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Publish Date: November 25, 2014
Publisher: Jennifer Leigh Eckman                                                                                                                                


Lineage of Jesus Christ (both paternal and maternal line) from Adam to Abraham:

1

Adam

11

Shem

2

Seth

12

Arphaxad

3

Enos

13

Shelah

4

Canna

14

Eber

5

Mahaleel

15

Peleg

6

Jared

16

Reu

7

Enoch

17

Serug

8

Methuselah

18

Nahor

9

Lamech

19

Terah

10

Noah

20

Abraham




Jesus’ Paternal Lineage (Abraham - Joseph) Ref: Matthew 1:1-17

Reference: Matthew 1:1-17

BABYLONIAN EXILE

1

Abraham

15

King Solomon

29

King Jehoiachin/Jechoniah

2

Isaac

16

King Rehoboam

30

Shealtiel

3

Jacob

17

King Abijah/Abijam

31

UNK

4

Judah

18

King Asa

32

Zerubabel

5

Perez

19

King Jehoshaphat

33

Abiud

6

Hezron

20

*King Jehoram/Joram

34

Eliakim

7

Ram

21

*King Uzziah/Azariah

35

Azor

8

Amminadab

22

King Jotham

36

Zadok

9

Nashon

23

King Ahaz

37

Achim

10

Salmon

24

King Hezekiah

38

Eliud

11

Boaz

25

King Manasseh

39

Eliazar

12

Obed

26

King Amon

40

Matthan

13

Jesse

27

King Josiah

41

Jacob

14

King David

28

King Jehoiachim/Eliakim

42

Joseph


*According to the lineage of kings, which is well documented, there are 3 generations of people between Jehoram and Uzziah (middle row above, line 6 and 7), as follows:

*King Jehoram/Joram  begat:
1. King Ahaziah  begat:
2.
King Joash  begat:
3.
 King Amaziah   begat:  (2 Chron 26:1)

*King Uzziah/Azariah

[17 “So there were fourteen generations from Abraham to David. There were also fourteen generations from David until the people were taken away to Babylon. And there were fourteen more from the time the people were taken to Babylon until the Messiah was born. -Matt 1:17, ERV]

Jesus’ maternal lineage: (Abraham to Jesus)

Reference: Luke 3:23-38

1

Abraham

15

Nathan

29

Er

43

Maath

2

Isaac

16

Mattatha

30

Elmodam

44

Naggi

3

Jacob

17

Menan

31

Cosam

45

Esli

4

Judah

18

Metea

32

Addi

46

Naum

5

Perez

19

Eliakim

33

Melchi

47

Amos

6

Hezron

20

Joram

34

Neri

48

Mattathius

7

Ram

21

Joseph

35

Salthiel

49

Joseph

8

Amminadab

22

Juda

36

Zerobabbel

50

Janna

9

Nashon

23

Simeon

37

Rhesa

51

Melchi

10

Salmon

24

Levi

38

Joana

52

Levi

11

Boaz

25

Mathat

39

Juda

53

Matthar

12

Obed

26

Joram

40

Joseph

54

Heli

13

Jesse

27

Eliezer

41

Semei

55

Mary

14

King David

28

Jose

42

Matthathias

56

Jesus



THEORIES FOR THE BIRTH YEAR OF JESUS

Theory #1: 4BC  (most popular)

1. Jesus was born under the reign of King Herod the Great.
2. King Herod died in 4BC.
3. Jesus could have been born no later than 4BC.

4. King Herod died in 750 AUC
5. AUC are the years counted since the founding of Rome.
6. Three popular theories is that AD1= 753 AUC, 754 AUC, and 755 AUC
7. The most accepted view is that AD1=754 AUC.
8. AUC stands for: “ab urbe condita” (In English: Founding of the City)
9. 754 AUC (the Roman yr accepted as AD1)(-) 750 AUC (Kg. Herod’s death yr)= 4 BC

Theory #2: 1BC (by: Dionysius)

1. Luke 3:1 & 3:23 state Jesus was about
   30 years old shortly after the 15th year
   reign of Tiberius Caesar.

2. Tiberius became emperor in 14AD.
3. 14AD (+) 15 years= 29AD

4. 30 yrs old (-) 29AD = 1AD or 1BC

References:
1.
The Calendar FAQ

2. Wikipedia: Herod the Great

*birth/death: 74 BC - 4 BC

*Roman client king of Judea, 37 BC - 4 BC

*Upon Herod's death, the Romans divided his kingdom among

  three of his sons—

                1.
Archelaus became ethnarch of the tetrarchy of Judea, 


                2.
Herod Antipas became tetrarch of Galilee and Peraea, 

                3.
Philip became tetrarch of territories east of the Jordan.


3. Wikipedia: Tiberius

*Born: Tiberius Claudius Nero, 42BC-37AD


                 1. father had the same name

                 2. mother Livia Drusilla who remarried to

                      Augustus.

                 3. step-son of Augustus (aka:

                     Octavius/Octavian)

*Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD.



*Luke 3:1 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius

               Caesar--when Pontius Pilate was
              governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his

               brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and
              Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene--


*Luke 3:23 Now Jesus himself was about thirty years

                  old when he began his ministry. He
                 was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph, the

                  son of  Heli,

                 

4. Wikipedia: Augustus (aka: Octavius/Octavian)

*founder of the Roman Empire

        *Roman Emperor 27 BC until his death in 14 AD

       *Luke 2:1 (In those days
Caesar Augustus issued a

         decree that a census should be taken of the entire

         Roman world.)

       

5. Wikipedia: Julius Caesar 

*maternal great uncle of Octavian (aka: Augustus)

      *adopted Octavian as his son,

      *Octavian was the heir in the will of Julius Caesar

       *lived/died: 100BC-44BC

TIMELINE

100 BC-

44BC

Life of Julius Caesar, Roman General, critical role leading up to the rise of the Roman Empire. Caesar Augustus was his great nephew but also his adopted son and heir in his will and founder of the Roman Empire.

37 BC - 4 BC

Reign of Herod the Great as Roman Client King of Judea

4 BC

Jesus Christ born no later than 4 BC

27 BC -

14 AD

Reign of Caesar Augustus (aka: Octavian/Octavius) as Roman Emperor.
His maternal great uncle was  Julius Caesar. He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar and heir in his will.

14 AD -

37 AD

Reign of Tiberius Claudius Nero, b.42 BC. d.37 A.D. as Roman Emperor.
He was the stepson of Augustus (AKA: Octavian/Octavius).

30 AD

Jesus died during the reign of Tiberius, the Roman Emperor.