>
- Final: Infoslide: <missing>. Motion: THS the gulabi gang
English Mace 2016 (6-7 February)
- R1: This House would allow offenders serving a prison term of ten or more years to opt to remain in prison indefinitely beyond their court appointed release date
- R2: This House believes that the US and UK should cease selling arms to Saudi Arabia until they withdraw from Yemen
- R3: This House believes that LGBT+ advocacy groups and lobbyists should publicly fight for reparations for the victims, and the families of victims, of the AIDS epidemic
- R4: This House regrets Aung San Suu Kyi's declaration of intention to control the National League of Democracy (NLD) despite being constitutionally barred from running for president
- R5: This House prefers a world where the conception of the afterlife is based on karmic balance, rather than divine mercy
- Novice Final:
Galway Open 2016 (February 12th - 14th)
- R1: THW Elect Judges
- R2: THBT countries with booming populations should allocate every adult a single tradable permit to have a child
- R3: THBT Bernie Sanders' Rise is good for the Democratic Party
- R4: THBT women should reject practices that cosmetically alter the appearance of vaginas
- R5: THBT Israel should allow members of the Jewish diaspora to vote in elections
- Semis: This House Supports Therapeutic Privilege
- Final: TH, in all decisions, would act in a mercilessly and ruthlessly selfish manner
LSE Open 2016 (February 13th - 14th)
- R1: TH supports the proliferation of free schools
- R2: THW require all government ministers to have majority approval from the professional bodies their department has legislative responsibility for. (For example, the UK Minister for Health would need majority approval from the British Medical Association)
- R3: Assuming there are actors who fit the criteria, THBT film directors have a moral obligation to cast actors who share key lived experiences with the characters they play.
- R4: THBT western liberal democracies should cease all direct military action in Iraq, Syria, Libya and Yemen.
- R5: THW make corporation tax proportional to company wage ratios
- Open Quarters & ESL Semis: THW introduce a system of tradable quotas for asylum seekers in the European Union
- ESL Final: THW prefer to live in A Brave New World
- Open Semis: THBT the USA should adopt a parliamentary democracy rather than a presidential one.
- Final: THW allow individuals to sign contracts which cede future rights of theirs to other individuals (for example, to sell themselves into slavery)
Scottish Mace 2016 (February 13th - 14th)
CA Team: Dee Courtney, John McKee, Kit Mercer
- R1: This house would not wear a poppy
- R2: This house supports the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions movement
- R3: This house regrets South Africa's Rainbow Nation narrative
- R4: This House Believes the Eurozone should adopt a policy of fiscal union
- R5: This House supports the Lean In movement
- Semis: This House believes that the Britain Stronger in Europe campaign should pursue a 'Project Fear' strategy of negative campaigning similar to Better Together in the upcoming referendum
- Final: This House would welcome a resurgence of Pink Tide Values in Latin American Politics
Swansea Open (February 13th)
CA Team: Craig McDonald, Chloe Romanis
- R1: THW ban religious or faith-based rehabilitation programmes in prison
- R2: THW provide financial incentives (e.g. tax breaks) to companies that require skilled labour who hire non-graduates.
- R3: THBT characters with disabilities in film and television should always be played by individuals with disabilities.
- R4: Infoslide: Reckless transmission of a serious disease constitutes a criminal offence in English and Welsh Law. Reckless transmission occurs when an infected individual is aware of the risk of infecting another and they are careless in their approach to that risk. In 2004 a man was jailed for five years for recklessly infecting two sexual partners with HIV. In 2014 a man was jailed for fourteen months for recklessly infecting his girlfriend with genital herpes. In both circumstances the men had not properly / accurately informed their sexual partners of their sexual health problems. Using a Condom does not preclude the possibility that a person may be found guilty of recklessly transmitting a sexual infection.Motion: THR the criminalization of the reckless transmission of sexual infections (e.g. HIV, herpes and gonorrhoea) in England and Wales
- Final: Infoslide: Your 'one true soulmate' exists. There is a test that allows you to determine whether someone is your one true soulmate. You are in love with the person you have been dating for a while. Motion: THW take the test to determine whether the person you are in love with is your 'soulmate'
Manchester IV 2016 (February 20th - 21st)
CA Team: Alex Harris, Kate Brooks, David Bender (DCA)
- R1: THBT the governments of Europe should censor media from publishing articles, videos or cartoons which promote racist views or stereotypes
- R2: Infoslide: A 'constituency link' exists in a parliamentary electoral system when MPs are elected to represent small defined areas, i.e., constituencies. // Some such systems have single member seats, such as the UK. Other such systems have seats with a small number of representatives. In Ireland there are three to five MPs per seat. Both of these systems are said to have strong constituency links. // Some systems with constituency links are proportional systems (Ireland) and some are not (UK). It is also possible to create proportional and non-proportional systems without a constituency link.
Motion: THBT parliamentary electoral systems should include constituency links
- R3: Infoclip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FumW4wuqDeQ (shown from 2:58 to 5:05)
Motion: THBT MGM Studios should cast a male as the sexual interest of the next Bond film
- R4: Infoslide: You are a writer whose first language is a minority language. You have achieved established success commercially in the majority language of your country.
Motion: THW begin writing only in your first language
- R5: THBT Western states should engage in covert cyber attacks against infrastructure designed to limit freedom of speech* in authoritarian states. *e.g., the Great Firewall of China
- Open Quarters: THW only allow the media to publish or broadcast government-produced information releases on suspected terrorist attacks
- Pro-Am Final: TH supports climate change activists engaging in acts, regardless of legality, which cause mass disruption to carbon-intensive infrastructure networks
- Open Semis: THBT the Brazilian government should encourage and facilitate the integration of uncontacted peoples into wider society
- ESL Final: THW create and fund schools that exclusively admit children from ethnic minorities
- Open Final: THW ban Donald Trump from entering the UK
Leiden Open 2016 (February 26th - 28th)
CA Team: Bionda Merckens, Jamie Jackson, Omer Nevo
- R1: THW ban fortune telling.
- R2: THW directly elect the members of the US Supreme Court.
- R3: THBT schools should motivate children to believe that anyone can succeed through hard work regardless of their background.
- R4: THW grant those diagnosed with terminal illnesses the right to access treatments that have not completed clinical testing.
- R5: THBT post conflict governments should recruit rebel soldiers into state armies.
- Novice Final: THW would allow the armed forces to unionise, strike, and collectively bargain
- Semis: THW allow individuals to sell their right to sue to a third party
- Final: Infoslide: Immediate democracy is a method in which citizens can change their vote at any time. The number of MPs given to each party is allocated on a daily basis and represents the current support percentage of the population. In this system, there are no elections but the number of MPs from each party can change every day. Motion: THW enact an immediate democracy
Nottingham Open 2016 (February 27th - 28th)
CA Team: Alex Harris, Matthew Creese, Mackenzie Tse (DCA)
- R1: THW ban essential service providers from striking
- R2: THBT the music press should publish unrepresentatively negative reviews of the music of artists whose conduct they view as reprehensible
- R3: THBT supreme/constitutional courts should not have the power to strike down legislation
- R4: Infoslide: To proselytise means to attempt to convert others to your beliefs.
Motion: THBT atheists should proselytise
- R5: TH, as the West, would immediately end all sanctions against Russia
- Semis: THBT the British Museum should give all artifacts to the nations where they originated
- Final: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, the American Dream refers to the socially widespread belief that individuals can improve their circumstances through hard work, and that one can become successful regardless of their background.
Motion: TH regrets the American Dream
Queen’s University Belfast IV 2016 (February 27th - 28th)
CA Team: Erin Kyle, Helen Lawless, Sheraz Qureshi
- R1: Infoslide: Sci-Hub describes itself as: ‘The first pirate website in the world to provide mass and public access to tens of millions of research papers’
Motion: THBT websites such as Sci-Hub cause more harm than good
- R2: THW allow companies to buy the rights to govern economically failing cities
- R3: Infoslide: The U.S. Kill list is a highly classified list of primarily terrorist targets. Targets, include both US and non-US citizens, that the US seeks to assassinate using covert operations, drone strikes and other means.
