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 Executive Summary:

The Community Peace Mobilizers leaders project with a total budget of 161544 South Sudanese Pounds beginning on Jan 2015 (3months) submit to Norwegian Church Aid Act alliance South Sudan seeks to empowered community Leaders to become determinant of their situations and take up responsibility to transform the conflicting disharmonies of their communities into a beautiful symphony of society. And help the community to address the grassroots causes of the conflict to ensure a sustainable recovery and cohabitation.

This project aims to offers such an approach which tunnelling   in dialogue between the divided parties to facilitate truth justice, healing, forgiveness and reconciliation in order to promote understanding for peaceful coexistence and non-violent alternatives to conflict.

Regarding justice and accountability, the project methodology allowed for a collective community-led approach to holding individuals responsible for their crimes and generating reparative solutions that allowed the community to restore peace and normalcy within society.

Project Scope: This project aims to strengthened community leader’s capacity in peace building and conflict negotiation skills, healing and reconciliation and to instil spirit of community ownership rather than depending on outsiders. The project principle is advocates that the best experts on matters concerning a people are the people themselves they know their situation better that any other outsiders. Therefore, the project will encourage local people to be the main role-player to take active responsibility of transforming their destinies into what they want to be by addressing their grassroots causes of the conflict to ensure a sustainable recovery and to transforming their own communities into peacefully society.

Targets areas of intervention the project target six counties of Warrap State namely: 42 payam of Gogrial East, West, Twic, Tonj North, East and Tonj South County.

Target groups of the proposed intervention the target groups are 42 Community Peace Mobilizer Leaders and these include traditional leaders, youth leader, church leader leader’s women group representative, local government authorities, civil society and cattle camp leaders who are psychological deranged, physical handicapped, and mental dismantle   by the recent  horrifiable  tribal conflict.

In line of the above, the following interlinked specific objective has been formulated.

Specific Objective. Strengthened Community leader’s capacity with relevance skills in conflict negotiations kills and peace building and Reconciliation.

Concrete expected results of the intervention, leading to the achievement of this objective, are (1)Equipping leaders with relevance skills in conflict negation management, (2)Training of Community Peace Mobilizer leaders to advocate for a culture of dialogue as avenue for healing forgiveness and reconciliation; (3)Setting up Local Inter-Community peace committee in 42 payams to oversee the implementation of the community peace, recovery and reconciliation  and to continue to encourage individuals to maintain their commitment to peaceful cohabitation (4)Signing community peace agreements form a crucial element of strategies to restore security and acknowledgement of justice and historical issues, engage community in negotiations on constructing the future Community dialogue.

 Encourage accountability community to take up their responsibilities in peace building and conflict mitigation. In doing so; the project will collaborate closely with the government, committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan and other development actors within the context of the Warrap Strategic Plan.

Project Deliverables:

Project Success: The project successful will be determined by the No.of individual healed/reconciled, social mobility in fragile areas, reduction No. of cattle raid, No. of cases handle by peace committees amicable without third party and No.of peace agreement signs and honoured by the conflict parties.

Title

Increased Community’s Dialogue in Peace Building and Conflict Prevention management for Social Economic Transformation

Location in South Sudan

 Twic, Gogrial East, West, Tonj North, South and East County

Overall Goal of Project

Strengthened community leader’s capacity in peace building and conflict negotiation skills, and national healing and reconciliation  in six counties of Warrap State

Proposed period of time

3 months (90 days)

Starting Date

1st  Jan  2015

Finishing Date

30th March 2015

Number of CPML to be trained per county

S/N

County

Local Authorities

Community Leader

Women Leader

Youth Leader

Cattle Camp Leader

Church Leaders

Total

1

Tonj South

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

2

Tonj North

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

3

Tonj East

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

4

Gogrial West

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

5

Gogrial East

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

6

Twic

1

2

1

1

1

1

7

Total

6

12

6

6

6

6

42

Number Indirect Beneficiaries

The relatives, families’ members, friends and neighbours of direct beneficiaries will benefit from the project indirectly.

Amount Requested

 161544 South Sudanese Pounds

Total Project Cost

161544 South Sudanese Pounds

Other donor for the same project

N/A

Funding Received in Previous Years

N/A

Note: CPMLstand for Community Peace Mobilizers Leaders

Introductions

Background about the implementing organization, mandate on this issue, network works with other peace stakeholders in the state.

 CARD approach is a process of community-driven dialogue, while peace agreements are often negotiated at the national level, the aim of the CARD approach is to extend peace processes to the local (community) level.

