ICS Calendar Title: Rhetoric as Philosophy from Isocrates to the Age of Abelard and Heloise

ICS Course Code: ICS 220407 W17

Instructor: Dr. Robert Sweetman

Term and Year: Tuesdays, 9:30 am-12:30 pm, Winter 2017

Last Updated: September 1, 2016

Contents

1. Course Description

2. Reading Schedule

3. Course Requirements

4. Description and Weighting of Elements to be Evaluated

5. Required Readings

6. Some Recommended Readings

1. Course Description

This seminar examines the ancient and medieval discipline of rhetoric and its practitioners’ claim that it represents a properly philosophical discourse. It does so in terms of a selection of texts drawn from the works of Isocrates, Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Augustine, Abelard and Heloise. In the process, it explores the relationship between affectivity and discursive validity with a view to the effect such a focus has on our understanding of Greek and Latin philosophy, patristic and medieval theology and their intertwined history.

2. Reading Schedule

1st Class--Dialectic, Rhetoric and the Character of Formal Understanding

2nd Class--The Rhetorical Criticism of Sophism as Philosophical Critique--reading--Isocrates, Against the Sophists i-xxii; Antidosis i-cxliii. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA4217 .E5 2000 v.1-2 ; ROBA: PA 4216 .A2 1961 v.1-3]

3rd Class--Human Nature, Ethnocentricity and Rhetorical Philosophy--reading--Isocrates, Antidosis clxxx-ccxiv, cxliii-cccxxiii. [ROBA: PA 4216 .A2 1961 v.1-3]

4th Class--Plato, Philosophy and Rhetoric--reading--Plato, Gorgias. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B371 .A5 H4] and [Plato. Complete works ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

5th Class--Plato, Philosophy and Rhetoric--reading--Plato, Phaedrus. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B379 .A5 H3 1952] and [Plato. Complete works ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

6th Class--Aristotle and the Philosophy of Rhetoric-- reading--Aristotle, Rhetoric I. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B407 .S5 1984 v.1-2 -- The complete works of Aristotle]

7th Class--Aristotle and the Philosophy of Rhetoric--reading--Aristotle, Rhetoric II. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B407 .S5 1984 v.1-2 -- The complete works of Aristotle]

8th Class--Aristotle and the Philosophy of Rhetoric--reading--Aristotle, Rhetoric III. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B407 .S5 1984 v.1-2 -- The complete works of Aristotle]

9th Class--Rhetoric, Philosophy and the Roman Tradition--reading--Cicero, De officiis I,i-v,xliii-xlv, II,i-ii; [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA6308 .D5 H5] Cicero, De oratore III,xiv,52-xxiii,89. [SMC: PA 6296 .D6 1948 v.1-2]

10th Class--Divine Rhetoric and the Search for Christian Wisdom--reading--Augustine, De doctrina Christiana IV. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR65 .A6551 E5]

11th Class--Rhetoric and the Medieval Rebirth of Philosophy--reading--Boethius, Consolation of Philosophy [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B659 .C2 E7]

12th Class--Abelard, Historia calamitatum [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA8201 .H4 1964]

13th Class--Rhetoric and the Medieval Rebirth of Philosophy--reading--Heloise and Abelard, Personal Letters 1-5 [ICS Library: PA8201 .A4 2003] ; Heloisae Problemata [Pratt Library: PA8201 .A4 A4 2009]

3. Course Requirements

Participants in this seminar will be asked to prepare for weekly seminars by studying classroom readings with care so as to formulate two critical questions and theses complete with textual justification which will be handed in after class. These questions will help to provide the frame for seminar discussion. In the second place, each participant will be asked to take leadership of one seminar in the course of the semester introducing the reading to the seminar as a whole with a view to framing seminar discussion. In the third place, participants will be asked to produce a course essay of 20-30 pages (20-25 M.A. level, 25-30 Ph.D. level) on a topic mutually agreeable to the participant and instructor. Normally, this essay will be due six weeks after the last seminar. A complete outline and bibliography will be due on the last class of the seminar.

4. Description and Weighting of Elements to be Evaluated

Weekly assignments--25%

Seminar--15%

Paper--60%

5. Required Readings

*Note: Items on the ICS Library Reserve Shelf from this list may be borrowed overnight.