Motion: TH supports the aims of the U.S. "Kill list”
- R4: Infoslide: In Northern Ireland Same Sex marriage is illegal. Northern Ireland only permits abortions if their is a risk to the mother's mental or physical health.
Motion: THW automatically extend Westminster Policies on Human Rights and anti-discrimination issues to Northern Ireland. This includes, but is not limited to, same sex marriage and abortion
- R5: Infoslide: You are a Working Class voter in a swing seat between a high-welfare, high-taxation party.. and a low-welfare, low-taxation party.
Motion: THW vote for the low-welfare, low-taxation party
- Semis: THW abolish state primaries in US presidential elections
- Final: TH supports Western feminists wearing the headscarf in solidarity with Muslim women who wear the hijab who have faced Islamophobia
Limerick Open 2016 (March 4th - 5th)
CA Team: Kelly Doherty, Michael Coleman
- R1: THW Replace Means-Tested Welfare with a Regular, Unconditional, Universal Basic Income Paid by the State to All Residents
- R2: THW Allow Convicts who are Parents to Raise their Children in Jail
- R3: THBT School History Curricula Should Teach A Unanimously and Graphically Negative Account of the Impact of Western Colonialism
- R4: TH Supports The Pirate Bay
- R5: THW Ban All Advertising
- Semis: THW Celebrate Furiosa from Mad Max Fury Road as a Feminist Icon
- Final: TH Rejects The Right To Privacy
Exeter Open 2016 (March 5th)
CA Team: Anita Chandran, Craig McDonald
- R1: THW solely fund scientific research which has a measurable benefit to human welfare e.g. medical research with positive outcomes
- R2: THW have juries comprised of professional jurors
- R3: THBT comedians should not use racist, sexist or derogatory language, even for the purposes of satire
- R4: Infoslide: Surrogacy occurs when the carrying of a pregnancy is done by someone who is not the intended parent. It is currently legal in the UK to have a surrogacy for non-commercial purposes i.e. someone can act as a surrogate mother as long as they are not paid more than 'reasonable expenses', e.g. for scans or basic healthcare etc.
Motion: THW legalise commercial surrogacy within the UK
- Final: THW remove from public prominence all instances of the colonial past (e.g. the statue of Cecil Rhodes from Oxford)
Lancaster IV 2016 (March 5th - 6th)
CA Team: Owen Mooney, Hannah Beresford, James Wood
- R1: TH welcomes the proliferation of porn online.
- R2: THW remove 'Gone With The Wind' from the National Film Registry
- R3: THBT the UN Should unilaterally recognise Catalan independence.
- R4: THW ban research on genome editing.
- R5: As a democratic state that has come under unprovoked nuclear attack from another democratic state, THW launch a nuclear counter-attack
- Pro-Am Final: THS the extra-judicial killing of a state's citizens, by that state, where there is reason to suspect they are involved in the planning or carrying out of terrorist activities, and arrest is not possible
- Semis: THS People's Quantitative Easing
- Final: Infoslide: Superior Orders is a plea in a court of law that a person not be held guilty for actions that were ordered by a superior officer, but are criminal. It cannot be applied to actions that are manifestly unlawful (eg. genocide or crimes against humanity).
Motion: TH Accepts the defense of Superior Orders
Surrey IV 2016 (March 6th)
CA Team: Helena Ivanov, Joshua Bailey, Michael Dunn Goekjian
- R1: This house believes that Britain should leave the EU
- R2: This house would abolish private home ownership
- R3: This house supports Tiger Parenting
- R4: This house believe that the United States should abolish political parties
- Final: THBT Saudi Arabia Should Privatise Saudi Aramco and List it on the NY Stock Exchange
Liverpool IV 2016 (March 12th)
CA Team: Maxine Muirhead, Owen Mooney, David Bender
- R1: This house believes that schools should aggressively stream students, according to their ability, from a young age.
- R2: This house prefers a criminal justice system that pursues criminal and civil charges against individuals within companies, rather than fines against the entire company.
- R3: This house believes that Western States should support and engineer coups in militarily weak states they identify as having authoritarian leaders.
- R4: This house would compel news media to give coverage to all demonstrations proportionate to the size of that demonstration.
- Pro-Am Final: This house would remove all legal restrictions on categories of weapons which can be used in war.
- Final: Infoslide: Bruce Wayne is a highly secretive millionaire with no immediate family. Wayne has used his wealth to construct a high-tech suit and helpful gadgets to fight crime, which he does as a vigilante in Gotham. Gotham is a very corrupt American city, run in effect by a mob, which use the police as enforcers. Owing to his distinctive suit and signal, Wayne is known in the press as 'The Bat Man'. Wayne currently works with Commissioner Gordon, who is a rogue officer within the Gotham City Police, who seeks to target corruption in the city. (Disclaimer: only information in this infoslide, and otherwise known by the OIV is permitted as fact within the debate.).
Motion: This house believes that the Gotham City Police Force should seek to offer Wayne employment as an officer within their force.
UCL IV 2016 (March 12th - 13th)
CA Team: Helen Ashling Lawless, Daan Welling, Chris Edgar, Melanie Sindelar (DCA)
- R1: THBT Western States should irrevocable remove citizenship of citizens who join the so-called Islamic State.
- R2: THW weight shareholder votes in line with the length of time their shares have been held.
- R3: THBT voters should always vote on policy and principles regardless of electability in all elections (general, local, or party leadership).
- R4: THBT film studios should seek to select racially diverse casts when converting books into films even if it differs from the author's original character description.
- R5: THBT welfare and pensions policy should be determined by a panel of experts selected by their peers, not accountable to government.
- Quarters: THBT the US-led coalition should no longer insist on Assad stepping down as part of their negotiations with Russia over Syria.
- Semis: THW prefer a world without sexual attraction.
- ESL Final: TH, as a feminist, would adopt traditionally masculine traits and behaviours.
- Final: Infoslide: In a minimal state, a government's role is exclusively to protect property rights and people's physical security. Beyond this, such a state would not intervene in people's lives, or provide any public services.
Motion: THBT a minimal state is justified.
Erasmus Rotterdam Open 2016 (March 19th - 20th)
CA Team: Dan Lahav, Muhammed Asadullah Khan (DCA), Jeroen Heun (DCA), Calin Muresanu (DCA), Naoise Dolan (DCA)
- R1: THW make the number of votes an individual has inversely proportional to their wealth (i.e. the more wealth an individual has the fewer votes in an election).
- R2: Infoslide: TalkToys are dolls with Artificial Intelligence (AI) and speech recognition software that enable them to engage in an actual conversation with children (they have a lexicon of thousands of prescript responses). TalkToys are meant to serve as a companion to the child, and they are in the late stages of development. Prominent examples of toys that will be able to talk include Barbie, G.I Joe and Star Wars and Action Figures.
Motion: THW ban TalkToys.
- R3: Infoslide: The NRA, National Rifle Association of America, is a lobbying group in Washington. Its notable actions include influencing legislation aimed to deregulate gun ownership laws, initiating lawsuits against municipalities that have banned or have placed strict regulations on firearm laws, and endorsing candidates mainly of the Republican Party.
Motion: THBT the US should require the NRA to pay reparations to victims of gun violence.
- R4: THW suspend trade unions and labour protection laws in times of economic crisis.
- R5: Infoslide: Conscription is mandatory in Egypt for males of ages between 18 to 30. The service obligation is between 12 to 36 months and is followed by a 9 year reserve duty.
Motion: THBT Egypt Should Conscript Women to Female-Only Units.
- R6: THBT Sex Education Classes in Schools Should Teach Techniques For Pure Sexual Gratification (including, but not limited to, anal sex, oral sex, mutual gratification and masturbation).
- R7: THW release inmates from jail solely on the basis of their rehabilitation and not upon the completion of a predetermined period of time.