This is necessary because while national/ political peace agreements create an improved political environment, they do not necessarily respond to the realities on the ground; often their success is dependent upon the support of the affected population, which may be dealing with more pressing challenges, such as loss of life, loss of their livelihood, displacement, rape and diseases. Often, national governments forget and/or ignore the conflicts and tensions that remain at the grassroots level once a peace deal has been attained at the national level.[1] 

Similarly, judicial systems are often unable to ensure accountability after the conflict, either because of capacity gaps, because of mistrust arising from a history of their being subject to manipulation by political authorities, or simply because the scale of atrocities and human right violations that might have occurred is too big for them to handle. Moreover, for justice, accountability and reparation to apply in a context of mass violation of human rights, coloured by political and ethnically negative solidarities and manipulation, it is important to ensure that peace has been achieved at the local/community level. Hence, the mandate of the CARD approach is to ensure that national peace agreements reflect local needs and realities and generate a grassroots momentum for national peace[2]. The model supports divided and affected communities to take leadership in the process of dialogue and negotiation in order to come up with agreeable social contracts for sustainable peace and recover this is achieved through community conversations that involve the following

Community dialogue. The Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will guide communities in dialoguing their differences and to share experiences of the conflict and how it has affected them. This helps in the development of a shared social narrative about the causes and the nature of the conflict that enables community members to hear views. “From the other side.” Community members then jointly take the responsibility of identifying the root causes and effects of the conflict, as well as the role individuals and groups have played in contributing to the conflict. Subsequently, the communities take the lead in proposing community-based solutions for the issues identified[3].

Community negotiations on constructing the future. Given the hurt and anger that prevails in communities that have experienced conflict, it is often very difficult to get community members to accept the things they did wrong or to apologise for them. In many cases, this is because the structural issues that led to the conflict have still not been addressed. Community members feel they are giving up too much if they accept obligations on peaceful relationships while the structural issues remain unresolved... The best approach therefore is to support Community Peace Mobilizer Leaders to engage community in a visioning process. Community members are encouraged to create a vision of the future and the kind of community they would like to live in. They are then supported to work backwards from this vision of the future, to the present. The goal should be to assist them to agree on a shared vision. A shared vision assures them that while the present issues may not have been addressed or fully addressed, the future holds within it the possibility of real social transformation. It is then possible to work with them to develop obligations and responsibilities for making that shared vision a reality.[4]

Acknowledgement of justice and historical issues. A key element of community dialogue is the creation of a safe space where community members feel confident enough to acknowledge and take responsibility for their actions and to apologise and ask for forgiveness from their victims. Where this is not possible, Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will  assisted the community to mutually acknowledge the suffering, injuries and hurt that individuals and groups may have suffered as a result of the conflict and to come up with an agreement to work together to prevent the occurrence of such conflicts in the future. This is a critical element of the process that enables community members to acknowledge the pain they might have caused or suffered and to move forward and engage in the search for peace and co-existence within the community.

Signing community peace agreement. Peace agreements form a crucial element of strategies to restore security. However, one key weakness is that agreements are usually made at the top political level thus conspicuously excluding broad based participation.  However, this time its community to agree and sign on their own behave in order to formally commit to peaceful coexistence, the Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will assists Local Inter Community Peace committee to negotiate “social contracts and witnessing the signing of peace between the conflict parties.” These are morally binding contracts which commit all parties in the conflict to contribute to a culture of peace and refrain from negative behaviour identified during the community conversations[5]. These social contracts are signed by representatives from the various conflict parties.

Community Infrastructure for Peace. Local inter-Community Peace committee mechanisms are subsequently set up in each payam to oversee the implementation of the community peace, recovery and reconciliation contracts and to continue to encourage individuals to maintain their commitment to peaceful cohabitation. These mechanisms will be in the form of Local inter-Community Peace Committee at payam composed of community members who volunteer their time to ensure that community members are keeping to the agreements/obligations reached, and who are available to deal with any new breaches or infractions of the peace agreement.  This committee will be linked with National Crisis Management Committee and Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan particular for Warrap State, PACT South Sudan any other development peace actors that strategic underline peace in fragile situations in which involved affected communities to take leadership in the process of dialogue and negotiation in order to come up with agreeable social contracts for sustainable peace.[6]

 The Community’s Peace Mobilizer Leaders (42payams). The CPML will be representative or focal point to the community and answerable to the Peace Trainers.  The role of Community Peace Mobilizer leaders at the payam level is to advocate for a culture of dialogue and acknowledgement within the community on a day-to-day basis and to help to mobilise the community for dialogue sessions in preparation for the community dialogue. Community Peace Mobilizer leaders are democratically elected from 42 payams by the target population and trained by the Community Peace Trainer in Kuajok and send back to their respective counties. The committees play the role of catalysts for peace and monitor the implementation of peace among the communities and visioning community to be on concrete solutions that fall within the realm of influence of the community and local authorities. For the social contracts of peaceful coexistence and the subsequent peace and recovery projects, in this regard, the peace committee members are expected to undergone community leadership and mentorship to strengthen their capacity as mobilisers and advocates for the community. Enhance their role and responsibilities are as follow

1. Facilitate and co-ordinate implementation of peace project activities at the payam level.

2. Formation of Local inter-Community Peace committee in each payam.

3. Monitoring and evaluation of peace and report on the progress of the peace activities in the payam

4. Support initiatives for the eradication of illicit firearms, and safety and security (community Policing) in the payam.

