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Rhino Tutorial: Arrays and 2D Patterning

Approx Completion Time: approx 30  min
Goal: Make arrays and use them for 2D patterning + Draw from command line.

What you will draw:

Mac Instructions

Windows Instructions

Open Rhino and click Show Templates on the right

Open Rhino and click the New Tab at the top

Scroll down in the template menu and choose

Large Objects - Centimeters

Scroll down in the template menu and choose Large Objects - Centimeters

Let’s turn on a modeling aid.

Now you will see some information next to your cursor as you use most tools.

From the menu at the top, choose:

FILE > PROPERTIES

Under modeling aids select Cursor Tool Tips

Check the boxes above and click OK.

This entire tutorial will be created in TOP view.

Double click the word TOP to focus on that viewport.

Draw your first rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter 0 and press ENTER
  3. Other corner or length : Enter 40 and press ENTER
  4. Width (other corner): Enter 40 and press ENTER

Hold Command (CTRL) and Shift + Press E

Draw a circle from the command line:

  1. Type “circle” and press ENTER
  2. Center : 2,2 and press ENTER
  3. Radius: 1 (or diameter 2) and press ENTER

Create an array from the command line:

  1. Type “array” and press ENTER
  2. Select the circle you created in the last step and press ENTER
  3. Number in X direction : 10 and press ENTER
  4. Number in Y direction: 10 and press ENTER
  5. Number in Z direction: 1 and press ENTER
  6. Unit Cell or X spacing: 4 and press ENTER
  7. Unit Cell or Y spacing: 4 and press ENTER
  8. Press ENTER to accept

Draw your second large rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter -10,0  and press ENTER
  3. Other corner: Enter -50,40 and press ENTER

Draw your smaller rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter -42,4  and press ENTER
  3. Other corner: Enter -48,6 and press ENTER

Type “rotate” to the command line

  1. Select the rectangle and press ENTER
  2. Center of rectangle -45,5 and press ENTER
  3. Angle of rotation -45 and press ENTER

Create an array from the command line:

  1. Type “array” and press ENTER
  2. Select the small rectangle you created in the last step and press ENTER
  3. Number in X direction : 7 and press ENTER
  4. Number in Y direction: 7 and press ENTER
  5. Number in Z direction: 1 and press ENTER
  6. Unit Cell or X spacing: 5 and press ENTER
  7. Unit Cell or Y spacing: 5 and press ENTER
  8. Press ENTER to accept

Draw your third large rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter 50,0  and press ENTER
  3. Other corner: Enter 90,40 and press ENTER

Draw a polyline from the command line:

  1. Type “polyline” and press ENTER
  2. First point : Enter 51,1  and press ENTER
  3. Second point: Enter 52,9 and press ENTER
  4. Third point: Enter 53,1 and press ENTER
  5. Type C and press ENTER to close polyline

Create an array from the command line:

  1. Type “array” and press ENTER
  2. Select the small triangle from the last step and press ENTER
  3. Number in X direction : 3 and press ENTER
  4. Number in Y direction: 1 and press ENTER
  5. Number in Z direction: 1 and press ENTER
  6. Unit Cell or X spacing: 3 and press ENTER
  7. Press ENTER to accept

Draw a small rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter 61,1  and press ENTER
  3. Other corner: Enter 69,3 and press ENTER

Create an array from the command line:

  1. Type “array” and press ENTER
  2. Select the small rectangle from the last step and press ENTER
  3. Number in X direction : 1 and press ENTER
  4. Number in Y direction: 3 and press ENTER
  5. Number in Z direction: 1 and press ENTER
  6. Unit Cell or Y spacing: 3 and press ENTER
  7. Press ENTER to accept

Create an array from the command line:

  1. Type “array” and press ENTER
  2. Select both the 3 small triangles and the 3 small rectangles you created

in the last step and press ENTER

  1. Number in X direction : 2 and press ENTER
  2. Number in Y direction: 4 and press ENTER
  3. Number in Z direction: 1 and press ENTER
  4. Unit Cell or X spacing: 20 and press ENTER
  5. Unit Cell or Y spacing: 10 and press ENTER
  6. Press ENTER to accept

Draw a circle from the command line:

  1. Type “circle” and press ENTER
  2. Center : 120,20 and press ENTER
  3. Radius: 20 and press ENTER

Offset from the command line:

  1. Type “offset” and press ENTER
  2. Select the circle
  3. Make sure the offset is inside the circle by moving the cursor inside the circle
  4. Set Distance: 18 and ENTER
  5. Click inside circle to set offset.

Draw a small rounded rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. Select “Rounded
  3. First corner : Enter 118,24  and press ENTER
  4. Other corner: Enter 122,38 and press ENTER
  5. Corner radius: 2.0 and press ENTER

Taper from the command line:

  1. Type “taper” and press ENTER
  2. Select the rounded rectangle and press ENTER
  3. Start of Taper : Enter 120,24  and press ENTER
  4. End of Taper Axis: Enter 120,38 and press ENTER
  5. No options selected
  6. Start Distance: 3.0 and press ENTER
  7. End Distance: 10.0 and press ENTER

Array Polar from the command line:

  1. type “ArrayPolar” and press ENTER
  2. Select the rounded tapered rectangle and press ENTER
  3. Center of Array : Enter 120,20  and press ENTER
  4. Number of Items: 7 and press ENTER
  5. Angle to Fill : 360 and press ENTER
  6. Press ENTER to set Array

Draw a circle from the command line:

  1. Type “circle” and press ENTER
  2. Center : 170,20 and press ENTER
  3. Radius: 15 and press ENTER

Offset from the command line:

  1. Type “offset” and press ENTER
  2. Select the circle  press ENTER
  3. Make sure the offset is inside the circle by moving the cursor inside the circle
  4. Set Distance: 10
  5. Click inside circle to set offset.

Draw a small rectangle from the command line:

  1. Type “rectangle” and press ENTER
  2. First corner : Enter 167,0  and press ENTER
  3. Other corner: Enter 173,6 and press ENTER

Taper from the command line:

  1. Type “taper” and press ENTER
  2. Select the rectangle from the last step and ENTER
  3. Start of Taper : Enter 170,0  and press ENTER
  4. End of Tapir Axis: Enter 170,6 and press ENTER
  5. Select : “Infinite”
  6. Start Distance: 3.0 and press ENTER
  7. End Distance: 5.0 and press ENTER

Array Polar from the command line:

  1. Type “ArrayPolar” and press ENTER
  2. Select the tapered rectangle and press ENTER
  3. Center of Array : Enter 170,20  and press ENTER
  4. Number of Items: 8 and press ENTER
  5. Angle to Fill : 360 and press ENTER
  6. Press ENTER to set Array

Curve Boolean from the command line:

  1. Type “CurveBoolean” and press ENTER

(learn what boolean means here)

  1. Drag a box around entire shape and press ENTER
  2. Click Inside Regions to Keep : Click inside all of the shapes except the center circle. THIS INCLUDES SMALL SLIVERS. It may help to turn Grid Snap off.

  1. Delete Input : ALL and press ENTER
  2. Make sure “combine region” is checked.
  3. Press ENTER to set Array

Hold Command (CTRL) and Shift + Press E

Your turn!

Now it’s time to do the array drawing assignment! (in a separate file)

You’ve completed this tutorial!!!

Save your file as ArraysYourName.3dm TURN IN screenshot AND 3D file