Little Free Library Unit Plan

Amanda Harrison

LI858XI Info Lit & Instr Collaboration

Winter/Spring 2014


“A library outranks any other one thing a community can do to benefit its people. It is a never failing spring in the desert.”

Andrew Carnegie

In the McPherson Elementary School Libraries this year our Essential Question is, What is a Library?  In our explorations with fourth grade and fifth grade we have explored three different topics under this question.  Our first topic in the fall was Mobile Libraries, where we learned about the Biblioburro, past bookmobiles, and Modern Book Trucks.  During that first unit students made their own mobile libraries that were designed for a specific area, such as a camel library for the desert.  They conducted research on this topic and also told us if they could only add five books to their library which books they would add and why.  

        This Spring fourth and fifth graders continue the Essential Question of what is a library as they are learning about Seed Libraries and starting a seed library at their elementary school.  We will be talking about how to read a seed packet, how to organize seeds, research different methods of saving seeds, and cut open veggies and fruits to extract seeds from them.  This ongoing project will serve to help expand our students understanding of a library.

        In the Winter we talked about Little Free Libraries and learned about their role and use in the community.  Students brainstormed posters, worked on writing, created flyers, and designed a plan for their own Little Free Library at their school.  Several students will be participating in a Build Day this Saturday, April 5th, in McPherson and a few other students will paint our Little Free Libraries according to the winning design.

Library Context

        Our Elementary Schools are well equipped with curriculum and supplies.  The teachers participate in a lot of professional development and professional learning communities.  The community is overall supportive of the schools and education and the public library is a notably nice one with a new building and well stocked shelves.  However, one thing lacking our schools is a cohesive library that is integrated into the curriculum and the school.  I arrived in this position in the Summer of 2013, having previously been the sole librarian in small schools in St. Louis and Chicago.  I am now responsible for four Elementary Schools which are primarily run by Library Aides.  Integrating our curriculum with teachers and collaboration has been a challenge as in the beginning I did not even know everyone’s name.  My collaboration focus this year has been with the local community, parents, and administration.  Around the time of this unit plan I started a Facebook Page[1] to market to parents the different activities that the library was doing.  I also did a lot of marketing with administration this year as the last ten years have seen the non-replacement of three Librarians who retired or moved on.  This Little Free Library Unit was part of our showcase to the Board of Education in February.  The full presentation can be viewed on my library homepage[2] or on Prezi[3].

        Planning lessons for four libraries can be a challenge.  Not every school or Library Aide is going to run lessons in the same way.  In order to make our lessons more school specific and in order to get feedback on how lessons are proceeding, I use my library web page to organize lessons. This particular unit is available on Library Lesson Plans link[4] and includes the feedback I received from the Library Aides as they were teaching these lessons to their classes.  This feedback is not just helpful for me, but allows them to see if other classes had similar responses to the lessons and often provides them an opportunity to improve the lessons through our group collaboration.

Curricular Connection

        The idea for the Little Free Libraries came from a meeting I had with my curriculum director before the school year began. She had discussed the district’s hope to encourage more summer reading and literacy education, but didn’t have funding in order to make that happen.  Around the same time a friend of mine posted about a Little Free Library that was within walking distance of her house.  Thus, the idea for Little Free Libraries was born for our elementary schools.  

        We hope that the close proximity of each Little Free Library will encourage students to read during the summer when their school library is closed and their access to the public library is limited by the willingness of their parents to drive them.  So far, the lack of funding has in no way hindered our development as the supplies have all been donated and our high school shop teacher and local College Football team have donated time and work towards the project.  Books also have been donated, which gave many kids a sense of purpose and belonging within the project.

        The lesson plans, while not directly tied to the curriculum taught by the teachers, do allow students to practice standards which link to the common core.  Students also get to work on computer skills which is an area that our Elementary schools are lacking as we have no computer teacher in our Elementary buildings.  Finally, the unit is designed to encourage literacy as a fun activity, one that need not be restricted to the school day.


UNIT : Little Free Libraries

4th/5th Grade

Learning Outcome:

  AASL Standards for the 21st century learner

1.3.1  Respect copyright/intellectual property rights of creators and producers.

            1.4.3  Monitor gathered information, and assess for gaps or weaknesses.

            1.4.4  Seek appropriate help when it is needed.

            3.3.4 Create products that apply to authentic, real-world contexts.

Common Core Standards

CC.4.W.8 Research to Build and Present Knowledge: Recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; take notes and categorize information, and provide a list of sources.

