ICS Calendar Title: Reconsidering Kant’s Aesthetics

ICS Course Code: ICS 220107 W15

Instructor: Dr. Rebekah Smick

Term and Year: Tuesdays 1:30-4:30pm, Winter 2015

Last Updated: January 25, 2015

Contents

1. Course Description

2. Reading Schedule

3. Course Requirements

4. Description and Weighting of Elements to be Evaluated

5. Required Readings

6. Some Recommended Readings

1. Course Description

Until recently, it was customary to regard Kant as the thinker who gave definitive form to the notion of aesthetic judgment and who succeeded in explaining why aesthetic experience is something essentially distinct from other kinds of experience. The postmodern rejection of the practice of aesthetic theory, however, has done much to undermine Kant’s position vis-à-vis the arts. This course aims to re-examine Kant’s aesthetic theory from the vantage point of the art theoretical literature that preceded it. In an effort to better understand Kant’s contribution to the history of thought about art, it will seek to contextualize such “Kantian” themes as judgment, taste, genius, beauty, sublimity and purposiveness. It will also consider to what degree our understanding of Kant has been shaped by later modernist assumptions about the character of his contribution.

2. Reading Schedule

 

1. 6 Jan

 

Introductions

  • Clement Greenberg, “Modernist Painting”
  • Lucian Krukowski, “Formalism”

2. 13 Jan

The Ideology of the Aesthetic

  • Terry Eagleton, “The Kantian Imaginary”

3. 20 Jan

 

The Idea of Form

  • Kant, Book I, “Third Moment of the Judgment of Taste,” §11-§17

4. 27 Jan

 

 

  •  William Harvey, “Preface,” Anatomical Exercitations
  •  Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, excerpts

5. 3 Feb

 

Purposiveness without a purpose

  • Kant, CJ, Introduction, V-VIII; Book I, §10

6. 10 Feb

 

 

  • Romance of the Rose, 15861-16283, 16677-17070, 17469-17970, 19855-19970, 20065-20652
  • Kant, CJ, Part II. Critique of Teleological Judgment, §61-§67, §75-§83

16-20 Feb

Reading Week – no class

7. 24 Feb

 

The Ideal Judgment of Taste: Disinterestedness

  • Kant, CJ, Introduction, III, IV;  Book I, First Moment of the Judgment of Taste, §1-§5

8. 3 Mar

 

 

  • Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, viii, 1, 1155a-1156b
  • Shaftesbury, Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times, Part Three, Section 2

9. 10 Mar

.

The Ideal Judgment of Taste: taste, judgment, free play

  • Kant, CJ, Book I, Second Moment of the Judgment of Taste, §6-§9
  • Zuccaro, The Idea of Sculptors, Painters and Architects, excerpts

10. 17 Mar

 

Genius

  • Kant CJ, Book II, “Deduction of Pure Aesthetic Judgments,” §46-§50

11. 24 Mar

 

Presentation

  • Kant, Book II, “Deduction of Pure Aesthetic Judgments,” §43-§45, §51-§53,§58-§59

12. 31 Mar

 

Hypotyposis

  • Anonymous, “A Question on the Nature of Poetry”
  • Cicero, De oratore, III.53.202
  • Quintilian, The Institutio Oratoria, VIII.3.61, IX.2.40
  • Kant, Critique of Pure Reason, 197; Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, 125; Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, 52, 65, 83-84

13. 7 April

Truth in Artistic Experience

  • Hans Georg Gadamer, “The Significance of the Humanist Tradition for the Human Sciences” and “The Subjectivisation of Aesthetics in the Kantian Critique”

 

3. Course Requirements

a) Critical understanding of such Kantian themes as judgment, taste, genius, beauty, purposiveness, and disinterestedness

b) Ability to think creatively and constructively about the history of aesthetic theory

c) Knowledge of leading debates on the place of Kant’s thought in the history of aesthetics

4. Description and Weighting of Elements to be Evaluated

a) Total reading: 1250 pages total, including research for project, of which approximately

                           40-60 pages per week is required to prepare for class.

b) In-seminar leadership: Seminar presentations on assigned readings.

c) Description of course project: Paper

d) Description and weighting of elements to be evaluated:

  1. Class participation: 20%

      ii.    Seminar presentations: 30%

  1. Research project: 50%

5. Required Readings

Greenberg, Clement. “Modernist Painting.”  In Modern Art and Modernism: A Critical Anthology. Ed. Francis Frascina and Charles Harrison. New York: The Open University, 1982. [Robarts Library: N6447 .M6 1982]

 

Krukowski, Lucian. “Formalism.” In Encyclopedia of Aesthetics. Ed. M. Kelly. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998, vol. 2, pp. 213-217. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH 56.E53 1998 v. 2 ; UofT Libraries e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7905067]]

 

Eagleton, Terry. “The Kantian Imaginary.” In The Ideology of the Aesthetic. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990, pp. 70-101. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH 151 .E2 1990 ; Robarts Library: BH151 .E2 1990]

 

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Judgment. Trans. Werner S. Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987 (excerpts). [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2783 .E5 B52]

 

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Reason. London: Macmillan Education, 1989 (excerpts) [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2778 .E5 S6]  

 

Harvey, William. “Preface.” Anatomical exercitations, concerning the generation of living creatures. London: Printed by James Young, for Octavian Pulleyn, and are to be sold at his shop at the sign of the Rose in St. Pauls Church-yard, 1653. [UofT e-resource: Early English Books online:http://go.utlib.ca/cat/5530468]

 

Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. Buffalo, New York: Prometheus, 1987 [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B430 .A5 W4]

 