5. Organize community meeting to assess the situation and submit reports to the Community Peace Trainer

6. Participate in community conflict resolution and chair community peace building and consolidation sessions

7. To act as a point of reference for information on peace building, conflict management and illicit small arms activities and organizations at the payam level

8. Promote peace education, a culture of peace and non-violence and network with other peace forums/Committees and organizations to enhance harmonious relationship

Formation of Local Inter-Community Peace and Reconciliation Committee. The Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will form Local Inter-Community Peace Committee in in their respective Payam. The committee will consist of 9 to 15 per committee per payam. Local Inter-Communal/community peace committees are democratically elected by the target population. One criteria is that the peace committee should be representative of each of the different social groups (men, women, young people, IDPs, cattle camp leaders returnees, minorities, etc. The modalities of election of their representative’s will need to be agreeable to all. The committee members are selected by the participants in the community peace negotiations.

The main criteria for selection are the willingness and commitment to peace building and conflict prevention in the community. People of that calibre are known within the community. Community members often know who the inciters among them are, as well as the men/women that propagate reason and peace.[7] The process should be iterative and should not be seen as a reward for the roles played by such members in the resolution of the conflict. Led leaders for Local inter-Community Peace committee are the contact for Community Peace Mobilizer leaders in each payam. Their roles are as follow.

1. Facilitate dialog between the parties in the case of conflict and ensure respect of the contract between the parties.

2. Ensure the monitoring of meetings during which: advice and information can be exchanged and arrangements may be negotiated on the non-consensual solutions but rows in the possible

3. Restore a climate of confidence and create early warning/social watch committees (to manage the rumours and other information relating to peace) at the payam

4. Exchange of information (rumours) designed to destabilise the balance in relations and solutions together and assist each other in reconstruction and, where appropriate, the reintegration of victims of the conflict

 5. Monitor the incidents of invasion of cows in the cultures conflict and follow up the social contracts of peaceful cohabitation signed between the communities

6. Cooperate and collaborate in tracking and recovering stolen animals through joint patrol committee and community policing in each payam

7. Report any suspected cattle theft to the county administration or payam through the chief and ensure security and protection to those who report suspect cattle robbers.

8. Liaise with Payam administration on matters threatening community peace and chair community peace building and consolidation sessions and instil in patriotic values and respect of people from other tribes.

 9. To act as a point of reference for information on peace building, conflict management and illicit small arms activities and organizations;

10. Hold community meeting to assess the situation and monitor the implementation of the signed social contract as well as disseminate the signed social contract among neighbouring communities.

11. Discuss modalities on how to share resources between the communities such as the shortage of pastures available for the grazing of cows and water for the animal[8]

The Community Peace Trainers (6 trainers). These are trainers of trainee (TOTs)  representatives in six counties their roles are to train and mentor 42 Community Peace Mobilizer leaders in  counties and strengthened capacity of local communities to resist any form of manipulation and to respond positively to secure the survival of the whole community (regardless of previous divisions) as well as improvement of the technical and operational capacity of grassroots organisations/ associations and peace committees to pursue the interests of the community.

And of course to hear individual testimonies of victims of the conflict and documented them in the hope that the testimonies will trigger a sense of remorse among the perpetrators, or at the very least, encourage a willingness on their part to engage their victims in a search for understanding and closure. Nevertheless the following are some of roles of Community Peace Trainers.

1. To enhance co-ordination between the County Government, donors and implementing agencies in peace building, conflict management and illicit small arms initiatives;

2. To promote and advocate for peace in the county through community based initiatives, including community policing.

3. Build the capacity of Community Peace Mobilizer leaders through guidance, advice and provide one on one training and mentorship.

4. To facilitate dialogue with the stakeholders to establish a comprehensive county policy framework on peace, conflict management and state building

5. To assist Community Peace Mobilizer leaders in establishing committees in each payam with specific thematic areas.

 6. Monitoring peace building activities in the target areas and report to donor partner and oversee the implementation of our social contract among the target groups.

 7. Chair the meetings for Community Peace Mobilizer Leaders representative from each payam

 8. Network the peace mobilizers with other peace forums/Committees and organizations to enhance harmonious relationships.