CC.5.W.6 Production and Distribution of Writing: With some guidance and support from adults, use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills to type a minimum of two pages in a single sitting.

CC.5.L.1 Conventions of Standard English: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

CC.5.W.7 Research to Build and Present Knowledge: Conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic.

Practical Applications

        Students get some practice in Boolean Searching

        Students get a very basic intro to Copyright and the Creative Commons

            Students design a poster and receive peer edits.

        Students participate in discussions.

            LFL design contest

Background Information: N/A

        Date:         January / February                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

        Prerequisite Skills Needed for Learning:   NA

        Learning Resources:  

Resources

other stuff

Handout/Activity

Day 1

What is a Little Free Library? flipchart

computer/projector

Students conduct basic google search, find pictures of Little Free Libraries that they like, and save them to the computer.

Day 2

Video link about Little Free Libraries in Hutchinson

Day 3

Videos about using the advanced Google Search from flyoverlibrarian.com

computer/projector

computers for class--1 computer per 2 students

Students conduct advanced Googling.

Day 4

Video from flyoverlibrarian.com

about how to make a poster

Day 5

You may want to rewatch the video on Day 4

  Ask students to give you a 1-5 level on their confidence with this projector.

computer/projector

computers for class

Day 4

Students start their poster

http://poster.4teachers.org/

Day 5

Students continue their poster/peer edit

http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/printouts/Editing%20Checklist.pdf

Day 6

Google Images of LFL’s

computer/projector

design copies

Students begin to design a Little Free Library

Use page 1 and 2 of the builder’s design for students to design their own copy.

From littlefreelibrary.org

https://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Flittlefreelibrary.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2012%2F09%2FLFL-Building-Design_6.17.13.pdf

Day 7

Finalize Unit

chart paper or promethean to capture thoughts and reflections on the unit

computer/projector

OR

chart paper

Vote for LFL

        


Day 1

        What is a Little Free Library?

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome: Students discuss the pros and cons of having a Little Free Library in front of our school.

Personnel Role in assessment:  Observation, check that each student pro/con chart includes answers from each student at the table.

        Date:         January                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

Book/Resources

Props

Activity

What is a Little Free Library Flipchart

computer/projector

chart paper

Students discuss the pros and cons of having a Little Free Library in front of our school.

Opening -Prepare the Learner

        Attention:  How will I get the students’ attention?

(These questions are visualized on the Little Free Library Flipchart so start there).

What is a Library?

Experience:  How will I build background knowledge and common schema?

Is the library just a place with a lot of books?

Say: Think about the Mobile Libraries.  Did they have a library without a building or place?

          Give students a chance to respond.

Think about the Hour of Code.  Did we use books to learn about Coding or a different type of media.

          Give students a chance to respond

Body-Teach the Content with Rigor

        Instruct:  How will I teach the content and build competency?

Show students the pictures of Little Free Libraries and make some observations as a class.

Watch short video about Little Free Libraries from BearGrass Media

Show the map of the Little Free Libraries.  What is the closest little free library to McPherson?

Explain why we are talking about Little Free Libraries (ie. upcoming project).

Discussion Points

Do we want a Little Free Library in front of our school?

Pros versus Cons

Demonstrate & check  How will I structure “I DO IT - WE DO IT - YOU DO IT” and verify students’ understanding?

        -I Do It (Modeling)

Give one Pro for a Little Free Library

Give one Con for a Little Free Library

        -We Do It (Guided Practice)  / -You Do It (Independent Practice)

Have students participate in group discussion at table ~ 7-10 minutes about pros versus cons of LIttle Free Library. Have students write these answers on a piece of chart paper.  Have students put their name next to their answer so you can assess if they are actively participating.

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Closing - Solidify the learning

        --Review and Practice

        --Celebrate : How will I affirm students’ efforts and learning ?

Have students come together and give you some examples of pros and cons.  Have students celebrate each other’s answers through a thumbs-up.


Day 2

        Basic Google Searches

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome: Students conduct basic google search, find pictures of LFL that they like and save them to the computer.