- Novice Final: Infoslide: During the first centuries AD there was no religious law demanding clerical celibacy in the Catholic sect of Christianity, and there is no direct mentioning of such a requirement in the New Testament. Celibacy is been thought to have been universally adopted by Catholicism after a decision made by a council in 12th century.
Motion: TH, as Pope Francis, would remove the requirement of catholic priests to take a vow of celibacy.
- Semis: THBT jobs that are deemed to be of moral value or societal importance should have their wages set by the state.
- Final: Infoslide: For the purpose of this debate, “Human Shield” is a term describing the deliberate placement of non-combatants in or around combat targets to gain an advantage over enemy units. Prominent examples include: shooting missiles from within cities to limit the enemy’s force response, locating military bases underneath civil infrastructure, such as hospitals, drawing the enemy to guerilla fighting next to urban centers, etc.
Motion: THBT using Human Shield tactics, by the weaker side, can be justified in a-symmetrical wars.
Aberdeen Open 2016 (March 26th)
CA Team: Erin Kyle, Nissim Massarano
- R1: THW mandate that the TV coverage of men’s and women’s football is in equal proportion to the number of games played
- R2: Infoslide: The "GOD IS WATCHING" regulations involve: later watersheds, no nipples, no sexual acts, both feet while people are in bed etc.
Motion: THW introduce the 'GOD IS WATCHING' regulations on visual media and entertainment
- R2: THBT Jewish Diaspora advocacy groups should never comment or campaign on Israeli issues
- R4: THBT The Bank of England should set limits on government spending
- Final: Infoslide: A compatriot is designated as "anyone with a spiritual connection to Russia". The compatriot abroad policy is used by Russia to maintain and cultural and political connection with the 25 million Russians living in the "near abroad" after the collapse of the USSR. It involves options such as dual citizenship, assistance in "returning home" and cultural outreach in their countries of residence. In many cases this includes encouraging pro Russian policies in their countries of residence.
Motion: THBT former Soviet states should strongly pursue policies that stop Russians living within their borders availing of the compatriot policy
Maynooth Open 2016 (April 1st-2nd)
CA Team: Daisy Vera Onubogu, Naoise Dolan, Lennart Van Laake (DCA), Meabh McMahon (ACA)
- R1: Infoslide: "No-platforming" is the practice of using policy or protest to prevent someone from speaking e.g. Barring leaders of racist or fascist parties from public debates
Motion: THS no-platforming at universities
- R2: THB governments should massively exaggerate the harmful effects of addictive substances, assuming no one would ever find out
- R3: TH don't need no education (open motion)
- R4: Infoslide: Salafism is an ultra-conservative movement within Sunni Islam. It claims that the religion founded by Muhammad and his companions was perfect at the time of its creation but that it has subsequently been weakened by materialist interferences, rationalism, and innovations. The beliefs of Saudi-Arabia, ISIS, Al-Queda are closely linked to Salafism.
Motion: THW fund and facilitate Salafi imams on the condition that they actively preach that political violence is incompatible with Salafism
- R5: THR the feminist movement's focus on the pay gap
- Semis: THBT it is illegitimate to abstain from voting in Western Liberal Democracies
- Novice Final: THW abolish prisons
- Final: THW Shake it off (open motion)
Deree IV Li 2016 (April 1st-2nd)
CA Team: Petros Papalianos, Theodoris Dounias
- R1: Infoslide: Info slide: Polyamorous marriages are the spousal relationships involving more than two people, regardless of gender, with the knowledge and consent of everyone involved.
Motion: THW legalize polyamorous marriages
- R2: THW tear down the Wall
- R3: Infoslide: Online mourning describes grieving on the internet. It represents not a revolution in mourning, but rather a shift in the medium mourners utilize to express their grief and memorialize the deceased. This shift has occurred in tandem with the widespread popularity of social media in the West. Two distinct types of online mourning have been identified, high-profile cases that draw attention from a broad online community (David Bowie) and profiles/trends posthumously recreated and re-framed as a medium to memorialize the deceased (prayforparis).
Motion: TH regrets the rise of online mourning
- R4: Infoslide: Primaries are elections, within the ranks of a political party, that serve nominate the party's candidate for an upcoming election.
Motion: THW abolish all party primary elections
- R5: THBT prisoners should not be further prosecuted for violently protesting prisoner conditions
- Semis: THW allow companies to buy the rights to govern economically failing cities
- Final: THBT radical left-wing parties (e.g. SYRIZA, Podemos, Die Linke) have become obsolete in developed countries
Copenhagen Open (April 1st-3rd)
CA Team: Aron Cohen, Jonas No Sjølund, Melanie Sindelar
- R1: TH celebrates all satire
- R2: THW ban "all-in" and "zero hour" contracts
- R3: THW abolish the UN Security Council's permanent seats
- R4: THW only allow heads of government to run for reelection if they fulfill their commitments made in the Electoral Policy Register
- R5: THW abolish all juvenile prisons
- Semis: THBT eco-terrorism is a justified way to pursue environmentalist goals
- Final: Infoslide: Person x was born into a religious cult in a secluded town and has never traveled or studied anywhere else. As a result, their entire social circle overlaps with the cult. The cult has a set of core religious values, as well as strong opinions on what is right and wrong (i.e. abortion, gender roles, etc). Person x has recently realized that many specific opinions are not consistent with the general values of the cult, and therefore perceives these opinions to be morally wrong.
Motion: TH, as person x, would leave the cult.
MRU IV 2016 (April 1st-3rd)
CA Team: Emilia Carlqvist, Eugenija Golubova, Harish Natarajan, Michael Shapira
- Final: THW give Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania an independent nuclear arsenal
KCL Pro Am 2016 (April 2nd)
CA Team: Kez Exley, Sam Van Elk, Thomas Simpson
- R1: THW ban all political donations from corporations and trades unions
- R2: THBT the EU should place tariffs on imports manufactured by firms subsidised or supported by the Chinese government
- R3: THBT populations of developed countries have a moral imperative to accept migrants regardless of their number, or reasons for migrancy
- R4: When allocating government contracts to deliver services THW prioritise community based non-profit organisations over private profit making companies
Motion: THS the campaign for Eich's resignation
- Semis 2: Infoslide: You are a delegate at the July 2016 Republican convention in Cleveland, OH. Donald Trump is short of majority of committed delegates by a small margin having beaten his closest rival by several hundred delegates. You are one of the 5% of delegates sent unbound and have a free choice as to who you support in the first round of voting. If Trump does not gain an absolute majority other delegates are freed to vote on their personal preferences in subsequent rounds of voting.
Motion: THW vote for Donald Trump
- Final: THW allocate teaching funding to universities according to how much they increase their students' incomes relative to non-university-attending members of their socio-economic group
HSE Open 2016 (April 2nd-3rd)
CA Team: Sergei Bazylik, Ivan Velentey (DCA)
- R1: TH regrets that Norway didn't have legal mechanism to execute Anders Breivik
- R2: TH as Al-Qaeda would pledge allegiance and fully integrate to ISIS
- R3: TH supports enterprises where the majority of shares are owned by ordinary employees (people enterprises)
- R4: THW make technocratic government of EU experts prerequisite to any further economic assistance to Ukraine
- R5: TH support the rise of non-establishment politicians
- Semis: Assuming that Pope Francis II has found an absolute evidence that God doesn't exist, TH as Francis II would make it public and abandon religion
- Final: TH would put international peacekeepers to Nagorny-Karabakh and make it non-state territory
Estonian Open 2016 (April 9th-10th)
CA Team: Helena Ivanov, Steven Rajavinothan
- R1: THW financially incentivise companies to hire non-university graduates
- R2: THW allow the public to pardon whistleblowers via referendum
- R3: TH opposes the sympathetic and humanising portrayal of Nazi soldiers in popular media
- R4: TH regrets the dominant social norm in favour of lifelong monogamy
- Semis: THBT it is legitimate to target civilians to achieve military objectives
- Final: Infoslide: “The Eternity Pill” stops the consumer’s body ageing after reaching 30 years old. There is therefore no upper limit on a consumer’s natural lifespan. Consumers can still die of disease or injury.