9. Attend the community meetings and document stories and keep record of the peace processes and intervention.

Sharing the project progress report with stakeholders. It is planned that the Community’s Peace Trainers will discuss the monthly project progress reports with county authorities, partners and donor, this will keep stakeholders update of the progress project activities. In addition the Community’s Peace Trainers will be attending NGOs meeting at State, and county level to clarify any issues that may arise and also to appraise the stakeholders on any other issues related to the project

Project Background and Statement of the Problem.  .

This project will target six counties of Warrap State which are bordering Lakes and Unity State these three states are more prone tribal conflict in South Sudan.  Nowhere has the need for peace building been more pressing than in these six counties of Warrap State, where conflicts within and neighbors like Unity, Lake State have been particularly devastating and major concern. The conflict can track rooted from the enemies of South Sudan used “divide and rule” tactics, setting tribe against tribe, brother against brother. The conflict has gained momentum in people of Warrap State and became part and parcel of life. In spite of this increase little has been done to analyze the negative impact of inter-tribal conflict and pastoralists complications but both are documented as one of the great factors in South Sudan, particular Unity-Warrap State and Lakes State. The following are some of the problems facing six counties of Warrap State.

Brutal attacks across Unity-Warrap and Lakes State in South Sudan. The fighting between mention states is none other than cattle. Gunmen from each communities and militia on both sides of the Warrap, Unity and Lakes State have been carrying out multiple attacks to each other in attempt to raid cattle resulting in numerous civilian casualties including women, children and elderly.  Among others are social unrest are political, economic, cultural, social, tribal conflicts cause by many factors which are enumerable in their nature. The tension among the target groups has not been different as the state experienced an upsurge of violence taking the shape of cross state conflict involving the Nuer ethnic group; both of which are the traditional rivals to the each other. The vulnerable population especially women, children and the elderly have borne the brunt of these conflicts with devastating effects on their lives and social place in the community.  

Despite the prevalent nature of conflict in this area, there has been no step taken to resolve myriad of conflicts going on in these areas. The local authorities and the police have often shown lack of capacity and little knowledge on their role in conflict management combine to their political affiliation worsen situation and administration of justice leaving the communities with little option but to use violence to find redress to their grievances.

Cattle have been perceived as a source of conflict attributable to a number of inter-related causes.  Documentation on the ground are very scar community consultation report Warrap State indicated that the tribes view cattle as a source of wealth and prestige or as payment for dowry or debt, it’s also perceived seen as a sign of power and might. Youth were particularly encouraged to engage in this activity to bring more wealth to the community. It was noted that elders participated in coordinating the planning of the raids, with consent to the youth to undertake the activities.

Cattle raiding often meant the need to use firearms during the raid and after to protect raiders from retaliation. However, several counties reported that guns had not only been used for cattle raids, but also for robbery and random killings. Despite constant conflict, little had been achieved due to the lack of leadership support and commitment from the concerned leaders. Members reported that cattle raiders often use firearms causing loss of life, mental and physical trauma, displacement (sometimes en masse) and destruction of property.[9]

 Competition over water and land/border another cause the conflict is high dependence on livestock poses an enormous demand for water for cattle consumption various reports indicated that during consultations, community members reported that there were common incidents of conflict between different communities at water points and grazing land many communities had formed brigades of able-bodied young men to guard communal water points, grazing land and refused access to outsiders. This sentiment accounted for border disputes between Warrap-Unity and the neighbouring states of Lakes State where the contention revolved around who controls the water points.[10]

Presence and uncontrolled use of small arms and light weapons. Despite state authorities’ efforts to disarm local populations, community members raised concerns that many civilians still possessed firearms.  Government unable to disarm all civilian in three States as matter of fact some civilian are still continuing to keep their guns for protection from raids, for settling differences and due to the prevailing perception that law enforcement is weak. Community members added that security forces are unable to effectively respond to cases that required intervention, mainly due to poor communication and road network. As a result, many people kept their firearms to defend themselves from both internal and external threats[11].

Lack of effective governance at the community level. South Sudan’s despite being decentralized government. Administration of Counties and payams level is very weak and in some instances perceived to be non-existent. Weak administration could be attributed to most causes. In addition to lack of policemen in the rural areas who could deal with day to day cases and the road impassibility attribute to conflict? News on attacks could not reach law enforcers on time for them to respond to or prevent further conflict. Apart from injustice in which offenders usually go unpunished; those caught are eventually set free since there are not enough prison cells in the county

Relevance of the project to target groups.