Isocrates, Against the Sophists; Antidosis [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA4217 .E5 2000 v.1-2 ; ROBA: PA 4216 .A2 1961 v.1-3]

Plato, Gorgias. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B371 .A5 H4] and [Plato. Complete works ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

Plato, Phaedrus. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B379 .A5 H3 1952] and [Plato. Complete works ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B358 .C3 1997]

Aristotle, Rhetoric . [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B407 .S5 1984 v.1-2 -- The complete works of Aristotle]

Cicero, De officiis I,i-v,xliii-xlv, II,i-ii; [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA6308 .D5 H5] Cicero, De oratore III,xiv,52-xxiii,89. [SMC: PA 6296 .D6 1948 v.1-2]

Augustine, De doctrina Christiana IV. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: BR65 .A6551 E5]

Boethius, Consolation of Philosophy [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B659 .C2 E7]

Abelard, Historia calamitatum [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: PA8201 .H4 1964]

Heloise and Abelard, Personal Letters 1-5 [ICS Library: PA8201 .A4 2003] ; Heloisae Problemata [Pratt Library: PA8201 .A4 A4 2009]

6. Some Recommended Readings

Rhetoric Bibliography

 

Asmis, Elizabeth.  “Rhetoric and Reason in Lucretius.”  American Journal of Philology 104, (1983), 36-66. [UTL e-journal]

 

Atherton, Catherine.  The Stoics on Ambiguity,  Cambridge Univ Pr : New York, 1993. [ROBA: B528 .A84 1993]

 

Baltzer, Ulrich.  “Beschauer der Reden--Hörer der Täten: Űbersehene Potentiale Antiker Rhetoriktheorie fur die Moralphilosophie.” Zeitschrift fur philosophische Forschung  54(3), (2000), 365-386. [UTL e-journal]

 

Batstone, William W. “Commentary on Cooper’s “Plato, Isocrates, and Cicero on the   Independence of Oratory from Philosophy.”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 1, (1985), 97-114. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Bennett, Beth S.  “The Rhetoric of Martianus Capella and Anselm de Besate in the Tradition of Menippean Satire.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  (1991), 128-142. [UTL e-journal]

 

Berg, Steven J.  “Rhetoric, Nature, and Philosophy in Aristophanes' "Clouds".”  Ancient  Philosophy 18(1), (1998), 1-19. [ROBA: B1 .A55]

 

Blair, Carole.  “Nietzsche’s Lecture Notes on Rhetoric: A Translation.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 16, (1983), 94-129. [UTL e-journal]

 

Bowersock, Glen Warren.  Greek Sophists in the Roman Empire,  Clarendon Pr.: Oxford, 1969. [UTL e-resource]

 

Brown, Malcolm and James Coulter.  “The Middle Speech of Plato’s Phaedrus.”  Journal of the History of Philosophy 9, (1971), 405-423. [UTL e-journal]

 

Butterworth, Charles E.  “The Rhetorican and His Relationship to the Community” in Islamic theology and philosophy.  Marmura, Michael (ed), 111-136.  Albany: SUNY, 1984. [ROBA: B741 .I6 1984]

 

Cadden, Joan.  “Science and Rhetoric in the Middle Ages: The Natural Philosophy of William of Conches.”  Journal of the History of Ideas 56(1), (1995), 1-24. [UTL e-journal]

 

Chaplin, Maud.  “Commentary on Garver.”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 10, (1994), 201-210.  [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Cleary, John J.  “Commentary on Worner's "Eudaimonia" in Aristotle's "Rhetoric".” Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 8, (1992), 27-  38. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B171 .B698 v.8]

 

Cooper, John M.  “Plato, Isocrates, and Cicero on the Independence of Oratory from   Philosophy.”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 1, (1985), 77-96. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Coventry, Lucinda.  “Philosophy and Rhetoric in the Menexenus.”  Journal of Hellenic Studies 109, (1989), 1-15 [UTL e-journal]

 

Cushman, Robert E.  Therapeia: Plato’s Conception of Philosophy,  Chapel Hill NC:  Univ of North Carolina Press 19ND. [ROBA: B395 .C8]

 

Daniel, Stephen.  “Vico's Historicism and the Ontology of Arguments.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 33(3), (1995), 431-446. [UTL e-journal]

 

Dorter, Kenneth.  “The Significance of the Speeches in Plato’s Symposium.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  2, (1969), 215-234. [UTL e-journal]

 

Englert, Walter.  “Bringing to the Light: Cicero's "Paradoxa Stoircorum".”  Apeiron  23(4), (1990), 117-142. [UTL e-journal]

 

