Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy

2016

Child Protection and

Safeguarding Policy

In line with Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016

Description: Description: Letterhead logo

This policy was updated on 31-8-2016 and shared with staff 2-9-16

The policy must be reviewed and updated at least every 12 months.

Hagbourne CE Primary School recognises its responsibility for safeguarding and child protection.

CONTENTS

PART 1

Page No.

  1. Introduction

Page 3

  1. Terminology

Page 3

  1. Aims

Page 4

  1. The role of school and college staff

Page 4

  1. What school and college staff need to know        

Page 5

  1. What school and college staff should look out for

Page 5

  1. What school and college staff should do if they have concerns about a child

Page 6

  1. What schools and college staff should do if a child is in danger or at risk of harm

Page 7

  1. What school and college staff should do if they have concerns about another staff member

Page 7

  1. What school and college staff should do if they have concerns about safeguarding practices within the school or college

Page 7

PART 2

Page No.

  1. Key personnel at our school

Page 9

  1. Roles and responsibilities        

Page 10

  1. Supporting Children        

Page 13

  1. Confidentiality        

Page 14

  1. Supporting Staff

Page 14

  1. Allegations against staff

Page 15

  1. Whistleblowing

Page 15

  1. Physical Intervention/Positive Handling

Page 16

  1. Anti-Bullying        

Page 16

  1. Health & Safety

Page 16

  1. Children with Special Educational Needs

Page 16

  1. Types of abuse and neglect

Page 17

  1. Specific safeguarding issues

Page 18

  1. Online safety         

Page 20

  1. Opportunities to teach safeguarding

Page 20

  1. Allegations of abuse made against other children (peer on peer abuse)

Page 20

  1. Dealing with Disclosures

Page 21

  1. Record keeping

Page 22

APPENDICES

Page No.

  1. Appendix A:Definitions

Page 23

  1. Appendix B: allegations flowchart        

Page 26

  1. Appendix C: Actions where there are concerns about a child         (flowchart)

Page 27

                

                

PART 1

  1. Introduction

This policy has been developed in accordance with the principles established by the Children Act 1989; and in line with the following:

The Governing Body takes seriously its responsibility under section 11 of the Children Act and duties under “working together” to safeguard and promote the welfare of children; to work together with other agencies to ensure adequate arrangements exist within our setting to identify, and support those children who are suffering harm or are likely to suffer harm.

We recognise that all staff and governors have a full and active part to play in protecting our pupils from harm, and that the child’s welfare is our paramount concern.

Our school should provide a safe, caring, positive and stimulating environment that promotes the social, physical and moral development of the individual child free from discrimination or bullying where children can learn and develop happily.

This policy applies to all staff, governors and volunteers working in our school.

This policy has been written in line with Keeping Children Safe In Education 2016

All staff will sign to confirm they have read and understood this policy.

 

  1. Terminology

  1. Aims

  1. The role of school staff

Our School staff are particularly important as they are in a position to identify concerns early, provide help for children, and prevent concerns from escalating.

  1. What school staff need to know

  1. What school staff should look out for

  1.  What school staff should do if they have concerns about a child

  1. What school staff should do if a child in in danger or at risk of harm

  1. What school staff should do if they have concerns about another staff member

  1.  What school staff should do if they have concerns about safeguarding practices within the school or college

PART 2

  1. Key personnel at our school:

The Designated Safeguarding Lead for child protection in this school is:

Headteacher – Annette Crewe

Contact details:

01235 815836 / 07790958386 head.3249@hagbourne.oxon.sch.uk

The Deputy Designated Safeguarding Lead in this school is:

Deputy – Cheryl Sanchez

Contact details: 07950 195326 csanchez@hagbourne.oxon.sch.uk

        

The nominated child protection governor for this school is:

Steve Forbes

Contact details: sforbes@hagbourne.oxon.sch.uk

        

The Headteacher is:

Annette Crewe

Contact details:

As above        

  1. Roles and responsibilities

All schools must nominate a senior member of staff to coordinate child protection  arrangements (Headteacher) and this person is named in this policy guidance. The school ensures that the Designated Safeguarding Lead or a deputy will be on site at all times that the school is functioning.

The Governing Body of Hagbourne CE School recognises that there may be occasions where both the DSL and the Deputy DSL are off site together.  This is acceptable as long as one or both are contactable by telephone.  In the unlikely event that neither are able to be contacted then the headteacher of the Northbourne CE Primary School 01235 817744.

The Governing Body

The Governing Body of Hagbourne CE Primary School undertake the regular review of safeguarding related policies and procedures that operate in our school.

The Governing Body have a crucial role in monitoring and challenging staff on the effectiveness of safeguarding arrangements.

Our Governing Body ensure that:

The head teacher:

The school has ensured that the DSL:

Deputy DSL(s) 

Is appropriately trained and, in the absence of the Designated Safeguarding Lead, carries out those functions necessary to ensure the ongoing safety and protection of children. In the event of the long-term absence of the Designated Lead, the Deputy will assume all of the functions above.

All staff will:

Follow the Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board Procedures/Local Authority guidance in all cases of abuse, or suspected abuse (these can be found at www.OSCB.org.uk ).

We will therefore:

  1. Supporting Children

Our school will support all children and young people by:

  1. Confidentiality

  1. Supporting Staff

  1. Allegations against staff

  1. Whistleblowing

  1. Physical Intervention/Positive Handling

  1. Anti-Bullying

  1. Health & Safety

  1. Children with Special Educational Needs

At our setting we recognise that children with special educational needs (SEN) and disabilities can face additional safeguarding challenges. This policy reflects the fact that additional barriers can exist when recognising abuse and neglect in this group of children. This can include:

  1. Types of abuse and neglect

All school and college staff should be aware that abuse, neglect and safeguarding issues are rarely standalone events that can be covered by one definition or label. In most cases multiple issues will overlap with one another.

