Frederick Family

1726 - 1864

Unsurprisingly, the surname Frederick comes from the same personal name. Though English, it has Germanic roots, from the words ‘frid’ or ‘fred’ meaning ‘peace’ and ‘ric’ meaning ‘power’. It was introduced to England by the Normans, probably after the Norman invasion of 1066. According to the History of Columbiana County, Ohio by Harold B. Barth, our Frederick family were originally from Germany and immigrated during colonial times to escape religious persecution, which means the name may have originally been the German spelling Friedrich.

Our family begins with Noah Frederick who is believed to have been born in 1726 in Jonestown, when it was in Earl Township in the County of Lancaster, Pennsylvania (it is now in Lebanon County and Earl Township of this area no longer exists). His parents may have been Johan Georg Frederick and Anna Maria Hoos but this is unconfirmed. Noah married Margaretha Becker on February 8, 1751 in the town of Bethel, not far from Jonestown, and had one known child, born later that year:

  1. Thomas (b. 1751)

        In 1756 when Thomas was only four years old, his parents were killed by Native Americans and he was abducted and held prisoner by his parent’s murderers. His released was later secured at Fort Duquesne, Pennsylvania, which means he could not have been with the Natives for more than two years since Fort Duquesne was replaced with Fort Pitt in 1758. At the time, Jonestown and the surrounding area was still mostly unsettled and very much on the frontier where attacks and abductions from Native Americans were not uncommon. Now an orphan, Thomas grew up in the safety of Philadelphia under unknown guardianship, though he returned to Lancaster County at some point where he married Ann Margaret Tibbens in 1774. They may have then settled in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania and had twelve children together:

  1. George
  2. Catherine
  3. Thomas (Jr.)
  4. Elizabeth
  5. Jacob (b. 1783)
  6. Henry
  7. John (b. 1788)
  8. Noah
  9. Samuel
  10. Margaret
  11. Mary
  12. William

        Only two years after his marriage, the Revolutionary War broke out and Thomas served his country by joining the militia and fighting for independence.

In 1804, Thomas and his family moved to Centre Township, Columbiana County, Ohio and settled on some land just outside the town of New Lisbon, now known simply as Lisbon. Here again was an area only just beginning to be settled at the time and one wonders if, given his childhood experience, Thomas ever had fears of Native American attacks. It is noteworthy that his patch of land was only one lot away from town. However, given that he grew up an orphan, he probably inherited nothing and therefore it is not surprising he sought the opportunities of the frontier where land was often given away cheaply or even for free in attempts to settle and establish areas further west as quickly as possible, not only to push the Natives out but also stake claim on the land before other nations could move in and secure it.

        Unfortunately, Thomas did not have much time to see his new opportunity blossom as he died just four years later, on May 3, 1808 when he was only 57 years old. He is buried in the Frederick Family Cemetery in Columbiana County, Ohio. His wife survived him by 18 years, dying in 1826. She never remarried and is buried with Thomas in the Frederick Family Cemetery.

        John Frederick bought his father’s land and married Sophia Charlotte Gloss sometime around 1810 and they had eight known children together, as named in John’s will:

  1. Maria H. (b. 1811)
  2. Benjamin (b. abt. 1814)
  3. Sophia (b. November 10, 1825)
  4. Hannah (b. abt. 1828)
  5. Sarah (b. abt. 1835)
  6. Thomas
  7. Mary
  8. Lydia

        Much like his father, not long after marrying and starting a young family, John enlisted to serve his country by fighting in the War of 1812. Fortunately, John did not follow in his father’s footsteps when it came to his life expectancy. He died in 1864 at the age of 76 in Centre Township, Columbiana County, Ohio and is buried in the family cemetery. His wife Sophia died the year before him in 1863 and she is also buried in the family cemetery. John had willed one third of his personal estate to wife Sophia, one hundred dollars to his granddaughter Sara Crook, and one hundred acres of his real estate to his son Benjamin, excluding the Brick House and two acres which he reserved for his son-in-law Robert G. Eells. He instructed that the rest of his 365 acre property, excluding the one acre where the Frederick family burial lot stood, be sold off and the profits divided among all his children apart from Benjamin. This meant 264 acres was sold off. He named Benjamin and his sons-in-law John Myers and Robert Eells as executors of his will. John Myers was the husband of Hannah, they had married in 1854 and had at least two children together. Robert was the husband of Sarah and they had several children together after their marriage in 1852.

        Benjamin married a woman named Hannah (not to be confused with his sister Hannah) but they seemingly had no children which makes it interesting that the only significant amount of land his father willed to anyone was to Benjamin, knowing his son would have no heirs of his own to pass it onto. In fact, he specified that should Benjamin have no heirs, the hundred acres would be sold off and the profits divided among the rest of his children. This may have been because Benjamin was his only surviving son and most of his daughters had married other prominent land owners. The only one who seemingly didn’t was Sarah, which is likely why they lived in the Brick House on John’s property. While John obviously trusted his son-in-law Robert Eells enough to make him an executor of his will, they obviously weren’t close enough for John to leave them anymore land than a mere two acres.

        Sophia married a man named Charles Crook sometime around 1845 and initially settled in Fairfield Township, where they had several children, but after her husband’s death, she moved back to Centre Township. Maria married John C. Pike on February 13, 1834 when she was 23 years old and he was 24. To read more about their life together after marriage, see the Pike family chapter.

© Robin Bauer 2010-2013

Sources:

Frederick Photos and Documents

1860 map of Centre Township, Columbiana County, Ohio showing the Frederick land outlined in red. Thomas Frederick likely owned all three lots before he died.

Maria H. Frederick Pike in her later years when she was married to John C. Pike.