The called  for peace in this areas is very urgent and despairingly needed by the target groups, meeting this needs will addressing grievances and result into a peace covenant among the target ethnic groups and, pledged  for cessation of all hostilities and lead to additional commitments to return abductees, share grazing land, water point and provide amnesty for prior offences.

CARD experienced in the target area notice that most of conflict in the target communities is cause by access to grazing areas for cattle and water sources. Agreements regarding cattle grazing areas, sharing water sources, are essential. Community dialogue and jointly take the responsibility of identifying the root causes and effects of the conflict, as well as the role individuals and groups in contributing to the conflict. Subsequently, take the lead in proposing community-based solutions for the issues identified.

 Revitalize community to take up responsible is essential, because in the past, these conflicts were resolved peacefully by intervention of chiefs or elders and intentional killings were uncommon. These days, political affiliation, have undermine traditional leaders and there is no longer respect for traditional authorities, church leaders, values have been reduced to military ranking. What is important in these societies these days is whether you are a good fighter, whether you have a high rank in the army, or whether you have killed a lot. Peace now is the unrelenting needs at the moment in the target groups, they have seen and bearded the consequence of conflict and they cannot longer afford to pursue war but peace

Detailed description of activities under result areas.

The responsibility of leading reconciliation and recovery initiatives is solely rests with the parties in conflict. All that this process offers is a guide to a structured approach to ensuring that the key issues are dealt with, thereby making the outcomes sustainable. CARD does not become the determinant of the processes that will be followed. What this process enables is the transfer of power and responsibility to the parties to enable them to decide the future of their communities and their roles in it. Therefore, the project focuses on building the capacities of the communities themselves in conflict resolution and strengthening the local mitigation mechanisms to avoid escalation of conflicts. This approach is rooted in dialogue between the divided parties to facilitate truth, healing, forgiveness and reconciliation in order to promote understanding and facilitate the formulation of an agreement on the modalities for long-term peaceful coexistence and non-violent alternatives to conflict.

Revitalizing community leader’s roles had been robbed by the government and outsiders; through community engagement to participate in decision making to enhance their dignities.  Encourage accountability so that community leaders take up their responsibilities in peace building and conflict mitigation to be conflict sensitive  and to contribute to national healing and reconciliation in discharge their mandate when they are aware of their roles and how to experience these roles in the community. It’s in this line the follow activities have been developed to realize the objectives.

1.1.1. Introduction at target locations. Determine community leaders mobilization and sensitization methods and explore/ agree on consultation mechanisms and decision-making processes and define beneficiary selection criteria and methodology in dialogue with local stakeholders and counties, payams authority (See also under paragraph on target groups).

1.1.2. Conduct Community’s Peace Mobilizer Leaders Workshop in Kuajok. The 5 days peace training workshops will bring 42 persons from six counties of Warrap State. The training will cover the following topics: Community visioning, Peace building, trauma healing, conflict management and negotiation skills, human rights, good governance and principles of democracy, Communication skills- active listening, understand culture barriers, tribal and cattle complication, discrimination, nepotism, mediation, forgiveness and reconciliation.

1.1.3. Form Local Inter-Community Peace Committees. The 42 Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will be form 42 Local inter-communities Peace  Committees in 42 Payams after training. The committee will consist of 9 to15 per committee per payam. Local Inter-communal/community Peace Committees leaders are democratically elected by the target population. One criteria is that the peace committee leaders should be representative of each of the different social groups (men, women, young people, IDPs, cattle camp leaders returnees, minorities, etc. The modalities of election of their representative’s will need to be agreeable to all. The committee members are selected by the participants in the community peace negotiations

1.1.4. Engagement of Partners and Stakeholders. The  Peace trainers will  engage partners and stakeholders in peace process; apart from the target population (or beneficiary groups), who the project seeks to bring together, and the grassroots organisations/associations facilitating this reconciliatory process, this project approach also relies on the involvement of religious leaders, teachers from different schools, opinion shapers, and authorities. These groups are engaged to ensure their commitment to the peace and recovery process as their support will make the outcome more durable. They are therefore encouraged to play an active role in all stages of the project. Their participation is launched through specific meetings with these stakeholders to sensitise them on the need for durable peace, the content and process of the CARD approach and how they can contribute to a smooth implementation thereof as influential members and leaders in society.

1.1.5. Facilitate the signing of peace contracts between conflict parties. The community peace mobilizer leaders and Local Inter-community Peace Committee members will help conflict parties in the negotiations develop social contracts of cohabitation on the basis of the main problems identified and practical solutions suggested during the community dialogues. The contracts are formulated in the form of commitments by the various social categories within the conflicting parties. With these contracts, they commit to not engaging in the negative practices of the past and to working towards a future defined by their joint aspirations. Commitment by each party. Each party officially and formally commits to no longer harming the other party.