Motion: TH supports the production and distribution of The Eternity Pill
Glasgow Ancients 2016 (April 8th-9th)
CA Team: Chris Edgar, Daisy Onubogu, Daniel Bramble
- R1: THBT all European Football Associations should aggressively redistribute income from successful to less successful clubs within their own country
- R2: THW abolish the distinction between an attempted and a completed crime
- R3: THW introduce a binding direct democracy* app (* Direct democracy is voting on individual policies rather than only electing a representative to vote for you.)
- R4: THW break up banks deemed "too big to fail"
- R5: TH, as the SNP, would never vote on UK legislation which does not extend territorially to Scotland
- Semis: THBT people of colour activist groups, such as the NAACP, should pursue a race-blind society
- Final: THBT civilians are a legitimate target in conflict
Glasgow Women’s 2016 (April 10th)
CA Team: Daisy Onubogu, Maxine Muirhead, Sarah Bliss
- R1: THBT governments should not fund reconstruction in areas prone to natural disasters
- R2: Infoslide: Bussing is a government policy where students are bussed to schools not in their geographical areas for the purposes of integration and educational equality.
Motion: THW reinstate bussing in the US
- R3: THW pay stay at home parents
- R4: Infoslide: Both elected and unelected party leaders of the Democratic and Republican National Committees have the ability to independently influence presidential nomination conventions, either by voting themselves or by exercising significant influence over state-elected delegates, potentially influencing the choice of nominee. For example, democratic superdelegates are party leaders who can vote however they want, and brokered conventions involve the trading of political favours following a first vote in which one candidate fails to win the nomination.
Motion: THBT the Democratic and Republican National Commities should not play an active role in primary elections (i.e. through the use of superdelegates or brokered conventions)
- Final: TH, as the LGBT community, regrets the decline of predominantly LGBT areas, such as Soho, Chelsea etc.
Hull Open 2016 (April 16th)
CA Team: Eleanor Angwin, George Bainbridge, Hannah Tyndall
- R1: THBT celebrities should not participate in or endorse political campaigns
- R2: Infoslide: In the UK, 5 A* - C GCSEs or equivalent 'Level 2' vocational qualifications are the minimum standard for entry to further education and the vast majority of jobs.
Motion: THW financially compensate individuals who leave education without employable qualifications, e.g. 5 A* - C GCSEs or equivalent vocational qualifications
- R3: THW abolish academic journals and make all academic research freely available online
- R4: Infoslide: In a presidential system the population elects both the body that implements laws (e.g. the president) and the body which passes laws (e.g. the legislature). In a parliamentary system the population elect the body that passes laws (e.g. the legislature) and that body decides who the government will be by majority vote.
Motion: When writing a constitution, THBT newly democratising countries should adopt a presidential system, rather than a parliamentary system
- Final: TH regrets the commercialisation of hip hop
Cardiff Open 2016 (April 16th)
CA Team: Martin Devenney, Nick Zervoudis, Jessica Yung (DCA)
- R1: THW require all news media organisations to select and publicly state a political affiliation
- R2: Infoslide: Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) are a group of hard to cure tropical infections which are especially endemic in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas. / They affect more than 1.4 billion people worldwide and cost developing economies billions of dollars every year. This group of diseases has been arguably overlooked because they mainly affect the poorest countries of the developing world and because of recent emphasis on decreasing the prevalence of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. / Far more resources are given to the "big three" diseases, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis, because of their higher mortality and public awareness rates.
Motion: THBT Western Liberal Democracies should drastically reallocate funds from development aid budgets to research into Neglected Tropical Diseases
- R3: Infoslide: Bailout: An act of giving financial assistance to a failing state to save it from bankruptcy.
Motion: THBT the International Monetary Fund should require states in need of Bailouts to provide collateral (e.g. mining rights, land, shares in privatised assets)
- R4: Infoslide: It is estimated that there are 90 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable oil north of the Arctic Circle. This represents 13% of the undiscovered oil in the world and about three years’ worth of current global oil usage. / Oil drilling in the Arctic is expensive, dangerous and technically challenging. A significant proportion of the oil lies offshore, in the Arctic’s shallow and biologically productive shelf seas. / Main parties involved: Canada, Russia, US (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland), Norway, and indigenous peoples.
Motion: THBT Norway should back off from oil drilling in the Arctic
- Novice Final: THW prohibit all research aiming to create sentient artificial intelligences
- Final: Infoslide: Afterlife A = After a life well lived, the 'ethereal soul' is separated from the 'physical body' and joins an eternal, blissful community of souls and 'God' (no 'physical body') / Afterlife B = After a life well lived, the 'ethereal soul' is separated from the 'physical body', enters another 'physical body' and leads a second life with rewards from the previous life carrying into the next. / People are not aware of which afterlife exists.
Motion: THW prefer Afterlife A over Afterlife B
NK Debatteren 2016 (April 16th)
CA Team: Senna Maatoug, Daniël Springer (DCA), Devin van den Berg (DCA), Menno Schellekens (DCA), Stijn de Jong (DCA)
- R1: THW abolish advisory referendums for complex issues.
- R2: Infoslide: The NIPT test is a prenatal screening method which, with great probability, can determine Down syndrome in the early stages of pregnancy. In Iceland, no children with Down syndrome have been born since the NIPT test was legalised.
Motion: THW ban the NIPT test.
- R3: Infoslide:
Motion: THW ban computers and mobile phones with “strong encryption”
- R4: THW raise taxes paid by employers for flexible labour (temporary workers and freelancers).
- R5: THS the rise of euroscepticism.
- Semis: THR the decrease of the authority of doctors.
- Novice Final: THW set a universal basic income.
- Final: THW abolish the refugee convention with Turkey
Maastricht Open 2016 (April 22nd-24th)
CA Team: Nick Zervoudis, Ybo Buruma (DCA)
- R1: THBT the Mexican govenment should retroactively legalise the production and distribution of drugs
- R2: TH prefers government to make cash transfers to individuals in recipient countries over government-to-government development aid
- R3: Infoslide: (A slide displaying a Fem Thor cartoon cover page and a Ghostbusters 2016 remake movie poster)
Motion: TH supports the recasting of male action heroes and superheroes as female
- R4: Infoslide: The term special relationship, in diplomacy, is used to describe exceptionally strong ties between nations. An example of such a special relationship is the United Kingdom – United States relations. In its extended use outside the Anglosphere, it has also been used to describe the whole of EU-US relations.
Motion: THW terminate the special relationship between the US and Saudi Arabia
- R5: TH regrets the rise of anti-establishment candidates within mainstream parties (e.g. Donald Trump, Bernie Sanders, Jeremy Corbyn)
- Semis: THBT the UN should hire private military corporations to carry out its peacekeeping operations
- Novice Final: TH regrets the idolization of soldiers and veterans
- Final: Infoslide: A 'Rumspringa' is the Amish tradition of sending off 18-y.-olds to live in outside world for 1 year, after which they may chose to return or not.
Motion: THW require all 18-year-olds (in Western Liberal Democracies) to go on a Rumspringa
PEP IV 2016 (April 22nd-24th)
CA Team: Anat Shapira, Emilia Carlqvist, Michael Dunn Goekijan, Djorde Jovicevic (DCA), Milja Sijakinjic (DCA)
- R1: THW require universities to pay damages to students who have been unable to gain employment in a field relevant to their studies within a period of 5 years of graduation
- R2: THBT countries should prioritise reducing inequality over maximising economic growth, e.g. through the implementation of high minimum wages, extensive labour protections and high marginal tax rates on the wealthy, corporations and investments
- R3: THW introduce a unified history curriculum for all Balkan countries
- R4: THW legalise the sale and purchase of votes in national elections
- Quarters: THW allow individuals who have been sentenced to short jail terms to convert their sentences into corporal punishment
- Semis: THW allow business owners to refuse services to minorities
- Final: THBT in times of economic crisis state has a right to withhold information that could damage market confidence
Aber Open 2016 (April 23rd)
CA Team: Chloe Romanis, Eliot Pallot
- R1: THW force politicians to consume the drug prior to speaking in public
- R2: Infoslide: Closed adjudication refers to the practice of neither the result nor feedback being given after a debate until the breaking teams have been announced. It normally occurs in the final round or few rounds of a debating tournament.
