SUBJECT: ANALYSIS OF PATHER PANCHALI FILM
[ FILM MAKER OF PATHER PANCHALI IS SATYAJIT RAY ]
PATHER PANCHALI film is real time film.
Chronological order of this film is linear means that no any voice-over to help narrate the film.
This film based on social drama.
In this movie ,there are five characters are round characters in which includes HARI AND HIS WIFE,THAKURJI SISTER OF HARI,APPU,DURGA.
Other characters are flat characters like SWEET SALER, TEACHER etc.
OBJECTIVES AND SUBJECTIVES:-
Objective of HARI is that he wants to become poet [poem writer] and HARI himself is subjective.
DURGA is also subjective and her objective is that she wants for marry.
THAKURJI wanted to buy new shawl because she’s shawl was broken.
MOTHER of DURGA wanted to repair her house and to buy good quality food.
POV [POINT OF VIEW]:-
There are different point of view to see characters, things etc.
DURGA is thief by neighbor point of view; DURGA is small kind of girl and not thief by her MOTHER point of view.
Some time setting a depth focus camera to convence us that what’s going on for example in this movie,
Whenever talking HARI’s with her wife then ar that time THAKURJI [SISTER of HARI] doing to try to sleep her nephew out of her house than setted a camera as deep focus. In that scene,also we can see all things in house which is used to cook by HARI’s wife.
COMPOSITION AND SETTING:-
Scene:- writing a poem by HARI and studying a APPU at night
Camera angle on eye level and focusing o depth also because near the camera setting a DURGA and her MOTHER and APPU and his FATHER sitting behind DURGA at some distance that’s for making depth focus camera angle.
There are two tales which are taking by HARI and his son to do work. Writing poem by HARI and study by his son APPU by used this tables.
Making balance in this frame by this four characters which is includes APPU ,DURGA and her parents.DURGA and her MOTHER are sitting on left side and HARI and his son sitting on right side in this scene.
There are more intensity of light near the HARI because one lamp putted very close to HARI.
Around DURGA and her MOTHER light is less because both are sitting long distance of the lamp.
In this frame all around darkness environment becauce odf night.
This frame communicate to us that all characters are working at night.
Soft lighting there in this frame because of creating light by lamp.
All charaters are weared clothes as simple at night of this scene.
In this scene, there are some properties like lamp,books,tables etc. characters are using this props to work like lamp used to see things , books to read or write etc. this set telling to us that HARI writing a something and DURGA’s MOTHER do hair of DURGA.
Image quality is dullness to convery night scene.
In this PATHER PANCHALImovie,there are many anticipation of events.
For example of anticipation from this movie :-
Aticipation of died of the THAKURJI :- Looking a last time her old broken home ,whenever leaving her home .
SYMBOLIC MEANING :-
Last scene of movie,whenever HARI’s family going to another place by bulletcart ,there are one lamp atteched to the bulletcart and keep focusing on that.
That’s meaning of lamp is hope which is also going with HARI’s family.
IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT MEANING:-
There are some implicit and explicit meaning of scene or frame in this movie. For example whenever HARI’s family leaved the home to go another place than at a time APPU founded the bead.
But that bead tell us the implicit meaning is that DURGA was talking a lies that she’s doesn’t stole a bead
and explicit meaning is APPU founded a bead.
SYMBOLIC MEANING OF SNAKE:-
After the leaving that house by HARI’s family , we have seen one snake coming to the HARI’s broken home . But this symbolic meaning is that ,
this area of house going to be a dangerous type and no anyone to come to lieve here , this are going to lonliness.
Into my opinion : Central character of this PATHER PANCHALIfilm is MOTHER of DURGA.