  1. Specific safeguarding issues

Annex A contains important additional information about specific forms of abuse and safeguarding issues.

  1. Online safety

At our setting our pupils increasingly work online, we recognise that it is crucial to safeguard our pupils from potentially harmful and inappropriate online material. As such we ensure appropriate filters and appropriate monitoring systems are in place.

  1. Opportunities to teach safeguarding

In our setting we ensure our pupil are taught about safeguarding, including online, through teaching and learning opportunities, as part of providing a broad and balanced curriculum. This may include covering relevant issues through personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE) and through sex and relationship education (SRE).

  1. Allegations of abuse made against other children (peer on peer abuse)

Our staff recognise that children are capable of abusing their peers. In a situation where child abuse is alleged to have been carried out by another child, our child protection procedures should be adhered to for both the victim and the alleged abuser; this means it should be considered as a child care and protection issue for both children.

Peer on peer abuse can take many forms, and gender issues can be prevalent when dealing with this type of abuse this could for example include girls being sexually touched/assaulted or boys being subject to initiation/hazing type violence.

See our full Managing allegations against other pupils policy

  1. Dealing with Disclosures

Receive

Always stop and listen straight away to someone who wants to tell you about incidents or suspicions of abuse.  Listen quietly and actively, giving your undivided attention.  Allow silences when needed.  Do not show shock or disbelief but take what is said seriously.

Reassure

Stay calm, make no judgements, empathise.  Never make a promise that you can keep what a child has said a secret.  Give reassurance that only those who need to know will be told.  Reassure the young person that they were right to tell you.

React

React to the student only as far as is necessary for you to establish whether or not you need to refer this matter, but don’t interrogate for full details.

Don’t ask leading questions – keep the questions open e.g. ’is there anything else you want to say?’

Do not criticize the perpetrator; the student may have affection for him/her.

Explain what you will do next – inform Designated Safeguarding Lead, keep in contact.

Record

If possible make brief notes about what they are actually telling you at the time.  Keep these notes, however rough they are.  If you are unable to make notes at the time write down what was said as soon as you can.

Try to record what was actually said by the student rather than your interpretation of what they are telling you.

Record the date, time, place and any noticeable nonverbal behaviour.

Report

Report the incident to the Designated Safeguarding Lead and do not tell any other adults or students what you have been told.

  1. Record Keeping

The Designated Safeguarding Leads are responsible for ensuring that the necessary paperwork is completed and sent to the relevant people and stored in a safe and confidential place. This means that the records will be a coherent factual record of the concerns that are stored on individual children in a clear chronological order.

http://schools.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/sites/schools/files/folders/folders/documents/safeguarding/Keeping_Child_Protection_Records.doc 

Annex A

Child sexual exploitation (CSE)


The sexual exploitation of children and young people under 18 involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people, (or a third person or persons) receive something, (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, affections, gifts, money) as a result of them performing and/or others performing on them, sexual activities. Child sexual exploitation can occur through the use of technology without the child’s immediate recognition; for example being persuaded to post sexual images on the internet/mobile phones without immediate payment or gain. In all cases those exploiting the child/young person have power over them by virtue of their age, gender, intellect, physical strength and/or economic or other resources. Violence, coercion and intimidations are common, involvement in exploitative relationships being characterised in the main by the child’s or young person’s limited availability of choice, resulting from their social/economic and/or emotional vulnerability. (DCSF 2009).

Key Facts about CSE

Sexual violence or abuse against children represents a major public health and social welfare problem within UK society, affecting 16% of children under 16. That is approximately 2 million children.

Good practice – Individuals

Good practice – Organisations

Female Genital Mutilation FGM

FGM is child abuse and a form of violence against women and girls, and therefore should be dealt with as part of existing child safeguarding/protection structures, policies and procedures.

FGM is illegal in the UK. In England, Wales and Northern Ireland, the practice is illegal under the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003.

 

Other than in the excepted circumstances, it is an offence for any person (regardless of their nationality or residence status) to:

Forced marriages (FM)

FM is now a specific offence under s121 of the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 that came into force on 16 June 2014. 

A FM is a marriage conducted without the valid consent of one or both parties, and where duress is a factor Forced marriage is when someone faces physical pressure to marry (e.g. threats, physical violence or sexual violence) or emotional and psychological pressure (e.g. if someone is made to feel like they’re bringing shame on their family). This is very different to an arranged marriage where both parties give consent.

FM is illegal in England and Wales. This includes:

Prevent

The Counter Terrorism & Security Act 2015

The Act places a Prevent duty on specified schools to have “due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism”. The education and childcare specified authorities in Schedule 6 to the Act are as follows:

Schools/settings subject to the Prevent Duty will be expected to demonstrate activity in the following areas –

Sexting in schools

Flowchart for settings

http://schools.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/sites/schools/files/folders/folders/documents/behavioursupportservice/SextinginSchools-FlowchartofConcern.pdf

Information booklet

http://schools.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/sites/schools/files/folders/folders/documents/behavioursupportservice/SextinginSchools-InformationBooklet.pdf 

Risk assessment

http://schools.oxfordshire.gov.uk/cms/sites/schools/files/folders/folders/documents/behavioursupportservice/SextinginSchools-RiskAssessment.pdf 


Annex B

Allegation flowchart

If you have a concern that a person who works with children and young people may have behaved inappropriately or you have received information that may constitute an allegation you must:

Please note JEM: Joint Evaluation Meeting

This policy is in line with Keeping Children Safe in Education 2016 Page