Evangelious, Christos.  “Commentary on Rorty's "The Psychology of Aristotle's Rhetoric."  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 8, (1992), 80-87. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B171 .B698 v.8]

 

Fisher, John.  “Plato on Writing and Doing Philosophy.”  Journal of the History of Ideas 27, (1966), 163-172. [UTL e-journal]

 

Fortenbaugh, W.W. “Aristotle's Distinction Between Moral Virtue and Practical Wisdom” in Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy, IV, Anton, John P (ed).  Albany: SUNY, 1991. [SMC: B171 .A56 v.4 SMC]

 

Gadamer, Hans-Georg.  “The Relevance of Greek philosophy for modern thought.” South African Journal of Philosophy 6, (1987), 39-42.

 

Garver, Eugene.  “Growing Older and Wiser With Aristotle: "Rhetoric" II.12-14 and Moral Development.”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 10, (1994), 171-200. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Garver, Eugene.  “Making Discourse Ethical: The Lessons of Aristotle's "Rhetoric".”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 5, (1989), 73- 96.

 

Giuliani, Alessandro.  “The Aristotelian Theory of the Dialectical Definition.”   Philosophy and Rhetoric 5, (1972), 129-142. [UTL e-journal]

 

Grassi, Ernesto.  “Renaissance Humanism: Studies in Philosophy and Poetics.” Medieval and Renaissance Texts: Binghamton, SUNY, 1988. [ROBA: B778 .G6913 1988]

Griswold, Charles L.  “Commentary on Garver's "Making Discourse Ethical".”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 5, (1989), 97-105. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Guthrie, William Keith Chambers.  A History of Greek Philosophy, Vol III: The Fifth Century Enlightenment,  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B171 .G83 1967]

 

Havelock, Eric A.  “The ancient art of oral poety.”   Philosophy and Rhetoric 12, (1979), 187-202. [UTL e-journal] 

 

Hyland, Drew.  “Commentary on Moors' "Muthologia and the Limits of Opinion". Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 4, (1988),  248-255. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Janik, Linda Gardiner.  “The Primacy of Rhetoric and the Demoralization of History.” History and Theory 12, (1973), 389-404. [UTL e-journal]

 

Janssens, Emile.  “The Concept of Dialectic in the Ancient World.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  1, (1968), 174-181. [UTL e-journal]

 

Jarratt, Susan C.  “The Role of the Sophists in Histories of Consciousness.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 23(2), (1990), 85-95. [UTL e-journal ]

 

Johnson, W.R.  “Isocrates Flowering: The Rhetoric of Augustine.”  Philosophy and  Rhetoric 9, (1976), 217-231. [UTL e-journal ]

 

Kelley Jr., William G.  “Rhetoric as seduction.”   Philosophy and Rhetoric 6, (1973), 69-80. [UTL e-journal]

 

Kennedy, George.  “Later Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 13, (1980), 181-197. [UTL e-journal]

 

Kirby, John T.  “A Classicist's Approach to Rhetoric in Plato.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 30(2), (1997), 190-202. [UTL e-journal]

 

Kristeller, Paul Oskar and Michael Mooney (ed).  Renaissance Thought and its sources. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979. [ROBA: B775 .K73]

 

Lerer, Seth.  Boethius and Dialogue: Literary Method in Tthe Consolation of Philosophy. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985. [ROBA: PA6231 .C8 L47 1985]

 

Logan, Beryl.  “Philosophy and Sophistry: Plato’s “Sophist.”  Eidos 6, (1987), 7-19. [ROBA: B1 .E53]

 

Mackenzie, Jim  “Tottering to reason and speech.”  Journal of Philosophy of Education  21, (1987), 247-260. [UTL e-journal]

 

McKeon, Richard and Mark Backman (ed).  Rhetoric: Essays in Invention and Discovery.     Woodbridge UK: Ox Bow Press, 1987. [ROBA: PN175 .M3 1987]

 

Meador Jr., Prentice A.  “Rhetoric and Humanism in Cicero.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  3, (1970), 1-12. [UTL e-journal]

 

Murray, James S.  “Plato on Knowledge, Persuasion and the Art of Rhetoric.”  Ancient Philosophy 8, (1988), 1-10. [ROBA: B1 .A55]

 

Naas, Michael.  Turning: From Persuasion to Philosophy.  Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press, 1993.