Cooper, Anthony Ashley (Third Earl of Shaftesbury). The Moralists. In Characteristics of Men, Manners, Opinions, Times. Ed. L.E. Klein. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp.316-332. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B 1385 .A3 R63 2004 ; UofT Libraries e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8113442]

 

Zuccaro, Federico. The Idea of Sculptors, Painters and Architects. In A Documentary History of Art, Vol. II. Michelangelo and the Mannerists: The Baroque & the Eighteenth Century. Ed. E. G. Holt. New York: Doubleday, 1958, pp. 87-92. [Robarts Library: N5303 .H76 1957]

 

Anonymous. “A Question on the Nature of Poetry.”  In Medieval Literary Theory and Criticism c.1100-c.1375: The Commentary Tradition. Eds. A.J Minnis and A.B. Scott. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988, pp. 307-313. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PN88 .M395 1991]

 

Cicero. De oratore.  III.53.202

 

Quintilian, The Institutio Oratoria, VIII.3.61, IX.2.40

 

6. Some Recommended Readings

Allison, Henry E. Kant's Theory of Taste, A Reading of the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2784 .A45 2001]

 

Cheetham, Mark. Kant, Art, and Art History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B 2799 .A4 C53 2001]

 

Crowther, Paul. “Greenberg’s Kant and the Problem of Modernist Painting.”  British Journal of Aesthetics. Vol. 25, No. 4 (1985), pp. 317-325. [Pratt Library: PER]

 

Curtin, Deane W. “Varieties of Aesthetic Formalism.” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Vol. 40, No. 3 (1982), pp. 315-326. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PER; UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7722535]

 

De Duve, Thierry. Kant after Duchamp. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1997. [Robarts Library: BH39 .D85 1996X]

Empson, William, “Wit in the Essay on Criticism.” In The Structure of Complex Words. Ed. William Empson. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1989. [Robarts Library: PE1585 .E6 1977 (different edition)]

 

Gadamer, Hans-Georg. Truth and Method. London: Sheed and Ward, 1975  [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BD241 .G313]

 

Gaiger, Jason. “Constraints and Conversions: Kant and Greenberg on Aesthetic Judgment.” British Journal of Aesthetics. Vol. 39, No. 4 (1999), [Pratt Library: PER]

 

Gracyk, Theodore. “Kant’s Shifting Debt to British Aesthetics.” British Journal of Aesthetics. Vol. 26, No. 3 (1986), pp. 204-217. [Pratt Library: PER]

 

Guyer, Paul. Knowledge, Reason, and Taste: Kant’s Response to Hume. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B 2798 .G895 2008]

_________. Values of Beauty: Historical Essays in Aesthetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH 81 .G89 2005]

_________. “The Origins of Modern Aesthetics.” In Values of Beauty: Historical Essays in Aesthetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University University, 2005. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BH 81 .G89 2005]

_________. "The Psychology of Kant's Aesthetics." Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A. Vol. 39, No. 4 (2008), pp. 483-494. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7757701]

__________. “Kant’s Aesthetics in Historical Context.” In Kant and the Experience of Freedom: Essays on Aesthetics and Morality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8365770]

 

Juchem, Hans-Georg. Die Entwicklung des Begriffs des Schœnen bei Kant. Bonn: Bouvier, 1970. [Downsview: B2799 .A4 J8]

 

Lyotard, Jean-François. “Sensus Communis.” Cahiers du Collège International de Philosophie 3 (1987), pp. 67-87. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7796010]

__________________. Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime. Trans. Rottenberg. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B2784 .L8613 1994 ; Robarts: B2784 .L8613 1994]

 

Moriarty, Michael. “Principles of judgement: probability, decorum, taste, and the je ne sais quoi.” In The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Vol. III The Renaissance. Ed. Glyn P. Norton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999, pp. 522-528. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8156693]

 

Morris, D.B. “Civilized Reading: The Act of Judgment in An Essay on Criticism.” In The Art of Alexander Pope. Ed. H. Erskine-Hill and A.Smith, London: Vision Press, 1979.  [Robarts: PR3634 .A7 1979]

 

Pippin, Robert. The Persistence of Subjectivity: On the Kantian Aftermath. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8157635]

 

Ramsay, P., “The Watch of Judgement: Relativism in An Essay on Criticism.” In Studies in Criticism and Aesthetics, 1660–1800. Ed Howard Anderson and John S.Shea. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1967. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/9136739]

 

Reiss, Timothy. “Cartesian Aesthetics.” In The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism. Vol. III The Renaissance. Ed. Glyn P. Norton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999,  511-521.

[UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/8156693]

 

Schaper, Eva.  “Taste, Sublimity and Genius: The Aesthetics of Nature and Art.” In The Cambridge Companion to Kant. Ed. Paul Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, pp. 367-393. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B 2798 .C36 1992 ; Knox: B2798 .C36 1992]

 

Stolnitz, Jerome. “On the Origins of ‘Aesthetic Disinterest’,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. Vol. 20 (1961), 131-143. [UofT Library e-resource: http://go.utlib.ca/cat/7722535]

 

Summers, David. The Judgment of Sense: Renaissance Naturalism and the Rise of Aesthetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987. [Pratt: BH39 .S913 1990]

 

Wolfson, H. A.  “Internal Senses.” Studies in the History of Philosophy and Religion. Ed. I. Twersky and G. H. Williams. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1973. [Robarts Library: B29 .W646]

 

Zammito, John. “Kant’s Notion of Intrinsic Purposiveness in the Critique of Judgment.” In Kant Yearbook 2009: Teleology. Ed. Dietmar H. Heidemann. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2009, pp. 223-248. [Robarts: B2799 .T3 K36 2009]

Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in this course. In particular, if you have a disability/health consideration that may require accommodations, please feel free to approach me and/or Student Services as soon as possible.


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