Motion: THW abolish closed adjudication at BP debating tournaments
- R3: Infoslide: Kiss a Ginger Day was founded in 2009 by ginger pride activist Derek Forgie as a movement intended as a “karmic counter event” to the November 2008 creation of a Kick a Ginger day campaign on Facebook.
Motion: TH regrets the creation of Kiss a Ginger Day
- R4: Infoslide: The Superheroes Registration Act is a recently passed government initiative requiring that all super-people declare their identities and specifics of their power to government officials to be kept by a dedicated super-people management department (some might call this Shield, some might not, any representations similar to copyrighted material is purely coincidental). Those who fail to register are tracked down and imprisoned until deemed definitely not a threat to “public safety”
Motion: TH, as Spiderman, would refuse to reveal your secret identity under the Superheroes Registration act
- Final: Infoslide: The year is 1804, and you, dear debaters, are the inner workings of the first (and now former) Treasury Secretary of the United States of America Alexander Hamilton. You find yourself in a pistol duel with sitting vice-president and long time political rival Aaron Burr. You are the better shot and will likely both win and live if you try to kill him. / There is an occasionally acted upon norm, of a duellist aiming for the sky instead of their opponent on the count of 10, doing this often gives you greater respect than simply winning the duel but carries relatively obvious attached risks.
Motion: THW shoot the sky
St Andrews Open 2016 (April 23rd)
CA Team: Bionda Merckens, Dee Courtney, Nishith Hegde
- R1: THBT vegans should actively condemn and campaign against all forms of non-veganism
- R2: THW actively instill a value of disobeying authority in children
- R3: Infoslide: The Kurds are an ethnic group in Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran. Throughout the 20th century, Kurdish armies have engaged in several conflicts with these states for autonomy. Historic responses to these attempts have been characterised by human rights groups as genocidal. / The region is semi-autonomous and oil-rich. / Currently, Kurdish actors are fighting ISIS while simultaneously engaged in conflict with the Turkish government for more autonomy. The West is co-ordinating the former, and is officially neutral in the latter. / On the next slide, there is a map of this region. (Link to the map used in the third infoslide.)
Motion: THBT the West should adopt the creation of an independent Kurdistan as a foreign policy objective
- R4: Infoslide: Womanism is a social justice movement centered around the experiences of black women. It is a reaction to the belief that feminism does not, and cannot ever, encompass the perspectives of black women. / 'Womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender.' - Alice Walker
Motion: THBT womanists should dissociate themselves from, and campaign separately to, feminism
- Final: THW abolish private property
Trivium Tournament 2016 (April 30th)
CA Team: Roel Becker, Bionda Merckens (DCA), Frederieke Dölle (DCA), Jelte Schievels (ACA)
- R1: Infoslide: The “Messiah” is the informal name for the 1741 composition by George Friedrich Handel. It consists of 53 parts, whose musical styles vary heavily and are based on biblical texts. All together, they describe the life of Jesus Christ. The most well-known part is the “Hallelujah”. Currently, the “Hallelujah” is a part of the standard oeuvre of Adre Rieu, who does not perform the other 52 parts and performs the “Hallelujah” with a bigger cast and a higher tempo. (A video was shown of Andre Rieu performing the “Hallelujah”.)
Motion: THS the popularisation of art.
- R2: Infoslide: The past few years, China has spent billions of dollars on the African continent. The money is spent on, amongst others, the purchase of (extraction rights of) raw materials, developmental aid, and loans. Usually, multiple expenditures are done at the same time. Contrary to many Western countries, China usually sets no requirements to this aid and does business with basically every regime.
Motion: THS the Chinese expenditures in Africa.
- R3: THR the dominant idea of “The One”.
- R4: Infoslide: Some religions are strongly centralised. This means that an organisation strongly decides what happens in individual religious communities. An example is the Roman Catholic Church. Some religions are decentralised. Individual religious communities have much more individual freedom to, for example, decide on their views on controversial subjects (abortion, gay marriage, female religious leaders, etc.) and the concrete contents of their profession of faith (what songs are sung, what texts are read, etc.). Examples include various Protestant schools.
Motion: THW prefer a centralised religion over a decentralised religion.
- Novice Final: THW pay municipalities for taking in refugees.
- Semis: THBT, in post conflict states, leaders of political parties, high officials, and suspects of war crimes should be tried by judges, not native to the country and who are approved by both parties, by the law chosen by said judge.
- Final: Infoslide:
Motion: THR the omnipresence of existentialism.
Oxford Women’s Open 2016 (May 6th-8th)
CA Team: Karin Merckens, Chessy Whalen, Katherine Dunbar (DCA)
- R1: THR the presence of heterosexual cisgender politicians at Pride parades
- R2: THW allow companies to include a clause in their employment contracts for women where that woman legally agrees not to get pregnant
- R3: Infoslide: The European Commission has unveiled plans to impose a penalty on EU countries that fail to meet their refugee quota. This fine amounts to 250 000 euro per rejected refugee. The UK is the only EU country that is exempt from this policy.
Motion: THW remove the UK's exemption from the refugee quota penalty
- R4: TH as a school teacher would not refer children to child protection services in the case of concerns about their radicalisation
- R5: THW allow individuals to nominate a charity of their choosing to receive all inheritance tax that would be otherwise paid to the state upon their death
- Semis: TH supports no-platform policies
- Final: THBT white authors should not publish their reviews on Beyonce's album
Helsinki Open 2016 (May 13th-15th)
CA Team: Alex Harris, Hannah Tyndall, Martin Devenney, Naoise Dolan
- R1: THW allow the police and intelligence agencies unrestricted access to the internet history and online communications of all citizens
- R2: THBT artists from dominant cultural groups should not seek to portray minority cultures
- R3: Infoslide: Anti-discrimination laws prevent the refusal to provide services to or hire individuals based on their identity. / Religious organisations are exempt from many discrimination laws when this contradicts their beliefs.
Motion: THW remove exemptions from anti-discrimination law for religious organisations
- R4: THW require all teams participating in international football competitions to have an equal representation of both sexes
- R5: Infoslide: A minority ethnic party is a political party whose members belong to a specific ethnic minority of a country and whose politics are aimed at furthering the interest of that ethnic minority.
Motion: TH supports minority ethnic parties
- Semis: THW make development aid contingent on levels of genuine democracy
- Novice Final: TH, as a wealthy individual, would use that wealth to become a vigilante (e.g. Batman) in areas of high crime and a corrupt police force (e.g. Mexico City)
- Final: Infoslide: Finland is currently neutral, i.e. they are not part of any military alliance of bound by any mutual defence treaties. / In 2015 and 2016, Russia entered Finnish airspace with military aircraft. / Finland imports a large amount of basic goods and services, such as fuel from Russia. Finland’s economy was harmed by EU sanctions on Russia. / Finland has 350 000 reservists and one of the highest military budgets in Europe. + (Another infoslide showing a map of Finland and the surrounding region.)
Motion: THBT Finland should join NATO
Kalliope Debattoernooi (May 13th-15th)
CA Team: Bionda Merckens, Ybo Buruma, Jeroen Claassens, Homer Wagenaar, Simone Landman, Niels Koemans
Motions are translated from Dutch
- R1: THW allow criminals sentenced to prison sentences longer than 10 years to opt for euthanasia
- Infoslide: You are a nation currently in prolonged war with another nation. You are winning the conflict. Winning through military means will be prolonged and incur a massive amount of military casualty. Your intel predicts that if you were to use a nuclear weapon on a city you will likely win the war immediately, whilst killing fewer civilians than there would be military deaths otherwise.