 

Nelson, William F.  “Topoi: Evidence of human conceptual behavior.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  2, (1969), 1-11. [UTL e-journal]

 

O’Brien, Maeve.  “Apuleius and the Concept of Philosophical Rhetoric.”  Hermathena 151, (1991), 39-50. [ROBA: AS121 .H5]

 

O’Meara, John.  The Young Augustine.  London: Longman, 1980. [ROBA: BR1720 .A9 O5 1965 (1965 ed.)

 

Oscanyan, Frederick  “Six Definitions of the Sophist: Sophist 221c-231e.”  Philosophical Forum (Boston) 4, (1973), 241-259. [ROBA: B1 .P48]

 

Penner, Terry.  “Socrates on the Impossibility of Belief-Relative Sciences.”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 3, (1987), 263-325. [ROBA: B1 .B67]

 

Rogers, Kelly.  “Aristotle's Conception of To K"alon".”  Ancient Philosophy 13(2), (1993), 355-371. [ROBA: B1 .A55]

 

Rohatyn, Dennis A.  “A Double Anticipation in Aristotle’s Rhetoric.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric  2, (1969), 235-236. [UTL e-journal]

 

Rorty, Amelie O.  “The Psychology of Aristotle's "Rhetoric".”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 8, (1992), 39-79. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B171 .B698 v.8]

 

Rosen, Stanley.  “Six Books on Plato, by Jacob Klein, Hans-George Gadmer, Ronna    Burger, David Bolotin, M. H. Miller and T.L Pangle.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 14, (1981), 112-117. [UTL e-journal]

 

Rossetti, Livio.  “The Rhetoric of Socrates.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 22, (1989), 225-238. [UTL e-journal]

 

Ruether, Rosemary Radford.  Gregory of Nazianzus, Rhetor and Philosopher.  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1969. [ROBA: BR1720 .G7 R8]

 

Rutherford, R.B.  The Meditations of Marcus Aurelius: A Study, New York: Oxford University Press, 1989. [ROBA: B580 .F37 1989]                        

 

Schiappa, Edward.  Protagoras and Logos: A Study in Greek Philosophy and Rhetoric,  Columbia SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1991. [ROBA: B305 .P84 S35 1991]

 

Schrenk, Lawrence.  “Cicero on Rhetoric and Philosophy: "Tusculan Disputations" Ancient Philosophy 14(2), (1994), 355-360. [ROBA: B1 .A55]

 

Seigel, Jerrold Edward.  Rhetoric and Philosophy in Renaissance Humanism: The Union

of Eloquence and Wisdom, Petrarch to Valla.  Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968. [ROBA: B775 .S4]

 

Smith, Craig.  “The Medieval Subjugation and the Existential Elevation of Rhetoric.” Philosophy and Rhetoric 5,(1972), 159-174. [UTL e-journal]

 

Trimpi, Wesley.  “The Ancient Hypothesis of Fiction: An Essay on the Origins of Literary Theory.”  Traditio 27, (1971), 1-78. [UTL e-journal]

 

Trinkaus, Charles.  The Poet as Philosopher,  New Haven CT: Yale University Press, 1979. [UTL e-resource]

 

Verene, Donald Philip.  Philosophy and the Return to Self-Knowledge, New Haven CT: Yale University Press, 1997. [ROBA: B945 .V473 P48 1997X]

 

Verene, Donald Phillip.  Science of Imagination, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1981. [ROBA: B3583 .V45]

 

Wallace, William A.  “Thomas Aquinas on Dialectics and Rhetoric.”  in A Straight Path: Studies in Medieval Philosophy and Culture.  Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1988. [ROBA: B721 .S73 1988]

 

Weiss, Roslyn.  “Killing, Confiscating, and Banishing at "Gorgias" 466-468.”  Ancient Philosophy 12(2), (1992), 299-315. [ROBA: B1 .A55]

 

Wilkerson, K.E.  “Carneades at Rome: A Problem of Skeptical Rhetoric.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 21, (1988), 131-144. [UTL e-journal]

 

Wilkerson, K.E.  “From Hero to Citizen: Persuasion in Early Greece.”  Philosophy and Rhetoric 15, (1982), 104-125. [UTL e-journal]

 

Worner, Marcus H.  “"Eudaimonia" in Aristotle's "Rhetoric".”  Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy 8, (1992), 1-26. [ICS Library Reserve Shelf: B171 .B698 v.8]

 

 

Students with diverse learning styles and needs are welcome in this course. In particular, if you have a disability/health consideration that may require accommodations, please feel free to approach me and/or Student Services as soon as possible.


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