It commits to take into account the needs and concerns of the other party, and agrees to do what it can to ensure that harm is avoided and peace is promoted. Each party develops strategies for the means of implementation of these commitments, which are agreed upon jointly. As a basic principle, all parties should agree to refer to Local Inter-community Peace committee’s roles and responsibilities above. The peace committees are expected to constantly monitor adherence to the social contracts, engage in early warning, and for this purpose, work closely with the Payam Peace Committee to prevent the re-occurrence of violence, and ensure a just and collaborative implementation of peace and recovery projects.[12]

1.1.6. Facilitate reflection on peace training workshop. The 42 Community Peace Mobilizers leaders will undergo 5 days reflection workshop for peace training in the midst of March before the project come to an end. This training aims at sharing practical field experience, the best practices, report challenges and achievements. The training will also identify the missing gap, practical skills, and knowledge applicable among the target group that hindered them to be carry out their roles and duties commendable.

2.2.1. Facilitate meetings between Local Inter-Community Peace Committee and Community peace Mobilizer Leaders. The targeted committee per payam will be meeting twice a month (252meetings) a under the chairmanship of the Community Peace Mobilizer leaders. The meeting aim at gradual ownership of decision-making by the community in the management of the issues and problems associated with the conflict and  constantly monitor adherence to the social contracts, engage in early warning, and to prevent the re-occurrence of violence, and ensure a just and collaborative implementation of peace and recovery projects. In the case of micro-level conflict (such as within households or among neighbours). Follow up the social contracts of peaceful cohabitation signed between the communities.

2.2.2. Facilitate monthly meetings between Committee Peace Trainers and the Community Peace Mobilizer leaders and Administration (20meetings). This will be chair by the Community Peace Trainers at the county level (18 at county level, 2 at State level chair by Admin), all Community Peace Mobilizer leaders will attend this meeting on the monthly basic to enable community Peace Trainers to ensure respect of the contract between the parties are kept as agreed to discuss where the situation is now and to try to predict future patterns of escalation with the aim of preventing these from occurring. To Identify and prioritize specific issues in particular areas that may need more effort for more dialogue and to report on the progress of the peace programs at the county level.

2.2.3. Networking and linkage the Community Peace Trainers will ensure that the Community Peace Mobilizer leaders and Local Inter-Community Peace Committees leaders are link with local authorities at the county and payam Level, PACT South Sudan, Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan and National Crisis Management Committee, to make courtesy/experiential visit in some peacefully communities to enhance their realisations and collective vision for a better society.

These linkages will become source of nourishment and affirmation for the target. It will also establish  positive relations of solidarity and togetherness between these  communities and a progressive reduction in ethnically-driven thinking allowing community members to focus more on similarities and common interests rather than  on divergent positions and real or perceived differences.

 It also brings great weight to advocacy and lobbying and scale up activities and creates synergy. Motivate and generate solidarity with people who confront seemingly overwhelming problem at the local level apart from building confident among the target group and strengthen the capacity of groups this will serve as part of project long term strategy plan for sustainability.

Cross Cutting Issues. While Peace project is an urgent need, but due to other need in the area of intervention, the project will an integrated other pressing needs in the areas such as hygiene and sanitation, food security, involvement women in decision making. The implementing partner derives its gender concept from a perspective of women as agents of change. CARD’s a strategy deemed to address their relative social positions and positively transform gender relations, CARD will address any other important for improving livelihoods.

Sustainability. The project will secure the involvement and ownership of local people as well as other development partners, will help to ensure long term support for the programme and programme results

Expected Outcome: Kindly refers to Local framework for expected outcome Annex 2

Target groups: Community leaders, Payam administrator, women leaders, church leaders and Youth Leaders, cattle camp leaders ‘and civil society leaders.

 Log frame (use log frame format as shown below: Refers Annex 2

Community contribution & partner contribution in terms of expertise and financial support.

Input in SSP

NCA

CNHPR

Community

 ECSS                    CARD

In put

Financial

  Trainers

Chairs/fetching water

Training Venue     Admin

Note CNHPR for Committee for National Healing. Peace and Reconciliation, ECS for Episcopal Church of south Sudan, CARD Christian Action for Relief and Development and NCA Norwegian Church Aid

Coordination (the level of coordination with local authorities, local churches and NGOs)

The presence and involvement of county and Payam structures will ensure that smooth coordination with local authorities; on the other hand; local government being part of peace committee will add value and strengthen coordination. Again project staff will conduct consultation meeting in target counties as an entry point to the project implementation with all stakeholders to enhance their understanding of the project goal, objectives and activities and mobilize them to support it.