R2: THW go for the nuclear option
- R3: THR the assimilation of minority cultures into the majority culture
- R4: THW require insurance companies to spread the extra premium of at-risk groups to all insurance owners
- R5: THW ban all political donations from foreign countries
- Semifinal: THR the overwhelming narrative of good winning from evil in children’s literature
- Novice Final: THS the establishment of “Gaybourhoods”
- Final: THBT the United States should fund moderate madrassas throughout the Islamic world
Vienna IV 2016 (May 13th-15th)
CA Team: Rebecca Irvine, Sella Nevo, Stefan Siridzanski
- R1: THW prefer to live in a state where the major media outlets aim to be balanced and objective, rather than a state with multiple media outlets representing different world views and agendas
- R2: THW hold programmers of autonomous military robots criminally liable for war crimes the robots commit
- R3: THW only provide state pensions to those mentally or physically unable to work
- R4: TH, as the Democratic Party, would emphasise character attacks on Donald Trump rather than a policy-centered campaign
- R5: THW ban religious institutions from accepting donations from individuals with an income below the national median
- Round 6: Infoslide: Payday loans are short-term unsecured loans given to borrowers in immediate need of cash. The interest rates on these loans can reach several hundred percent per year. Recently, Google has decided to ban all commercials for payday loans from Google Ads.
Motion: TH supports Google's decision to ban commercials for payday loans
- Semifinal: Infoslide: The Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave approximately $130 billion (In current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II, with the explicit goal of preventing the spread of communism.
Motion: TH, as the US, would give funds of a similar grand scale to Arab nations in order to prevent the spread of extremist terrorism
- Final: TH regrets the disproportionate dominance of liberal and left-wing views within debates and the debating community
Paris Open 2016 (May 20th-21st)
CA Team: Joe Mayes, Olivia Sundberg Diez, Sella Nevo
- R1: THW criminalise sexist and misogynist speech
- R2: In a multi-party political system, THW require all parties to elect their leaders through a democratic vote of all the registered members of that party
- R3: TH supports the creation of popular media about ongoing court cases
- R4: A machine has been invented that tells the user the exact date of their death. Once known, nothing can be done to change this date. THW use the machine
- R5: THW ban all EU arms companies from selling weapons outside of the EU
- Open Semis: Infoslide: In Catholic dogma, an 'ex cathedra' declaration (literally 'from the throne') made by the Pope establishes a moral or doctrinal truth that is infallible and must be believed by all Catholics.
Motion: TH, as Pope Francis, would make an ex cathedra declaration that aggressive wealth redistribution is a moral imperative
- ESL Final: THBT Facebook should covertly use its platform to prevent a Trump victory
- Open Final: Infoslide: IS has contacted the US-led coalition offering to cease all hostile activities in return for recognition of IS as an independent state consisting of the main Sunni-majority areas currently under IS control.
(This infoslide is hypothetical)
Motion: THW accept the IS proposal
Dutch Mace (May 28th)
CA Team: Harriet Bergman, Karin Merckens, Rogier Baart, Tomas Beerthuis
- R1: Infoslide: Political action is activism through a legal route, for example a demonstration, gathering signatures, caucusing. Direct action is activism through an illegal route, for example property destruction/obstruction, sabotage, political violence, assault.
Motion: TH supports ‘direct action’
- R2: Infoslide: In a system of blind voting, political parties are not allowed to name or to appoint their politicians before the election. Voters vote on the ideology and policies of a party. Politicians are appointed after the elections.
Motion: TH supports a system of blind voting
- R3: THW support indigenous people to be trialed, convicted and punished in accordance with the customs of their community as opposed to through the system of the national court.
- Final: Infoslide: Jitse Akse is a Dutch former soldier, who has travelled to Syria and fought alongside Kurdish militias (not the army) against ISIS. In doing so he has purposely killed (ISIS) fighters. Since then he has returned to the Netherlands but plans to return Syria. In the Status Quo, Dutch civilians can only legally fight in sovereign armies not at war with our state.
Motion: THBT Jitse Akse should not be punished for his fight in Syria
Bristol Open (June 4th)
CA Team: Edward Mancey, Jamie Batchelor, Lucy Murphy
- R1: THW financially incentivise businesses to diversify their boards
- R2: TH supports the objectification of men by women in popular media
- R3: THBT individuals should have the right to remove photos of themselves published without their permission, and sue for damages
- R4: THW ban footballers who commit racist actions for life
SSE Riga Debate Academy 2016 (June 12th)
CA Team: Adam Hawksbee, Johan Båge, Michael Shapira, Thomas Simpson, Scott Ralston
- R1: THW remove all sin taxes
- R2: THW ban the use of armed unmanned aerial vehicles (armed drones) during warfare
- R3: THW give parents full access to their children's social media accounts
- R4: THS vigilantism in areas of severe socio-economic deprivation
- Final: THW create a standing army for the European Union
Newcastle Mixed Doubles 2016 (June 18th)
CA Team: Erin Kyle, Nathan Chalk, Katy Hatter (DCA)
- R1: TH, as a feminist, believes that Kim Kardashian is a force for good
- R2: THW not give development aid to authoritarian countries
- R3: TH, as the UK government, would remove charitable status from religious institutions that teach socially regressive ideas (e.g. that women belong in the home, etc.)
- R4: THW remove the executive's ability to grant pardons (i.e. to cancel the legal consequences of a conviction)
- Pro-am Final: THR The rise of "clean living" gurus
- Open Final: THW Partition Syria into 3 countries; Kurds, Sunnis and Alawites
NAMDA Women’s 2016 (June 25th)
CA Team: Becki Howarth, Katie Heard, Mackenzie Tse
- R1: THBT when courts sentence offenders they should give considerable weight to the views of the victim
- R2: THBT developing countries should adopt economic development policies that heavily disincentivise urbanisation
- R3: THBT citizens have a right to use violence against the state when they believe the state has failed them
- Final: THW never hold referenda
UCD Earlsfort Open 2016 (June 25th-26th)
CA Team: Eoin MacLachlan, Nishith Hedge, Olivia Sundberg Diez
- R1: THW legalise graffiti
- R2: TH supports sympathetic depictions in media of female protagonists performing acts of violence
- R3: Infoslide: Strong Artificial Intelligence refers to (hypothetical) machines or robots with comparable intellectual abilities to humans.
Motion: Given the existence of Strong AI, THW grant them the ability to disobey orders
- R4: Infoslide: The UK government is introducing policies to discourage long stays in social housing. These include caps of new tenancies at 5 years and "Pay to Stay", which forces tenants to pay market rates after they earn more than £30,000 a year.
- Motion: TH supports policies to discourage long stays in social housing
- R5: THW prefer a world without the existence of apps and websites aimed at facilitating unfidelity
- Semis: THBT, in Brexit negotiations, the European Union should prioritise punishing Britain
- Final: TH opposes the marketing of indigenous cultures for tourism purposes
Cork Open 2016 (July 2nd-3rd)
CA Team: David Jones, Harish Natarajan, Karin Merckens, Katie Heard (DCA)
- R1: THBT ‘I was only following orders’ should be a defence in war crimes trials
- R2: THW require university graduates to move to economically deprived areas for a substantial period of time following graduation
- R3: THBT developing nations should distribute, as a dividend to citizens, income derived from nature resource extraction
- R4: TH supports an independent sovereign state of London
- R5: THBT the EU should offer membership to North African and Middle Eastern Countries that successfully complete democratic transition
TUT Open 2016 (July 2nd-3rd)
CA Team: Aline Fleetwood, Olivia Sundberg Diez
- R1: TH regrets the rise of the women's magazine (e.g. Cosmopolitan)
- R2: Infoslide: Social housing is housing provided by the government for free or very low rent to those who cannot afford it otherwise.
Motion: THW build social housing in high-wealth areas
- R3: THBT the US should pay reparations for the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
- R4: THW let school students vote on their curriculum
- R5: THBT violent protest is sometimes legitimate
- Semis: Infoslide: A number of organisations exist, especially in the US, that campaign and encourage teenagers to pledge sexual abstinence before marriage. The first virginity pledge programme was True Love Waits, started in 1993 by the Southern Baptist Convention, which now has over 2.5 million pledgers worldwide. / These organisations also promote "purity balls". These are a formal dance event attended by fathers and their daughters which promotes virginity until marriage for teenage girls, and where fathers also pledge to take steps to protect their daughters' virginity.