Personnel Role in assessment:  Observation, use student list to check off if students have a picture saved on the computer before leaving.

Personnel Review

the word images is a fancy word for pictures

“ “ around a google search will search for the exact phrase

clicking with two fingers on the mouse so you can save the image

        Date:         January                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

        Learning Resources:  

Book/Resources

Props

Activity

videos link about Little Free Libraries in Hutchinson[5]

http://hutchnews.com/Localregional/MON--little-library--1

videos about using the advanced Google Search from flyoverlibrarian.com

computer / projector

computers 1 per 2 students

Students search for pictures of cool Little Free Libraries.

Students save a picture of a LFL they like on their desktop

Opening -Prepare the Learner

        Attention:  How will I get the students’ attention?

Where is the closest Little Free Library? (review)

Experience:  How will I build background knowledge and common schema?

http://hutchnews.com/Localregional/MON--little-library--1

Read article and listen to video about the Little Free Library in Hutchinson.

Body-Teach the Content with Rigor

        Instruct:  How will I teach the content and build competency?

-I Do It (Modeling)

Looking for pictures of Little Free Libraries.

1.  Have a student show you how to search for a Little Free Library picture on Google.

   For example: kids will tell you to go to Google.com and type in Little Free Library.

        -We Do It (Guided Practice)  

2.  Ask them how to get to the pictures.  Determine if they know to click on the image tag.

3.  Video about how to do a Basic Google Search

Review, even if the kids showed you how to do it!

http://www.flyoverlibrarian.com/96/post/2014/01/how-to-use-the-google-basic-search.html

4.  Show them the two finger mouse method of saving a picture to the desktop.  Remind them that we are looking for inspiration for a Little Free Library we would like for our school!

-You Do It (Independent Practice)

5. Students find their own pictures on the computer.

Personnel Role in assessment:  Observation, use student list to check off if students have a picture saved on the computer before leaving.

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Closing - Solidify the learning

        --Review and Practice

        --Celebrate : How will I affirm students’ efforts and learning ?

If students find a really cool LFL picture have them show their picture on the promethean board so everyone can see it!


Day 3

        Advanced Google Searches

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome: Students conduct advanced google search, find pictures of LFL that they like and save them to the computer.

Personnel Role in assessment:  While you are walking around ask them to show you where the advanced search button is and ask them why they would use it.

Personnel Review:

This picture on the Google Search page will link you to an advanced Google Search (You may have to search for something first before you see it)

        Date:         January                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

        Learning Resources:  

Book/Resources

Props

Activity

videos link about Little

videos about using the advanced Google Search from flyoverlibrarian.com

Students search for pictures of cool Little Free Libraries using the ADVANCED SEARCH!

Students save a picture of a LFL they like on their desktop

Opening -Prepare the Learner

        Attention:  How will I get the students’ attention?

Using one of the student saved pictures of Little Free Libraries show them a few fun examples.  If you don’t have a particular one saved try showing them these two little free libraries.

LFL #1

LFL #2

Experience:  How will I build background knowledge and common schema?

Review how to do a basic search with the kids.

Have a student show you how to search for a Little Free Library picture on Google.

   For example: kids will tell you to go to Google.com and type in Little Free Library.

Ask them if that was too easy (I’m guessing they will say yes!)

Tell them they are going to be advanced Googlers.

Body-Teach the Content with Rigor

        Instruct:  How will I teach the content and build competency?

-I Do It (Modeling)

Show them the video about how to do an advanced Google Search

http://www.flyoverlibrarian.com/96/post/2014/01/how-to-use-googles-advanced-search.html

        -We Do It (Guided Practice)  / -You Do It (Independent Practice)

Then walk them through the steps together.  Have them show you the buttons to do an advanced Google Search for Little Free Libraries in another country.

6.  Show this picture

7.  So your search would be “Little Free Library” and you would tell the advanced search to not include the United States


This what your search would look like

8. Make sure to review how to save the picture.

9.  Give them a chance to do searches.  They should have a picture saved to their desktop when they leave.  You may want to have kids write down which computer they are using for next week.

  Research shows that kids show more confidence in Google searches when conducted with a classmate.  Have 2 students per computer!