 It is planned that the Community Peace Trainer will discuss the progress reports with state government official & county authority in line and with Diocesan senior staff at the archdeaconries or parishes, level this will keep stakeholders update of the progress project activities. The project staff will attend NGOs meeting on security issues to clarify any issues that may arise and also to appraise the stakeholders on any other issues related to the project. During training the community Peace Trainers will arrange with stakeholders state open   training workshop and to meet with target groups and interact to assess their view on the project and recommend if there is any.

Trainers (Type and qualification of trainers and who will facilitate them)

Organization experience

The Christian Action for Relief and Development (CARD) is Indigenous Christian based Organization, a development wing of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, Diocese of Wau. Implementing Food Security Thematic Programme in Western Bahr el Ghazal State 2012-2015 funded by European Union (EU). Dairying Farming project Western Bahr El Ghazal 2014-2015 funded by CORDAID, Water Project implemented in Warrap State 2013 funded by Anglican Relief Development Fund (ARDF), Food Relief supported returnees and IDPs in Warrap state and Western Bahr el Ghazal state 2012, 2013, 2014 funded by Humanitarian Aid Relief Trust (HART). ECSS-CNHPR brought 30 chiefs from Northern Bahr el Ghazal State and Warrap State on July 2013 in Gogrial West County and signed Peace agreement which was witnessed by four commissioners from two states; for more details for peace agreement is attached annex 4.

Personnel profile

 Rt Rev Moses Deng Bol. Is Degree holder in Divinity and Master Degree faculty of Development Studies specialized in Peace Building and Conflict Transformation from St, Paul University? Besides being a bishop he is chairperson for Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan particular for Warrap State. He participated   in ongoing peace talk in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia between the government and rebel and conducted various peace trainings in Warrap State. 

Rev. Peter Aguei Akook Administrator, is Diploma holder in Biblical from Bishop Gwenn College, Juba. He works before as project Manager for CARD in Western Bahr el Ghazal State.

Trainers.

Trainer will be somebody who has undergone peace training of trainee and has a practically experienced in peace training and willing to work with Peace Mobilizer leaders and travel in the field frequently as project demanded.

Monitoring and Evaluations (How and whom will do the monitoring and evaluation.

The project planned to hold 20 meetings between Peace trainers, administrator, peace Mobilizers leaders, and 3 meetings per county (in 6 counties) 2 at the state level in addition to 252 Meetings between Community Peace Mobilizer Leaders and Local Inter-community peace Committees in 42 payams. The involvement of all committee in management will ensure accountability and smooth monitoring of the project progress activities at all level. Their participation in forums where issues like project progress and challenges affecting the communities are discusses will allow project staff to keep track of the project activities towards the realization of the results.

While in regard to project evaluation, the project will use lesson learn during monitoring and used it to evaluate the project achievements and challenges. This is because the project period is short, it will not be wise to bring consultant from outside to evaluate the project.

Reporting (Number of reports to be produced should be stated here and expected time)

S/N

No of Report  3

1st Report

2nd Report

3rd Report

Responsible person

1

Financial Report

30th Jan 2015

27th Feb 2015

30th March 2015

NCA Finance Officer

2

Narrative Report

30th Jan 2015

27th Feb 2015

30th March 2015

CARD Admin

Note. The CARD Admin will write narrative report while NCA finance officer will write financial report at the end of each month as per the period of this project.

Project Activities planned

S/N

Activities

In charge

Responsible

Leadership/Mgt

Jan 2015

Feb 2015

Mar 2015

1.1.1

Signing of MoUs between  CARD and NCA

CARD/NCA

NCA

N/A

1.1.2

Introduction at target locations. Determine community leader’s mobilization and sensitization & Groundwork with local stakeholders on selection criteria and methodology.

Trainers

Admin

Director

1.1.3

Conduct Community’s Peace Mobilizer Leader workshop (42 participants)

Trainers

Admin

Director

1.1.4

Form of Local Inter-Community Peace committee in 42 Payam 42 committees

 42 Peace Mobilizers

Admin

Director

1.1.5

Engage   partners and stakeholders in county

Trainers

Admin

Director

1.1.6

Facilitate Signing of peace contracts between conflict parties

42 Peace Mobilizers

Admin

Director

1.1.7

Conduct reflection peace training workshop for peace mobilizers (42 Participants)

 Trainer

Admin

Director

2.2.1

Facilitate meetings between Peace Mobilizers leaders & Local Inter-Community Peace.  2 Meetings per month per payam(252meetings) in  42 payams

42 peace mobilizers

Admin

Director

2.2.2

Hold monthly meetings between Peace Mobilizer  leaders and  Peace Trainers 18 Meetings, 3 per county , 2 at State level (20Meetings)

Trainers

Admin

Director

2.2.3

Networking and linkages

Trainers

Admin

Director

11.2 Supporting Documents (letter of agreement from the local government) N/A

Location of the Action

Gogrial East, West, Twic, Tonj North, East, and Tonj South County

Name of the Applicant

Episcopal Church of South Sudan-Christian Action for Relief and Development

Contact person

Rt. Rev. Moses Deng

Email

bishop@wau.anglican.org

Phone No

Tel: +264716641233 Kenya, +211926954187 South Sudan

Physical Address

The Episcopal Church of the South Sudan. Hai Mozephin, Opposite Wau Teaching Hospital C/O ECS Provincial Office P.O. Box 110 Juba South Sudan.

The role and participation in the action of the various actors

NCA Norwegian Church Aid is the donor lead agency, budget holder, responsible for financial management and accountability, therefore, NCA is accountable to the donor. NCA is not an implementing agency under this arrangement instead it is donor in which CARD accountable to.

CARD Christian Action for Relief and Development is the development arms of the Episcopal Church of Sudan -Wau Diocese, implementing food security, dairying farming project, water project, food relief, in Western Bahr el Ghazal State and Warrap State however, in this arrangement CARD is implementing partner of NCA for Peace project.  

CNHPR Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan is CARD partner in the area of peace building and conflict transformation. CNHPR is training Peace Trainers of trainees in Yei South Sudan and in this arrangement CNHPR will provide trainers to CARD conduct training to Community Peace Mobilizers Leaders and provide supervision and monitoring and evaluation for the period of the project, the trainers will be accountable to CARD Administrator.

NCMC. National Crisis Management Committee is a strategic partner of Committee for National Healing, Peace and Reconciliation for South Sudan Warrap State. CARD will work closely collaboration with National Crisis Management Committee in the areas of exchange best practices, networking and linkage target group’s and develop strategy gear toward sustainability.

County and Payam CARD will work closely with duty bearers at local governance structures (County, Payam, and Boma) including line ministry departments.

Local chiefs as the institutions of customary law will play a key role in issues related to access to land, Water sources, grazing land, conflict management & resolution CARD will work with chiefs in that areas.

CPML Community Peace Mobilizer Leaders are strategic CARD’s representative in 42 payams, in charge of Local Inter-Community Peace Committee and accountable to Community Peace Trainers at the county level.

CARD at the interface will work with community and women groups and other community-based organisations, youth, women, religious organisations and other informal and formal grassroots organisations.

Organisational structure and the team proposed for the implementation of the action

 Human Resources for program management

S/N

Function

Responsibility in the programme

1

Norwegian Church Aid/ finance Officer (50%)

 Budget holder/ Over view financial management and consolidation report

2

 ECSS-CNHPR Bishop (30%)

Leadership and Management oversee implementation of project activities, provide direction.

3

Administration staff partner (CARD) (80%)

Transparent financial administration and writing project progress reporting coordinate project activities.

4

(ECSS-CNHPR)Community peace Trainers (100%)

Training peace mobilizers and running project activities day to day in six counties.

ECSS-CNHPR stands for Episcopal Church of South Sudan-Committee for National Healing Peace, and Reconciliation

Sustainability. The sustainability of the programme will be promoted in three ways: 1) the programme’s outcomes two are dedicated to capacity building at the institutional and individual level, so progress at the payam level can be sustained beyond life of this programme; 2) to achieve the outcomes of the programme, an implicit intermediate milestone is internal ECSS-CNHPR capacity building, which will lead to sustained agency expertise in peace building; and 3) result 1 is dedicated to knowledge generation which will be used in advocacy for leveraging additional and sustained support of peace building and education efforts. The 3 month programme life cycle will allow for the attainment of results which will hopefully attract support for continuation of the programme, both in programme counties or payams and other others and sectors to which the programme could be extended.

Finally, a clear exit strategy will be part of each supported intervention (with the recognition that the horizon might be in the long term so as to recognize the importance of staying engage long enough to produce sustainable results).


[1]2 community peace recovery & reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recovery Among Divided Communities 2011

[2]-4 Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recovery Among Divided Communities 2011, p5

[3]

[4] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recovery

Among Divided Communities 2011

[5] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recover    Among Divided Communities 2011,

[6] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recovery

Among Divided Communities 2011,

[7] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and Recovery

Among Divided Communities 2011

[8] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for  Sustainable Peace and RecoveryAmong Divided Communities 2011

[9] South Sudan Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control; South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission United Nations Development Programme may 2012

[10]-11 South Sudan Bureau for Community Security and Small Arms Control; South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission United Nations Development Programme may 2012

[11]

[12] Community Peace Recovery & Reconciliation A Handbook for Generating Leadership for Sustainable Peace and Recovery 2011.