Motion: THW ban organised chastity (virginity) pledges
- Final: THW give more votes to citizens according to their performance on a current affairs test
Berlin IV 2016 (July 8th-10th)
CA Team: Eliot Pallot, Nika Jelendorf, Olivia Sundberg Diez, Pegah Maham, Yael Bezalel
- R1: THW require close relatives (children, parents, siblings) of the homeless to financially support them to the extent that they can afford
- R2: THBT, upon her election as President of the United States, Hillary Clinton should aggressively prioritise passing radical gun control legislation
- R3: THBT vigilante group action against poachers of exotic game is justified.
- R4: THBT sweat shops do more harm than good in the developing world
- R5: THBT the European Union should speed up Turkey's acceptance into the Union
- Semis: Infoslide: Norway has one of the most humane prison systems in the world and the lowest recidivism rate. Prisoners are typically allowed entertainment, wifi access, free movement around the facilities, comfortable rooms and other privileges. / Anders Breivik is a far-right Norwegian terrorist who murdered 77 people on a single day by detonating a van bomb and shooting at participants of a youth summer camp. He’s been imprisoned since 2012 in Norway.
Motion: THBT Norwegian prisons should dramatically worsen their treatment of Anders Breivik relative to the status quo in Norway (e.g. use of solitary confinement and removal of educational, entertainment, contact and visiting privileges.)
- Final: THW raise their child to prefer being single
Sofia Open 2016 (July 15th-17th)
CA Team: Dessislava Kirova, Đorđe Jovićević, Helena Ivanov
- R1: THBT Western feminists should exclusively focus on gender issues in developing countries
- R2: THW measure the efficacy of charities and strip those who do not reach a high enough level of utility of their charitable status
- R3: THBT Western corporations have the duty to help build democratic structures in the countries they operate in
- R4: THBT the European Union should introduce universal basic income for all of its citizens
- R5: Infoslide: In the past years France was hit by several terrorist attacks. The French government has responded by promising to escalate their involvement in Syria and Iraq, as well as extend the state of emergency which was put into place in November 2015. Among other things the state of emergency allows police raids without a court warrant.
Motion: TH regrets the French government's response to terrorist attacks on its soil
- Semis: THW allow citizens to take politicians to court for false claims made during referendum campaigns
- Final: TH regrets that the military coup in Turkey has failed
Imperial IV 2016 (July 16th-17th)
CA Team: Chris Edgar, Dee Courtney, Gigi Gil
- R1: THW nationalise housing
- R2: THW prefer a world without romantic love
- R3: TH, as Jeremy Corbyn, would not stand in the upcoming Labour Party leadership contest
- R4: Infoslide: Throughout Summer 2016, Black Lives Matter movements have demanded that Pride parades should not include, or coordinate with, the police.
Motion: THBT Pride in USA should not include or coordinate with the police
- R5: Infoslide: The President of the United States, during a visit to the middle east, has been attacked by so-called Islamic State. / His entire security detail has been killed, with the exception of 1 soldier. / Communications are down, and there is no help for many miles. / The President has been captured, and is about to be taken to an unknown location that is almost certainly untraceable.
Motion: THBT the soldier should kill the President
- Semis: Infoslide: Integrated schools purposefully mix children from different backgrounds into schools and classes at large.
Motion: THBT all schools in the West Bank should be integrated schools
- Final: TH, as God, regrets the creation of the human race
BBU Open 2016 (July 22nd-23rd)
CA Team: Chessy Whalen, Dan Lahav, Johan Båge, Olivia Sundberg Diez, Mihai Morar (ACA)
- R1: THW grant immigrants citizenship in exchange for military service
- R2: THBT moderate Republican representatives should leave the GOP and form a new political party
- R3: THW reduce the punishment for re-offenders based on the state’s past failure to rehabilitate them
- R4: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, the Pivot to Asia is a strategic shifting of U.S. resources and interests from Europe and the Middle East towards East Asia. / It includes but not limited to: strengthening bilateral security alliances; moving military bases to the region and forging a broad-based military presence; expanding trade and investment; All at the expense of resources and political capital that otherwise would be invested in the Middle East and Europe.
Motion: TH supports the Pivot to Asia strategy
- R5: THW allow companies to pay higher salaries to female employees who agree not to have children during the term of their employment
- Semis: Given the technology to accurately measure and transfer happiness, THW tax happiness
- Final: Infoslide: During WWII the Eastern Front was the site of nearly all extermination camps, death marches, ghettos, and pogroms. The sites were mostly commanded by Nazi soldiers, but heavily relied upon the support and cooperation of the local population to operate them. / Many Eastern European nations portray the actions committed, by their population, as a result of coercion, and describe themselves as victims of the Nazis.
Motion: THBT Eastern European nations should teach and commemorate the atrocities committed on their soil during WWII as crimes for which bear equal responsibility to the Nazi regime
NCH Sci-Fi Open 2016 (July 23rd)
CA Team: Ed Mancey, Eleanor Angwin, Matt Hazell
- R1: Infoslide: The watchmen are a famous group of retired superheroes. The cold war is at its height. Both the USA and USSR are considering pre-emptive nuclear strikes. / Former member of the watchmen Ozymandias has used advanced technology to kill tens of millions of innocent civilians across the world, and has framed Dr Manhattan for this act. / The USSR and USA believe Dr Manhattan to be the cause of these atrocities and sign an immediate peace treaty to unite against their common enemy, effectively ending the cold war. / Rorschach, another member of the watchmen refuses to perpetuate the lie, and intends to tell the world the truth. He states the only way he can be stopped is to kill him.
Motion: As Dr Manhattan, THW kill Rorschach
- R2: Infoslide: The Federation is a peaceful interplanetary union of thousands of worlds. It possess a large fleet of spaceships ("Starfleet"), capable of warp speed travel, some armed with defensive weapons. Starfleet's purpose is exploratory, and there is no federation military. / The federation is bordered by the militaristic Romulan Empire. The two have signed a peace treaty keeping the two in a state of perpetual cold war, but open hostilities have been absent for over 50 years. A key tenant of the peace treaty was a commitment by the federation to cease development of cloaking technology. / Cloaking technology is possessed by the Romulans, allowing them to deploy ships undetectable to Federation ships. This puts the Federation at a significant military disadvantage
Motion: TH supports covert federation attempts to develop cloak technology
- R3: Infoslide: Black Mirror: Cookies are digital exact copies of an individual's consciousness produced with the person’s consent. Cookies are sentient, can have a digital body and have many uses, for example as digital housekeepers. Trained individuals can interact directly with the cookies to program / receive information from them.
Motion: Where available, THW use an individual's cookie in the investigation of serious crimes
- R4: Infoslide: Flowers for Algernon: A team of scientists have discovered a procedure to dramatically raise a subject's intelligence. / The procedure was carried out on Charlie, a man of IQ 68 with profound learning difficulties. His IQ increased over a few months to nearly 200. / At his peak intelligence he discovers the gains will only be temporary. / Within 6 months of the original experiment, Charlie returns to his previous state. / The procedure can be performed once, and only once, on any given individual. / Charlene, a person very similar to pre-procedure Charlie, has been offered the chance to undergo the procedure.
Motion: As Charlie THW advise Charlene against the procedure
- Final: TH supports the Superhero Registration Act
Cambridge Open 2016 (July 24th)
CA Team: Cliodhna Ní Chéileachair, Harish Natarajan, Leela Koenig, Michael Barton, Muhammad Asadullah Khan
- R1: THW legalise the occupation of unproductive land by landless people
- R2: TH supports automatic EU membership, for states that secede from existing members
Middle Temple Monroe Cup 2016 (July 24th)
CA Team: Fred Cowell, Monica Forman
- R1: THW place criminal liability on individuals failing to act in the event of another person being in danger
- R2: Infoslide: Under UK election law, the period approximately 4 weeks prior to an election or referendum is called Purdah. / During Purdah tight spending limits are placed on campaigns, the civil service cannot provide campaigns with any assistance and other rules restricting TV and radio coverage are in place.