You Do It (Independent Practice)

Assessment: While you are walking around ask them to show you where the advanced search button is and ask them why they would use it.


Day 4 and 5

LFL poster!

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome: Students will create a poster requesting books for our Little Free Library.  Students with a grade B or higher on their poster will have a color poster printed at their school to promote LFLs.

Personnel Assessment:  Read/Write/Think Checklist

Background Information: n/a

        Date:         February                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

        Prerequisite Skills Needed for Learning:  N/A

        Learning Resources:  

Book

Props

Activity

Video from flyoverlibrarian.com

about how to make a poster

LFL poster

Day 4

Students start their poster

http://poster.4teachers.org/

Day 5

Students continue their poster/peer edit

http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/printouts/Editing%20Checklist.pdf

Opening -Prepare the Learner

        Attention:  How will I get the students’ attention?

Day 4  Ask students how they can promote our LFLs and encourage other students to bring books.

Day 5  Have students give you a 1-5 level with their fingers on their confidence with the poster project to help you determine how much review is necessary before continuing.

Students

1. Finish LFL poster

2. Self-Edit using checklist

3. Peer-Edit using checklist

4. Submit checklist for teacher review

Remind students that compliments are REQUIRED in peer editing!  And so is being polite.

Walk through how to reframe these sentences.

Your spelling is bad.

I don’t like your picture, it’s ugly.

Your sentences are stupid and don’t make sense.

Read through the checklist briefly so kids know what they are doing and set them free.

Let them know that if they want to rewatch any videos about how to do advanced searching or how to make a poster they can go to my website.

http://www.flyoverlibrarian.com/for-kids

.html

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Closing - Solidify the learning

        --Review and Practice

        --Celebrate : How will I affirm students’ efforts and learning ?


Day 6

Design a LFL !

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome: Students design a Little Free Library for their school.

Personnel Assessment: Collect one design from each student.

        Date:         February                                Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

Learning Resources:  

Pics of LFL’s

Props

Activity

from google

copies of design paper handout

markers/pencils

design paper handout

pages 1 and 2 only!

http://littlefreelibrary.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/LFL-Building-Design_6.17.13.pdf

Opening -Prepare the Learner

        Attention:  How will I get the students’ attention?

Show students the different Little Free Libraries.  Tell students they are going to be designing a LFL for their school.  Reinforce that the Library will be in the same SHAPE that we have on the paper.  They could paint it or have a carved Sign for it.  


Tell students that at the end of the month you will pick the best 5 or so and then they will vote on which one they want.  

Questions:  Do they want a Theme?

What would represent Roosevelt as a school?

Where will we put it?

Students complete a design for a LFL and submit it for the contest.

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Closing - Solidify the learning

        --Review and Practice

        --Celebrate : How will I affirm students’ efforts and learning ?

Day 7

McPherson USD 418 Lesson Plan Template

Learning Outcome:  Students assess LFL unit.  Students vote for a LFL.

Personnel Assessment:  Each student participates in voting and assessment.

        Date:         February                         Subject/Grade:  4th/5th

        Prerequisite Skills Needed for Learning:  n/a

        Learning Resources:  

Finalize Unit

chart paper or promethean to capture thoughts and reflections on the unit

Voting ballots

Winning LFLs

Opening -Prepare the Learner

Show students the different LFLs that you picked that had the best design.

Review and celebrate what we have accomplished with LFLs.  

--Copyright, Posters, Design, Creation!

What did we like about the unit, what would we like to do differently next time?

Students can pick 2 LFL that they want to win for the design contest.

Ask students what they would have done differently during the unit.  Give them a chance to talk about it with their table for ~5 minutes and then call on each table to share.

The resulting chart should look like this!

What did we Learn?

What would we do differently?

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Closing - Solidify the learning

        --Review and Practice

        --Celebrate : How will I affirm students’ efforts and learning

Remind students about donating books and the LFL build date!  Pass out copies of LFL build day flyer.



[1] https://www.facebook.com/BullpupLibraries418

[2] flyoverlibrarian.com

[3] http://prezi.com/t21jcfofkciu/eisenhower-library/

[4] http://www.flyoverlibrarian.com/95/post/2014/01/february-4th-and-5th-grade-lessons.html

[5] This was shared with me by an assistant of mine after I gave her the lesson.