Motion: THW ban opinion polls for a period of four weeks prior to an election or referendum
- R3: Infoslide: An Egyptian billionaire is offering to buy an island/s for people fleeing to Europe from war-torn countries in the Middle East and Africa. Basic infrastructure/services will be provided based his donations, and other free market actors and NGOs.
Motion: THW establish the Naguib Sawiris state for refugees
- R4: Infoslide: The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 protects gaming as a means of generating revenue for Native American tribes, encouraging economic development of Native American reservations. States' governments have limited ability to forbid gambling in those reservations in the form of casinos, bingo halls, and other operations.
Motion: THW ban Native American gambling
- Final: THBT President Obama should withdraw his support for #BlackLivesMatter
Split Open 2016 (July 29th-31st)
CA Team: Helena Ivanov, Michael Dunn Goekjian
- R1: THW, as a media company, refuse to cover Donald Trump
- R2: THBT Western Liberal Democracies should implement Matching system for refugees
- R3: TH, as Vladimir Putin, regrets the invasion of Crimea and Eastern Ukraine
- R4: THBT the Roman Catholic Church should refuse to baptize people under the age of 18
- Semis: THBT governments should set up, support and fund state-backed media organisation with the aim of providing impartial, balanced news
- Final: THW abolish institution of family and replace it with the state standardised child care
Rijeka Open 2016 (August 4th-6th)
CA Team: Radu Cotarcea, Stefan Siridžanski, Teodora Stolevska
- R1: THW select one city to host all future editions of the Olympic Games
- R2: TH, as the European Commission, would incentivise cross-border mergers of companies between member state countries
- R3: As the United States, THW provide nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles to South Korea
- R4: THW nationalise all football clubs
- R5: THW grant more voting power to individuals proportional to their IQ
- Semis: THW run immediate EU membership referendum in all EU member states
- Final: THW endeavor to put a man on Mars in the next decade
Athens Open 2016 (August 5th-7th)
CA Team: Harish Natarajan, Monica Forman, Theodore Dounias
- R1: THW ban art (e.g. statues, music, film, posters, etc.) that glorifies former oppressive regimes
- R2: THBT the International Olympic Commitee should have incentivized the participation of refugees as part of their adopted countries' national team, instead of a seperate team
- R3: Infoslide: US College students pay in excess of $20,000 per year in tuition and expenses at a public university, and over $30,000 at a private university. Costs have risen by around 40% over the last 10 years, while goverment funding has decreased by a similar amount. Interest rates on loans to pay for university tend to be high.
Motion: THBT American College Graduates should NOT pay back their student loans
- R4: THBT Greece should NOT extradite members of the Turkish military that have been suspected of participating in the 2016 coup
- R5: THBT it was better growing up in the world before the prevalence of online social media
- Semis: THW NOT prosecute those that incite violence against extreme far-right groups
- Final: TH regrets the decline of the narrative of the superiority of Western liberal values (Democracy, secular government, gender equality, the primacy of the individual over the collective)
SOAS Open 2016 (August 6th-7th)
CA Team: Clíodhna Ní Chéileachair, Dee Courtney, Rebecca Irvine, Sarah Jennings
- R1: THW allow EU citizens to donate to political parties in any EU state
- R2: Given the technology, THW genetically engineer all animals bred for food consumption and food production to not feel pain
- R3: THW aggressively preference same-sex couples for the allocation of adoptive children
- R4: THBT in the event of a Trump Presidency, the CIA should secretly assassinate him
- R5: THW allow individuals to opt-out of paying a portion of tax in favour of giving direct cash transfers to charity
- Open Quarters: THBT the US should withdraw its nuclear weapons from Turkey
- Semis: Infoslide: For the purposes of this debate, 'ironic misandry' refers to the derision and mockery (often satirical) of maleness and masculinity.
Motion: TH opposes the use of ironic misandry by feminists
- ESL Final: Infoslide: There is an alien who has discovered a planet called Earth, populated by 'humans', far less advanced than the alien race. Assuming contact is made, Earth would have essentially no ability to resist the influence of the alien race.
Motion: THBT the alien should not make contact and should keep the existence of Earth a Secret
- Final: Infoslide: There is a pill which would grant a person an unprecedented level of intelligence and a vast increase in the ability to acquire skills and knowledge.
Motion: THW take the pill
Cracow Open 2016 (August 11th-13th)
CA Team: Aron Cohen, Michael Shapira
- R1: THBT the state should not define or recognize marriage at all
- R2: THBT the EU should adopt punitive measures against the UK
- R3: THW require Facebook to diversify its users' news feeds against the users' likes, preferences and reading habits
- R4: THBT Hillary Clinton should refuse to debate Donald Trump
- R5: TH regrets NATO's eastern expansion after the fall of the Soviet Union
- Semis: THBT the Polish Catholic Church should remove priests that endorse candidates or parties from duty
- Final: Infoslide: A matching market is a mechanism that matches supply and demand based on mutual preference (eg. Uber, Tinder, AirBNB, other sharing economy platforms). / A "Matching Market for Refugees" would match willing host families and private care/aid organizations with incoming refugees.
Motion: THW only accept and settle refugees that have found a match on a Matching Market for Refugees
Warsaw EUDC 2016 (August 14th-20th)
CA Team: Emilia Carlqvist, Harish Natarajan, Adam Hawksbee (DCA), Helena Ivanov (DCA), Radu Cotarcea (DCA), Yael Bezalel (DCA)
- R1: TH regrets the rise of social media as a primary source of news distribution
- R2: TH supports Barack Obama's statements that emphasise African- Americans taking individual responsibility for improving their own position in life
- R3: THW create state-run centres where individuals can purchase and consume psychedelic* drugs *drugs whose primary effect is to alter cognition and perception e.g. LSD and Magic Mushrooms
- R4: TH supports strong government intervention to prevent gentrification* *process when significant numbers of wealthier people move to a poor area
- R5: Infoslide: Richard Wagner was a 19th century anti-semitic German composer. His music was favoured by the Nazis and played at the Nuremburg rallies, and reportedly at Nazi death camps. When Wagner's music was played in Israel, it lead to protests and it remains controversial.
Motion: THBT the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra should regularly play the works of Richard Wagner
- R6: TH regrets the mass commercialisation of football
- R7: Infoslide: A 'sanctuary city', for example San Francisco, does not allow police or city employees (e.g. educators, social, and healthcare workers), to inquite about an individual's immigration status. These cities do not co-operate with the federal government's controls on illegal immigrants.
Motion: TH supports Sanctuary Cities in the United States
- R8: THBT Latin American states should provide extensive material support for a military coup against the Venezualan government
- R9: THBT the European Union should fund satirical* publications in its member states that target far-right political parties * the use of humour and exaggeration to criticize
- Open Partial Octos: TH supports BRICS* countries creating alternatives to the current international economic institutions (i.e. the IMF, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organisation) * Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa
- ESL Quarters: THBT Western States should fund the spread of atheism in Iraq through provision of education, health care and welfare
- Open Quarters: THW require the economic policies of political parties to be approved by an independent panel of experts before being used in campaigns
- ESL Semis: Infoslide: The growing safe space movement has used both social pressure and direct action to achieve its aims. These include, but are not limited to: banning certain speakers, and limiting exposure to controversial, and potentially triggering topics.
Motion: TH regrets the safe space movement’s attempts to significantly limit speech on university campuses
- Open Semis: Infoslide: Recently there has been a high number of acid attacks against women, either due to personal feuds or for their non-conformity to Islamic values. / Iranian courts that are governed by Sharia law ruled that victims have the right to choose to blind their attacker by putting acid in their eye(s).
Motion: TH supports Iran’s extension of the Sharia principle of “an eye for an eye” to the victims of acid attacks
- ESL Final:
- Open Final: